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World War II Timeline

Current Events in the Timeline: 2054

Filters: Full List, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945


WWII Events Today, January 16

Jan 16, 1939 Physicists Lise Meitner and Otto R. Frisch describe the process by which a neutron causes the disintegration of the uranium nucleus into "two nuclei of roughly equal size." They call this process "nuclear fission." (...)


WWII Timeline

Nov 30, 1874 British statesman & WWII leader Winston Churchill was born on this day in 1874. (...)
Jan 26, 1880 Douglas MacArthur is born in Little Rock, Arkansas. (...)
Jul 29, 1883 Benito Mussolini was born. (...)
Dec 30, 1884 Hideki Tojo, Prime Minister of Japan for much of WWII, is born. (...)
Feb 24, 1885 Chester William Nimitz was born near a quaint hotel in Fredericksburg, Texas built by his grandfather, Charles Nimitz, a retired sea captain. (...)
Nov 17, 1887 The English field marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein (1887-1976), was an outstanding commander and hero of the British people during World War II. (...)
Apr 20, 1889 Adolf Hitler was born. (...)
Oct 14, 1890 Dwight David Eisenhower is born in Denison, Tx. (...)
Dec 02, 1896 Georgi Zhukov was born. (...)
Dec 14, 1900 German physicist Max Planck publishes his groundbreaking study of the effect of radiation, and the quantum theory of modern physics is born. (...)
Jan 14, 1911 USS Arkansas (BB 33) was launched. She served with the British Grand Fleet in World War I. In WWII, she participated in the Normandy Invasion, then relocated to the Pacific in 1944. After WWII, Arkansas was a target ship during Bikini Atoll Atomic bomb tests, where she was engulfed in a column of water and sunk on 25 July 1946. (...)
May 25, 1911 USS Wyoming (BB 32) was launched. Commissioned in September 1912, she later participated in the Veracruz Intervention and WWI. Following the 1930 London Treaty, Wyoming was "demilitarized" in early 1931 and became a training ship, receiving the hull number (AG 17). During WWII, she took on the mission of training thousands of sailors in the art and science of gunnery and operated in the Chesapeake Bay area. Decommissioned in August 1947, Wyoming was scrapped that October. (...)
Aug 15, 1912 Julia Child was born on this date. She was a research assistant with the OSS during WWII. (...)
Jan 05, 1919 Germans Anton Drexler, Gottfried Feder, Dietrich Eckart, Karl Harrer, and 20 others formally named their small political group the German Workers' Party (Deutsche Arbeiterpartei) in Munich, Germany. The party aimed to support middle-class citizens of the Aryan race. This party was the forerunner of the Nazi Party. (...)
Mar 24, 1919 The battleship USS Idaho (BB 42) was commissioned and spent the next ten years in the Pacific. Following conversion, she was sent to the Atlantic during the beginning of WWII in Europe and returned to the Pacific following the Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor and participated in gunfire support of the Aleutian, Marianas, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa Campaigns. After the end of WWII, Idaho was decommissioned in Jun 1946 and sold for scrapping in Nov 1947. (...)
Jul 29, 1921 Adolf Hitler became the leader of the National Socialist "Nazi" Party. (...)
Feb 06, 1922 The signing of a provision of the Washington Naval Treaty influenced the course of aircraft carrier development in the U.S. Navy and the navies of other world powers. (...)
Nov 08, 1923 Adolf Hitler made his first attempt at seizing power in Germany with a failed coup in Munich that came to be known as the "Beer-Hall Putsch." (...)
Apr 01, 1924 Adolf Hitler was sentenced to five years in prison for high treason in relation to the "Beer Hall Putsch." In prison he would work on writing Mein Kampf. (...)
Dec 14, 1927 USS Lexington (CV-2) commissioned. (...)
Mar 31, 1928 Japanese fleet carrier Kaga, later enjoyed victory at Pearl Harbor and suffered destruction at Midway, was commissioned into service. (...)
Sep 14, 1930 Germans elected Nazis to office making them the second largest political party in Germany. (...)
Jan 15, 1931 USS Louisville was commissioned. (...)
Apr 14, 1931 Spanish Republic proclaimed; recognized by US and western nations. (...)
Sep 18, 1931 Mukden Incident used to justify Japanese invasion of Manchuria. (...)
Nov 07, 1931 Chinese Soviet Republic is proclaimed by Mao Zedong. (...)
Jan 07, 1932 US protests Japanese aggression in Manchuria, puppet state of Manchukuo. (...)
Jan 28, 1932 the First Battle of Shanghai began. (...)
Jan 29, 1932 Shanghai War of 1932 , Japan raid and bomb Shanghai, profess "destiny". (...)
Feb 18, 1932 Japan declares Manchuria independent of China. (...)
Feb 19, 1932 The Sino-Japanese dispute was referred to the Assembly by the League (of Nations) Council. (...)
Feb 25, 1932 Adolf Hitler obtained German citizenship by naturalization, which allowed him to run in the 1932 election for Reichspräsident. (...)
Mar 07, 1932 First flight of the 3-engine Junkers Ju-52. The Ju 52/3m was a three-engine prototype, powered by three 410 kW (550 hp) Pratt & Whitney R-1340 Wasp engines. (...)
Mar 11, 1932 Maj. J.H. Doolittle set new world speed record averaging 294 mph over 3 km. (...)
Jul 17, 1932 German communists attack a National Socialist parade. (...)
Aug 30, 1932 Hermann Göring elected chairman of the German Senate. (...)
Jan 17, 1933 Congress approves path to Philippines independence. (...)
Jan 30, 1933 Adolph Hitler made Chancellor of Germany. (...)
Feb 15, 1933 Guiseppe Zangara attempted to assassinate Franklin Delano Roosevelt while the then President-elect was giving a speech in Miami, Florida. (...)
Feb 25, 1933 USS Ranger (CV 4), the US Navy’s first true aircraft carrier, was launched. During WWII, she participated in Operation Torch and Operation Leader and served in the Pacific preparing air groups for combat operations. Decommissioned in 1946, Ranger was sold for scrap in 1947. (...)
Feb 27, 1933 Reichstag Fire, leads to loss of German civil rights. (...)
Mar 05, 1933 Nazi party receives 44% of votes in Germany's last free election. (...)
Mar 08, 1933 Chinese troops withdrew from Shanghai after suffering 13,000 casualties, ending the First Battle of Shanghai. (...)
Mar 12, 1933 FDR gives first fireside chat “On the Bank Crisis.” (...)
Mar 12, 1933 Outside Berlin, the first concentration camp opened at Oranienburg. (...)
Mar 12, 1933 President Paul von Hindenburg dropped the flag of the German Republic and ordered that the swastika and empire banner be flown side by side. (...)
Mar 23, 1933 - Mar 27, 1933 German Reichstag passed the Law for Removing the Distress of People and Reich ("Enabling Act"), giving dictatorial powers to Hitler. It was to be in effect on 27 03.1933. (...)
Mar 24, 1933 Jews call for a boycott of German goods (...)
Mar 27, 1933 About 55,000 people staged a protest against Hitler in New York City. (...)
Mar 27, 1933 Japan withdraws from League of Nations over Manchukuo. (...)
Apr 01, 1933 Nazi Germany began the persecution of Jews by boycotting Jewish businesses. (...)
Apr 26, 1933 Nazi Party formed the Gestapo organization; it was to be responsible for selecting persons to be sent to the concentration camps. (...)
May 05, 1933 The First Battle of Shanghai officially ended with the signing of the Shanghai Ceasefire Agreement. (...)
May 10, 1933 Book burning by Nazi. (...)
Jul 14, 1933 All German political parties except the Nazi Party were outlawed. (...)
Jan 10, 1934 In the first non-stop formation flight from the United States to the Territory of Hawaii, six Consolidated P2Y-1 aircraft from Patrol Squadron (VP-10) departed San Francisco, California. After flying 2,399 miles in 24 hours and 35 minutes, the P2Y-1 aircraft, carrying 30 people in all, arrived at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on 11 January. (...)
Jan 26, 1934 German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact signed (...)
Feb 12, 1934 Austrian civil war for 4 days. (...)
Mar 24, 1934 Philippine Commonwealth established. (...)
Apr 18, 1934 Japan tells western powers to keep out of China. (...)
Apr 20, 1934 Heinrich Himmler became the head of Gestapo, who would appoint Reinhard Heydrich the head of Gestapo branch in Prussia. (...)
Jul 25, 1934 Austrian chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss was shot and killed by Nazis. (...)
Aug 02, 1934 Hindenburg dies ; Hitler proclaimed Furher. (...)
Sep 16, 1934 In Munich, Lutherans marched to anti-Nazi songs. (...)
Oct 16, 1934 Start of the Long March of the Chinese Communists (...)
Dec 05, 1934 Abyssinia Crisis: Ethiopian and Italian troops exchange gunfire at Walwai. (...)
Dec 29, 1934 Japan renounces Naval Treaties of 1922 and 1930. (...)
Feb 08, 1935 Congress votes ten-year period transition to full independence for Philippines (...)
Mar 01, 1935 Saar votes to return to Germany (...)
Mar 11, 1935 The German Air Force became an official organ of the Reich. (...)
Mar 16, 1935 Hitler institutes compulsory military service. (...)
Jun 18, 1935 Anglo-German Naval Agreement: German navy = 35% Britain's. (...)
Sep 15, 1935 The Nuremberg Laws were enacted by Nazi Germany. The act stripped all German Jews of their civil rights and the swasticka was made the official symbol of Nazi Germany. (...)
Oct 03, 1935 Mussolini invades Ethiopia. (...)
Nov 15, 1935 League of Nations place economic sanctions on Italy (...)
Feb 26, 1936 Japanese military coup suppressed. 1483 soldiers attempted to kill Japanese PM and other gov't leaders. (...)
Mar 05, 1936 Supermarine prototype Type 300 aircraft took flight from Eastleigh airfield in England; this aircraft would later be named Spitfire. (...)
Mar 07, 1936 Hitler reoccupies Rhineland. (...)
Mar 09, 1936 Militarist Prime Minister of Japan. (...)
May 09, 1936 Italy annexation of Italian East Africa: Ethiopia, Eritrea, It. Somaliland (...)
Jul 17, 1936 Start of Spanish Civil War. Nationalists seek help from Italy, Germany. Loyalists seek help from France . (...)
Aug 01, 1936 Adolf Hitler presided over the Olympic games as they opened in Berlin. (...)
Aug 11, 1936 Japan's destiny to dominate eastern Asia (...)
Aug 28, 1936 German authorities begin mass arrests of Jehovah's Witnesses, sending most to concentration camps. (...)
Aug 31, 1936 Neutrality Bill, no shipping to combatant nations. "Schools, not battleships." (...)
Nov 01, 1936 Rome-Berlin Axis speech. (...)
Nov 06, 1936 Siege of Madrid. (...)
Nov 25, 1936 Germany and Japan signed the Anti-Comintern Pact. The purpose was to block Soviet interference abroad. A secret clause barred either side from making political agreements with Russia and would be allies if war with Russia were declared. (...)
Nov 25, 1936 Japan joins Germany in Anti-Comintern Pact. (...)
Feb 19, 1937 An attempt was made in Addis Ababa to assassinate the Italian viceroy of Ethiopia, General Rodolfo Graziani. Though he was only wounded, te Italians launched large scle reprisals vowing to keep the Ethiopians in line. (...)
Mar 01, 1937 The first of 12 out of the 13 Y1B-17s were delivered to the 2nd Bombardment Group at Langley Field in Virginia. (...)
Apr 26, 1937 Guernica, Spain - Germans develop aerial attack. (...)
Apr 26, 1937 Operation Rügen: German and Italian bombers attacked the Spanish city of Guernica, killing between 200 and 1,000 civilians. (...)
May 06, 1937 German airship Zeppelin LZ 129 "Hindenburg" bursts into flames while landing at Lakehurst, NJ. (...)
May 14, 1937 Soviet purge of military leaders. (...)
Jul 02, 1937 Amelia Earhart and her navigator Patrick Noonan disappeared in Pacific. US Coast Guard cutter Itasca, USS Colorado (BB 45) and USS Lexington (CV 2) and PBY aircraft from Hawaii were dispatched, but the extensive search was unsuccessful. (...)
Jul 07, 1937 Start of Sino Japanese War - staged attack on Marco Polo bridge, attack China proper. (...)
Jul 25, 1937 Japanese 20th Division clashed with Chinese troops at the city of Langfang, China, major rail junction between Beijing and Tianjin. This was the first major battle of the Second Sino-Japanese War. (...)
Aug 05, 1937 Start of Soviet Great Purge, eventually 724,00 people killed. (...)
Aug 16, 1937 Destroyer USS Mugford was commissioned into service (...)
Sep 25, 1937 China communists ambush Japanese advance. (...)
Sep 30, 1937 USS Yorktown (CV-5) commissions (...)
Oct 27, 1937 the defense for the Sihang Warehouse in Shanghai began. (...)
Nov 06, 1937 Italy joined the Anti-Comintern Pact forming Axis countries. (...)
Nov 09, 1937 Japanese troops take Shanghai. (...)
Nov 25, 1937 Polish destroyer Blyskawica was commissioned. She later evacuated Allied troops at Dunkirk and is now a museum ship. (...)
Dec 08, 1937 Inner Mongolia declares independence as Mengkiikuko, another puppet state of Japan. (...)
Dec 12, 1937 American river gunboat Panay sunk by Japanese while escorting evacuees from Nanking. (...)
Dec 13, 1937 Japanese sack Nanking - 300,000 murdered. Shocks the world. (...)
Dec 14, 1937 German National Ministry of the Interior provided legal means for the police to commit criminals to concentration camps directly. (...)
Dec 29, 1937 IJN carrier Soryo commissioned. - Sees service at Pearl, Wake, Moluccas, Darwin, Java Sea, Indian Ocean, - Midway. (...)
Jan 17, 1938 Japanese Navy revealed requirements for the next generation of carrier fighters to representatives from Nakajima and Mitsubishi. What Mitsubishi eventually developed in 1939 would come to be known as the Zero Fighter. (...)
Feb 04, 1938 Hitler takes direct control of the German military. (...)
Feb 12, 1938 Under threat of invasion, Austria yields to Nazi participation in the Austrian government. (...)
Feb 14, 1938 British naval base at Singapore begins operations. (...)
Feb 18, 1938 Japanese Army and Navy aircraft began a 6-month-long aerial bombardment campaign against the Chinese capital city of Chongqing. (...)
Feb 19, 1938 Nazis were permitted to join the ruling party of Austria, the Fatherland Front. (...)
Feb 19, 1938 The British Cabinet rejects Foreign Secretary Eden's proposal to have Italian troops withraw from Spain. Their hope was misplaced, believing that Italy would check any further advances by Germany (they had already occupied Austria). (...)
Mar 03, 1938 Oil is discovered in Saudi Arabia. (...)
Mar 06, 1938 Japanese reach Yellow River in conquest of China. (...)
Mar 12, 1938 The “Anschluss” took place as German troops entered Austria. (...)
Mar 13, 1938 Hitler annexes Austria. (...)
Mar 14, 1938 French reassures the Czechoslovak government that France will honor its treaty in event of German invasion. (...)
Mar 15, 1938 A 10,000-strong Japanese force approached Tengxian, Jiangsu Province, China. 2,000 Chinese troops, supported by less than 1,000 police and militiamen, dug in for an effort to delay the Japanese from reaching their objective, the city of Xuzhou. (...)
Mar 16, 1938 Mussolini changed his opinions on the occupation of Austria in favor of Germany instead of his previous position for Austrian independence. (...)
Mar 16, 1938 The full Japanese offensive against Tengxian, Jiangsu Province, China began at 0800 hours with a bombardment by mountain guns and aircraft. Japanese troops attempted multiple times to rush into the town via collapsed portions of the city wall, but most of the attackers were cut down by C...hinese troops. The east gate was taken at 1700 hours, but it was recaptured by the Chinese at 2000 hours. Through the night, 1,000 men from the Chinese 370th and 372nd Battalions were able to sneak into the town as reinforcement. (...)
Mar 23, 1938 At 0900 hours, Japanese troops wiped out Chinese outposts north of Tai'erzhuang, Jiangsu Province. Meanwhile, the Chinese 27th Division arrived at Tai'erzhuang and bolstered the defense's right flank. (...)
Mar 30, 1938 Battle of Tai'erzhuang: For the first time in this battle, Chinese aircraft appeared, destroying 11 vehicles with fighters and attacked troop concentrations with horizontal bombers. They were, however, unable to counter the Japanese dive bombers that attacked the northwestern sector of the town in the afternoon. (...)
Apr 05, 1938 Troops of Chinese First War Area arrived at Xuzhou, Jiangsu Province, China, and immediately launched a counter offensive toward embattled town of Tai'erzhuang. (...)
Apr 06, 1938 Battle of Tai'erzhuang: Japanese troops withdrew at the face of the Chinese counter offensive, leaving ammunition and heavy equipment in their wake. (...)
Apr 06, 1938 The United States recognized the German conquest of Austria. (...)
Apr 09, 1938 Chinese troops drove Japanese forces out of the Tai'erzhuang region in Jiangsu Province, China, ending the battle. Chiang Kaishek gave the order to pursue and destroy all fleeing Japanese troops, but local commanders disobeyed, opting to give their troops some time to rest after three weeks of non-stop fighting. (...)
Apr 10, 1938 Having annexed Austria in March, Germany's Adolph Hitler calls a plebiscite which shows that more than 99 percent of Austrians favor union with Germany's Third Reich. (...)
May 12, 1938 USS Enterprise (CV- 6) commissioned. (...)
May 20, 1938 Czechoslovakia orders a partial mobilization of its armed forces along the German border. (...)
May 28, 1938 Hitler orders mobilization of 96 Wehrmacht divisions. (...)
Jun 15, 1938 The US Congress passes the Fair Labor Standards Act, the first national effort to legislate a minimum hourly wage (25 cents) and a ceiling on the number of working hours (44 per week). (...)
Jul 11, 1938 British troops were sent to Palestine to quell an Arab uprising and to control mounting terrorism. (...)
Jul 11, 1938 - Aug 11, 1938 Major fighting broke out between Russian and Japanese forces at Changkufeng, near the juncture of Manchuria, Siberia, and Korea. It lasted for a month, with the Soviets administering an embarrassing slap at the victory-conscious Japanese. It started when a division of the Kwantung Army tried to seize high ground clearly within Soviet territory. The Russians reacted with ferocity and forced the Japanese back into their own areas. (...)
Jul 12, 1938 Turkish army carries out the Kurdish Genocide in Dersim. (...)
Jul 29, 1938 Battle of Lake Khasan - Japan attacks Russia at Nomonhan on China/Russia border. (...)
Aug 01, 1938 In Germany, Jewish doctors lost their insurance under the Nuremburg Laws. (...)
Aug 12, 1938 The German military was mobilized. (...)
Aug 19, 1938 USSR repels Japanese near Vladivostok. (...)
Aug 23, 1938 Hitler offers part of Czechosolvakia to Hungray for aid in coming attack. (...)
Aug 31, 1938 Churchill suggests alliance with US and USSR over Sudeten. (...)
Sep 09, 1938 Roosevelt states US will not join a "stop-Hitler" movement and will be neutral over Czechoslovakia. (...)
Sep 23, 1938 Czechoslovak army mobilizes. (...)
Sep 27, 1938 Partial mobilization in England. (...)
Sep 28, 1938 Chamberlain proposed to Hitler a conference involving Czechoslovakia, France, Italy, Germany, and Britain, saying "I cannot believe that you will take responsibility of starting a world war which may end civilization for the sake of a few days' delay in settling this long-standing problem." (...)
Sep 28, 1938 Chamberlain repudiated the foreign ministry statement of the previous day, saying, "We cannot in all circumstances undertake to involve the whole British Empire in war simply on [Czechoslovakia's] account." (...)
Sep 28, 1938 On the advice of Mussolini, Hitler postponed his invasion of Czechoslovakia for 24 hours and called a Munich meeting with Chamberlain, Daladier, and Mussolini. The Italian leader had told Hitler, "... I feel certain that you can get all the essentials without war and without delay." (...)
Sep 30, 1938 Neville Chamberlain, "Peace In Our Time". (...)
Sep 30, 1938 The Munich Pact is signed. The British and French allow Hitler to annex the Sudetenland, a 16,000-square-mile area of Czechoslovakia with a largely German-speaking population. British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain (1869-1940) says this will satisfy Germany and bring "peace for our time ... peace with honor." (...)
Oct 01, 1938 Appeasement gives Hitler Sudetenland. (...)
Oct 15, 1938 German troops occupied the Sudetenland. (...)
Oct 15, 1938 The Czech government resigns. (...)
Oct 18, 1938 British retake Jerusalem from Arab revolt (...)
Oct 24, 1938 Hitler requests access to Danzig: Polish Corridor (now Gdansk) (...)
Nov 09, 1938 - Nov 10, 1938 Kristallnacht, "Crystal Night" or "Night of Broken Glass." Nazi's launch a campaign of terror against Jews in Germany in retaliation to the killing German diplomat Ernst vom Rath in Paris. The event got it's name from the shattered window glass which was valued at over 6 million marks. 267 synag...ogues and 815 shops were wrecked, 36 Jews were killed and 20,000 were arrested. (...)
Nov 09, 1938 Kristalnacht - anti-Jewish riot, destroys 200 synagogues (...)
Nov 09, 1938 The largest pogrom in German history takes place, as Jewish shop windows are smashed, and the shops, as well as homes and synagogues, are looted, destroyed and burned. Between 20,000 and 30,000 Jews are taken to concentration camps. (...)
Nov 16, 1938 HMS Ark Royal commissioned, stopped the Bismarck, sunk by U-81 Nov'41. (...)
Nov 20, 1938 IJN cruiser Tone completed, scout for carrier fleet at every battle. (...)
Dec 18, 1938 Otto Hahn of Germany splits the uranium atom, releasing energy. (...)
Dec 24, 1938 German SS leader Reinhard Heydrich advised Gestapo leaders to investigate reasons for arrests, as there were now more prisoners than the space available in concentration camps. (...)
Dec 31, 1938 Japan possesses richest portions and half the population of China. (...)
Jan 07, 1939 Commissioning of German battlecruiser Scharnhorst (...)
Jan 16, 1939 Physicists Lise Meitner and Otto R. Frisch describe the process by which a neutron causes the disintegration of the uranium nucleus into "two nuclei of roughly equal size." They call this process "nuclear fission." (...)
Jan 26, 1939 Atomic research approved by FDR (...)
Jan 27, 1939 US President Franklin Roosevelt approved the sale of military aircraft to France. (...)
Feb 02, 1939 submarine Orzel was commissioned into service with the Polish Navy. (...)
Feb 19, 1939 A trade agreement was signed between the Soviet Union and Poland in an attempt to strengthen Poland as a buffer against Germany. (...)
Feb 22, 1939 The British government authorized the creation of a British Expeditionary Army (BEF) that would be sent to France in the event of war with Nazi Germany. (...)
Mar 14, 1939 After annexing the Sudetenland, Germany invades the rest of Czechoslovakia, while Italy launches an invasion of Albania (see map). (...)
Mar 15, 1939 Hitler annexes the rest of Czechoslovakia - Bohemia and Moravia (...)
Mar 18, 1939 France Britain and Russia protest that the German annexation of Bohemia and Moracia is illegal. (...)
Mar 18, 1939 Spain and Portugal entered into a non-aggression pact. (...)
Mar 22, 1939 Hitler protects Slovakia, annexes Memel. (...)
Mar 28, 1939 The Spanish Civil War ends, as Madrid falls to the forces of Francisco Franco. (...)
Apr 04, 1939 End of Spanish Civil War with Franco as head of state. (...)
Apr 06, 1939 The United Kingdom and Poland entered into a military pact. (...)
Apr 07, 1939 Mussolini invades Albania. (...)
Apr 15, 1939 FDR writes Hitler seeking peaceful solutions.. (...)
Apr 16, 1939 Joseph Stalin requested an anti-Nazi pact between the United Kingdom, France, and Russia. (...)
Apr 28, 1939 Hitler renounces British Naval Agreement and Polish No-Agression pact (...)
Apr 29, 1939 German warship Admiral Hipper was commissioned. (...)
May 11, 1939 Battle of Khalkhyn Gol. Japanese thrust into Outer Mongolia repelled by USSR. (...)
May 15, 1939 A contract was issued to Curtiss-Wright for the XSB2C-1 dive bomber, thereby completing action on a 1938 design competition. The preceding month, Brewster had received a contract for the XSB2A-1. As part of the mobilization in ensuing years, large production orders were issued for both aircraft, but serious managerial and developmental problems were encountered which eventually contributed to discarding the SB2A and prolonged pre-operational development of SB2C. Despite this, the SB2C Helldiver would become the principal operational carrier dive bomber. Retired from the active Navy in 1947, SB2Cs continued to serve in the reserves until 1950. (...)
May 22, 1939 Germany and Italy sign the Pact of Steel. (...)
May 23, 1939 USS Squalus (SS-192) suffered a catastrophic main induction valve failure during a test dive off the New Hampshire coast and partially flooded. The submarine sank to the bottom and came to rest keel down in over 200 feet of water. 26 lives were lost. (...)
May 24, 1939 - May 25, 1939 Vice Admiral Allan McCann's Rescue Chamber was first used to rescue the 33 men from the sunken USS Squalus (SS-192). Four Navy divers received the Medal of Honor for their heroic actions on 24-25 May to rescue the trapped men. Squalus was decommissioned, repaired and renamed Sailfish, then recommissioned in May 1940. Sailfish successfully served in the Pacific during World War II and was sold for scrapping in 1948. (...)
Jun 14, 1939 Tientsin Incident: The Japanese blockade the British concession in Tianjin, China. (...)
Jul 05, 1939 IJN carrier Hiryu commissions -- Pearl Harbor, Wake, Moluccas, Darwin, Java Sea, Indian Ocean - Midway. (...)
Jul 27, 1939 First flight of the Douglas B-23 Dragon. (...)
Jul 30, 1939 Reacting to German anti-Jewish policies and reflecting the attitude of many other officials in Great Britain and Western Europe, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain writes: "No doubt Jews aren't a lovable people; I don't care about them myself. But that is not sufficient to explain the pogrom." (...)
Aug 10, 1939 SS Officer Alfred Naujocks gave this sworn affidavit on the incident which triggered the war: "On or about August 10, 1939, [Reinhard] Heydrich personally ordered me to simulate an attack on the radio station near Gleiwitz, near the Polish border, and to make it appear as if the attacking forces consisted of Poles. Heydrich said, 'Practical proof is needed for these attacks of the Poles for the foreign press as well as German propaganda.' I was ordered to go to Gleiwitz with five or six Security Service men wand wait until I would receive the code words (CANNED GOODS) for the attack from Heydrich. My instructions were to seize the radio station and to hold it long enough to permit a Polish-speaking German, who would be put at my disposal, to broadcast a speech in Polish." The orders were carried out in every detail. (...)
Aug 17, 1939 The Wehrmacht was ordered to supply the SS with 150 Polish army uniforms, which were to be used as "evidence" of Polish "aggression" in a faked border incident. (...)
Aug 20, 1939 Russian armored forces defeat Japanese in border war over Inner Mongolia. (...)
Aug 21, 1939 Admiral Graf Spee departs for South Atlantic and refuels at sea. (...)
Aug 23, 1939 Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact: Hitler and Stalin agree to divide Europe between themselves. Finland, Estonia, Latvia and eastern Poland to the USSR; Lithuania and western Poland to Germany. (...)
Aug 23, 1939 Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia sign a mutual non-aggression pact. The agreement is signed by German foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop and Josef Stalin's commissar of foreign affairs, V. M. Molotov. (...)
Aug 24, 1939 Deutschland is deployed to raid commerce in the North Atlantic.(later renamed Lützow). (...)
Aug 25, 1939 Britain and Poland signed a Mutual Assistance Treaty. (...)
Aug 25, 1939 Britain-Poland alliance (...)
Aug 26, 1939 Kriegsmarine orders German-flagged merchant ships to German ports immediately. (...)
Aug 27, 1939 Heinkel He-178 made its first flight becoming the first jet-powered airplane to fly. It remained airborne for 7 minutes. (...)
Aug 27, 1939 Nazi Germany demanded the Polish corridor and Danzig. (...)
Aug 29, 1939 Poland executes "Peking Plan" sneaking its destroyers past Nazi navy and into British hands. (...)
Aug 31, 1939 In London, civilian evacuations began. Edward R. Murrow describes the evacuation of school kids from London. (...)
Aug 31, 1939 The British fleet was mobilized. (...)
Sep 01, 1939 German troops and aircraft attack Poland. (...)
Sep 01, 1939 Germany invaded Poland and touched off WWII. The Germans had arranged a series of elaborate pretexts for launching the attack. Berlin claimed Polish army regulars started firing on Germans along the frontier and that the fire was returned beginning at 4:45am. Hitler addressed the Reichstag, declaring "I am determined to eliminate from the German frontiers the element of insecurity, the atmosphere which permanently resembles that of civil war." German forces slammed into Poland from Silesia, East Prussia, and Slovakia, 1,500,000 men (52 divisions) against a Polish army a third that size. Germany unveiled the blitzkrieg--highly mobile armor and tactical aircraft leading the ground forces through and around the Polish defenses. Large scale pincers movements were executed to perfection. Britain and France notified Germany that unless military action ceased, they would have to come to Poland's aid. Britain and France ordered total mobilization. Danzig was proclaimed to be a part of Germany by Gauleiter Forster. Italy proclaimed its nonbelligerent status. Norway, Switzerland, and Finland declares their neutrality. Russia mobilized and lowered its draft age from 21 to 19. (...)
Sep 01, 1939 Germany invades Poland (...)
Sep 03, 1939 After Hitler ignores their demand for German withdrawal from Poland, and as the British ship Athenia is sunk by German U-boats off the coast of Ireland, Great Britain and France formally declare war on Germany. (...)
Sep 03, 1939 Australia enters WWII. (...)
Sep 03, 1939 BBC announces Britain is at war with Nazi Germany (...)
Sep 03, 1939 Britain delivers Germany ultimatum to leave Poland. (...)
Sep 03, 1939 Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand declared war on Germany. (...)
Sep 03, 1939 Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand declared war on Germany. (...)
Sep 03, 1939 Margaret Hayworth, 10, killed in Nazi torpedoing of the S.S. Athenia, Canada's 1st WWII death (...)
Sep 03, 1939 New Zealand declares war on Germany (...)
Sep 03, 1939 War declared in Europe. (...)
Sep 04, 1939 RAF attacks Wilhelmshaven and Kiel Canal. (...)
Sep 04, 1939 USN to form Neutrality Patrol to extend about 300 miles off the eastern coastline of the United States and Caribbean to report foreign men-of-war and render prompt assistance. (...)
Sep 05, 1939 Polish government moves from Warsaw to Lublin. (...)
Sep 06, 1939 Most commonwealth nations declare war on Germany (...)
Sep 08, 1939 Battle of Brura, west of Warsaw. (...)
Sep 08, 1939 FDR proclaims limited state of emergency in US. (...)
Sep 08, 1939 Germans reach the suburbs of Warsaw. (...)
Sep 09, 1939 British expeditionary force begins to land in France. (...)
Sep 09, 1939 FDR increases strength of Navy and Marine Corps and recalls to active duty officers, men, and nurses on retired lists. (...)
Sep 09, 1939 Goring boasts Berlin will never endure an air attack. (...)
Sep 10, 1939 Canada declared war on Germany. (...)
Sep 13, 1939 Forty US reserve DDs ordered recommissioned to support a Neutrality Patrol. (...)
Sep 16, 1939 Ceasefire ends undeclared Border War between Soviet Union and Mongolian allies and Japan. (...)
Sep 16, 1939 The man with the moustache bombs Europe. Glenn Miller's "Man with the Mandolin" is #1 in a still peaceful USA (...)
Sep 17, 1939 American aviation hero Charles A. Lindbergh makes his first anti-intervention radio speech. The U.S. non-intervention movement is supported not just by Lindbergh, but by former president Herbert Hoover, Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., Henry Ford, Lindbergh and a number of senators and congressmen as well. (...)
Sep 17, 1939 German submarine U-29 sinks British carrier Courageous. (...)
Sep 17, 1939 Russia invades Poland. (...)
Sep 17, 1939 Soviet troops invade Poland from the east. (...)
Sep 17, 1939 The British fleet carrier Courageous was sunk in the Western Approaches, off southwestern Ireland, by German U-Boat U-29 while on antisubmarine duty, the first Royal Navy ship lost in the war. More than 500 men were killed. The immediate effect was the British pulling all their fleet carriers out of antisubmarine operations. (...)
Sep 19, 1939 Polish Army collapses. (...)
Sep 25, 1939 Lwow and Bialystok in Poland were taken by the Russians. Hitler visited the front, observing the shelling of Warsaw's suburb of Praga. (...)
Sep 27, 1939 Poland surrenders to the Germans. (...)
Sep 27, 1939 Warsaw surrenders. (...)
Sep 28, 1939 Estonia and Russia signed a 10-year mutual assistance pact, with the Soviets acquiring military rights and access to raw materials. (Moscow was to sign similar pacts with Latvia on Oct 5 and Lithuania on the 10th, completing Soviet hegemony over the Baltic states.) (...)
Sep 28, 1939 Poland is partitioned between Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia. (...)
Sep 29, 1939 Germany and the Soviet Union agreed to divide control of occupied Poland. The Germans took the west side of the Bug River and the Soviets took the everything to the east. (...)
Oct 01, 1939 The U.S. Navy consists of 396 commissioned ships. ( 283 today.) [Battle fleet alone in 1946 = 1,060.] (...)
Oct 05, 1939 Enterprise (CV-6) (flagship), two heavy cruiser divisions, two destroyer squadrons with a light cruiser flagship, a destroyer tender and a proportionate number of small auxiliaries make up the Hawaiian Detachment - Pearl Harbor. (...)
Oct 05, 1939 Hawaiian Detachment is formed and sent to its new operating base, Pearl Harbor. (...)
Oct 06, 1939 Adolf Hitler denied any intention to wage war against Britain and France in an address to Reichstag. (...)
Oct 10, 1939 British removes mail from ships, opening and censoring sealed letters sent from the United States -- thru March 1940. (...)
Oct 11, 1939 Fearing war between Russia and Finland, Roosevelt appealed to Soviet President Mikhail I. Kalinin for restraint on Moscow's part and to "make no demands on Finland which are inconsistent with the maintenance and development of amicable and peaceful relations between the two countries, and the independence of each." (...)
Oct 11, 1939 U.S. President Roosevelt was presented with a letter (dated 2 Aug 1939) from Albert Einstein that urged him to develop the U.S. atomic program rapidly. (...)
Oct 11, 1939 U.S. sets up Uranium Advisory Committee. (...)
Oct 14, 1939 German submarine U-47 penetrates British fleet base at Scapa Flow and torpedoes battleship HMS Royal Oak. Oct 20. Commander Atlantic Squadron informs his ships to use plain language radio reporting of contacts. (...)
Oct 17, 1939 German planes bombed the British naval base at Scapa Flow. The training ship "Iron Duke" was damaged. (...)
Oct 18, 1939 The president of Finland met with the kings of the Scandinavian nations to consider the threat resulting from the Soviet military demands on the Finns. Hitler had assured the Swedes that Germany would remain neutral on a Russian-Finnish war and strongly advised the Swedes do the same. (...)
Oct 19, 1939 Blackouts take their toll. Auto deaths in Britain for Sept: 1130 (compared with 617 in Aug.). (...)
Oct 24, 1939 HMS Orion (CL), HMS Caradoc (CL), and HMCS Saguenay (DD) locate German tanker Emmy Friedrich.whose crew scuttles her to avoid capture. (...)
Oct 26, 1939 Josef Tiso became the President of Slovakia, a nation influenced by Nazi Germany (...)
Nov 02, 1939 Adolf Hitler's Minister of Propaganda, Josef Goebbels, visited Lodz, Poland. (...)
Nov 04, 1939 Although President Roosevelt has declared American neutrality in the war in Europe, a Neutrality Act is signed that allows the US to send arms and other aid to Britain and France. (...)
Nov 04, 1939 US modifies Neutrality Act to allow arms trade on a cash and carry basis, ending arms embargo. (...)
Nov 23, 1939 British armed merchant vessel Rawalpindi challenged two German battle cruisers and was sunk. (...)
Nov 23, 1939 In conquered Poland, Jews ordered to wear Star of David. (...)
Nov 30, 1939 Soviet troops invade Finland. Start of the Winter War (...)
Nov 30, 1939 Soviets invade Finland - lose Winter War, but win in spring. (...)
Dec 01, 1939 Fight between Finnish coastal guns at Russaro and Soviet cruiser Kirov & destroyer screen http://bit.ly/ynpfE (...)
Dec 04, 1939 German submarine U-36 was sunk by torpedo from HMS Salmon; all hands were lost. (...)
Dec 13, 1939 British cruisers engage Admiral Graf Spee in the Battle of the River Plate. (...)
Dec 14, 1939 German freighter Arauca departs Vera Cruz, Mexico, followed subsequently by passenger liner Columbus, the third largest ship in Germany's merchant marine. Two US destroyers trail Columbus and Arauca. A succession of U.S. ships over ensuing days send out plain-language position reports. (...)
Dec 14, 1939 The League of Nations drops the Soviet Union from its membership. (...)
Dec 17, 1939 Graf Spee scuttled off Montevideo . (...)
Dec 18, 1939 The first Canadian troops arrive in Europe and in Britain. (...)
Dec 19, 1939 HMS Hyperion intercepts German passenger liner Columbus 450 miles east of Cape May, NJ; the liner is scuttled to prevent capture (...)
Dec 19, 1939 HMS Orion intercepts German freighter Arauca off Miami, Florida; the latter puts in to Port Everglades to avoid capture. The U.S. Navy eventually commissions Arauca as refrigerated storeship Saturn (AF-40). (...)
Dec 20, 1939 Finnish Army Colonel Hjalmar Siilasvuo receiving a briefing in the field during the Winter War. (...)
Dec 21, 1939 Russia celebrated Joseph Stalin's 60th official birthday. His actual birthday is 18 Dec 1878, but was changed to 21 Dec 1879 after he cameto power in 1922. (...)
Dec 22, 1939 Finnish 9th division chips away at Soviet 163rd division entrenched at Suomussalmi. (...)
Dec 27, 1939 Indian troops began arriving in France to join the British Expeditionary Force. (...)
Dec 27, 1939 Two German army NCO's were killed by Poles in a Warsaw suburb bar. The bar owner was immediately hanged and 120 Poled selected at random were shot and killed. (...)
Dec 28, 1939 Winter War, Russia had attacked Finland : Russians loss 27,500 men, Finns losses are 2,700. (...)
Jan 01, 1940 British authorities detaining U.S. vessels at Gibraltar to search for contraband, taking from a few hours to several weeks. Continues into mid-March. (...)
Jan 02, 1940 The Russian offensive in Finland is halted by several Finnish victories. (...)
Jan 04, 1940 Hermann Goring was given total authority over all German industries involved in the production of war materials. (...)
Jan 06, 1940 Finnish Air Force Lieutenant Jorma Sarvanto shot down 6 of 7 Soviet bombers he attacked in only 5 minutes. (...)
Jan 06, 1940 Hitler orders postponement of his attack in the west until spring. (...)
Jan 08, 1940 Finnish 9th division takes possession of Raate Road at dawn, as the last dug-in Soviet troops surrender around Lakes Kuivasjarvi and Kuomasjarvi (near Captain M?kinen?s original roadblock). Mopping up stragglers in the woods will take several days. Finns capture 43 tanks, 70 field guns, 278 trucks and other vehicles, 300 machine guns, 6,000 rifles & 1,170 horses. Another entire Soviet division is gone, estimated at 10-15,000 dead (not even the Soviet know how many men went onto the Raate Road; the Finns do not bother to count the frozen bodies). Finns take only 1000 prisoners and another 700 make it back to USSR. Many of those retreating are shot by NKVD and when Finland returns the prisoners, they are also executed for ?treason?. Finnish casualties in the Battle of Raate Road are 2,700 dead, missing and wounded. (...)
Jan 08, 1940 Italian dictator Benito Mussolini sent a message to Adolf Hitler that cautioned agaist waging war against Britain. (...)
Jan 08, 1940 Rationing began in Britain. Each person is allowed four ounces (112 g) of bacon and 12 ounces (336 g) of sugar per week. (...)
Jan 10, 1940 Hitler set start of French invasion at 1/17/40; compromise of plan in Beligum plane crash postponed it. (...)
Jan 12, 1940 RAdm Byrd, USN (Ret.) surveys the land and sea areas of Antarctica. (...)
Jan 20, 1940 In a speech admonishing neutral nations to support the Allied cause, Winston Churchill, Britain's first lord of the admiralty, claims, "Each one hopes that if he feeds the crocodile enough, the crocodile will eat him last." Churchill also denounces the Soviet Union's invasion of Finland. (...)
Jan 21, 1940 HMS Exmouth, sunk on January 21st 1940 by a torpedo from U-22, there were no survivors. (...)
Jan 21, 1940 The British cruiser Liverpool stopped the Japanese ship Asamu Maru off the coast of Honshu, Japan, and removed twenty-one German male passengers. Tokyo protested the action but subsequntly agreed not to transport German military reservists attempting to return home. (...)
Jan 22, 1940 U.51 sank Swedish steamer GOTHIA (1640grt), 45 miles W by N of St Kilda in 57-46N, 09-50W, with the loss of twelve crew. (...)
Jan 22, 1940 U.61 sank Norwegian steamer SYDVOLD (2434grt) in 58-40N, 00-30W. Five crew were lost, and 19 survivors rescued by Norwegian steamer RONA (1376grt). (...)
Jan 26, 1940 American minesweeper Quail arrived at Palmyra Atoll in the Pacific Ocean to construct a naval air station. (...)
Jan 26, 1940 believing that German would not be able to directly attack Britain, about half of the 750,000 children evacuated from London since Sep 1939 had returned to their homes in the city. (...)
Jan 26, 1940 The US permitted its 1911 commercial treaty with Japan to lapse. Ambassador Hull informed Japan that future trade would be conducted on a day to day basis. (...)
Jan 29, 1940 Soviets begin negotiating with Finland by sending a note stating "Soviet Union has no objection in principle to a possible agreement with the Ryti government" to Sweden. (...)
Jan 30, 1940 The U.S. government issues its first Social Security checks, totaling just over $75,000. (...)
Feb 01, 1940 German submarine U-13 torpedoed and sank Swedish steamer Fram in the Aberdour Bay, Scotland at 0143 hours. 9 were killed and 14 were rescued by destroyer HMS Khartoum and armed trawler HMS Viking Deeps. (...)
Feb 08, 1940 The Soviet Union asked Finland to choose an island in the Gulf of Finland for a Soviet military base as part of the terms of peace negotiations. Artillery and aerial bombardments on the Mannerheim Line continued, however, together with periodic assaults in the Summa sector. (...)
Feb 09, 1940 Admiral François Darlan became the new Vice Premier of Vichy France. (...)
Feb 12, 1940 British Royal Navy minesweeper HMS Gleaner located German submarine U-33 laying mines in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland at 0250 hours. U-33 was badly damaged by depth charges and surfaced at 0522 hours, but the submarine began to sink shortly after surfacing, killing 25 men, including comma...nding officer Kapitänleutnant Hans-Wilhelm von Dresky. One of the 17 survivors had 3 Enigma rotors in his pockets, which was sent to Alan Turing at the Government Code and Cypher School for further study. (...)
Feb 17, 1940 Norway protested British neutrality violation of attacking the German ship Altmark in Norwegian waters. (...)
Feb 19, 1940 Ambassador Hull extends the US moral embargo to the Soviet Union. (...)
Feb 22, 1940 Armed with Cutlasses and other weapons, Captain Philip Vian and his crew of the HMS Cossack board the German tender Altmark in Norwegian waters to rescue nearly 300 British merchant navy personnel. (...)
Feb 22, 1940 Six German destroyers were launched into the North Sea during Operation Wikinger with Luftwaffe knowledge. He 111 aircraft misidentified the destroyers and attacked them, sinking destroyer one destroyer (282 killed) and ran another one into a naval minefield (308 killed). (...)
Feb 22, 1940 The British Endeavour (Master Thomas Weatherhead) in convoy OGF-19 was torpedoed and sunk by U-50. Five crew members were lost. (...)
Feb 25, 1940 The first RCAF unit arrives in Britain, it is 110 (AC) Squadron flying Lysanders. The unit is later renamed 400 (City of Toronto) Squadron. (...)
Mar 02, 1940 A German He 111 aircraft bombed British India liner Domala in the English Channel, and then circled back to machine gun survivors in the water, killing 108. Dutch ship Jong Willem, which rescued 48 of the 183 survivors, was also strafed. (...)
Mar 04, 1940 Soviet and Finnish troops continued to fight near Viipuri, Finland, particularly near the Vuoksi River near Äyräpää church. (...)
Mar 05, 1940 The Soviet Politburo signed the order to eliminate captured Polish military officers to remove the possibility of these able men ever becoming resistance organizers. These POWs would be systematically killed in the following weeks in what was later called the Katyn Massacre. (...)
Mar 06, 1940 Finnish diplomats arrived in Moscow to negotiate an end to the Winter War. (...)
Mar 07, 1940 Soviet troops began to break through the final defense line at Viipuri, Finland. (...)
Mar 08, 1940 As Soviet troops entered the suburbs of Viipuri, Finnish diplomats in Moscow sought an immediate ceasefire while negotiations were still proceeding, but were refused as Soviet troops were on the verge of taking Viipuri. (...)
Mar 11, 1940 Blenheim bombers of 82 Squadron, RAF Bomber Command sank German submarine U-31, on sea trials, in Jade Bay near Wilhelmshaven, killing all 58 on board. U-31 would later be refloated only to be sunk again, the only WW2 ship to suffer the misfortune of being sunk twice in the war. (...)
Mar 12, 1940 During World War II, Finland and the Soviet Union concluded an armistice. (...)
Mar 14, 1940 The first "bombe" decipher machine became operational at Bletchley Park in England. (...)
Mar 16, 1940 German Luftwaffe aircraft bombed the Royal Navy base at Scapa Flow. James Isbister became the first British civilian to be killed by a German bomb when his house in the Orkney Islands was hit. (...)
Mar 17, 1940 Dr. Fritz Todt was appointed Germany's Minister for Weapons and Munitions. (...)
Mar 18, 1940 Mussolini and Hitler announce Italy's formal alliance with Germany against England and France. (...)
Apr 04, 1940 Aktion 14 F 13 began; it was the first documented proof that the Nazi German regime conducted mass extermination of the handicapped in concentration camps. This was the extension of the Nazi's T4 program which was initially formed in order to euthanize children that were born with mental or physical deformities. (...)
Apr 05, 1940 RAF attacked German shipping at Wilhelmshaven. (...)
Apr 08, 1940 German Field Marshal Keitel ordered the transfer of active military servicemen who were 50% Jewish and those who were married to women who were 50% Jewish to reserve or militia units. (...)
Apr 09, 1940 German troops crossed into Denmark; resistance would last only hours before capitulation. (...)
Apr 09, 1940 Germany invades Norway with aid of Quisling. (...)
Apr 09, 1940 Germany occupies Denmark. (...)
Apr 10, 1940 - Apr 13, 1940 Returning German fleet mauled by British. (...)
Apr 14, 1940 350 British Royal Marines landed at Namsos, Norway to prepare for the arrival of the 146th Territorial Brigade. These Marines were the first British forces to land in Norway. (...)
Apr 16, 1940 Iceland declares its independence from occupied Demark and asks the United States for recognition. (...)
Apr 18, 1940 British landing in Norway. (...)
Apr 18, 1940 US considers selective service (draft, one year). (...)
Apr 19, 1940 Japan informed the United States that Japan had no aggressive intentions toward the Dutch East Indies. (...)
Apr 20, 1940 The Danish military began to demobilize, replaced by German occupation personnel. (...)
Apr 23, 1940 The British Members of Parliament criticized the earlier estimate of 1940 war expenditures was too low. In related news, tax on beer was increased by 1 penny, whiskey by 9 pence, and postage by 1 penny. (...)
Apr 25, 1940 A new evacuation scheme was introduced in Britain as a Ministry of Health survey showed that only 8% of eligible children had been registered. Later studies revealed that 19% of parents refused to register their children, while 73% of them simply did not respond to the registration. (...)
Apr 25, 1940 USS Wasp (CV-7) commissioned. (...)
Apr 27, 1940 Following a number of inspections at various sites, Heinrich Himmler, Commander of the SS, gave out the order to establish a concentration camp in the former artillery barracks in Oświęcim, known at the time as Auschwitz. The basis for Auschwitz consisted of 22 prewar brick barracks buildings. Over time, the camp exp...anded steadily in both organizational and spatial terms. At its peak in the summer of 1944, Auschwitz covered about 40 sq. km. in the core area, and more than 40 branch camps dispersed within a radius of several hundred kilometers. At this time, there were about 135 thousand people (105 thousand registered prisoners and about 30 thousand unregistered) in the Auschwitz complex, which accounted for 25% of all the people in the entire concentration camp system (525 thousand). (...)
May 01, 1940 A German bomber crashed in Essex, England, United Kingdom, killing the crew and two civilians, wounding a further 150 people. (...)
May 02, 1940 British withdraw from Norway. (...)
May 03, 1940 Greenland, a crown colony of Denmark, seeks U.S. protection, so that Danish sovereignty can be maintained during the German occupation of the homeland. (...)
May 05, 1940 Norway established a government-in-exile in London. (...)
May 07, 1940 - May 10, 1940 British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlin resigns in disgrace. He will be replaced by Winston Churchill on 05.10. (...)
May 07, 1940 Pacific fleet ordered to Pearl Harbor as a warning to Japan (...)
May 10, 1940 The German Blitzkrieg ("lightning war") begins, as Rotterdam and other Dutch cities are attacked from the air. By the end of the month, the Dutch armies will have surrendered, Belgium will have surrendered, and the evacuation of British and French troops from Dunkirk will be underway. (...)
May 12, 1940 Germany invades France (...)
May 13, 1940 Winston Churchill told Britain's Parliament that "I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears, and sweat." (...)
May 14, 1940 Holland surrenders. (...)
May 24, 1940 French leaders concluded the war was lost. (...)
May 24, 1940 Hitler ordered German armored units to halt mop-up operations and continue toward Paris. If the panzers had continued they would have wiped out the Allied troops caught in ever-smaller pockets. Hitler overruled his commanders on the scene because he was sticking to the original plan of a southward thrust after the breakthrough to the English Channel. (...)
May 26, 1940 Hitler after a critical two-day delay, ordered German troops to attack Dunkirk. The first units could not advance until late in the day, but the main force could not be organized until the following day. "By then," said General Guderain, "it was too late to achieve a great victory." (...)
May 26, 1940 - Jun 04, 1940 Operation Dynamo, the evacuation of Allied troops at Dunkirk began. In one of the most dramatic withdrawls in military history, a hastily assembled fleet of 861 ships and boats began pulling what was left of the trapped Allied armies off the beaches of Dunkirk. In a week, 224,585 British and 112,546 French and Belgians were taken to safety. About 40,000 Frenchmen were left behind. A total of 231 of the rescue vessels were sunk, mostly by the Luftwaffe, but German air strikes were restricted by bad weather and the tenacious fighters of the RAF. For all the glory that accompanied the gallant retreat, Dunkirk represented the nadir of the war for Britain. (...)
May 26, 1940 U.S. President Roosevelt makes a radio appeal to the Red Cross due to the dire straits of Belgian and French civilians. (...)
May 27, 1940 - Jun 04, 1940 Dunkirk evacuation. (...)
May 28, 1940 Belgium surrenders. (...)
Jun 04, 1940 "We must be very careful not to assign to this deliverance the attributes of a victory. War's are not won by evacuations." - Winston Churchill - To Parliament (...)
Jun 07, 1940 British and French withdraw from Norway. (...)
Jun 09, 1940 Norway armistice (...)
Jun 10, 1940 Italy declares war on Britain and France, and U.S. President Roosevelt announces a shift from neutrality to "non-belligerency," meaning more active support for the Allies against the Axis. (...)
Jun 10, 1940 Italy declares war on Britain and France. "The hand that held the dagger has plunged it into the back of its neighbor." -- FDR (...)
Jun 10, 1940 USSR occupy Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia. (...)
Jun 11, 1940 British attack Italians in Libya (...)
Jun 11, 1940 The Italian Air Force bombed the British fortress at Malta in the Mediterranean. (...)
Jun 14, 1940 German troops enter Paris and, as a French appeal for U.S. aid is declined, the French fortress at Verdun falls to the Germans. (...)
Jun 14, 1940 Germany takes Paris. (...)
Jun 14, 1940 Philippe Pétain became the Prime Minister of France. (...)
Jun 16, 1940 Curie laboritory (Fr) transfer 410 pounds of Norwegian heavy water to the British. (...)
Jun 17, 1940 French armistice. Evacuation at St. Nazaire. Lancastria. (...)
Jun 17, 1940 The 16,000 ton Cunard liner Lancastria lay 5 miles off St Nazaire and embarked troops, RAF personnel, and civilian refugees, including women and children, who were being evacuated from France, which was then on the point of collapse. The number on board may never be known, but almost certainly exceeded 6,000; some estimates were as high as 9,000. The Lancastria was attacked and hit by bombs from German aircraft. The ship sank rapidly and, according to the estimate of the Captain, only around 2,500 of those on board were saved. (...)
Jun 22, 1940 USSR invades Romania which must join Axis (...)
Jun 23, 1940 Adolf Hitler surveyed notable sites in German-occupied Paris. (...)
Jun 27, 1940 All French ships in British ports are seized by the Royal Navy. (...)
Jun 28, 1940 In the U.S., the Alien Registration Act (the Smith Act) passed by Congress requires aliens to register and be fingerprinted; the Act makes it illegal to advocate the overthrow of the US government. (...)
Jun 29, 1940 Japan declared the South Seas as an area where it had a special interest, broadening its assumed sphere of influence. Foreign minister Arita said, "The countries of East Asia and the regions of the South Seas area geographically, historically, racially, and economically very closely related... The uniting of all those regions in a single sphere on a basis of common existence, insuring thereby the stability of that sphere, is a national conclusion." (...)
Jul 03, 1940 British attack French Fleet at Oran. (...)
Jul 04, 1940 Italians take cities in Sudan. (...)
Jul 05, 1940 Britain and the Vichy French government break off diplomatic relations. (...)
Jul 05, 1940 Romania allied itself with Nazi Germany. Germany would invade Romania on October 7, 1940, as part of Hitler's strategy of a single eastern front against the Soviet Union. (...)
Jul 05, 1940 Sweden authorizes Germany to use Swedish railways to transport troops to Norway. (...)
Jul 05, 1940 US bans strategic materials to Japan. (...)
Jul 07, 1940 British Swordfish torpedo bombers from carrier HMS Hermes attacked the French battleship Richelieu in dock at Dakar, sinking her in shallow water. (...)
Jul 08, 1940 Royal Navy aircraft from the carrier HMS Hermes torpedoed and immobilized the French battleship Richelieu at Dakar, French West Africa. (...)
Jul 09, 1940 As German air attacks over Britain intensify, the British Royal Air Force begins night bombing of German targets. (...)
Jul 10, 1940 Aerial Battle of Britain starts. (...)
Jul 10, 1940 Mitsubishi A6M2 "Zero" fighter enters service in China. (...)
Jul 11, 1940 A British Commando force was badly mauled in an attack on Guernsey. (...)
Jul 11, 1940 The Luftwaffe assured General Franz Halder, chief of the German army General Staff, that it could eliminate the RAF within a month or less. (...)
Jul 15, 1940 Italians take city in Kenya. (...)
Jul 15, 1940 RAF Blenheim bombers unsuccessfully attack Gazala. (...)
Jul 19, 1940 FDR authorizes two-ocean navy : 7 BB, 11 CV, 50 CL, 100 DD. (...)
Jul 25, 1940 The German Reich Economic Minister outlined the New Order for Europe, citing use of forced labor from occupied nations. (...)
Jul 25, 1940 US embargos scrap metal and petroleum to Japan. (...)
Aug 05, 1940 Italians invade, occupy British Somaliland (...)
Aug 13, 1940 Germany begans bombing airfields and factories in England. (...)
Aug 16, 1940 Southern England was subjected to heavy raids involving 1,720 Luftwaffe aircraft. (...)
Aug 16, 1940 Turin and Milan were attacked by RAF bombers. (...)
Aug 17, 1940 Germany declares a blockade of British waters, and begins a bombing campaign which, by September, will be killing hundreds each day. In November, German air raids will kill more than 4,500 Britons. (...)
Aug 18, 1940 Canada and the U.S. established a joint defense plan against the possible enemy attacks during World War II. (...)
Aug 20, 1940 Churchill's 'The Few' speech given to The House of Commons (...)
Aug 23, 1940 The first German air raids on Central London took place. (...)
Aug 24, 1940 German battleship Bismarck commissions. (...)
Aug 25, 1940 British air raids on Berlin began. RAF bombs Berlin, a feat the Nazis boasted was "impossible." (...)
Aug 26, 1940 Chad is the 1st French colony to join the Allies under Félix Éboué, France's 1st black colonial governor. (...)
Aug 29, 1940 Battle of Britain tally for today: Nazis lose 17, RAF loses 9 planes. (...)
Aug 29, 1940 British Tizard Mission shares radar information with US. (...)
Aug 30, 1940 Battle of Britain, RAF loses 26 and Nazis lose 36 planes. (...)
Sep 01, 1940 Gen. George Marshall was sworn in as chief of staff of US army. (...)
Sep 03, 1940 Adolf Hitler planned Operation Sealion. The plan was for the invasion of Britain. (...)
Sep 03, 1940 Adolf Hitler plans Operation Sealion. The plan was for the invasion of Britain. (...)
Sep 04, 1940 German sub aimed torpedoes @ US destroyer Greer, was 1st US vessel fired on in WWII-heightening tension. (...)
Sep 06, 1940 Contracts for prototypes of B-29 and B-32. (Upgraded B-17 and B-24). (...)
Sep 07, 1940 London received its first mass air raid from Nazi Germany during World War II. (...)
Sep 09, 1940 US Navy awards contracts for 210 new ships including 12 aircraft carriers and 7 battleships. (...)
Sep 10, 1940 In Britain, Buckingham Palace was hit by German bomb. (...)
Sep 10, 1940 In light of the destruction and terror inflicted on Londoners by a succession of German bombing raids, called "the Blitz," the British War Cabinet instructs British bombers over Germany to drop their bombs "anywhere" if unable to reach their targets. (...)
Sep 11, 1940 Adolf Hitler sent German army and air force reinforcements to Romania to protect oil reserves and to prepare for an Eastern European base for attacks against the Soviet Union. (...)
Sep 12, 1940 Peak day in Battle of Britain (...)
Sep 13, 1940 Italians invade Egypt. (...)
Sep 15, 1940 Bombing of London starts. (...)
Sep 15, 1940 The German Luftwaffe suffered the loss of 185 planes in the Battle of Britain. The change in tide forced Hitler to abandon his plans for invading Britain. (...)
Sep 16, 1940 The Burke-Wadsworth Act was passed by the U.S. Congress. The acted imposed the first peacetime draft in the history of the United States. The event was the beginning of Selective Service. (...)
Sep 16, 1940 US Selective Training and Service Act, first peacetime draft, men 21-35. (...)
Sep 17, 1940 Invasion of England canceled. (...)
Sep 18, 1940 Twenty-four British barrage balloons, driven by the wind, disrupted Swedish railway and electric power service last night and damaged homes in Denmark. (...)
Sep 21, 1940 Officials open the Tube as a bomb shelter. Some 170,000 Londoners begin sleeping nightly in the subway. (...)
Sep 21, 1940 Over the past 17 days, British aircraft had sunk 12.5% of the 1,865 German transport vessels preparing for an invasion of England. (...)
Sep 22, 1940 Japan was formally granted air bases and the rights to maintain troops in French Indochina under terms of a treaty signed in Hanoi. The governor general of Indochina, General Georges Catroux sought Allied air to fight the Japanese, but Britain (and the United States) said it was not possible to consider military action in Asia. (...)
Sep 22, 1940 Uruguay arrested eight Nazi leaders on charges of conspiring against the state. (...)
Sep 23, 1940 Nazi SS chief Heinrich Himmler orders gold teeth yanked from mouths of dead concentration camp victims. (...)
Sep 27, 1940 Germany, Italy and Japan enter into a 10-year military and economic alliance that comes to be known as the "Axis". Hungary and Romania will join the Axis in November. (...)
Sep 27, 1940 Japan, German and Italy Tripartite Pact -- ten year military agreement - forms Axis. (...)
Sep 28, 1940 The first of the 50 destoryers which the US turned over to Britain reached England. (...)
Sep 28, 1940 Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles outlined US policy in Asia toward Japan. He said Tokyo's intention to create a new order in Asia had resulted in Japan's reliance "upon the instrumentality of armed force, and it has made it very clear that it intents that it alone shall decide to what extent the historic interests of the United States and the treaty rights of American citizens in the Far East are to be observed." Welles called for "complete respect" for US rights, "equality of opportunity for the trade of all nations," and "respect" for all treaties and international agreements to which the US had agreed. "Modifications" through "peaceful negotiations" would be considered. (...)
Oct 02, 1940 During World War II, the HMS Empress was sunk while carrying child refugees from Britain to Canada. (...)
Oct 07, 1940 German troops entered Romania. Hitler's plan was to have a single easter front against the Soviet Union. Romania had allied itself with Nazi Germany on July 5, 1940. (...)
Oct 08, 1940 During the night, 17 British aircraft from Waddington, Lincolnshire attacked battleship Tirpitz to little effect. (...)
Oct 09, 1940 St. Paul's Cathedral in London was bombed by the Nazis. The dome was unharmed in the bombing. (...)
Oct 18, 1940 Britain reopened the Burma Road, again giving China access to the outside world over an overland route. (...)
Oct 18, 1940 Germany and Italy issued demands upon Greece, including the transfer of land to Italy and Bulgaria, use of air bases by the Axis, and a new, sympathetic government in Athens. (...)
Oct 18, 1940 Goring congratulated Luftwaffe crews on their attacks on Britain, which, he said, "caused the British world-enemy disastrous losses by uninterrupted, destructive blow. Your indefatigable, courageous attacks on the heart of the British Empire, the city of London with its 8 1/2 million inhabitants, have reduced British plutocracy to fear and terror. The losses which you have inflicted on the much vaunted Royal Air Force in determined fighter engagements are irreplaceable." (...)
Oct 20, 1940 Italian aircraft bomb Cairo and US-run oil facilities in Bahrain. (...)
Oct 21, 1940 German bombers attack Liverpool (...)
Oct 22, 1940 Hitler met with Laval in Montoire in occupied France to discuss France's future in the new order of Europe. (...)
Oct 22, 1940 Jews began to be deported from Alsace-Loraine and the Rhineland. (...)
Oct 25, 1940 USN mobilizes aviation squadrons at 1/3 per month. (...)
Oct 27, 1940 Free French forces attacked Vichy French-held Gabon. (...)
Oct 28, 1940 Greece rejected Italian ultimatum, and Italy responded with invasion; Winston Churchill promised aid. (...)
Oct 28, 1940 Italians invade Greece. (...)
Oct 28, 1940 Pilot armor and fuel protection begin to go into service and within a year all fleet aircraft would have it. (...)
Oct 29, 1940 Conscription begins in the U.S. It is the first military draft to occur during peacetime in American history. (...)
Oct 31, 1940 British occupy Crete (...)
Nov 02, 1940 Turkey moved 37 divisions to the Bulgarian border and warned Bulgaria not to participate in the Italo-Greek war. Meanwhile, Italian troops reached the main Greek defensive line on the Kalamas River between Elia and Kalamas. Off Suda Bay, Crete, as British warships departed after unloading troops, Italian bombers scored near misses against them but failed to cause damage. (...)
Nov 03, 1940 RAF to southern Greece (...)
Nov 05, 1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected to an unprecedented third term as president, with 54 percent of the popular vote. He defeats Republican Wendell L. Willke. (...)
Nov 11, 1940 British Fleet Air Arm attack Italian fleet at Taranto (...)
Nov 14, 1940 Coventry bombed (...)
Nov 15, 1940 Jews of the Warsaw ghetto were prohibited from leaving the sealed-off area. (...)
Nov 19, 1940 Luftwaffe bombers attacked Birmingham. (...)
Nov 19, 1940 Switzerland banned the Nazi party, saying that "this movement was working for the transformation of public institutions by other than constitutional means." The action was particularly noteworthy because the Swiss were totally surrounded by Axis allies who had shown no respect for the neutrality declared by other nations. (...)
Nov 23, 1940 Rumania signs the Tripartite Pact, becomes part of the Axis. (...)
Nov 30, 1940 Russia attacks Finland in Winter War. (...)
Dec 01, 1940 FDR boots US ambassador Joe Kennedy for saying England's toast. (...)
Dec 06, 1940 - Dec 07, 1940 German Heavy Cruiser Admiral Hipper "Breaks out" unseen through the Denmark Strait into the N. Atlantic. (...)
Dec 10, 1940 - Dec 24, 1940 German Heavy Cruiser Admiral Hipper searches unsuccessfully for several reported convoys in extremely heavy seas and experiences a number of mechanical and electrical failures due to the pounding. She refuels on the 12th and 16th, and 22nd. She discovers a convoy with her radar the night of the 24th and shadows it to attack at first light, believing it to be lightly escorted. (...)
Dec 15, 1940 Italians expelled from Egypt. (...)
Dec 16, 1940 In Washington, the National Women's Party meets and urges the Congress to act on an Equal Rights Amendment. (...)
Dec 16, 1940 the German city of Mannheim was hit by 134 RAF bombers in retaliation for German raids on English cities. (...)
Dec 20, 1940 Liverpool was bombed by the Luftwaffe. (...)
Dec 23, 1940 Anthony Eden was appointed Foreign Secretary of the United Kingdom. (...)
Dec 25, 1940 German Heavy Cruiser Admiral Hipper attacks British troop convoy WS 5A consisting of 20 MS and escorted by RN CA Berwick, and CLs Bonaventure and Dunedin with CV Furious loaded with crated aircraft about 700 nm W of Cape Finisterre. Spots Berwick while still unseen herself. Closes Benwick opening fire with her main battery at 0639. Benwick replies two minutes later. Hipper engages the other cruisers and some mercantile targets with her 105mm secondary battery. The conditions hampered sighting efforts, but at 0705 she hits Benwick's X turrent and at 0708 scores again with a hit below Berwick's waterline causing flooding. She got two more hits before breaking off action at 0714 in a rainsquall. Benwick's fire is ineffective. Hipper also damages two of the convoy's merchant ships, principally the 13,994 ton transport Empire Trooper. She fired 174 main battery rounds in this action. (...)
Dec 25, 1940 Given her engine problems and lack of fuel, German Heavy Cruiser Admiral Hipper shapes course for Brest. That afternoon she encounters a steamer of 6,078 tons displacement and sinks her with two torpedoes. (...)
Dec 27, 1940 German Heavy Cruiser Admiral Hipper arrives at Brest. (...)
Dec 27, 1940 IJN light carrier Zuiho commissioned. - Philippines, DutchEastIndies, Midway, Santa Cruz, Philippine Sea, - Leyte Gulf (...)
Dec 29, 1940 Germany began dropping incendiary bombs on London. (...)
Dec 30, 1940 Kaluga, 90 miles southwest of Moscow, was recaptured by the Russians. (...)
Jan 01, 1941 RAF bombs aircraft factories in Bremen, Germany. (...)
Jan 02, 1941 German bombers, perhaps off course, bomb Ireland the second night in a row. (...)
Jan 06, 1941 Contrary to widespread isolationist sentiment, President Roosevelt recommends a "Lend-Lease" program that will provide U.S. aid to the Allies. (...)
Jan 08, 1941 President Roosevelt's budget message to Congress requested a defense appropriation of $10,811,000,000 for fiscal 1942. (...)
Jan 10, 1941 German?Soviet Border and Commercial Agreement is signed. (...)
Jan 11, 1941 US Army Air Corps announces successful tests w/unmanned robot planes. (...)
Jan 20, 1941 Japan expanded annual intelligence budget to $500,000 to gather more intelligence on the United States. (...)
Jan 20, 1941 Japan orders cultural attaches in US to establish intelligence gathering networks. (...)
Jan 27, 1941 Launch of submarine USS Tautog (...)
Feb 06, 1941 Hitler made his final appeal to Franco to bring Spain into the war on the Axis side. (...)
Feb 07, 1941 British capture Italian army in North Africa: 35,000 killed, captured 130,000. (...)
Feb 08, 1941 The newly formed German Afrika Korps began departing Naples, Italy for North Africa. (...)
Feb 10, 1941 The Stirling bomber made its operational debut bombing Rotterdam's oil storage facilities. (...)
Feb 17, 1941 Rommel activates Africa Corp. (...)
Feb 19, 1941 The 8th Australian Division lands in Singapore. (...)
Feb 21, 1941 19:50 - Luftwaffe bombs Swansea for 5 hours starting at 7:50 PM. In 3 nights, 70 German bombers have dropped 35,000 incendiary canisters and 800 high explosive bombs, destroying much of the city center and killing 230 (409 wounded). The docks are almost unscathed, despite being the main target. (...)
Feb 24, 1941 the RAF Manchester bomber made its operational debut bombing Brest, France. (...)
Feb 25, 1941 German battleship Tiripitz commissions, the largest European battleship, till Japanese superbattleship Yamato later in the year, 12.16 (...)
Mar 01, 1941 Germans to Romania. Bulgarians join Axis (...)
Mar 01, 1941 The first US force for the protection of convoys in the North Atlantic was est. It consisted of destroyers and patrol aircraft. (...)
Mar 02, 1941 German 12th Army crossed the Danube and marched into Bulgaria. (...)
Mar 04, 1941 British Commandos raided the Lofoten Islands off the extreme northern coast of Norway. (...)
Mar 04, 1941 Prince Paul, Regent of Yugoslavia, arrived in Berchtesgaden in Germany where Hitler applied further pressure for Yugoslavia to join Tripartite Pact. Hitler offered to cede Salonika and part of Macedonia to Yugoslavia in return for allowing German troops to transit into Greece. (...)
Mar 05, 1941 British enter Greece. (...)
Mar 07, 1941 German submarine skipper Günther Prien of Scapa Flow fame was killed. (...)
Mar 09, 1941 The Italian offensive in Albania was held up by Greek First Army. (...)
Mar 11, 1941 U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt authorized the Lend-Lease Act, which authorized the act of providing war supplies to the Allies. (...)
Mar 12, 1941 Clydebank, Scotland suffered heavy damage from Luftwaffe bombing, leaving 75% of the city's residents homeless. (...)
Mar 13, 1941 USS Ericsson (DD 440) was commissioned. She was the third US Navy warship named for Swedish inventor John Ericsson. For the majority of World War II, Ericsson operated in the Atlantic and in the Mediterranean. Following Germany’s surrender, she relocated to the Pacific and was decommissioned after WWII. After time spent in the Reserve Fleet, Ericsson was struck from the Navy list and sunk as a target in 1970. (...)
Mar 17, 1941 The US Senate begins debating the Lend-Lease bill. (...)
Mar 20, 1941 HMS Maylaya (BB,8-15") convoy escort torpedoed of Cape Verde Islands and repaired New York Naval Yard. (...)
Mar 24, 1941 The RAF conducted its first bombing raid on Berlin for the year. (...)
Mar 27, 1941 Tokeo Yoshikawa arrived in Oahu, HI, and began spying for Japan on the U.S. Fleet at Pearl Harbor. (...)
Mar 28, 1941 Gen Simovitch coup switches Yugoslavia from Hitler to Allies, delays Nazi war timetable. (...)
Mar 28, 1941 Spy Yoshikawa arrives to map Pearl Harbor and report naval movements. (...)
Mar 29, 1941 A series of British attacks sank all 3 Italian Zara-class heavy cruisers. (...)
Mar 29, 1941 A series of British attacks sank all 3 Italian Zara-class heavy cruisers. The attacks are a part of the Battle of Matapan off Cape Matapan in Greece. 2 Italian destroyers were also sunk. (...)
Mar 30, 1941 Finland surrenders land to Russia (...)
Mar 30, 1941 The German Afrika Korps under General Erwin Rommel began its first offensive against British forces in Libya. (...)
Mar 30, 1941 The United States seized 2 German, 26 Italian, and 35 Danish ships in US ports; 850 Italian and 63 German officers and men were imprisoned. (...)
Mar 31, 1941 Battleship Prince of Wales was commissioned into Royal Navy service. (...)
Apr 04, 1941 In North Africa, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel captured the British held town of Benghazi. (...)
Apr 05, 1941 German commandos secure docks along the Danube River in preparation for Germany’s invasion of the Balkans. (...)
Apr 06, 1941 German forces invaded Greece and Yugoslavia. (...)
Apr 06, 1941 Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece (...)
Apr 06, 1941 Greece and Yugoslavia are invaded by German troops. (...)
Apr 07, 1941 Quarter of Pacific Fleet ordered to Atlantic : 3BB, 1CV, 4CL, 18DD, 3AO. (...)
Apr 09, 1941 North Carolina (BB-55) commissioned. (...)
Apr 14, 1941 German troops reached the Aliakmon River in Greece. (...)
Apr 14, 1941 King Farouk of Egypt invited Adolf Hitler for a discussion on Egyptian independence from the United Kingdom. (...)
Apr 14, 1941 Tobruk's defenders beat back a determined assault by the German 5th Light Div on the encircled city. (...)
Apr 14, 1941 Yugoslavia sues for peace, seeking to negotiate a surrender with Germany. (...)
Apr 16, 1941 Britain receives its first American "Lend-Lease" aid shipments of food. By December, millions of tons of food will have arrived from the U.S. (...)
Apr 16, 1941 Luftwaffe General Theodor Osterkamp celebrates his birthday with his fellow officers. (...)
Apr 18, 1941 The Anglo-Iraqi War began. (...)
Apr 20, 1941 - May 30, 1941 US President Roosevelt approved the transfer of 10 Lake-class Coast Guard Cutters to the British Royal Navy; the transfers were completed between 30 Apr and 30 May 1941. (...)
Apr 22, 1941 Emmanuel Tsouderos was named premier of Greece. (...)
Apr 22, 1941 Two thousand US Army reinforcements were sent to the Philippines. (...)
Apr 23, 1941 Greek battleships Kilkis (formerly US Navy's BB-23 USS Mississippi) and Lemnos (formerly BB-24 USS Idaho) were sunk by German dive bombers at Salamis. (...)
Apr 24, 1941 British withdraw from Greece to Crete (...)
Apr 25, 1941 Hitler announced Führer Directive 28 for the attack on Crete, Greece. (...)
Apr 28, 1941 Charles Sweeney joined the United States Army Air Corps; he would later become the pilot of B-29 Superfortress bomber Bockscar that delivered the atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan. (...)
May 06, 1941 First flight of XP-47B Republic Thunderbolt prototype. (...)
May 07, 1941 SS Ixion is sunk by U-94. (...)
May 09, 1941 Japanese spies report establishment of network in San Diego to watch shipment of war materials. (...)
May 10, 1941 Rudolf Hess flies to Scotland (...)
May 15, 1941 Washington (BB-56) commissions. (...)
May 16, 1941 Italian army of East Africa surrender with 289,000 casualties vs. 1,000 for Brits (...)
May 18, 1941 The Bismarck, still wearing her Baltic camouflage, sails for Norway in the wake of a mine destructor ship. (...)
May 20, 1941 German paratroops invade Crete. (...)
May 24, 1941 HMS Hood sunk by Bismarck. (...)
May 26, 1941 An obsolete torpedo bomber, a Swordfish from the British carrier Ark Royal disabled German battleship Bismarck. The torpedo struck aft, jamming the rudder and damaging the propellers. (...)
May 26, 1941 HMS Formidable (CV) bombed taking aircraft to Malta; repaired U.S. Norfolk Naval Shipyard ; re-equipped with Corsair and Hellcat fighters. (...)
May 27, 1941 "Sink the Bismarck". U.S. declares unlimited national emergency. (...)
May 31, 1941 British troops arrive in Iraq and will prevent Axis sympathizers from taking over the government there. In early June, British and Free French troops will invade Syria and Lebanon to prevent those countries from being taken over by the Germany. (...)
Jun 02, 1941 Long Island (AVG-1) commissioned. Prototype escort carrier conversion in 39 days. (...)
Jun 06, 1941 Lidice, Hungary, massacre. (...)
Jun 13, 1941 Operation Exporter, Lebanon. Australian 7th Division is held up by Vichy French defenders at the steep pass at Jezzine, halfway from the Palestinian border to Beirut. (...)
Jun 15, 1941 Japanese spies, LCDRs Itaru Tachibana and Toraichi Kono, arrested. (...)
Jun 18, 1941 British press reported details of development of radiolocation technology (later more popularly known by its American acronym RADAR) and its use in Battle of Britain. (...)
Jun 22, 1941 German troops invade Soviet Russia, breaking the "nonaggression" pact signed in 1939. Two days later, President Roosevelt promises US aid to Russia. (...)
Jun 22, 1941 Hitler invades USSR. (...)
Jun 24, 1941 Japan pressure Vichy for Indochina, needed to stop supplies to China (...)
Jun 25, 1941 President Roosevelt creates a U.S. Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC), after a march by 50,000 black Americans is threatened by A. Philip Randolph to protest unfair labor practices in the government and the war industry. (...)
Jun 25, 1941 War between Finland and Russia resumes, thus, Finland is considered Axis. (...)
Jun 28, 1941 Vannevar Bush is named director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD), which has just been created by President Roosevelt. (...)
Jun 29, 1941 Germany has advanced 200 miles into Russia in a week. (...)
Jun 29, 1941 Germany invaded and occupied Lvov, in eastern Galicia, in Ukraine. Thousands of people were slaughtered. (...)
Jun 29, 1941 The Soviet Union formed an overall defense committee consisting of Stalin, Georgi Malenkov, Marshal Kliment Voroshilov, and Lavvrenti Beria. Rumormongering, spreading panic, and cowardice were decreed to be crimes punishable by death. (...)
Jul 01, 1941 WWII watchmaker Bulova airs the first TV commercial. 10 secs on NBC's Brooklyn Dodgers telecast. (...)
Jul 05, 1941 German troops reached the Dnieper River in the Soviet Union. (...)
Jul 08, 1941 A Soviet military mission arrived in London. (...)
Jul 08, 1941 All Jews in the Baltic states were ordered to wear the Star of David. (...)
Jul 08, 1941 First British B-17 mission, Willhelmshaven, 3 planes. (...)
Jul 08, 1941 German General Franz Halder recorded in his diary Adolf Hitler's plans for Moscow and Leningrad. He wrote, "To dispose fully of their population, which otherwise we shall have to feed during the winter." (...)
Jul 08, 1941 Japan informed the US that it hoped to maintain good relations with the Soviet Union. (...)
Jul 08, 1941 Sergeant J.A. Ward was awarded the Victoria Cross for gallantry when he tried to extinguish a fire on his Wellington's right wing. (...)
Jul 08, 1941 Yugoslavia was carved up between Germany and Italy. (...)
Jul 11, 1941 11 Jul 1941: Hitler issued Führer Directive 32 to prepare for the occupation of Soviet Union (...)
Jul 14, 1941 A force of German Ju-88 bombers attacked Suez, Egypt, from bases in Crete. (...)
Jul 14, 1941 The British vessel Georgic was destroyed by Luftwaffe bombers from Crete at Suez, Egypt. (...)
Jul 14, 1941 Vichy French Foreign Legionaries signed an armistice in Damascus, which allowed them to join the Free French Foreign Legion. (...)
Jul 18, 1941 British ASV radar installed in one PBY Catalina and two PBM Mariners. Also IFF gear. (...)
Jul 18, 1941 German Me-262 jet warplane first flies. (...)
Jul 21, 1941 Moscow bombed again. US extends draft period as fears rise for US involvement. (...)
Jul 23, 1941 Under Secretary of State Welles told Ambassador Nomura the US felt there wa no reason to continue talks with Japan since the Indochinese actions showed the "Japanese Government intended to pursue the policy of force and of conquest." (...)
Jul 24, 1941 Japanese forces occupy southern Indochina with French permission. (...)
Jul 24, 1941 London. Churchill, War ministers in top secret meeting with FDR's wingmen. (...)
Jul 24, 1941 Vichy France grants Japan bases in its Indochina colonies. Japan invaded China by moving through Southeast Asia, an area that France had long occupied. France had "agreed" to the occupation under Petain's puppet government. (...)
Jul 25, 1941 US and UK freeze Japanese assets. (...)
Jul 27, 1941 Soviets encircled by Germans at Smolensk. (...)
Jul 28, 1941 Japan freezes U.S. assets. (...)
Jul 28, 1941 Japanese begin occupying military bases in French Indochina. (...)
Jul 29, 1941 Japanese start build-up of invasion troops from IndoChina. (...)
Jul 30, 1941 At Ponar, outside of Vilna, approximately, 150 Jews are shot. Most of the victims are elderly. (...)
Jul 30, 1941 War drumbeat. Japan apologizes for damaging US gunboat Tutiula anchored at Chungking, China. (...)
Aug 03, 1941 Finnish schooner "Pamir" seized as war prize at Wellington. (...)
Aug 06, 1941 USN Patrol Squadrons initiated routine air patrols from Reykjavik, Iceland, over North Atlantic convoy routes (...)
Aug 07, 1941 Just like Doolittle over Tokyo, a small force of Russian bombers hits Nazi Berlin. Point made. (...)
Aug 08, 1941 IJN carrier Shokaku commissions - Pearl, Rabaul, Ceylon, Coral Sea, E.Solomons, Santa Cruz, - Philippine Sea (...)
Aug 09, 1941 Secret meetings between President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill begin off the coast of Newfoundland. They will result in the Atlantic Charter, which contains eight points of agreement on the aims of the war. (...)
Aug 15, 1941 Churchill, FDR release joint letter of assistance to "Uncle Joe" Stalin: (...)
Aug 16, 1941 German units of Army Group North reached Novgorod and advanced beyond the Volkhov River. (...)
Aug 16, 1941 Stalin accepted the proposal of the US and Britain for an urgent conference. (...)
Aug 23, 1941 Adolf Hitler suspended Aktion T4 (the Nazi euthanasia program). The program accounted for nearly 100,000 deaths by this time. The program continued quietly using drugs and starvation instead of widespread gassings. (...)
Aug 25, 1941 Allied forces invaded Iran. Within four days the Soviet Union and England controlled Iran. (...)
Aug 25, 1941 USSR and Britain invade Iran. (...)
Aug 26, 1941 The Great Dam on the Dnieper River was blown up by the retreating Russians. (...)
Aug 27, 1941 Japanese prime minister requests a summit meeting with FDR. (...)
Aug 28, 1941 Hitler and Mussolini end 5-day meeting. (...)
Aug 28, 1941 In occupied Ukraine, more than 23,000 Hungarian Jews were murdered by the Gestapo. (...)
Aug 31, 1941 Finnish army regains their border. (...)
Sep 04, 1941 Recommissioned destroyer Greer (DD-145), tracked U-652 for several hours. Each attacked the other without injury. (...)
Sep 05, 1941 SS Steel Seafare bombed/sunk in Red Sea. (...)
Sep 09, 1941 The Siege of Leningrad, now known as St. Petersburg, began. Hitler’s plans for the Soviet Union were as simple as the orders he issued: erase it from the face of the Earth. (...)
Sep 10, 1941 First B-24 Liberator bomber to England. (...)
Sep 11, 1941 Charles A. Lindbergh brought on charges of anti-Semitism with a speech in which he blamed "the British, the Jewish and the Roosevelt administration" for trying to draw the United States into World War II. (...)
Sep 11, 1941 President Roosevelt issues an order that German or Italian ships sighted in U.S. waters will be attacked immediately. (...)
Sep 11, 1941 U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave orders to attack any German or Italian vessels found in U.S. defensive waters. The U.S. had not officially entered World War II at this time. (...)
Sep 15, 1941 Army Group North surrounds Leningrad. (...)
Sep 16, 1941 Radar issued to five PMBs and one PBY for neutrality patrol. (...)
Sep 16, 1941 The ruling shah of Iran, Reza Shah, abdicated in favor of his 23-year-old son, Mohammad Reza. Iran had been invaded by England and the Soviet Union on August 25, 1941. (...)
Sep 18, 1941 FDR asks Congress for $1.5Billion for the lend-lease program. (...)
Sep 19, 1941 New Japanese offensive in Hunan. (...)
Sep 22, 1941 Britain told Finland to conclude a peace treaty with Russia or risk being regarded as a belligerent. (...)
Sep 22, 1941 German troops cut off Leningrad from the rest of the Soviet Union by reaching the southern shore of Lake Ladoga. (...)
Sep 24, 1941 The Japanese consul in Hawaii was instructed to divide Pearl Harbor into five zones and calculate the number of battleships in each zone. (...)
Sep 25, 1941 IJN carrier Zuikaku commissioned. - Sees action in Pearl, Rabaul, Lae, Indian Ocean, Coral Sea, Eastern Solomons, Santa Cruz, Marshalls, Philippine Sea, - Cape Engaño. (...)
Sep 25, 1941 IJN escort carrier Taiyo commissioned. Training and aircraft transport. (...)
Sep 28, 1941 Citing "irresponsible elements" with acts antagonistic to the Reich, Germany declared a state of emergency in Bohemia and Moravia. (...)
Sep 28, 1941 - Sep 29, 1941 SS troops massacred nearly 34,000 Jews from the Kiev area in the nearby Babi Yar ravine. In its official report, Einsatzgruppe C related: "The Jewish population was invited by poster to present themselves for resettlement. Although initially we had only counted on 5,000-6,000 Jews reporting, more than 30,000 Jews appeared; by a remarkably efficient piece of organization they were led to believe in the resettlement story until shortly before their execution." It had been suggested the Jews were killed in reprisal for the bombing of a Kiev hotel used as a German headquarters, but the SS had been systematically killing Jews in Russia in the wake of the advancing Wehrmacht. Babi Yar stands as perhaps the most horrible single example of vengeful genocide. (...)
Sep 28, 1941 Syria was declared independent by Vichy France. (...)
Sep 28, 1941 The first British convoy for Russia left Iceland. (...)
Sep 29, 1941 German troops invading the Ukraine machine-gun to death between 50,000 and 96,000 Ukranians (of which at least 60 percent are Jews), in Babi Yar, a ravine about 30 miles outside of Kiev. (...)
Sep 30, 1941 B-17s withdrawn from RAF service. (...)
Oct 01, 1941 Second Battle of Changsha, Chinese counter attack. (...)
Oct 02, 1941 Operation Typhoon was launched by Nazi Germany. The plan was an all-out offensive against Moscow. (...)
Oct 08, 1941 Heavy rains made most of the Russian front a quagmire. The Germans captured Orel. (...)
Oct 13, 1941 Emperor expresses, "Nothing ventured, nothing gained." (...)
Oct 16, 1941 First fleet caution sent : "Intelligence suggests Japan might attack Russia or British and Dutch Colonies in the East Indies." (...)
Oct 16, 1941 Japanese cabinet resigns, new appointed by Tojo. (...)
Oct 16, 1941 The Nazis advanced to within 60 miles of Moscow. Romanians entered Odessa, USSR, and began exterminating 150,000 Jews. (...)
Oct 17, 1941 Kearney (DD-432) escorting a convoy was torpedoed U-boat off the coast of Iceland with 11 killed. (...)
Oct 17, 1941 The Kearny, a U.S. destroyer, is torpedoed off the coast of Iceland by a German U-boat. On the 31st, the American destroyer Reuben James is sunk by a German U-boat, killing 100. (...)
Oct 18, 1941 Rumania incorporated Odessa and a large area east of the Dniester River. The conquered Russian territory became Transdniestria. (...)
Oct 20, 1941 Hornet (CV-8) commissions. (...)
Oct 22, 1941 In order to recover a ceded portion of Transylvania, Rumainia renounced the 1940 Vienna agreement with Hungary. Italy and Germany had pushed for the territorial transfer to lure Hungary into the Axis. (...)
Oct 23, 1941 Aviator Charles Lindbergh advises US Congress to sign a neutrality pact with Nazi Germany. (...)
Oct 26, 1941 The Australians were relieved at Tobruk by the British 70th Division, the Polish Carpathian Brigade and British tank elements. (...)
Oct 27, 1941 German Army Group South enters Crimea.. (...)
Nov 01, 1941 The President directed that the Coast Guard operate as a part of the Navy until further notice. (...)
Nov 05, 1941 Secret instructions (Combined Fleet Ultasecret Operation Order I) were issued to the Japanese navy for the attack on Pearl Harbor. An imperial conference resulted in agreement to continue negotiations with the U.S. but to go to war if they failed to produce a settlement. The military was thus ordered to prepare for the worst. (...)
Nov 06, 1941 While on Neutrality Patrol, USS Omaha and USS Somers intercepted the German blockade runner Odenwald disguised as U.S. freighter and boarded her. While approaching, the crew attempted to scuttle the ship, but the damaged was stopped by the boarding party. Odenwald was then brought to San Juan, Puerto Rico by the Navy ships. (...)
Nov 07, 1941 Japanese carrier fleet exercises (...)
Nov 09, 1941 German troops captured Yalta, Ukraine. (...)
Nov 10, 1941 First US-escorted troop convoy, transporting 20,000 British troops, sails from Halifax for Far East. See rest of story. (...)
Nov 10, 1941 German General Erich von Manstein launched a major assault against Sevastopol with 50th Infantry Division, followed by the 132nd Infantry Division on the next day. (...)
Nov 11, 1941 Ten submarines , including I-69, I-74, I-75 and others left Yokosuka Naval Base for rendezvous at Kwajalein, then to proceed to Hawaii. (...)
Nov 15, 1941 A Canadian army contingent of about 1,000 men arrived in Hong Kong to beef up the defense garrison in the British colony. (...)
Nov 15, 1941 US troops to Dutch Guiana Surinam to protect bauxite mines. (...)
Nov 16, 1941 Japanese strike fleet to Kiriles to continue training. (...)
Nov 16, 1941 Larger Canadian force lands at Hong Kong. (...)
Nov 17, 1941 Archer (BAVG-1) is the first of 38 escort carriers transferred to the United Kingdom during the war under the Lend-Lease program. (...)
Nov 18, 1941 Five Japanese mother subs, each with midget sub, depart Kure for Pearl Harbor. (...)
Nov 18, 1941 The British 8th Army launches it's first counteroffensive in North Africa (Operation Crusader). 7 British divisions go up against 3 German and 7 Italian divisions. Axis tank strength was roughly half that of the Allies but the German tanks were superior quality. (...)
Nov 19, 1941 British Commandos failed to kill Rommel in a raid on his headquarters at Beda Littoria, in Lybia. (...)
Nov 19, 1941 German troops launched "The Autumn Offensive" which was directed at Moscow. (...)
Nov 19, 1941 The Australian cruiser HMAS Sydney was apparently sunk by the German raider Kormoran off the west coast of Australia. The Sydney had pulled to within a mile of the raider, which was disguised as a Dutch merchantman, when the German ship fired torpedoes and all her guns at the cruiser. Fully aflame, the Sydney steamed away but was never seen again and no crewmen were ever rescued. Before breaking contact, the cruiser had fired at the Kormoran, which was badly damaged and finally scuttled. (...)
Nov 19, 1941 The Germans advanced to Rostov. (...)
Nov 24, 1941 CNO to Fleet Commanders : attack on Philippines or Guam is a possibility." (...)
Nov 26, 1941 Japanese strike force leaves Hitokappu Bay in the Kurile Islands, beginning the 3,400 mile voyage to Hawaii. (...)
Nov 26, 1941 Strike fleet sorties towards Pearl Harbor (...)
Nov 26, 1941 Under great secrecy, the Japanese armada, commanded by Vadm Chuichi Nagumo, left Japan to attack the U.S. Navy at Pearl Harbor on 7 Dec 1941. The armada included all six of Japan’s first-line aircraft carriers. (...)
Nov 27, 1941 "War Warning" : an amphibious expedition against either the Philippines, Tai or Kra Peninsula or possibly Borneo." (...)
Nov 27, 1941 All US military forces were placed on a "final alert" with Pacific units receiving a "war warning." Washington said "an aggressive move by Japan is expected within the next few days." (...)
Nov 28, 1941 For the second time Hull warned the US military of a possible imminent attack by Japan. (...)
Nov 28, 1941 The Japanese foreign ministry advised its embassies throughout the world that relations with the U.S. and Britain had reached an extremely critical stage. (...)
Nov 28, 1941 USS Enterprise (CV-6) sailed from Pearl Harbor for Wake Island to ferry Marine aircraft to the island due to “War Warning” issued the previous day. Vice Admiral William Halsey approved “Battle Order No.1” that declared Enterprise was operating “under war conditions.” Following the land ing of the aircraft on 4 December, Enterprise made her way back to Pearl Harbor but was caught in storm that delayed her return. On 5 December, USS Lexington (CV-2) would subsequently leave with Task Force 12 to ferry Marine Aircraft to Midway, leaving no carriers at Pearl Harbor. This departure was also due to the “War Warning” of 27 November. (...)
Nov 28, 1941 Waffen SS units were within 20 miles of the Kremlin as the temperature dropped to minus 32 degrees centigrade. (...)
Nov 29, 1941 The U.S. warned Britain of an impending Japanese attack in the Asia-Pacific area. (...)
Nov 29, 1941 Tojo restated Japans leadership role in east Asia: "Nothing can be permitted to interfere with this sphere because this sphere was decreed by Providence." (...)
Nov 30, 1941 Emperor orders Tojo to proceed. (...)
Nov 30, 1941 Fleet of 33 Japanese warships steam towards Hawaii incl. fearsome aircraft carriers (...)
Nov 30, 1941 Japanese Foreign Minister Shigenori Togo informed the ambassador in Berlin that "war may suddenly break out between the Anglo-Saxon nations and Japan . . . quicker than anyone dreams." The Germans were not informed. (...)
Nov 30, 1941 Panzers at the gates of Moscow. (...)
Nov 30, 1941 Seaplane from Japanese submarine I-10 reconnoiters Suva Bay, Fiji. (...)
Dec 01, 1941 Japan made its irrevocable decision to go to war. A council meeting in the imperial presence ended with a unanimous vote to begin hostilities. The minutes of the meeting read: "Our negotiations with the United States regarding the execution of our national policy, adopted November 5, have finally failed. Japan will open hostilities against the United States, Great Britain and the Netherlands." Tojo led the meeting. Emperor Hirohito did not speak at all. (...)
Dec 02, 1941 Japan's cabinet was reshuffled because of "the deteriorating international situation." The new cabinet affirmed the final decision to attack Pearl Harbor, and the code message to proceed, "Climb Mount Niitaka," was flashed to the naval attack force the next day. (...)
Dec 02, 1941 London announced the formation of a new and expanded Eastern FLeet. Britain in the past had maintained a cruiser squadron, but its naval presence in Asia would now be led by more powerful men-of-war. The battleship Prince of Wales and the battle cruiser Repulse arrived in Singapore on this date. This announced action indicated the concern of Britain as it viewed Japan's southward penetration. (...)
Dec 02, 1941 Roosevelt - in a personal note to the Japanese envoys in Washington - asked Tokyo for an explanation of the Japanese troop build-up in Indochina. The President said, "The stationing of thee increased Japanese forces in Indochina would seem to imply the utilization of these forces by Japan for purposes of further aggression, since no such number of forces could possibly be required for the policing of that region..." (...)
Dec 02, 1941 Soviet troops evacuated the last areas of Finland occupied since the 1939-40 war. (...)
Dec 02, 1941 The Japanese embassy in Washington was ordered to destroy all but its most secret coding facilities. Similar orders went to Japanese missions in British, Dutch, and Canadian cities, Cuba, the Philippines, and the South Pacific. (...)
Dec 02, 1941 Tojo rejects peace feelers from US officials (...)
Dec 02, 1941 US Navy gunners reported aboard the American merchantman SS Dunboyne, the first such ship to be under armed guard. (...)
Dec 03, 1941 German units - some suffering 40% frostbite casualties - began pulling back from the suburbs of Moscow. High winds from the Arctic couples with -38C temps reduced some batallions to less than 100 men. (...)
Dec 03, 1941 Japanese invasion fleet departs Hainan for Thailand. (...)
Dec 03, 1941 The Japanese fleet, making its way toward Pearl Harbor, makes rendezvous with supply ships and refuels. (...)
Dec 04, 1941 Japan declared the Netherlands an enemy power and said it would treat the Dutch as if a state of war existed between them. (...)
Dec 04, 1941 Schedule of Pearl Harbor attack was transmitted to the submarine fleet. (...)
Dec 04, 1941 The Japanese ambassador in Berlin asked what the German government's position would be if Japan initiated war against the Allies. Such a possibility was not covered under the Tripartite Pact. Hitler had never been advised of the planned attacks in the Pacific. (...)
Dec 04, 1941 The Japanese Twenty-Fifth Army began leaving Hainan Island for the invasion of Malaya and Thailand. (...)
Dec 04, 1941 US river gunboat Mindanao departed Hong Kong for Manila. Only two more US vessels remained in China to maintain communications with consulates; all others were withdrawn to Philippine Islands as the US Navy expected war to begin very soon. (...)
Dec 05, 1941 Army Group Center stops outside Moscow. (...)
Dec 05, 1941 Hitler ordered a halt to German offensive operations aimed at Moscow. Of the 3.5M men committed to Russia by the Axis, 750k were killed, wounded, or missing by this date. (...)
Dec 05, 1941 Japan told Roosevelt it was reinforcing its army units in Indochina because "Chinese troops have recently shown frequent signs of movement along the northern frontier of French Indochina bordering on China." (...)
Dec 05, 1941 - Dec 06, 1941 Thailand sought assurances from Britain that if the Thais were attacked by the Japanese London would declare war on Japan immediately. Churchill replied the next day suggesting the Thais defend themselves if attacked and that British aid would be forthcoming. Roosevelt was advised of Churchill's offer and agreed to supply US assistance as well, but neither agreed on an automatic declaration of war. (...)
Dec 05, 1941 US naval offices and facilities in Tokyo, Bangkok, Peking, Tientsin, Shanghai, Guam, and Wake were ordered to destroy all but absolutely essential communication codes and secret documents. (...)
Dec 06, 1941 Britain declared war on Finland, Hungary, and Rumania. (...)
Dec 06, 1941 Formosa : 27 invasion transports depart for Philippines. 400 pilots briefed. (...)
Dec 06, 1941 Roosevelt approved research funds for an atomic bomb and a promise of "enormous" resources if the project showed promise. This action would prove prophetic considering the events of the next day. (...)
Dec 06, 1941 Roosevelt sent a message to Emperor Hirohito calling on Japan to withdraw its troops from Indochina. He said the large military force there created "a reasonable doubt on the part of other nations that this continuing concentration in Indochina is not defensive in its character... the people of the Philippines, of the hundreds of islands of the East Indies, of Malaya, and of Thailand itself are asking themselves whether these forces of Japan are preparing or intending to make attack in one or more of these many directions." (...)
Dec 06, 1941 Russian counterattack until mid-Feb. (...)
Dec 06, 1941 Russian forces under Gen Zhukov began their counteroffensive from Moscow. Three fresh Soviet armies of over 1 million men were thrown against the now exhausted and overextended German forces, who were caught by surprise. Zhukov's counteraction was the salvation of Moscow. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 03:42 Minesweeper CONDOR sights periscope off Honolulu Harbour, notifies patrol destroyer WARD to investigate. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 04:58 Minesweeper CROSSBILL and CONDOR enter Pearl Harbor, defective submarine net remains open. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 06:00 200 miles south of Oahu carrier ENTERPRISE launches 18 aircraft to scout ahead. then to land at Ford Island, Pearl Harbor. ETA 0800. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 06:10 220 miles north of Oahu Admiral Nagumo orders launching of 1st wave of 183 aircraft off three carriers. 2 are lost during takeoff. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 06:30 Destroyer WARD again notified of submarine sighting this time by supply ship ANTARES off Pearl Harbor entrance. Navy patrol plane (PBY) dispatched to the scene. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 06:45 WARD opens fire on target hitting conning tower. as she closes in drops depth charges..air attack by PBY follows. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 06:53 WARD'S commander Captain Outerbridge sends message to Commandant 14th Naval District: "We have attacked, fired upon and dropped depth charges upon submarine operating in defensive sea area". (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:00 Commander Fuchida flying towards Oahu directs his pilots to home in on local radio station. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:02 Private's Lockhard and Elliott of Opana Radar Station pick up what appears to be a flight of unidentified aircraft bearing in 132 miles north of Oahu. discussion follows. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:06 Private Elliott phones switchboard operator Joseph McDonald at Information Center, Ft. Shafter, telling of a large formation of aircraft approaching the Island. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:15 Capt. Outerbridge's attack message, delayed in decoding is delivered to duty officer, 14th Naval District, and to Admiral Kimmel's duty officer. Japanese launch 2nd wave of 168 assault aircraft. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:20 Joseph McDonald finding Lt. Tyler in Information Center, calls Opana and patches Lt. Tyler thru to Private Lockard who describes the large flight picked up on radar and is told, "Well don't worry about it." (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:33 Important message from Gen Marshall from Washington to Short received via RCA in Honolulu. cablegram has no indication of priority. messenger Tadao Fuchikami proceeds on normal route. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:35 Reconnaissance plane from cruiser CHIKUMA reports main fleet in Pearl Harbor. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:39 Opana Station loses aircraft on radar 20 miles off coast of Oahu due to "dead zone" caused by surrounding hills. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:40 1st wave sights North Shore of Oahu. deployment for attack begins. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:49 Commander Fuchida orders attack. all pilots to begin assault on military bases on Oahu. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:53 Fuchida radios code to entire Japanese Navy "TORA TORA TORA" indicating success, maximum strategic surprise. Pearl Harbor caught unaware. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:55 Along Battleship Row, battlewagons feel the sting of the newly perfected torpedoes specifically designed for the shallow waters of Pearl Harbor (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:55 At 1010 dock violent explosions rock light cruiser HELENA on her starboard side crippling both her and minelayer OGLALA moored beside her. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:55 Island wide attack begins. Japanese dive bombers to strike airfields Kaneohe, Ford Island, Hickam, Bellows, Wheeler, Ewa. Aerial torpedo planes begin their run on ships in Pearl Harbor. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:55 On the other side of Battleship row, Ford Island, target ship UTAH also feels the sting of the torpedoes. and like the battleship OKLAHOMA begins to capsize. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:00 B-17's from the mainland reach Oahu after 14 hour flight. Aircraft from carrier ENTERPRISE arrive Ford Island. both caught between enemy and friendly fire. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:00 Light cruiser RALEIGH moored ahead of the UTAH takes measures to prevent capsizing. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:01 Commander Logan Ramsey of Ford Island Command Center sends out message for all radiomen on duty to send out in plain English "AIR RAID PEARL HARBOR THIS IS NO DRILL". (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:01 Simultaneously the call for General Quarters echos throughout Pearl Harbor. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:02 Machine guns on battleship NEVADA open fire on torpedo planes approaching her port beam. two planes hit. however one missile tears huge hole in ship's port bow. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:05 Admiral Kimmel arrives CINCPAC headquarters. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:05 Battleship CALIFORNIA receives second torpedo "portside at frame 110". Prompt action directed by Ensign Edgar M. Fain prevents ship from capsizing. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:05 High level bombers begin their run "on both bows" of battleship row. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:05 Repair ship VESTAL moored outboard of battleship ARIZONA opens fire. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:08 High level bombers unleash armour piercing, delayed action bombs from altitude of 10,000 feet scoring hits on battleships. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:08 KGMB radio interrupts music calling for: "All Army, Navy, and Marine personnel to report to duty". (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:10 Forward magazines on battleship ARIZONA suddenly ignite resulting in a tremendous explosion and huge fireball sinking the battleship within nine minutes. Concussion of explosion blows men off repair ship VESTAL. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:12 General Short advises entire Pacific Fleet and Washington, "Hostilities with Japan commenced with air raid on Pearl Harbor" (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:15 2nd dispatch orders all patrol planes to seek out enemy. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:15 KGMB interrupts music with 2nd call ordering all military personnel to report for duty. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:17 USS HELM first of several destroyers to clear Pearl Harbor spots a midget submarine struggling to enter harbor. shots fired misses target. sub frees itself from reef and submerges. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:25 Using a Browning Automatic Rifle Lt. Stephen Saltzman and Sgt. Lowell Klatt shot down enemy plane making strafing run on Schofield Barracks. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:26 Honolulu Fire Department responds to call for assistance from Hickam Field. 3 firemen killed. 6 wounded. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:30 3rd call out for military via local radio stations. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:35 Tanker NEOSHO half loaded with high octane aviation fuel moves clear of Battleship Row and oil tanks on Ford Island. Damage reported in city. Police warn civilians to leave streets and return to their homes. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:39 Seaplane tender CURTISS sights midget sub in harbor and commences to fire..Destroyer MONAGHAN heads for intruder at ramming speed. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:40 Submarine surfaces after sustaining damage. MONAGHAN hits sub and drops depth charges as she passes. 1st explanation over local radio stations. "A sporadic air attack. rising sun sighted on wing tips". (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:50 Lt. Commander Shimazaki orders deployment of 2nd wave over military bases on Oahu. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:54 Attack run begins. 54 high-level bombers hit Naval air stations, 78 dive bombers hit ships in Pearl, 36 fighters circle over harbor to maintain air control. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 09:00 Crew of the Dutch liner JAGERSFONTEIN opens up with her guns, the first Allies to join the fight. Radios throughout the island crack out urgent messages "Get off roads and stay off.. Don't block traffic. Stay at home. This is the real McCoy". (...)
Dec 07, 1941 09:15 - In a note delivered to Secretary Hull at 2:15 PM (EST) in Washington, the Japanese said, "Obviously it is the intention of the American Government to conspire with Great Britain and other countries to obstruct Japan's efforts toward the establishment of peace through the creation of a new order in East Asia, and especially to preserve Anglo-American rights and interests by keeping Japan and China at war." This declaration of war notice was delivered over an hour after the attack had begun. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 09:30 Tremendous explosions rocks destroyer SHAW sending debris everywhere. bomb falls near Governor's home. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 10:00 First wave arrives back on carriers, 190 miles north of Oahu. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 10:05 Governor Poindexter calls local papers announcing state of emergency for entire territory of Hawaii (...)
Dec 07, 1941 10:30 Mayor's Major Disaster Council meets at city hall. Reports from local hospitals pour in listing civilian casualties. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 11:00 Commander Fuchida circles over Pearl Harbor. assesses damage then returns to carrier task force. All schools on Oahu ordered to close. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 11:15 State of emergency announced over radio by Governor Poindexter. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 11:42 As per orders by Army local stations go off the air. General short confers with Governor regarding martial law. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 11:46 First report of many false sightings of enemy troops landing on Oahu. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 12:10 American planes fly north in search for enemy with negative results. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 12:30 Honolulu police raid Japanese embassy. find them burning documents. Blackout to begin at night ordered by Army. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 12:40 Governor confers with President Roosevelt regarding martial law. both agree it necessary that the military take over the civilian government. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 13:00 Commander Fuchida lands on board carrier AKAGI. discussion follows with Admiral Nagumo and staff concerning feasibility of launching 3rd wave. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 13:30 Signal flags on carrier AKAGI orders Japanese task force to withdraw. Territorial director of civil defense orders blackout every night until further notice. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 14:58 Tadao Fuchikami delivers message from Washington. message decoded and given to General Short regarding ultimatum from Japan to be given at 1300 Washington time. "Just what significance the hour set may have we do not know, but be on the alert accordingly". (...)
Dec 07, 1941 16:25 Governor signs Proclamation. martial law put into effect. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 Air raids on Singapore, Guam, Wake, Philippines (...)
Dec 07, 1941 Costa Rica declared war on Japan. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 Hitler issues an order known as the "Night and Fog Decree" directing German authorities in western European occupation areas to eliminate those individuals "endangering German security." They were to be disposed of in a discreet manner, to "disappear" into the night and fog so that even their relatives would never know what happened to them. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 Japanese attack Pearl Harbor (...)
Dec 07, 1941 Japanese invasion of Malaya. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 Just before 8 a.m., Honolulu time, 360 Japanese planes attack Pearl Harbor, the U.S. military base on the Hawiian island of Oahu. The attack cripples the U.S. Pacific fleet, and kills more than 2,300 American soldiers, sailors, and civilians. The attack precedes Japan's formal declaration of war, which is delivered by the Japanese foreign minister to the U.S. embassy in Tokyo more than seven hours later. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 Two Japanese destroyers shell Midway. (...)
Dec 08, 1941 Imperial Rescript declares a state of war between the Japanese Empire and the United States and U.K. (...)
Dec 08, 1941 President Roosevelt addresses the U.S. Congress, saying that December 7 is "a date that will live in infamy." After a vote of 82-0 in the U.S. Senate, and 388-1 in the House, in favor of declaring war on Japan, Roosevelt signs the declaration of war. (See Roosevelt's famous address to Congress requesting that war be declared.) (...)
Dec 08, 1941 U.S. declares a state of war to exist with the Empire of Japan. (...)
Dec 09, 1941 Japanese bomb and destroy Cavite Navy Yard in Manila Bay. (...)
Dec 09, 1941 Japanese planes sink Repulse and Prince of Wales off Malaya. (...)
Dec 09, 1941 The Navy buys 25 airborne search radar sets for service test in dive bombers and torpedo planes. (...)
Dec 09, 1941 USS Swordfish (SS-193) made the initial U.S. submarine attack on Japanese ship, torpedoing a ship 150 miles west of Manila. Her claim of sinking, though, is not confirmed in enemy records. (...)
Dec 10, 1941 A PBY from (VP 101), piloted by Lieutenant Harmon T. Utter, was attacked by three Japanese Mitsubishi A6M2 Type 0 carrier fighters (ZERO). Chief Boatswain Earl D. Payne, Utter’s bow gunner, shot down one, scoring the U.S. Navy’s first verifiable air-to-air "kill" of a Japanese plane in the Pacific War. (...)
Dec 11, 1941 Germany and Italy declare war on the U.S. President Roosevelt calls an end to official U.S. neutrality in the war in Europe, declaring war on Germany and Italy. (...)
Dec 11, 1941 US, others respond with war on Germany and Italy. (...)
Dec 14, 1941 US Congress authorized the US Navy to keep enlisted men in service past their enlistment expirations. (...)
Dec 15, 1941 The American Federation of Labor established a no-strike policy in war industries. (...)
Dec 16, 1941 IJN superbattleship Yamato commissioned - Midway, Samar - to Okinawa. (...)
Dec 16, 1941 Navy approves an expansion of the pilot training program from 800 students per month to 2,500 per month. (...)
Dec 16, 1941 The largest battleship, Yamato, was commissioned. (...)
Dec 17, 1941 17 SB2U-3 Vindicators, led by a PBY, arrived at Midway Island from Oahu, longest mass flight by single-engine aircraft, 9:45 (...)
Dec 20, 1941 Admiral Ernest J. King was announced as the designated Commander-in-Chief, United States Fleet in charge of all operating naval fleets and coastal frontier forces, reporting directly to the President. Note, in December 1944, King was promoted to Fleet Admiral. (...)
Dec 22, 1941 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrived in Washington for a the Arcadia Conference, with U.S. President Roosevelt. (...)
Dec 22, 1941 carrier aircraft from Soryu and Hiryu attacked Wake Island; during the aerial battle, one of the last two operational US Marine F4F Wildcat fighters was shot down while the other was badly damaged. (...)
Dec 23, 1941 Churchill and Roosevelt met at the White House, Washington DC during the First Washington Conference (Arcadia). (...)
Dec 23, 1941 Wake Island falls. American forces on Wake Island surrendered to the Japanese. (...)
Dec 28, 1941 The Chief of Bureau of Yards and Docks, Rear Admiral Ben Moreell, requested that construction battalions be recruited. On 5 Jan 1942, he gained authority from the Bureau of Navigation to recruit men from the construction trades for assignment to a Naval Construction Regiment composed of three Naval Construction Battalions. (...)
Dec 29, 1941 The German Navy decided to send battleship Tirpitz to Norway on 10 Jan 1942 to tie down Allied naval resources in the North Atlantic. (...)
Dec 30, 1941 The first "Liberty Ship,” the SS Patrick Henry is launched. (...)
Dec 31, 1941 Admiral Chester W. Nimitz assumed command of U.S. Pacific Fleet and led the U.S. Navy during the long advance across the Pacific to full victory in August 1945. (...)
Jan 01, 1942 Allied nations sign Declaration of the United Nations. (...)
Jan 01, 1942 TF-17 (RAdm Fletcher) formed on Yorktown (CV-5) newly returned from the Atlantic. (...)
Jan 02, 1942 Japanese troops capture Manila. (...)
Jan 04, 1942 Indian leaders promised to support the Allied war effort if Britain granted India dominion status. (...)
Jan 04, 1942 Japanese forces bombed Rabaul for the first time. The air offensive signaled Tokyo's intention of seizing the strategic air and naval base in the Bismarck Archipelago. (...)
Jan 04, 1942 The Russians recaptured Borovsk. (...)
Jan 05, 1942 The beginning of a major Red Army offensive under General Zhukov. (...)
Jan 05, 1942 the Russian attempt to land at Eupatoria (Yevpatoria) was blocked by the Germans. (...)
Jan 05, 1942 Tire rationing begins in the U.S. Kids collect old ones for the war effort: (...)
Jan 05, 1942 US and Filipino troops established the Layac line, a holding operation to permit evacuations through Layac junction through which all roads to Bataan passed. (...)
Jan 05, 1942 Withdrawal of US forces to Bataan is completed. (...)
Jan 06, 1942 FDR authorizes the largest armaments production in US history: 45,000 aircraft, 45,000 tanks, 20,000 antiaircraft guns and 8 million tons in new ships in the first year of production. This would be possible due to the large number of women who had entered factories to replace men who had gone to war. (...)
Jan 06, 1942 Planes from Truk attack Rabaul in the Bismarcks. (...)
Jan 06, 1942 Yorktown (CV-5) sails from San Diego to escort the Second Marine Brigade to American Samoa. (...)
Jan 08, 1942 A "Joint Basic Army and Navy Plan for the Occupation and Defense of Borabora" was issued. "BOBCAT", is the code name chosen for the new base. (...)
Jan 08, 1942 Kuala Lumpur's outer defense lines were penetrated by the Japanese in Malaya. (...)
Jan 10, 1942 Japanese troops invade the Dutch East Indies. (...)
Jan 10, 1942 Japs invade Dutch East Indies; US DD's attack troopships sunk at Macassar Strait. (...)
Jan 10, 1942 Nazis bomb Liverpool, destroy 102 Upper Stanhope St., home of Alois Hitler Jr., Adolf Hitler's half brother. (...)
Jan 10, 1942 Royal Navy Lt Cmdr Bramwell made the 1st ever landing of a Spitfire aboard a carrier. (...)
Jan 11, 1942 Enterprise (CV-6, TF 8, VAdm Halsey) departs Pearl to join escort of Marines to Samoa. (...)
Jan 11, 1942 Japan declares war on the Netherlands and invades the Netherlands East Indies. (...)
Jan 11, 1942 Japanese troops landed on Tarakan island off Borneo. (...)
Jan 12, 1942 Captives shipped from Wake Island to Japan; 5 beheaded to assure good behavior. (...)
Jan 12, 1942 Japanese light cruiser Oi hosted Rear Admiral Matome Ugaki. During the trip Matome expressed disapproval for the use of cruisers as torpedo vessels. (...)
Jan 12, 1942 Saratoga (CV-3, TF 11, VAdm Fitch) torpedoed 500 miles SE Hawaii. She is able to return to Pearl and is sent to West Coast for repairs until June 1. (...)
Jan 14, 1942 An order from President Roosevelt requires all aliens to register with the government. This is the beginning of a plan to move Japanese-Americans into internment camps in the belief that these people might aid the enemy. (...)
Jan 15, 1942 ABDA (American, British, Dutch and Australian) force formed in Western Pacific. (...)
Jan 15, 1942 Play ball! Roosevelt wrote to baseball commissioner saying the sport must continue to keep the population entertained during war time. (...)
Jan 18, 1942 Burma?s Premier U Saw was ?detained? by the British for allegedly being in communication with the Japanese. (...)
Jan 18, 1942 Germany, Italy, and Japan sign a military convention in Berlin, laying down ?guidelines for common operations against the common enemies.? (...)
Jan 18, 1942 Japanese battleship Mutsu towed the old Italian-built armored cruiser Nisshin as a target ship during battleship Yamato's gunnery trials off Kurahashi Island, Japan. (...)
Jan 18, 1942 Russian forces under General Timoshenko launched a fresh offensive against the Germans on the central front. The southern front was marked by strong gains by the Red Army in the Ukraine. (...)
Jan 19, 1942 The Japanese secure North Borneo. (...)
Jan 20, 1942 at the Wannsee Conference, Heydrich presented a plan to deal with the "Jewish question". (...)
Jan 20, 1942 Marines arrive Pago Pago covered by Enterprise and Yorktown. (...)
Jan 21, 1942 Enterprise and Yorktown task forces set course for the Japanese-held Marshalls and Gilberts. (...)
Jan 21, 1942 German General Erwin Rommel began his counterattack from El Agheila. (...)
Jan 21, 1942 German General Erwin Rommel began his counterattack from El Agheila. (...)
Jan 21, 1942 I-22, a Japanese mine-laying submarine, was sunk by the USS Edsall and Australian minesweepers at Darwin, Australia. (...)
Jan 22, 1942 Lexington departs to raid Wake Island. (...)
Jan 22, 1942 US forces began another withdrawl on Bataan. Japan sent reinforcements ashore at Subic Bay. (...)
Jan 23, 1942 Japanese take Rabaul, good harbor, becomes major Japanese base. (...)
Jan 23, 1942 Neches (AO-5), fleet oiler, torpedoed and sunk. Lexington has to cancel raid on Wake Island. (...)
Jan 24, 1942 Battle of Makassar Strait off Balikpapan sinks four Japanese transports (...)
Jan 25, 1942 A Japanese submarine shelled Midway Island. (...)
Jan 25, 1942 British forces attempted a counterattack on Msus in Libya which had just been overrun by Rommel's forces. The British 1st Armored Division was routed as the Germans captured 96 tanks, 12 aircraft, 38 guns, and 190 trucks. (...)
Jan 25, 1942 Japanese forces landed at Lae in New Guinea. (...)
Jan 25, 1942 South Africa and New Zealand declared war on Thailand. (...)
Jan 25, 1942 Thailand declared war on the US and Britain. Its forces immediately joined in the invasion of Burma. (...)
Jan 25, 1942 Uruguay severed diplomatic relations with German, Italy, and Japan. (...)
Jan 26, 1942 German leader Himmler announced his plan to send 100,000 Jewish men and 50,000 Jewish women to concentration camps for use as forced laborers within the following four weeks. (...)
Jan 26, 1942 Rabaul falls to the Japanese, gving them a major strategically located air and naval base. (...)
Jan 26, 1942 The first contigent of American forces to reach Europe arrived in North Ireland. Headquarters for the US armed forces in Britain was established in London. (...)
Jan 27, 1942 Australians warn New Caledonia could be captured before US troop ships, then underway, arrive. (...)
Jan 27, 1942 Submarine Gudgeon sinks Japanese submarine I-73. (...)
Jan 28, 1942 Georgi Zhukov was promoted, with responsibility growing to include the Bryanksk, Kalinin, and West Fronts. (...)
Jan 28, 1942 Japanese Type 95 Ha-Go light tank was knocked out by Australian troops in Malaya. (...)
Jan 29, 1942 Inter-island army transport, General Royal T. Frank sunk with all hands by I-71. She explodes and sinks in 30 seconds in the Alenuihaha Channel about two miles W of Maui. The 622-ton Army transport General Royal T. Frank carrying army recruits and the small freighter Kalae with a barge in tow were being escorted by an old flush-deck destroyer. (...)
Jan 30, 1942 Lexington sent to south to cover return of Enterprise and Yorktown from the attack on the Gilberts and Marshalls. (...)
Feb 01, 1942 Enterprise (CV-6, TF 8, VAdm Halsey) and Yorktown (CV-5, TF 17. RAdm Fletcher) raid the Marshall and Gilbert Islands; Lexington (CV-2,TF 11, VAdm Brown) supports the operations from the vicinity of Christmas Island. (...)
Feb 01, 1942 PT boats and P-40's repulse Japanese landing attempt on southwest Bataan. (...)
Feb 01, 1942 SOC aircraft flying over Wotje Atoll, Marshall Islands to spot for naval bombardment by cruisers Salt Lake City and Northampton. (...)
Feb 01, 1942 the United States launched its first air offensive of the Pacific War: aircraft from USS Yorktown and USS Enterprise attacked Japanese bases in the Marshall and Gilbert Islands; USS Lexington supported the operations from the vicinity of Christmas Island. (...)
Feb 01, 1942 USN raids Marshall and Gilbert Islands (...)
Feb 02, 1942 Congress appropriates 26.5 billion dollars for the U.S. Navy, bringing total U.S. war costs since June of 1940 to more than 115 billion dollars. (...)
Feb 02, 1942 Japanese warships began to patrol in waters near Java, paving way for the invasion fleet. (...)
Feb 03, 1942 - Feb 04, 1942 Anticipating an imminent attack on the Philippine Islands by the Imperial Japanese Navy, USS TROUT (SS-202) rendezvoused with a torpedo boat in Manila Bay and moored at South Dock. TROUT supplied over 3,500 rounds of ammunition to the marine defenders and loaded fuel and two torpedoes. Requiring ballast and with the intent of evacuating the wealth of the Philippine government, TROUT also loaded over 20 tons of gold bars, silver pesos and State Department dispatches. With sunset fast approaching, TROUT submerged to the bottom of Manila Bay. After nightfall TROUT loaded more mail and was escorted through the defensive minefields to sea. (...)
Feb 03, 1942 Chiang Kai-shek and the British agreed on the deployment of Chinese troops in the defense of Burma (...)
Feb 03, 1942 Japanese naval land attack planes bomb ABDA operating base at Surabaya; (...)
Feb 04, 1942 British forces seize the Egyptian royal palace in Cairo to force the abdication of the 22-year old King Farouk who was sympathetic to the Axis. (...)
Feb 04, 1942 Japanese naval land attack planes bomb ABDA ships, damaging Houston (CA-30) and light cruiser Marblehead (CL-12). (...)
Feb 05, 1942 120 P-40 fighters arrived at Brisbane, Australia from the United States. (...)
Feb 05, 1942 Enterprise returns Pearl. (...)
Feb 05, 1942 Hammondsport delivered 120 P-40 fighters to Brisbane. (...)
Feb 05, 1942 Japanese planes bomb Allied shipping off Soembawa Island, N.E.I. (...)
Feb 05, 1942 Japanese troops attacked the Pulau Ubin island to the east of Singapore, drawing British troops to move to that region; the actual attack would come from the northwest three days later. (...)
Feb 06, 1942 German troops captured Benghazi, Libya, but the westward offensive had been halted at the Gazala Line. (...)
Feb 06, 1942 Japanese artillery on Cavite coast shell Corregidor. (...)
Feb 06, 1942 US Army allocated resources for the construction of the Alaska-Canadian Highway, pending approval of the US President and the US Congress. (...)
Feb 06, 1942 Yorktown returns Pearl. (...)
Feb 08, 1942 Japanese infiltration force at Quinauan Point, Bataan, is destroyed. (...)
Feb 08, 1942 Japanese submarine I-69 shells Midway. (...)
Feb 08, 1942 Japanese troops land on New Britain. (...)
Feb 08, 1942 Soviet 1st and 11th Shock Armies linked up and encircled 90,000 German troops and 10,000 auxiliaries around Demyansk, Russia. (...)
Feb 08, 1942 21:00 - USS S-37 (SS-142)became the oldest commissioned submarine to sink an enemy warship when her torpedo's took down the Japanese destroyer NATSUSHIO near Makassar in Indonesia. (...)
Feb 09, 1942 Japanese troops land on Singapore Island. (...)
Feb 09, 1942 Lafayette (AP-53) (ex-French liner Normandie) burns at New York and capsizes. (...)
Feb 09, 1942 Lexington heads to South Pacific. (...)
Feb 09, 1942 USS Roe (DD 418) rescued 14 survivors from British freighter Ocean Venture, which was sunk by German submarine, U-108, the previous day near Cape Hatteras. Until being scuttled in 1945, U-108 sank a total of 26 Allied vessels, which included 4 American merchant ships. (...)
Feb 09, 1942 year-round Daylight saving time was re-instated in the United States as a wartime measure to help conserve energy resources. (...)
Feb 10, 1942 General Instructions for Refueling, tech bulletin 2-42 (...)
Feb 10, 1942 IJN Yamato's 1.5-month fitting out period completed. Deficiencies found were corrected at Kure. Her initial AA suite was twelve 127-mm guns (6x2), twenty-four 25-mm guns (8x3 enclosed mounts), and four 13.2-mm machine guns (2x2). (...)
Feb 11, 1942 First large troop convoy to garrison S. Pacific Islands. (...)
Feb 13, 1942 Passenger ship President Taylor, transporting 900 troops to occupy Canton Island, runs aground. (...)
Feb 14, 1942 ABDAFloat orders task force (4 cruisers, 11 destroyers) to attack Japanese Palembang expeditionary force. Van Ghent lost ; troops land. (...)
Feb 14, 1942 Alcan Highway authorized, Dawson to Fairbanks. (...)
Feb 14, 1942 Enterprise (Halsey) leaves Pearl Harbor for Wake Island. (...)
Feb 14, 1942 Japanese army paratroopers assault Sumatra. (...)
Feb 14, 1942 Japanese paratroopers attacked Palembang in Sumatra, Dutch East Indies. (...)
Feb 14, 1942 The British submarine, Thrasher, survives an attack off Crete with two unexploded bombs lodged in its deck casing. Lt. Peter Roberts and Petty Officer Thomas Gould take 40 minutes to remove the explosives, squeezed in the narrow confines knowing the submarine might by forced to dive at any moment, leaving them trapped to drown. They both received the Victoria Cross. (...)
Feb 15, 1942 Allies defeated in Battle of Java Sea; Singapore falls. (...)
Feb 15, 1942 Japanese army paratroops secure vital oil refineries at Palembang, Sumatra, N.E.I. (...)
Feb 15, 1942 Japanese carrier Akagi departed Palau with carrier Kaga for an attack on Davao, Philippines and Darwin, Australia. (...)
Feb 15, 1942 Japanese land and naval aircraft attack ABDA forces (...)
Feb 15, 1942 Japanese troops capture Singapore. (...)
Feb 15, 1942 Singapore surrenders to the Japanese. (...)
Feb 15, 1942 Yorktown (Fletcher) left Pearl Harbor to patrol South Pacific. (...)
Feb 16, 1942 Japanese planes bomb U.S. Timor-bound convoy ; convoy recalled. (...)
Feb 16, 1942 Lexington TF 11 (VAdm Brown) heads for an attack on Rabaul, New Britain. (...)
Feb 16, 1942 Operation NEULAND begins; simultaneous U-boat attacks on Dutch and Venezuelan oil ports. (...)
Feb 17, 1942 Seabees (First Naval Construction Battalion) arrive at Bora Bora, Society Islands. (...)
Feb 19, 1942 Battle of Badoeng Strait begins; ABDA force attacks retiring Japanese Bali occupation force with 1 Dutch DD sunk, 2 CL and 1 DD damaged. (...)
Feb 19, 1942 Canada's Parliament vote to begin military conscription. (...)
Feb 19, 1942 Executive Order 9066 is signed by President Roosevelt, authorizing the transfer of more than 100,000 Japanese-Americans living in coastal Pacific areas to concentration camps in various inland states (and including inland areas of California). The interned Japanese-Americans lose an estimated 400 million dollars in property, as their homes and possessions are taken from them. (...)
Feb 19, 1942 Japanese carrier striking force, pursuing ex-Timor convoy, attacks Darwin, Australia. (...)
Feb 19, 1942 Japanese forces land on Bali, N.E.I. (...)
Feb 19, 1942 Japanese troops landed on the Portuguese island of Timor in the East Indies. Tokyo says the action is taken in self-defense and that its forces would withdraw when the area was secure. The neutral Portuguese accept the occupation. (...)
Feb 19, 1942 Mandalay came under aerial attack for the first time. Defending forces are ordered back from the Bilin River. (...)
Feb 19, 1942 The Supreme Court of Vichy France begin trials in Riom to establish responsibility for the defeat in 1940. (...)
Feb 20, 1942 Japanese invade Timor Island, N.E.I. (...)
Feb 20, 1942 Lexington attacked while attempting to raid Rabaul. Lt O'Hare shoots down five bombers in six minutes. (...)
Feb 20, 1942 Philippine government evacuated by submarine Swordfish (SS-193) (...)
Feb 20, 1942 While defending Lexington in a F4F "Wildcat" fighter, Lt Edward H . "Butch" O'Hare encountered an advancing formation of nine Japanese bombers east of the enemy base at Rabaul, New Britain. Alone and unaided, he repeatedly attacked the enemy aircraft and was credited with shooting down five of them, and damaging a sixth, before they reached their intended target. For his "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity" on this occasion, O'Hare was meritoriously promoted to Lieutenant Commander in April 1942 and was awarded the Medal of Honor. (...)
Feb 21, 1942 Adm King presents plan for SoPac campaign followed for next 18 months. (...)
Feb 21, 1942 USS Triton (SS 201) torpedoed and sank Japanese merchant cargo vessel Shokyu Maru in the East China Sea, 60 miles south of Quelpart Island. (...)
Feb 23, 1942 Japanese submarine I-17 shells oil refinery at Ellwood, California. (...)
Feb 24, 1942 Enterprise raids Wake Island. (...)
Feb 24, 1942 Seaplane from Japanese submarine I-9 reconnoiters Pearl Harbor. (...)
Feb 24, 1942 Yorktown heads to New Hebrides to meet Lexington for another Rabaul raid. (...)
Feb 25, 1942 Air raid sirens ring as unidentified object flies over LA (Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor just over 2 months earlier) (...)
Feb 25, 1942 Jap carriers depart Kendari for sweeps between Java and Australia. (...)
Feb 25, 1942 Japanese force lands north of Surabaya, Java. (...)
Feb 27, 1942 Battle of Java Sea (...)
Feb 27, 1942 Seaplane tender Langley (AV-3), carrying 32 P-40's for the defense of Java, is sunk by Japanese naval land attack planes. (...)
Feb 27, 1942 The Battle of the Java Sea began when the ABDA allied naval force attempted to stop the Japanese invasion of Java. Led by Dutch Rear Admiral K.W.F.M Doorman, the allied naval force was decimated in a seven hour battle. Lost in battle were Dutch cruisers Java and De Ruyter (Doorman’s flagship), the British destroyers Electra and Jupiter and the Netherlands destroyer Kortenauer. Communication difficulties played a large part in the defeat and the Japanese invasion continued. (...)
Feb 27, 1942 U-578 sank the American steam tanker R. P. Resor off the Delaware capes. (...)
Feb 28, 1942 Battle of Java Sea concludes. (...)
Feb 28, 1942 Battle of Sunda Strait (...)
Feb 28, 1942 USS Jacob Jones (DE 130) was sunk by German submarine U 578 off the Delaware capes. In Aug 1942, U 578 went missing in the Bay of Biscay. Of note, on 6 Dec 1917, during WWI, the previous USS Jacob Jones (Destroyer # 61) was sunk by German submarine, U 53, while the destroyer was en route from Brest, France to Queenstown. (...)
Mar 01, 1942 03.05.1942 Evertsen, Pillsbury, Asheville, Yarra sunk. (...)
Mar 01, 1942 2nd Japanese landing on Java. (...)
Mar 01, 1942 A PBO-1 Hudson aircraft of Patrol Squadron (VP) 82 flying over the waters off Newfoundland attacked U-656, dropping two depth charges as the German submarine began to crash dive. An oil slick rose to the surface, with other VP-82 aircraft making additional drops of depth charges later in the day. U-656 was the first German U-boat sunk by U.S. forces during World War II. (...)
Mar 01, 1942 ABDA naval command disbanded. (...)
Mar 01, 1942 Exeter, Encounter and Pope sunk S. of Borneo. (...)
Mar 01, 1942 Pecos and Edsall sunk in Indian Ocean N. of Australia. Edsall attacked 2 BB, 1CA. (...)
Mar 01, 1942 Perth and Houston sunk during raid on Banter Bay (...)
Mar 01, 1942 USS Houston and Australian cruiser HMAS Perth are sunk in Sunda Straight. (...)
Mar 02, 1942 Australia declared war on Thailand. (...)
Mar 02, 1942 Batavia was ordered to be evacuated. The Dutch government moved to Bandung. (...)
Mar 02, 1942 Japanese forces landed on Mindanao in the Philippines. (...)
Mar 03, 1942 2 Japanese "Emily" bombers from the Marshalls (refueled by submarines) attacked Hawaii. The nighttime attack was unsuccessful, hampered in part by cloud conditions. Pearl Harbor was again the target, but one plane missed the naval base by 6 miles and dropped four bombs on Mt Tantalus. The other plane's four bombs fell in the Pacific. Operation K. (...)
Mar 03, 1942 RAF bombers struck the Renault works in the suburbs of Paris. Many of the bombs landed on workers' homes killing 623 French and injuring 1500. (...)
Mar 03, 1942 The Dutch continued their withdrawals on Java in the face of continuing numerically superior Japanese troops. (...)
Mar 04, 1942 Enterprise (CV-6,TF 8, Halsey) raids Marcus Island. (...)
Mar 05, 1942 USN Adm. King to Pres. Roosevelt: "We cannot in honor let Australia and New Zealand down". (...)
Mar 06, 1942 USS Lexington (Fitch) and USS Yorktown (Fletcher) join up intending to raid Rabaul. (...)
Mar 07, 1942 British troops evacuated Rangoon, Burma. (...)
Mar 07, 1942 The first class of Tuskegee Airmen graduate from U.S. Army Air Force Tuskegee Army Air Field, Ala. (...)
Mar 07, 1942 USS Grenadier (SS 210) torpedoed and damaged the Japanese transport Asahisan Maru south of Shioya Saki. (...)
Mar 08, 1942 Japanese invade New Guinea at Lae and Salamaua. (...)
Mar 08, 1942 Japanese troops invaded Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea. (...)
Mar 09, 1942 Admiral Yamamoto issued orders to the fleet to prepare for Operation "C", a raid into the Indian Ocean. (...)
Mar 09, 1942 Java surrendered. (...)
Mar 10, 1942 MacArthur ordered to Australia and out of the Phillipines by Roosevelt (...)
Mar 10, 1942 USS Lexington and USS Yorktown attack Japanese invasion force at New Guinea. (...)
Mar 11, 1942 Enterprise (Halsey) returns to Pearl after Marcus Island raid. (...)
Mar 11, 1942 MacArthur, family, staff depart Corregidor in 4 PT boats at night. (...)
Mar 12, 1942 Fall of the East Indies (Netherlands) to the Japanese. (...)
Mar 12, 1942 US Army lands on New Caledonia (French) to establish base at Noumea. (...)
Mar 13, 1942 Japanese land in Solomon Islands from Rabaul (...)
Mar 13, 1942 MacArthur's PT boats arrive Cagayan, PI. (...)
Mar 15, 1942 MacArthur's party depart in B-17 for Darwin. (...)
Mar 16, 1942 Submarine Permit (SS-178) delivers ammunition to Corregidor, evacuates code breakers. (...)
Mar 17, 1942 MacArthur arrives Australia by B-17 during Japanese attack and became the Supreme Commander of the United Nations forces in the Southwestern Pacific. (...)
Mar 17, 1942 United States assumes strategic defense of the Pacific Ocean. (...)
Mar 18, 1942 Admiral Lord Mountbatten is appointed the British chief of combined operations. (...)
Mar 18, 1942 FDR signs Executive Order "Establishing the War Relocation Authority". (...)
Mar 20, 1942 Hornet (CV-8), new carrier, arrives at San Francisco. Yorktown patrols Coral Sea, Lexington enroute to Pearl from New Guinea raid. (...)
Mar 20, 1942 South Dakota (BB-57) commissions, enters Pacific in Aug. (...)
Mar 21, 1942 MacArthur & family arrive Kooringa by train; discovers no Army waiting. (...)
Mar 22, 1942 MacArthur arrives Melbourne, greeted by 360 American troops. (...)
Mar 23, 1942 Japanese bomb Port Moresby. (...)
Mar 23, 1942 Japanese occupy Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal. (...)
Mar 23, 1942 Submarine Gato (SS-212) bombed by blimp off San Francisco Bay. (...)
Mar 24, 1942 Admiral Chester Nimitz was appointed the Commander in Chief of the US Pacific Theater. (...)
Mar 24, 1942 British Far East Fleet assembles at Ceylon : 5 BB,3 CV,2 CA,6 CL,15 DD,5 SS. (...)
Mar 24, 1942 Japanese naval planes begin daily bombings of Corregidor. (...)
Mar 25, 1942 Adm King diverts forces to establish base at Efate, New Hebrides, leaving Noumea, N.Caledonia, for Army. (...)
Mar 25, 1942 In one of the greatest "trading with the enemy" scandals of the war, U.S. Assistant Attorney General Thurman Arnold announces that William Stamps Farish Sr. has pled "no contest" to charges of criminal conspiracy with the Nazis. Arnold discloses that Standard Oil of New Jersey (later Exxon) of which Farish is president and CEO has agreed to stop hiding patents from the U.S. for synthetic rubber, which the company has in its possession. Missouri Sen. Harry Truman later roasts Farish in front of his committee investigating home front wrongdoing, an event that raises Truman's profile and makes him a plausible running mate for FDR in 1944. The exposure of the scandal is widely believed to have contributed to Farish's sudden death from a heart attack in November of 1942. (...)
Mar 25, 1942 Messerschmitt Me-262 twin-jet fighter first flown. (...)
Mar 25, 1942 Messerschmitt Me-262 twin-jet fighter first flown. (...)
Mar 25, 1942 The 82nd Infantry Div was reactivated at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana under the command of Major General Omar N. Bradley. (...)
Mar 26, 1942 Japanese fleet departs Celebes for Ceylon: 4 BB,5 CV,2 CA,1 CL,8 DD,5 SS (...)
Mar 26, 1942 Lexington arrives Pearl from Coral Sea for dry dock overhaul. (...)
Mar 26, 1942 Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt is stoic as she hears that US Army demolishes White House green houses for the War effort. (...)
Mar 26, 1942 USS Washington (BB-56), USS Wasp (CV-7), USS Wichita (CA-45), USS Tuscaloosa (CA-37), and 8 destroyers sail from Portland, Maine, to reinforce the British Home Fleet. (...)
Mar 26, 1942 USS Washington (BB-56), USS Wasp (CV-7), USS Wichita (CA-45), USS Tuscaloosa (CA-37), and 8 destroyers, sail from Portland, Maine, to reinforce the British Home Fleet. (...)
Mar 26, 1942 Washington (BB-56), Wasp (CV-7), Wichita (CA-45), Tuscaloosa (CA-37), and 8 DD, sail from Portland, Maine, to reinforce the British Home Fleet. (...)
Mar 27, 1942 - Mar 28, 1942 British raiding force attacks port facilities in German-held St. Nazaire, France. (...)
Mar 27, 1942 The British raided the Nazi submarine base at St. Nazaire, France. (...)
Mar 28, 1942 Another Japanese fleet departs for Bay of Bengal: 4 CA, 1 CVL, 8 DD (...)
Mar 29, 1942 - May 27, 1942 The forward echelon of Marine Fighter Squadron 212 arrived at Efate to construct an air strip; initiated operations New Hebrides 27 May 1942. (...)
Mar 29, 1942 The forward echelon of Marine Fighter Squadron 212 arrived at Efate to construct an air strip; initiated operations New Hebrides 27 May 1942. (...)
Mar 30, 1942 Japanese forces occupy Christmas Island, Indian Ocean (...)
Mar 30, 1942 Joint Chiefs divide Pacific Ocean (Nimitz) and SW Pacific (MacArthur). (...)
Mar 31, 1942 Colorado (BB-45) sails from W.Coast, in overhaul since Jun'41. (...)
Apr 01, 1942 Japanese land on Buka and Santa Isabel, Solomons. (...)
Apr 01, 1942 Japanese land on Buka and Santa Isabel, Solomons. (...)
Apr 04, 1942 Hornet leaves San Francisco with Doolittle and 16 B-25's. (...)
Apr 04, 1942 USS Hornet departed San Francisco with James Doolittle and his 16 US Army B-25 bombers. (...)
Apr 05, 1942 Imperial Japanese Navy battle plan for Midway accepted. (...)
Apr 05, 1942 Japanese carrier fleet attacked the British naval base at Ceylon, sinking two heavy cruisers. (...)
Apr 05, 1942 Japanese fleet with 5 carriers attack Ceylon base; 2 British heavy cruisers sunk. (...)
Apr 06, 1942 Advance elements of the U.S. Army 41st Division reach Melbourne, Australia. (...)
Apr 06, 1942 Advance elements of the U.S. Army 41st Division reach Melbourne, Australia. (...)
Apr 06, 1942 Japanese Malaya fleet sinks 23 merchantmen off Eastern India (...)
Apr 06, 1942 Rommel breaks through Commonwealth defense lines in Cyrenaica (...)
Apr 07, 1942 Colorado only western state to agree to accept voluntary relocation of enemy aliens. (...)
Apr 07, 1942 Japanese subs off western India sink 5 merchantmen this week. (...)
Apr 07, 1942 Relocation begins of Japanese from coastal defense zones. (...)
Apr 08, 1942 Enterprise departs Pearl to rendezvous with Hornet. (...)
Apr 08, 1942 Force from Rabaul lands in Western New Britain. (...)
Apr 08, 1942 Submarine Seadragon (SS-194) delivers food to Corregidor; evacuates naval radio intelligence people. (...)
Apr 09, 1942 Bataan falls. (...)
Apr 09, 1942 British warships sunk off Ceylon : CV, 2 CA, DD, 2 others. (...)
Apr 09, 1942 Headquarters echelon is located at Bolling Field to prepare Eighth Air Force for move overseas. (...)
Apr 09, 1942 The Philippines fall to Japanese troops. (...)
Apr 09, 1942 US troops surrender on Bataan peninsula. Over 10% die in Death March (...)
Apr 09, 1942 Wainwright withdraws to Corregidor as Bataan falls to the Japanese. Bataan Death March begins. (...)
Apr 10, 1942 Japanese start to take southern Philippines, Cebu (...)
Apr 10, 1942 USS Thresher (SS 200) sank the Japanese (ex-Portuguese) freighter Sado Maru six miles north of Oshima, near the entrance to Tokyo Bay, Honshu, Japan. (...)
Apr 12, 1942 Victorious Japanese fleet starts its return to home waters having lost no surface warships in war to date. (...)
Apr 13, 1942 Lexington (TF 11, RAdm Fitch) leaves Pearl to join Yorktown (TF 17, Fletcher) for raid on Rabaul. (...)
Apr 14, 1942 Adm Nimitz assigned to South Pacific. Sends Yorktown (CV-5, RAdm Fletcher) to Tongatabu, south of Samoa, to replenish for anticipated defense of New Guinea and Solomon Islands at the end of the month. (...)
Apr 14, 1942 British forces began destroying the Yenangyaung oil fields in Burma as the Japanese pressed their drive northward. (...)
Apr 14, 1942 Destroyer USS Roper sinks U-85, the 1st submarine kill by a US ship. (...)
Apr 14, 1942 Marshal Petain became Vichy French chief of state, and Pierre Laval became chief of government. Laval thus assumed actual direction of the Vichy administration, and the aging Petain remained to perform an essentially ceremonial function. (...)
Apr 15, 1942 King George VI awards the island of Malta the George Cross for "heroism and devotion". (...)
Apr 15, 1942 Rommel advance is overextended, stops at Egyptian boarder. (...)
Apr 16, 1942 Japanese land on Panay and Negros, Philippine Islands. (...)
Apr 17, 1942 Japanese army takes central Burma. (...)
Apr 17, 1942 Submarine Searaven (SS-196) begins rescue of stranded Australian servicemen from occupied Timor. (...)
Apr 18, 1942 Doolittle Raid on Tokyo with 16 Army B-25 bombers from Hornet, escorted by Enterprise. (...)
Apr 18, 1942 Lexington (CV-2, TF 11, RAdm Fitch), ferries USMC F2A Buffalos to Palmyra Island. (...)
Apr 18, 1942 The Vichy government capitulated to Adolf Hitler and invited Pierre Laval to form a new government in France. (...)
Apr 19, 1942 Japanese land in Dutch New Guinea (...)
Apr 20, 1942 Lexington arrives S Pacific. (...)
Apr 20, 1942 Pierre Laval, the premier of Vichy France, in a radio broadcast, establishes a policy of "true reconciliation with Germany." (...)
Apr 20, 1942 Wasp (CV-7) ferries 47 RAF Spitfires to embattled British island of Malta in Mediterranean. (...)
Apr 21, 1942 Doolittle Raid on Tokyo (...)
Apr 21, 1942 Entire Japanese fleet searches for the Doolittle carriers. (...)
Apr 22, 1942 - Apr 23, 1942 14 German U-boats were refueled and resupplied 500 miles from Bermuda, giving the Germans a total of 18 submarines to operate almost unmolested from Nova Scotia to Florida. (...)
Apr 22, 1942 15 French hostages were executed by the Germans in Paris. (...)
Apr 22, 1942 A Joint US-New Zealand Naval Command was established. (...)
Apr 22, 1942 Lexington joins Yorktown at Tongutabu to prepare for expected battle. (...)
Apr 22, 1942 Washington announced that US forces had arrived in India. (...)
Apr 22, 1942 Yenangyaung in Burma was evacuated by British forces. (...)
Apr 23, 1942 Code breakers harvest intel from massive Japanese pursuit of Doolittle carriers. (...)
Apr 23, 1942 Luftwaffe bombers began a series of retaliatory air strikes on British cathedral cities. The initial raid on this date was against Exeter. (...)
Apr 24, 1942 Japanese fleet elements start to return to refuel. (...)
Apr 24, 1942 Luftwaffe aircraft conducted a raid on Exeter, England. (...)
Apr 25, 1942 Allied army forces begin retreat from Burma. (...)
Apr 25, 1942 Enterprise and Hornet arrive Pearl from Doolittle's Tokyo raid. (...)
Apr 26, 1942 Nimitz flies San Francisco. to brief Adm King on South Pacific plan. (...)
Apr 27, 1942 Seven battleships remain based on West Coast to conserve fuel. (...)
Apr 27, 1942 Yorktown departs for Coral Sea. (...)
Apr 28, 1942 22 Japanese planes reported downed by "Flying Tiger" pilots. (...)
Apr 28, 1942 Coast watchers report Japanese flying-boat base established in upper Solomons. (...)
Apr 28, 1942 Coastal "dimouts" go into effect along a fifteen-mile strip on the Eastern Seaboard, in response to German U-boat activity of the U.S. Atlantic coast. (...)
Apr 28, 1942 The German Reichstag passed the legislation marking Hitler as the "Supreme Judge of the German People," formalizing his status above the law. (...)
Apr 28, 1942 The US Navy’s Task Force 99, which consisted of USS Washington (BB 56), USS Tuscaloosa (CA 37) and USS Wichita (CA 45), with four destroyers sailed from the Royal Navy base at Scapa Flow, Orkney Islands, as part of the mixed U.S.-British focre (Force “Distaff”). The British fleet units included battleship HMS King George V, carrier HMS Victorious, light cruiser HMS Kenya, and five destroyers. The force steamed to the waters northeast of Iceland to provide cover for Russian convoy PQ-15, sailing to Murmansk, Russia. (...)
Apr 28, 1942 VAdm Ghormley arrives from Europe to take South Pacific. (...)
Apr 29, 1942 Japanese land on Mindanao, southern Philippine Islands (...)
Apr 29, 1942 Japanese naval landing force occupies former RAAF seaplane base at Tulagi, Solomons (...)
Apr 29, 1942 Japanese troops take Lashio, cutting communications along the Burma Road between Mandalay and China. (...)
Apr 30, 1942 Enterprise and Hornet speed towards Coral Sea; too far to reach in time. (...)
Apr 30, 1942 Japanese cut China Road by capture of Lasio, Burma (...)
Apr 30, 1942 PBYs evacuate military and civilian personnel from Corregidor. (...)
Apr 30, 1942 Zuikaku and Shokaku sortie Truk to support Port Moresby invasion leading to the Battle of Coral Sea. (...)
May 01, 1942 11 Japanese transports set sail from Rabaul for Port Moresby invasion escorted by 7 cruisers and an escort carrier, Shoho . (...)
May 01, 1942 Japanese code book change, rescheduled from Apr 1, further delayed. (...)
May 01, 1942 Japanese take Mandalay, Burma (...)
May 02, 1942 Australian seaplane base at Tulagi evacuated. (...)
May 03, 1942 Japanese take Tulagi, Florida Island, Solomons. (...)
May 03, 1942 USS Spearfish (SS 190) evacuated naval and military officers (including nurses) from Corregidor. These evacuees were the last to leave the island by this method as the Corregidor and the Manila Bay forts surrendered to the Japanese on 6 May. (...)
May 04, 1942 Japanese land 2000 troops on Corregidor, P.I. (...)
May 04, 1942 - May 08, 1942 The Battle of the Coral Sea began when TF 17, commanded by Radm Frank J. Fletchter, attacked the Japanese Tulagi Invasion Force at Tulagi, Solomons, where elements of the Japanese landing force had gone ashore to establish defenses. SBD and TBD aircraft, supported by F4Fs from USS Yorktown (CV 5), sank the Japanese destroyer Kikuzuki, minesweeper Tama Maru, auxiliary minesweepers Wa1 and Wa2. After refueling, TF 17 headed to Port Moresby to intercept the Japanese Invasion Group, which occurred on 7 May. (...)
May 04, 1942 Yorktown (TF 17, Fletcher) attacks Tulagi, forcing temporary Japanese withdrawal. (...)
May 05, 1942 Battle of Coral Sea, Jap invasion force withdraws. (...)
May 05, 1942 British land on Vichy Madagascar. (...)
May 05, 1942 Corregidor surrenders - last of the Philippine defenses. (...)
May 05, 1942 IJN Junyo commissioned - Dutch Harbor, Kiska, Santa Cruz, Guadalcanal, Philippine Sea. (...)
May 05, 1942 Japanese force covering Port Morseby landing enters the Coral Sea. (...)
May 05, 1942 Yorktown and Lexington join up south of Tulagi. (...)
May 06, 1942 US carriers meet-up with Australian cruisers, set up ambush for Jomard Passage. (...)
May 07, 1942 Australian cruiser force sent ahead to block Japanese invasion fleet. (...)
May 07, 1942 Both sides decide against a night battle and prepare for dawn air attacks. (...)
May 07, 1942 Japanese carriers attack US oiler Neosho and destroyer Sims thinking they are a carrier and cruiser. (...)
May 07, 1942 US carriers attack escort carrier Shoho thinking it was the main force. (...)
May 08, 1942 Aussie cruiser force fight off land based air attack. Invasion fleet, without air cover, withdraws. (...)
May 08, 1942 Battle of Coral Sea is fought with Japanese in squalls and USN in sunlight. Shokaku damaged and retires. Both US carriers hit. Later, gas explodes in Lexington and abandoned. Carrier groups of both sides retire. (...)
May 08, 1942 Corregidor falls. (...)
May 08, 1942 The Battle of Coral Sea is the first time the Japanese Navy is stopped from an objective. Japs fare better in the battle, but lost the opportunity to take Port Moresby on south coast of New Guinea and to raid Australia. US convoy route to Australia remains open. Both Japanese carriers will miss Battle of Midway next month, whereas Yorktown will participate in that victory. (...)
May 09, 1942 Zuikaku ordered to pursue any remaining of American fleet. (...)
May 10, 1942 Invasion force departs Rabaul for Ocean & Nauru Islands. (...)
May 10, 1942 RAF attacks Germany. (...)
May 11, 1942 Enterprise and Hornet arrive near New Hebrides. (...)
May 11, 1942 Invasion flagship Okinoshima sunk by S-42. Jap force retires. (...)
May 11, 1942 Rochefort determines Japanese buildup is to attack Midway. (...)
May 11, 1942 Yorktown heads for Tongatabu and temporary repair. (...)
May 11, 1942 Zuikaku task force withdrawn. (...)
May 12, 1942 Washington disagrees. (...)
May 14, 1942 Tangier (AV-8) sets up at Noumea with flying boats, release carriers from scouting duty. (...)
May 14, 1942 The U.S. Congress establishes The Women's Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC), under the direction of Oveta Culp Hobby, editor of the Houston Post. (...)
May 15, 1942 Enterprise & Hornet (Halsey) scare off invasion force for Ocean & Nauru, Phosphate Islands. (...)
May 15, 1942 Gasoline rationing goes into effect in the Eastern United States. Nationwide rationing will begin in September. (...)
May 16, 1942 Allied 900 mile retreat from Burma to India completed with over 50% losses. (...)
May 16, 1942 Enterprise & Hornet ordered back to Pearl. (...)
May 17, 1942 French colonies of New Caledonia declare for Allies, but many spies. (...)
May 17, 1942 Japanese plans to invade Midway include 200 ships -- 11 BB, 8 CV, 23 CA, 65 DD, 20 SS (...)
May 17, 1942 USS Skipjack (SS 184) sank the Japanese army transport Taizan Maru near the mouth of the Gulf of Siam. (...)
May 17, 1942 USS Taugtog (SS 199) sank Japanese submarine I-28 north of Rabaul. (...)
May 17, 1942 USS Triton (SS 201) sank the Japanese submarine I-64 southeast of Kyushu, Japan. (...)
May 18, 1942 British refuse to send 1 of 3 carriers from Madagascar to SWPac. (...)
May 18, 1942 Halsey ordered expedite return as Japanese troops mass at Saipan for invasion of Midway (...)
May 18, 1942 Japanese Phase 3 plans to occupy Fiji, Samoa, & New Caledonia. (...)
May 19, 1942 Japanese sub-based seaplanes scout Fiji and Zanzibar. (...)
May 19, 1942 Midway Island told to claim water shortage by insecure code. (...)
May 20, 1942 Japanese complete conquest of Burma. (...)
May 20, 1942 Japanese report "AF" short on water; confirms Midway is site of attack. (...)
May 20, 1942 RAdm J. S. McCain, Commander Aircraft, (Senator's grandfather) to direct the operations of tender and shore-based aviation in the South Pacific area. (...)
May 21, 1942 North Pacific force established: 2 CA, 3 CL, 4 DD plus 9 DD, 5 SS & 107 aircraft. (...)
May 21, 1942 U-boat attacks on tankers in Atlantic coast & Caribbean at height. (...)
May 22, 1942 5 I-class submarines with 4 minisubs and 1 airplane enroute to Sydney. (...)
May 23, 1942 Plan of attack on Midway and Aleutians known, extent of forces not known. (...)
May 24, 1942 All warships from Coral Sea recalled to Pearl Harbor. (...)
May 25, 1942 Carlson's Raiders arrive Midway on St. Louis. (...)
May 25, 1942 USS Blakeley (DD 150) is sunk by U-156. (...)
May 26, 1942 Enterprise & Hornet arrive Pearl Harbor. VAdm Halsey ill, replaced by RAdm Spruance. (...)
May 26, 1942 Kittyhawk (APV-1) delivers 23 Marine aircraft, 5 light tanks to Midway. (...)
May 26, 1942 Last pro-Axis leader overthrown in French islands. Sympathizers report ship movements. (...)
May 27, 1942 Doris Miller was the first African American to receive the Navy Cross. Dorie was awarded the Navy Cross by Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, on board USS Enterprise (CV-6) at Pearl Harbor, 27 May 1942, for heroism on board USS West Virginia (BB-48) during the Pearl Harbor Attack, 7 December 1941. (...)
May 27, 1942 Marine Fighter Squadron 212 initiated operations from Efate New Hebrides. (...)
May 27, 1942 Yorktown arrives Pearl drydock. 1,400 dockworkers perform 3 months of repair in 2 days. (...)
May 28, 1942 Enterprise & Hornet sail for Midway. (...)
May 28, 1942 Japanese carriers sail. Japanese code books finally changed. (...)
May 29, 1942 15 transports depart Saipan for invasion of Midway. (...)
May 30, 1942 8 transports depart Honshu for Aleutians. (...)
May 30, 1942 Japan's main body fleet, including largest battleship in the world, depart Hiroshima for Midway. (...)
May 30, 1942 Operation Millennium: British raid by RAF Bomber Command aircraft against Cologne (Köln) 30 May 1942. This was the first '1,000-bomber raid' and caused considerable devastation in the German city. (...)
May 30, 1942 The first 1,000-bomber attack on German industrial targets is carried out by Britain's Royal Air Force, as the German city of Cologne is raided. (...)
May 30, 1942 Yorktown, hull watertight and replenished, sails for waters north of Midway. (...)
May 31, 1942 A ferry is sunk at Sydney. (...)
May 31, 1942 Battleships Maryland and Colorado patrol 650 miles west of San Francisco. (...)
May 31, 1942 Japanese carrier Unyo was commissioned into service. (...)
May 31, 1942 Japanese Midget sub attack in Madagascar (...)
Jun 01, 1942 News of death camp killings became public for first time. The report came from the Polish Socialist newspaper known as Liberty Brigade. The paper stated that tens of thousands of Jews had been gassed at the death camp Chelmno. (...)
Jun 01, 1942 Saratoga (CV-3) sorties San Diego for Pearl Harbor. (...)
Jun 02, 1942 U.S. deploys 25 fleet submarines west of Midway. (...)
Jun 02, 1942 Yorktown (CV-5, TF 17, RAdm Fletcher) and Enterprise (CV-6 TF 16, RAdm Spruance) with Hornet (CV-8) rendezvous 350 miles NE of Midway; RAdm Fletcher is officer in tactical command; force consists of three carriers, seven heavy cruisers, one light cruiser, 16 destroyers. (...)
Jun 03, 1942 Attempting to divert forces from Midway, a 2nd carrier force, Ryujo and Junyo, bomb Dutch Harbor, Alaska. (...)
Jun 03, 1942 In an event whose importance only becomes clear later, a Mitsubishi A6M2 Type 0 carrier fighter, damaged over Dutch Harbor, makes an emergency landing on Akutan Island. The Zero flips over, killing the pilot (...)
Jun 03, 1942 Japanese forces bearing down on Midway with five fleets and 200 ships: Strike Force is lead by 4 carriers, 2 battleships. (...)
Jun 03, 1942 Japanese submarine cordon arrives Hawaii, but the two US task forces have already passed. (...)
Jun 03, 1942 Midway-based B-17's attack Japanese transports 600 miles west of Midway Island; inflict no damage. Four PBYs set out to attack the approaching Occupation Force. (...)
Jun 03, 1942 Task force of 5 cruisers and 4 destroyers leave Pearl for Alaska. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - 4:1 win in favor of US (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - A second Japanese counter attack 2 hours later, damages Yorktown with bombs and torpedoes so severely that she was abandoned. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - Concentrating on the destruction of Midway air forces, the Japanese carriers were caught unprepared for the U.S. carrier air attack. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - Hiryu escapes destruction that morning, launches dive bombers that temporarily disable Yorktown. Fletcher transfers flag to Astoria (CA-34) . (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - In the late afternoon, SBD's from Enterprise, including Yorktown planes, hit the Japanese Force again, striking Hiryu, the fourth and last of the Japanese carriers. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - Japanese carrier fighters and antiaircraft fire annihilates the USMC SBD's and SB2U's, Navy's new TBF's, and USAAF torpedo-carrying B-26's sent from Midway Island to attack the Japanese carriers. USAAF B-17's likewise bomb the Japanese carrier force without success. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - Japanese carrier fleet - Akagi, Kaga, Soryu, and Hiryu - sends its aircraft against defensive installations on Midway. Although defending USMC F2A's and F4F's suffer disastrous losses, damage to facilities on Midway is comparatively slight. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 - Jun 05, 1942 Battle of Midway - Overnight - Finding nothing, the Japanese battle fleets also withdraws. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 - Jun 05, 1942 Battle of Midway - Overnight - The U.S. fleet withdraws till midnight, then returns to the protective air cover of Midway. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 - Jun 05, 1942 Battle of Midway - Overnight - Three Japanese fleets, with ten battleships, including Yamato, the world's largest battleship, two escort carriers, cruisers, and destroyers race to engage the U.S. carriers. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - PBYs attack Occupation Force northwest of Midway; one PBY torpedoes fleet tanker Akebono Maru. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - SBD's from Enterprise sink carrier Kaga and bomb Akagi (flagship) SBD's; SBD's from Yorktown bomb and sink carrier Soryu. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - Submarine Nautilus (SS-168) torpedoes carrier Kaga but her "fish" do not explode. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - TF-16 (Spruance) released at dusk. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - Torpedo bombers (TBD's) from American carrier striking force Hornet (CV-8), Enterprise (CV-6), and Yorktown (CV-5) attack the enemy carriers. Although mauled by the defending combat air patrol and antiaircraft fire, they draw off the former and leave the skies open for dive bombers (SBD's) from Enterprise and Yorktown. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - With control of the air irretrievably lost, the Japanese are compelled to abandon Midway invasion plans and the invasion force retires westward. (...)
Jun 05, 1942 Battle of Midway - Japanese carriers Akagi and Hiryu are scuttled. Heavy cruisers Mogami and Mikuma are damaged in collision while avoiding submarine Tambor (SS-198). (...)
Jun 05, 1942 Battle of Midway - Salvage underway on crippled carrier Yorktown (...)
Jun 05, 1942 Battle of Midway continues as U.S. seeks retiring Japanese fleets. (...)
Jun 05, 1942 FDR promises in-kind retrobution if Japan continues to use poison gas in China. (...)
Jun 05, 1942 Japanese troops occupy Attu, Aleutians, without opposition. (...)
Jun 05, 1942 Long Island (AVG-1) arrives San Francisco, joints TF 1 of battleships as scout. (...)
Jun 05, 1942 Planes from Japanese carriers Ryujo and Junyo again attack Dutch Harbor, Alaska. (...)
Jun 05, 1942 U.S. Task Force 1 of 6 battleships link up west of San Francisco. (...)
Jun 06, 1942 Battle of Midway concludes as carrier planes sink damaged heavy cruiser Mikuma. (...)
Jun 06, 1942 Carrier TF 16 changes course to eastward to refuel and breaks contact with the enemy. (...)
Jun 06, 1942 In reprisal for the May 29 assassination of German Deputy Gestapo chief and "Protector" of Czechoslovakia, Reinhard Heydrich, German troops attempt to execute every male in the Czech village of Lidice (Bohemia), and they then set fire to the village. (...)
Jun 06, 1942 Japanese submarine I-168 finds Yorktown (CV-5) under tow, torpedoes Yorktown and destroyer Hammann (DD-412) alongside. (...)
Jun 06, 1942 The Battle of Midway, one of the most decisive battles in naval history, marks the turning point of the Pacific War. The decisive defeat administered to the Japanese put an end to their successful offensive and effectively turned the tide of the Pacific War. Japanese losses totaled four fleet carriers, one heavy cruiser, 258 aircraft, and a large percentage of their experienced carrier pilots. United States losses were 40 shore-based and 92 carrier aircraft, and the destroyer Hammann and the carrier Yorktown, the result of a single submarine attack. The significance of the victory was not completely recognized at the time. (...)
Jun 07, 1942 Carrier Yorktown (CV-5) sinks as the result of heavy damage incurred on 4 and 6 June. (...)
Jun 07, 1942 In the wake of the battle, efforts to locate downed aviators persist over the ensuing days. (...)
Jun 07, 1942 Japanese troops occupy Kiska, Aleutians, without opposition. (...)
Jun 07, 1942 Saratoga replenishes Enterprise and Hornet with aircraft to go intercept Japanese Alaska task force. (...)
Jun 08, 1942 Part of Japanese Midway force is sent to reinforce Alaska force : 2 BB, 1 CVE, 2 CA. (...)
Jun 08, 1942 Sydney, Australia: A Japanese Submarine surfaced off of Sydney and began lobbing shells into the port. A P-39 of the 41st FS, 35th FG, the ONLY fighter available took off from Bankstown Airfield, while climbing out, the engine failed, the Airacobra crashed killing the pilot. (...)
Jun 09, 1942 USAAF claims victory at Midway ; in fact, no land-based aircraft hit any warships. (...)
Jun 10, 1942 Patrol planes discovered the presence of the enemy on Kiska and Attu -- the first news of Japanese landings that had taken place on the 7th. (...)
Jun 10, 1942 Wasp (CV-7), North Carolina (BB-55), Quincy (CA-39), San Juan (CL-54 ) and 6 destroyers transit the Panama Canal became TF 18 (RAdm Noyes). (...)
Jun 11, 1942 - Jun 13, 1942 PBY Catalinas, operating from the seaplane tender Gillis in Nazan Bay, Atka Island, hit ships and enemy positions on Kiska in an intense 48-hour attack which exhausted the gasoline and bomb supply aboard the Gillis but was not successful in driving the Japanese from the Island. (...)
Jun 11, 1942 The 15th AF begins "Shuttle Raids" against Rumania by flying from Italy, across Rumania & landing in Russia. (...)
Jun 11, 1942 The U.S. and the Soviet Union signed a lend lease agreement to aid the Soviets in their effort in World War II. (...)
Jun 12, 1942 B-17's and B-24's raid Kiska, damaging Japanese destroyer Hibiki. (...)
Jun 12, 1942 Japanese Alaska force further reinforced with fleet carrier Zuikaku, and 2 heavy cruisers in a last attempt to trap the U.S. carriers which has withdrawn. (...)
Jun 13, 1942 President Roosevelt authorizes the creation of the U.S. Office on War Information (OWI). The first director is Elmer Holmes Davis, a CBS commentator and novelist. (...)
Jun 13, 1942 Saratoga, Enterprise, Hornet return to Pearl. (...)
Jun 14, 1942 First echelon of 1st Marine Division (MGen Vandegrift), 5th Reg arrives at Wellington, New Zealand. (...)
Jun 15, 1942 Copahee ACV-12 was commissioned at Puget Sound Navy Yard, first of 10 escort carriers of the Bogue Class converted from merchant hulls. (...)
Jun 15, 1942 Seven US ships torpedoed or mined by U-boats in Caribbean this day. (...)
Jun 16, 1942 Congress authorized an increase in the airship strength of the Navy to 200 blimps. (...)
Jun 16, 1942 The Aleuts from St. Paul Island were evacuated to Funter Bay, Alaska as part of the internment process during World War II. @World War II History http://ww2.wwarii.com/v/wwii-places/north_america/alaska/370_PR_402.JPG.html (...)
Jun 17, 1942 Four German agents put ashore from U-202 at Jacksonville, Fla. (...)
Jun 17, 1942 Pelican antisubmarine guided missile undertaken - glide bomb homes on a radar beam. (...)
Jun 18, 1942 B-17's, B-24's, and an LB-30 (Navy B-24) bomb Japanese shipping in Kiska harbor, sinking fleet tanker Nissan Maru (...)
Jun 18, 1942 The U.S. Navy commissions its first African American officer, Harvard University medical student Bernard Whitfield Robinson. (...)
Jun 19, 1942 Ballard (AVD-10) rescues 35 survivors (found by PBY) from Japanese carrier Hiryu scuttled 5 June. They had been left below for dead. (...)
Jun 19, 1942 VAdm Ghormley assumes command of South Pacific Area at Auckland, New Zealand. (...)
Jun 20, 1942 Japanese submarine I-26 shells Estevan Point, Vancouver Island, British Columbia. (...)
Jun 21, 1942 German field marshal Erwin Rommel and his troops capture Tobruk, in Libya. (...)
Jun 21, 1942 Japanese submarine I-25 shells Fort Stevens, Oregon. (...)
Jun 21, 1942 PBY recovers two-man crew from TBD; these are the last survivors recovered from the Battle of Midway. (...)
Jun 21, 1942 Tobruk falls - 25,000 troops captured (...)
Jun 22, 1942 Carrier Saratoga (CV-3) departs Pearl to ferry planes to Midway. (...)
Jun 22, 1942 In France, Pierre Laval declared "I wish for a German vitory". (...)
Jun 23, 1942 - Jun 24, 1942 While on a routine search, a PBY spotted the crew of S 27 (SS 132) at Constatine Harbor, Amchitka, Aleutian Islands. Approx 12 men were transported out. The following day, three PBYs brought out the remainder of her crew. On 19 June, S 27 ran aground off St. Makarius Point, Amchitka, and all hands reached ashore. The crew, provisions, clothing, guns, and medical supplies were ferried ashore by rubber boat. (...)
Jun 25, 1942 PBYs bomb Japanese base at Tulagi, Solomon Islands (...)
Jun 25, 1942 Pres Roosevelt and PM Churchill reach decision in Washington to combine R&D of atomic bomb. (...)
Jun 25, 1942 Saratoga delivers 25 P-40's and 18 SBD's to Midway to replace heavy losses of 4 June. (...)
Jun 25, 1942 U.S. Army establishes European Theater of Operations under MGen Dwight D. Eisenhower. (...)
Jun 26, 1942 First US troops arrive in North Ireland. (...)
Jun 26, 1942 Rommel advances half-way across Egypt. (...)
Jun 28, 1942 Eleven U.S. ships sunk off Atlantic coast by U-boats this week. (...)
Jun 28, 1942 The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) captures eight German agents that have landed by U-boat on Long Island. (...)
Jun 29, 1942 Saratoga returns to Pearl from ferrying planes to Midway. (...)
Jun 30, 1942 Japanese convoy escorted by 4 carriers to Kiska, Aleutians, Alaska. (...)
Jun 30, 1942 USS Plunger (SS 179) sank Japanese freighter No.5 Unkai Maru off the China coast near approaches to Shanghai, 30º 04’N, 122º, 54’E. (...)
Jun 30, 1942 XPBS Excalibur with Adm Nimitz and his staff to San Francisco crashes upon landing off Alameda, CA; pilot killed. (...)
Jul 01, 1942 German troops captured Sevestpol, Crimea, in the Soviet Union. (...)
Jul 01, 1942 - Jul 28, 1942 The First Battle of El Alamein begins. It would end as a decisive allied victory 27 days later. (...)
Jul 02, 1942 Rommel's advance stopped at El Alamein. (...)
Jul 04, 1942 American Volunteer Group was disbanded on and the China Air Task Force of the United States Army Air Forces, commanded by General Chennault, officially took over air operations in China. (...)
Jul 05, 1942 USS Growler (SS-215) torpedoed and sank the Japanese destroyer Arare in the Salmon Lagoon, off Kiska. In the attack, Growler also damaged destroyers Kasumi and Shiranui, 52º 00’N, 177º 40’E. Growler was damaged in the attack but remained on patrol. (...)
Jul 06, 1942 Diarist Anne Frank and her family took refuge from the Nazis in Amsterdam. (...)
Jul 06, 1942 Japanese forces landed on Guadalcanal Island and began constructing an airfield which would later become Henderson Field. On February 1, 1943 the Japanese forces began to withdraw. (...)
Jul 07, 1942 Heinrich Himmler decided to begin experimenting on women and extending experimentation on males in the Auschwitz concentration camps. Adolf Hitler agreed to the plan for medical experiments on the condition that it remain top secret. (...)
Jul 08, 1942 Orders were issued by Admiral Nimitz for the invasion of Guadalcanal. (...)
Jul 08, 1942 The Soviet Union abandoned Stary Oskol southwest of Voronezh. (...)
Jul 10, 1942 While returning from a routine patrol, PBY from (VP 41) sights Mitsubishi A6M2 type 0 carrier fighter (Zero) upside down in a bog on Akutan Island, Aleutians, where it had been since its forced landing on 3 June during the attack on Dutch Harbor. On the 12th, a salvage party from VP 41, began salvage of the Zero which last until mid month. The find was vital as the Allies gained a lot of knowledge to fight the aircraft in future battles. (...)
Jul 15, 1942 USS Terror (CM 5), the first minelayer built as such, was commissioned. During World War II, she participated in Operation Torch, the Battle for Iwo Jima, and the Okinawa Invasion, where she was struck by a kamikaze on 1 May 1945. During the Korean War, she was placed in the reserve fleet and was redesignated (MM 5) then to (MMF 5) in 1955. Decommissioned in 1956, Terror was sold for scrapping in 1971. (...)
Jul 16, 1942 French police round up 30,000 Parisian Jews, and German troops bus them out of the city to concentration camps. Approximately 30 will survive. (...)
Jul 16, 1942 From 'Wolf's Lair' to 'Werewolf.' Today, in 1942, Hitler's HQ moves from E. Prussia to Vinnytsa, Ukraine (...)
Jul 20, 1942 A pouting Mussolini returns home. Allied victories quash his plans for a Cairo 'victory' parade. (...)
Jul 21, 1942 Rommel giving up on victory in North Africa, advises Berlin superiors of shortages. (...)
Jul 22, 1942 Deportations from Warsaw ghetto to Treblinka begin (...)
Jul 22, 1942 FDR nixes invasion of France for "Operation Torch," the invasion of North Africa. (...)
Jul 23, 1942 The main approaches to the Mississippi River are mined by a German submarine. (...)
Jul 30, 1942 German industrialist Eduard Schulte, whose company has mines near Auschwitz, reveals to a Swiss colleague that Hitler and the German Reich have decided to round up the millions of Jews of Occupied Europe, concentrate them in the East, and murder them using prussic acid starting in the fall of 1942. The information is soon communicated to Swiss World Jewish Congress representative Gerhart Riegner. (...)
Jul 30, 1942 German SS kills 25,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia (...)
Jul 30, 1942 The WAVES were created by legislation signed by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The members of the Women's Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service were a part of the U.S. Navy. The U.S. government established the Navy WAVES, or Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service, program. Though Navy women would not be allowed to serve outside the continental U.S., or even to go to sea, the military hoped that the recruitment of 10,000 women, who would work in onshore bases, would free sufficient numbers of men to fight overseas. Although women had served as nurses in the navy as early as the Spanish-American War, and officially in the Navy Nurse Corps since 1908, the WAVES program was by far the largest-scale effort to recruit women to active duty in the Navy. In the WAVES program, thousands of women performed nearly every possible job at over 500 naval stations through the Second World War. As military leaders had hoped, they enabled male officers and enlisted men to staff the ships that were responsible for the Allied victory in the Pacific theatre. Among the earliest group of women to enlist in the WAVES was Miriam Miller. Although her parents felt that military nursing "wasn't the life for a nice Jewish girl," Miller enlisted soon after her graduation from the Wilkes-Barre General Hospital School of Nursing, in Pennsylvania. She was assigned first to the Great Lakes Naval Station and then to the San Diego Naval Hospital. Later, when the Navy relaxed its prohibition on women serving outside the continental U.S., she worked in Guam, where she cared for soldiers injured in the battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa. Active in veterans' affairs after the war, Miller was elected President of the Jewish War Veterans National Ladies Auxiliary in 1961. (...)
Jul 30, 1942 The Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Services (WAVES) is authorized by the U.S. Congress. (...)
Aug 05, 1942 IJN superbattleship Musashi commissioned. (...)
Aug 07, 1942 - Aug 09, 1942 The Solomons Campaign: Guadalcanal 7-9 August, 1942; Assault and Lodgment. (...)
Aug 07, 1942 U.S. forces landed at Guadalcanal, marking the start of the first major allied offensive in the Pacific during World War II. (...)
Aug 07, 1942 US Marines land at Guadalcanal and Tulagi. (...)
Aug 15, 1942 The 82nd Infantry Division became the Army's first airborne division, and was redesignated the 82nd Airborne Division. (...)
Aug 15, 1942 The 82nd Infantry Division became the first airborne division in the U.S. Army. On that date, the All-American Division was redesignated the 82nd Airborne Division. (...)
Aug 15, 1942 The Japanese submarine I-25 departs Japan with a floatplane in its hold which will be assembled upon arriving off the West Coast of the United States, and used to bomb U.S. forests. (...)
Aug 16, 1942 US Army Air Corps planes went into action in North Africa for the first time, attacking German positions on the Egyptian front. (...)
Aug 17, 1942 Carlson's Raiders land on Makin Island. (...)
Aug 17, 1942 First US heavy bomber mission in W Europe by B-17s (97th Bombardment Group) against Rouen-Sotteville railyards, France. (...)
Aug 17, 1942 US Marine Raiders, led by Lt Col Evans E. Carlson, were landed on Makin Islands in the Gilbert Islands by two Navy submarines. The 221-man force destroyed all installations, including the newly completed seaplane base, on the Japanese-held island and killed the entire Japanese garrison of about 90 men. The Japanese commander's last radio message was "All men are dying serenely in battle." "Carlson's Raiders" lost 30 men and 14 were wounded. (...)
Aug 19, 1942 Canadian commando troops attack the coastal French city of Dieppe, but German defenders abort the raid and 3,500 Canadians are lost. (...)
Aug 19, 1942 Dieppe Raid - practice landing on fortified coast; disaster. (...)
Aug 20, 1942 On Guadalcanal, 31 Marine (MAG-23) fighters from the escort carrier USS Long Island are flown into Henderson Field Air Strip. (...)
Aug 21, 1942 A Nazi flag is installed atop, Mount Elbrus, the tallest mountain in Europe. (...)
Aug 22, 1942 The Battle of Stalingrad begins. The battle will claim the lives of 750,000 Russian soldiers, 400,000 German soldiers, nearly 200,000 Romanian soldiers, 130,000 Italian soldiers, and 120,000 Hungarian soldiers. (...)
Aug 24, 1942 - Aug 25, 1942 The Solomons Campaign: The Battle of the Eastern Solomons (...)
Aug 24, 1942 U.S. forces sank the Japanese aircraft carrier Ryujo in the Battle of the East Solomon Islands. During this battle the "coastwatchers," volunteers that reported on Japanese ship and aircraft movement, were a key to American success. http://@ww2db.com/ship_spec.php?ship_id=A25 (...)
Aug 26, 1942 A training center for Chinese troops was opened at Ramgarh, India. (...)
Aug 26, 1942 The Battle of Stalingrad intensified with an estimated million German troops attacking the Russian defenders. The Red Army attempted to east the pressures on Stalingrad by launching diversionary attacks in the areas of Rzhev and Vyazma. (...)
Aug 26, 1942 The Japanese beachhead at Milne Bay was pounded by Allied aircraft. Most of their supplies were destroyed, but the Japanese nonetheless forced the Australians to withdraw. (...)
Sep 01, 1942 A federal judge in Sacramento, CA, upheld the wartime detention of Japanese-Americans as well as Japanese nationals. (...)
Sep 06, 1942 Start of Battle of Stalingrad - lasts 5 months, 1,100,000 soldiers to die (...)
Sep 07, 1942 First flight of consolidated XB-32 prototype. (...)
Sep 07, 1942 The Russian army counter attacks the German troops outside Stalingrad. (...)
Sep 09, 1942 9.9.42-The only air attack on continental U.S. territory during the war occurred near Brookings, OR., carried out by Nobuo Figita (...)
Sep 09, 1942 Japan dropped incendiaries over Oregon in an attempt to set fire to the forests in Oregon and Washington. The forest did not ignite. (...)
Sep 10, 1942 U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt mandated gasoline rationing as part of the U.S. wartime effort. (...)
Sep 16, 1942 The Women's Airforce Service Pilots (WASPS) are established in the U.S.. The armed forces will be supplied with more than 1000 auxiliary pilots through this organization. (...)
Sep 21, 1942 The inter-Allies information committee estimated that the Germans had thus far executed 207,373 people in occupied Europe. (...)
Sep 21, 1942 The U.S. B-29 Superfortress made its debut flight in Seattle, WA. It was the largest bomber used during World War II. The plane made its bomging-run debut on June 5, 1944. (...)
Sep 22, 1942 Plans were approved for shipping US war supplies to the Russians through Iran. (...)
Sep 24, 1942 Failure at Milne Bay and over-extended lines of communication constantly under aerial attack lead the Japanese to pull back on the Kokoda Trail. (...)
Sep 24, 1942 Glenn Miller ends his broadcasts for Chesterfield Cigarettes so he could go into the war. (...)
Sep 28, 1942 The main force of the US 32nd Infantry Division reached Port Moresby and was ordered to join the drive on Wairopi. (...)
Sep 29, 1942 Government of De Gaulle cancels agreement of Munich (...)
Oct 03, 1942 Fort Robinson (Nebraska) War Dog Reception and Training Center established. Closed in 1946. (...)
Oct 04, 1942 German XIV Panzer Korps attacked the Tractor Factory in Stalingrad, Russia. (...)
Oct 12, 1942 During World War II, Attorney General Francis Biddle announced that Italian nationals in the United States would no longer be considered enemy aliens. (...)
Oct 18, 1942 Hitler ordered the execution of all British Commandos taken prisoner. (...)
Oct 19, 1942 Pierre Laval told French laborers that they might be called upon to work in Germany. (...)
Oct 19, 1942 Washington agreed to train and equip another 30 Chineese divisions. (...)
Oct 19, 1942 Washington agreed to train and equip another 30 Chinese divisions (...)
Oct 22, 1942 Australian forced landed on Goodenough Island off New Guinea to secure the northeast coast. A Japanese force of 353 men had been stranded on Goodenough since August 25th. (...)
Oct 22, 1942 Britain lowered its draft age to 18. (...)
Oct 22, 1942 President Juan Antonio Rios of Chile announded a policy aligning the country in the pro-Allied hemispheric alliance. (...)
Oct 22, 1942 The Allies met to discuss Operation Torch. Operation Torch was to be the first Allied amphibious landing of World War II (North Africa), mainly as an induction of US ground forces against the Germans. Operation Torch takes place 8 Nov 1942. (...)
Oct 22, 1942 US General Mark Clark arrived in Algiers by submarine for a secret meeting with pro-Allied French officers to discuss Operation Torch. Operation Torch was to be the first Allied amphibious landing of World War II (North Africa), mainly as an induction of US ground forces against the Germans. Operation Torch takes place 8 Nov 1942. At the end of this meeting, being chased by Vichy French police, Clark lost his trousers while jumping into a rowboat waiting to take him to the submarine. The first of the cargo ships left British ports. (...)
Oct 23, 1942 El Alamein offensive begins (...)
Oct 26, 1942 The US carrier USS Hornet and destroyer USS Porter were sunk in the Battle of Santa Cruz. It was the last time carrier based aircraft were used by the Japanese in the Guadalcanal campaign. (...)
Oct 26, 1942 USS Enterprise was hit twice during the Battle of Santa Cruz. She suffered 44 killed and 75 wounded, but also planted several bombs on Shokaku, taking her out of the war for 9 months for repairs. (...)
Oct 29, 1942 500 Japanese troops returned to Attu island to re-establish a base at Holtz Bay (...)
Oct 29, 1942 PBY-5 Catalinas from Patrol Squadron Eleven (VP-11) sank Japanese submarine I-172. (...)
Nov 04, 1942 British push Rommel out of Egypt. (...)
Nov 07, 1942 A joint U.S.-British force of 400,000 troops, under the direction of General Eisenhower, begins landing at Casablanca, Oran and Algiers. They will successfully overtake the French garrisons there. (...)
Nov 07, 1942 Allies invade North Africa (...)
Nov 08, 1942 Operation Torch, American and British forces landed in Morocco and Algeria. The U.S. Navy saw most of its action around Casablanca and elsewhere on Morocco's Atlantic coast. Local French resistance was fierce, but short, and an armistice on 11 November ended the fighting. This ambitious trans-oceanic amphibious operation gave the Allies bases for future operations. In six more months, all of North Africa was cleared of Axis forces, opening the way for an invasion of Italy. (...)
Nov 10, 1942 In response to Mahatma Gandhi's demand that India be granted independence from Britain immediately, Prime Minister Churchill, in a speech at Mansion House, says "I have not become the King's First Minister in order to preside over the liquidation of the British Empire." (...)
Nov 11, 1942 Germany occupies the rest of France. (...)
Nov 12, 1942 Navy battles Tokyo Express off Guadalcanal (...)
Nov 15, 1942 British troops reached Tunisia at Takarka, 80 miles west of Tunis. (...)
Nov 15, 1942 Five Sullivan brothers were killed when the cruiser Juneau was sunk off Guadalcanal. They had enlisted together in Waterloo, Iowa, only eleven months before. 'The Sullivans', a destroyer, was named in their honor in April, 1943. (...)
Nov 24, 1942 Reichsmarshal Goering promises the Luftwaffe can save the embattled 6th Army at Stalingrad. (...)
Nov 27, 1942 French scuttle fleet at Toulon (...)
Nov 30, 1942 Battle of Tassafaronga: Japanese convoy ambushed by American cruisers near Guadalcanal but emerged victorious. (...)
Dec 01, 1942 Gasoline rationing begins in the US. (...)
Dec 01, 1942 Gasoline rationing begins in the US. (...)
Dec 01, 1942 In the U.S., coffee joins the list of rationed items. (...)
Dec 02, 1942 At the University of Chicago's Staff Field, the first controlled, self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction is realized by a team of scientists working under the name of the "Manhattan Engineering District." (...)
Dec 02, 1942 Enrico Fermi sets off the first nuclear chain reaction below U. of Chicago stadium bleachers. (...)
Dec 03, 1942 US intelligence analysts discovered, from aerial photos, that the Japanese were building an airfield at New Georgia. (...)
Dec 04, 1942 Allied B-24's attack Naples harbor, the first American air attack on Italy. (...)
Dec 14, 1942 Pharmacist's Mate First Class Harry B. Roby, USNR, performed an appendectomy on Torpedoman First Class W. R. Jones on board USS Grayback (SS-208). It was the second appendectomy performed on board a submarine. (...)
Dec 20, 1942 An 8,000-ton Japanese cargo ship hit a US planted mine and sank off Cape Inubo, due east of Tokyo. It was the first Japanese ship lost in home waters after American submarines began mining the coast. (...)
Dec 20, 1942 Spain and POrtugal announced the creation of a neutral Ibearian bloc. (...)
Dec 21, 1942 British Eighth Army troops reached Sirte in Libya before halting. (...)
Dec 22, 1942 Adolf Hitler signed the order to develop the V-2 rocket. (...)
Dec 23, 1942 Bob Hope agreed to entertain U.S. airmen in Alaska. It was the first of the traditional Christmas shows. (...)
Dec 24, 1942 In Germany, the first surface-to-surface guided missile is launched in Peenemunde. The rocket has been designed by 30 year-old rocket engineer Wernher von Braun. (...)
Dec 24, 1942 Jean Francois Darlan, French admiral and collaborator in the Vichy government, was assassinated in Algeria. (...)
Dec 27, 1942 The minelayers, USS Keokuk (CM 8), USS Salem (CM 11), and USS Weehawken (CM 12) began mining approaches to Casablanca, French Morocco, which lasted for two days. (...)
Dec 29, 1942 A mine laid by USS Tambor (SS 198) on 2 November sank the Japanese freighter Fukken Maru off northwest coast of Hainan. (...)
Dec 29, 1942 USS Wasmuth (DMS 15) eventually sank after two of her depth charges exploded two days after Christmas during a gale, 35 miles off Scotch Cape, the southwest point of Unimak Island, Aleutians. After the explosion, USS Ramapo (AO 12) came alongside in the heavy seas and heroically rescued Wasmuth’s crew and two passengers. (...)
Dec 30, 1942 German Heavy Cruiser Admiral Hipper Sorties against convoy JW.51B in the Arctic in company with Lutzow and 6 DD's. (...)
Dec 30, 1942 USS Greenling attacked a Japanese convoy 180 miles northeast of Manus, Admiralty Islands and sank Army cargo ship Hiteru Maru and damaged cargo ship Ryufuku Maru while USS Thresher (SS 196) sank the Japanese freighter Hachian Maru west of Mata Siri Island, off the southern tip of Borneo. (...)
Dec 31, 1942 The squadron finds the convoy and attacks it on 31 Dec. German Heavy Cruiser Admiral Hipper makes visual contact at 0720. At 0939 she engages Achates and obtains one non-vital hit with five salvos before turning to engage Onslow and Orwell. These destroyers manage to keep Hipper occupied until 1020 when Hipper scores four hits from 48 main battery shells fired at a range of 8,500 meters, seriously damaging Onslow and forcing the destroyers to turn away. Hipper next encounters the MMS Bramble and fatally damages her with her third salvo from 5,500 meters. She closed the convoy and takes Achates under fire once again, hitting her with her first salvo, leaving her on fire and listing seriously. Obedient, Obdurate and Orwell counterattack, forcing Hipper to turn away from the anticipated torpedo attack. The time is now 1130 and the cruisers Sheffield and Jamaica finally arrive surprising Hipper with their first salvos from 10,500 meters. Hipper is hit shortly thereafter and suffers a flooded boiler room. She takes the cruisers under fire at 1134, but is hit twice more a minute latter, with more flooding and a fire in her aircraft hanger resulting. Hipper turns away in consideration of her orders to avoid action with enemy forces nearly equal to her in strength and because of the damage sustained. The British destroyers chase the Germans and more shots are exchanged until 1400 when contact is definitively broken off. Achates and Bramble sink, but the British rightly claim victory in this action, saving their convoy from a vastly superior force and sinking a German destroyer in the bargain. Hipper is seriously damaged, suffering more flooding and a series of engine failures before she manages to limp back to Kaafjord at 0542 on 1 Jan 43. (...)
Dec 31, 1942 USS Essex (CV 9) commissioned. (...)
Jan 03, 1943 USS Humboldt (AVP 21) rescued 10 survivors from the Philippines motor-ship Dona Aurora, which was sunk by Italian submarine Enrico Tazzoli on 25 December 1942. (...)
Jan 04, 1943 USS Shad (SS 235) sank the German auxiliary minesweeper, M 4242, (ex-French trawler Odett II) in the Bay of Biscay, north-west of Biarritz, France. (...)
Jan 08, 1943 Soviet General Rokossovsky issued a surrender ultimatum to the German 6th Army in Stalingrad, guaranteeing their lives and safety until their return to Germany after the war. German commanding officer Paulus refused. (...)
Jan 09, 1943 Himmler visited Warsaw and ordered 8,000 Jewish inhabitants deported from the ghetto. (...)
Jan 10, 1943 Soviets begin offensive against Germans in Stalingrad. (...)
Jan 11, 1943 President Roosevelt submits his budget to the U.S. Congress. 100 billion of the 109-billion-dollar budget is identified with the war effort. (...)
Jan 12, 1943 Operation Spark: Soviets launched an offensive to restore communication and over-land supply route to Leningrad. (...)
Jan 12, 1943 US forces land on Amchitka, in the Aleutian Islands, and build an airfield to attack Kiska. (...)
Jan 13, 1943 Franklin Roosevelt wrote a letter to Mrs. Alleta Sullivan about her five sons who became missing aboard the sunken USS Juneau. (...)
Jan 13, 1943 PBY-5As (VP-83) sank German submarine U-507 by depth charges off Brazil. (...)
Jan 13, 1943 the British government lowered the call-up age of unmarried women to 19. (...)
Jan 13, 1943 Three Jewish transports arrived at Auschwitz. From 1,210 people from Berlin 127 men were registered. 1083 people were sent to gas chambers. From 750 Dutch Jews 88 men and 101 women were registered. 561 people were gassed. About 2,000 people were deported from ghetto in Zambr?w. After the selection 148 m...en and 50 women were registered and about 1802 people were killed in the gas chambers. Auschwitz Memorial (...)
Jan 13, 1943 US infantry captures Galloping Horse Ridge, Guadalcanal. (...)
Jan 14, 1943 Allied leaders met at Casablanca. (...)
Jan 14, 1943 USS Independence (CVL 22), lead ship of a class of light carriers in which two Presidents of the United States served, was commissioned. (...)
Jan 15, 1943 The British start an offensive aimed at taking far-off Tripoli. (...)
Jan 17, 1943 USS Cowpens (CV-25) was launched. Redesignated (CVL 25) that July, she served in the Pacific during WW II. Decommissioned in Jan 1947, she spent the rest of her Navy service in the Reserve Fleet. In May 1959, Cowpens was reclassified as an aircraft support (AVT-1) but was sold for scrapping a year later. (...)
Jan 18, 1943 Admiral Yamamoto came aboard battleship Musashi at Truk. (...)
Jan 18, 1943 Jews in Warsaw Ghetto begin uprising. (...)
Jan 18, 1943 U.S. commercial bakers stopped selling sliced bread. Only whole loaves were sold during the ban until the end of March when it was recinded. (...)
Jan 21, 1943 USS Gato (SS 212) encountered Section B of the Japanese Solomons reinforcement convoy east of Kieta, Bougainville. Gato torpedoed and damaged the army transport Kenkon Maru. Due to the damage, the transport was scuttled by her escort ships. (...)
Jan 21, 1943 USS Pollack (SS 180) sank the Japanese freighter Asama Maru off Kushiro, Japan. (...)
Jan 22, 1943 Forces representing Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the U.S. capture the southeastern tip of New Guinea from Japanese troops, in an attempt to protect Australia from a Japanese invasion. (...)
Jan 23, 1943 British forces capture Tripoli. (...)
Jan 23, 1943 USS Guardfish (SS 217) torpedoed and sank the Japanese destroyer Hakaze, south of Steffen Strait, between New Ireland and New Hanover, Bismarck Archipelago. (...)
Jan 27, 1943 The 8th Air Force bombers, dispatched from their bases in England, fly the first American bombing raid against the Germans, targeting the Wilhelmshaven port. Of 64 planes participating in the raid, 53 reached their target and managed to shoot down 22 German planes—and lost only three planes in return. (...)
Jan 28, 1943 Red Army units captured Kasternoe on the Kursk-Voronezh rail line. This is the beginning of a drive to take back Russian towns along the rail lines, which are held by German Army Group A. (...)
Jan 29, 1943 The Battle of Rennell Island began when Japanese shore-based aircraft attacked TF 18 covering transports heading towards Guadalcanal. USS Chicago was damaged and sank the next day. Aircraft from USS Enterprise turned away the attackers on the 30th. TF 18 bore the brunt of this attack, and the transports reached Guadalcanal without any damage. (...)
Feb 02, 1943 The Japanese destroyer Makigumo was damaged by one of the mines laid by light minelayers USS Tracy (DM 19), USS Montgomery (DM 17), and USS Preble (DM 20) off Cape Esperance the previous night. Makigumo was later scuttled by Japanese destroyer Yugumo. (...)
Feb 03, 1943 1943: The first production North American P-51A Mustang flew. (...)
Feb 06, 1943 USS S-28 departed Dutch Harbor, Alaska, United States for her fifth war patrol. (...)
Feb 07, 1943 In the U.S., shoe rationing begins, limiting civilians to three pairs of leather shoes per year. The ration in Britain is one pair per year. (...)
Feb 07, 1943 Take her down! CDR Howard Gilmore, desperately wounded & unable to climb back into his sub USS Growler SS-215 (...)
Feb 08, 1943 Allied forces capture Guadalcanal, in the Solomon Islands, in heavy fighting. (...)
Feb 09, 1943 Allied authorities declared Guadalcanal secure after Japan evacuated its remaining forces from the island. (...)
Feb 09, 1943 On Ambon Island in Eastern Indonesia, the Japanese behead 85 Australian and Dutch prisoners. On February 24, a further 132 are decapitatated. No reason is ever given for this atrocity. (...)
Feb 09, 1943 The first of seven Axis convoys leaves Italy with reinforcements bound for Tunisia but British aircraft (operating from Malta), submarines and minefields take a heavy toll. (...)
Feb 11, 1943 IJN Battleship Musashi officially becomes Admiral Yamamoto's flagship. (...)
Feb 15, 1943 USS Gato (SS 212) torpedoed and sank Japanese stores ship Suruga Maru in Bougainville Strait. (...)
Feb 15, 1943 USS Pickerel (SS 177) attacked a Japanese convoy and sank cargo vessel Tateyama Maru off the east coast of Honshu. (...)
Feb 16, 1943 Dr. Mildred Harnack-Fish, a German resistance fighter born in the U.S., and sentenced to death by the German government for her work in the Resistance, and is beheaded at Berlin's Plotzensee Prison. (...)
Feb 18, 1943 The Gestapo arrested Hans Scholl and his sister Sophie for opposing the Nazi regime. The two were the leaders of the German youth group Weisse Rose (White Rose). They were tried for treason by Judge Roland Freisler, found guilty and executed as "political traitors" in Munich's Stadelheim Prison on February 22, 1943. (...)
Feb 19, 1943 Allied defenses in Tunisia are restructured in the face of a deteriorating position. The Axis forces begin frontal assaults on American positions in the Kasserine Pass. (...)
Feb 19, 1943 German Army Group South opens a counteroffensive toward Kharkov and Belgorod. (...)
Feb 22, 1943 USS Iowa (BB-61), the lead ship of the last class of American fast battleships, was commissioned. After serving in WWII, she was decomissioned but reactivated in 1951 for the Korean War. Decommissioned in 1958, she was again recommissioned in 1984, serving until Oct 1990. Iowa is currently in the reserve fleet awaiting to become a museum ship. (...)
Feb 28, 1943 A group of wives of Jewish men gather in Berlin to stop the deportation of their husbands to concentrations camp. The group of women will grow to 1,000 by March 8 and will succeed in forcing Joseph Goebbels to order the release of 1,500 men. (...)
Mar 02, 1943 - Mar 04, 1943 Fifth Air Force Air Apaches and other aircraft smashed a 16-ship Japanese troop convoy in the Battle of the Bismarck Sea. This ended the enemy’s effort to reinforce Lae. The aircraft sank over 40,000 tons of Japanese shipping, including eight troop-laden transports and four of eight escorting warships, and between 50-60 planes. Modified B-25s used low-level skip bombing and .50 cal guns. (...)
Mar 04, 1943 The Bulgarian government, in an attempt to protect Bulgarian Jews, fulfilled German pressure by deporting about 4,000 Greek Jews from the occupied territory of Thrace. These Greek Jews were eventually sent to concentration camps in Poland. (...)
Mar 05, 1943 The first British Gloster Meteor (DG206) aircraft made its maiden flight. The Meteor would go on to become the only turbojet powered Allied aircraft operational during the war. (...)
Mar 05, 1943 USS Bogue (ACV 9) began the first anti-submarine carrier operations in the Atlantic. In July of that year, she was reclassified as an escort carrier, (CVE 9). While in the reserves in 1955, Bogue was reclassified as a Escort Helicopter Aircraft Carrier (CVHE 9) and was sold for scrapping in 1960. (...)
Mar 08, 1943 A PBY-5 aircraft piloted by Lieutenant J.E. Dryden from Patrol Squadron Fifty Three (VP 53) sank German submarine, U 156, east-northeast of Trinidad. Before being sunk, U 156 sank 24 allied and merchant vessels, including USS Blakeley (DD 150) on 25 May 1942. (...)
Mar 09, 1943 Operation Boarding Party: SOE deployed the Calcutta Light Horse regiment to attack the German ship Ehrenfels in the neutral Portuguese port of Goa. This convert operation was not revealed to the public until 1978. http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=209 (...)
Mar 09, 1943 Two Jewish prisoners escaped from the Sonderkommando which burnt corpses in the pits in Auschwitz II-Birkenau. They were captured in a wood near the Vistula. One was shot, the other, Bela Foeldisch (b. 10.05.1909 in Budapest, no. 106099) was captured and sent to the bunker of Block 11. He died on March 16 from the bullet wound and torture endured during the interrogation. (...)
Mar 10, 1943 - Mar 14, 1943 Air Force activated under command of Maj. Gen. Claire Chennault. (...)
Mar 10, 1943 General Claire Chennault formed the USAAF 14th Air Force in China. (...)
Mar 10, 1943 USS Savannah (CL 42) and USS Eberle (DD 430) intercepted German blockade runner Karin in the South Atlantic, 400 miles northwest of Ascension Island. While gathering intelligence documents on board, Eberle’s boarding party suffered seven killed and two wounded when the scuttling charges on board the vessel exploded. Savannah took on board the German survivors as POWs. (...)
Mar 15, 1943 Fort Robinson (Nebraska) German prisoner-of-war camp established. Closed in 1946. (...)
Mar 17, 1943 British forces capture Medenine in Tunisia, but US and British forces in other North African fronts begin falling back in the face of heavy German armor attacks. The Mark IV tanks prove effective for the Germans since their introduction. (...)
Mar 21, 1943 USS Herring (SS 233) sank the German submarine U 163 off the Bay of Biscay. (...)
Mar 23, 1943 British Gen. Montgomery breaks Rommel's Mareth Line in Tunisia. (...)
Mar 26, 1943 Battle of Komandorski Islands: American and Japanese naval units engaged in the last pure surface gunnery engagement in naval history. (...)
Mar 26, 1943 Battle of Komandorski Islands: The last pure surface gunnery engagement in naval history. (...)
Mar 28, 1943 Meat rationing begins in the U.S., but the ration is 28 ounces per week, and meat production rises by approximately 50 per cent. (...)
Mar 31, 1943 British troops occupied Cap Serrat on the Tunisian coast. (...)
Apr 01, 1943 In the U.S., meat, fats, canned goods, and cheese are now all rationed. Attempting to stem inflation, President Roosevelt freezes wages, salaries, and prices. (...)
Apr 03, 1943 3 Apr 1943: Admiral Yamamoto and his staff departed Truk for Rabaul on two Kawanishi H8K flying boats to supervise Operation I-GO from 7 to 14 Apr 1943. (...)
Apr 05, 1943 Allies launched Operation Flax, a concentrated effort to destroy Axis capability to supply Tunisia by air. (...)
Apr 05, 1943 USS O'Bannon (DD 450) sank the Japanese submarine RO 34 near Russell Island, Solomon Islands. (...)
Apr 07, 1943 British and American armies linked up between Wadi Akarit and El Guettar in North Africa to form a solid line against the German army. (...)
Apr 07, 1943 Marine 1st Lt. James Swett, on his 1st combat mission, shot down 7 Japanese VAL's over Guadalcanal-the 1st American to achieve this score in a single mission. (...)
Apr 18, 1943 Traveling in a bomber, Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, was shot down by American P-38 fighters. (...)
Apr 19, 1943 The Warsaw Ghetto uprising against Nazi rule began. (...)
Apr 20, 1943 7th Air Force B-24s made first attack on Tarawa. (...)
Apr 22, 1943 Allied forces in Tunisia began the final phase of the North African campaign. The main thrust was directed at the capture of Tunis and Bizerte. (...)
Apr 23, 1943 USS Seawolf (SS 197) sank Japanese Patrol Boat No.39 off east central coast of Formosa while the enemy warship was screening the towing of the wrecked No.2 Nisshin Maru. (...)
May 14, 1943 U.S. and Great Britain chiefs of staff, meeting in Washington, D.C., approve and plot out Operation Pointblank, a joint bombing offensive to be mounted from British airbases in support of the run up to Operation Overlord. (...)
May 16, 1943 USS MacKenzie (DD 614) sank the German submarine U 182 west of Madeira. Before being sunk, U 182 sank 5 Allied merchant vessels, including the American steam merchant Richard D. Spaight on 10 March 1943. (...)
May 19, 1943 German propaganda chief Joseph Goebbels declared Berlin Judenfrei ("Free of Jews"). In truth, about 2,000 to 3,000 Jews were in hiding in Berlin, while another 18,000 Germans of mixed Jewish heritage were living in Berlin legally. (...)
May 20, 1943 The Tenth Fleet was established in Washington D.C., under the command of Admiral Ernest J. King, USN, to coordinate U.S. anti-submarine operations in the Atlantic. Disbanded after WWII, the Tenth Fleet was reactivated in January 2010 as U.S. Fleet Cyber Command. (...)
May 22, 1943 During the battle to protect ON 184 in the North Atlantic, TBFs from (VC 9) based on board USS Bogue (ACV 9) sank German submarine U 569 and damaged U 305. Before being sunk, U 569 sank two British merchant vessels. (...)
May 23, 1943 USS New Jersey (BB 62) was commissioned. During WWII, she participated in the Battle of the Philippine Sea, Battle of the Leyte Gulf and supported the Iwo Jima and the Okinawa Campaigns in the Pacific theatre. Decommissioned in 1948, she was recommissioned for the Korean War and served until 1957. Recommissioned for the Vietnam War in April 1968, she provided gunfire support until decommissioned the following year. New Jersey was then recommissioned in 1982 and served until Sep 1991. New Jersey currently serves as a museum ship at Camden, New Jersey. (...)
May 24, 1943 After suffering many submarine sinkings during May 1943, German Admiral Karl Dönitz ordered a temporary halt to submarine operations in the North Atlantic to regroup and re-evaluate tactics. (...)
May 25, 1943 PBY (VP 84) sank German submarine U 467 south-southeast of Iceland. Before being sunk, U 467 departed on two war patrols. No Allied vessels were sunk by the u-boat. (...)
May 27, 1943 In the U.S., President Roosevelt issues an executive order forbidding racial discrimination by government contractors. (...)
May 28, 1943 USS Peto (SS 265) sank Japanese hydrographic-meterological research ship Tenkai No.2 northeast of Mussau Island. (...)
May 28, 1943 USS Tunny (SS 282) sank Japanese gunboat Shotoku Maru off the west coast of Rota, Mariana Islands. (...)
May 29, 1943 In the U.S., an issue of The Saturday Evening Post is published with a cover illustration by Norman Rockwell that introduces an American icon known as "Rosie the Riveter." (...)
Jun 08, 1943 USS Finback (SS 230) attacked a Japanese convoy and sank auxiliary minelayer Kahoku Maru about 100 miles north of Palau, 08º 14’N, 134º, 18’E. (...)
Jun 10, 1943 The Allies began bombing Germany around the clock. (...)
Jun 11, 1943 The Italian island of Pantelleria surrenders after a heavy air bombardment. (...)
Jun 13, 1943 USS Frazier (DD 607) sank Japanese submarine I 9, east of Sirius Point, Kiska, Aleutian Islands, 52º 08’N, 177º, 38’E. (...)
Jun 14, 1943 The U.S. Supreme Court rules, in West Virginia Board of Education v. Bernette, that a West Virginia state law that requires school children to salute the flag, on penalty of expulsion, is unconstitutional. (...)
Jun 22, 1943 Anti-black race riots in Detroit, involving thousands, leave thirty-four people dead. A race riot in Harlem, New York City, will erupt on August 1. (...)
Jun 28, 1943 USS Peto (SS 265) sank Japanese hydrographic-meterological research ship Tenkai No.2 northeast of Mussau Island. (...)
Jun 28, 1943 USS Tunny (SS 282) sank Japanese gunboat Shotoku Maru off the west coast of Rota, Mariana Islands. (...)
Jun 30, 1943 General Douglas MacArthur launches Operation Cartwheel, an island hopping assault on Rabaul and several other islands in the Solomon Sea in the South Pacific. (...)
Jul 01, 1943 USS Thresher (SS 200) attacked a Japanese convoy off the northwest coast of Celebes, in Makassar Strait, damaging destroyer Hokaze, 00 º 43’N, 119º 34’E, and sank army cargo ship Yoneyama Maru, 00º 20’N, 119 º 32’E, 38 miles from Balikapan. Hokaze was grounded in Sibaya Harbor, Celebes, to facilitate salvage. (...)
Jul 04, 1943 Polish General Wladyslaw Sikorski died when his plane crashed less than a mile from where it took off. Controversy arose over whether it was an accident or an assination. (...)
Jul 05, 1943 The Battle of Kursk begins. Soviet troops will eventually defeat the Germans, after a week of heavy fighting and tens of thousands of casualties on both sides. (...)
Jul 06, 1943 Following the Allied landing on New Georgia, the Japanese made an attempt to land reinforcements, which resulted in the Battle of Kula Gulf. In the battle, USS Helena (CL-50) was hit by three torpedoes. Broken into three parts, she sank, resulting in the loss of nearly 170 of her crewmen. During the battle, Japanese destroyer Niizuki was sunk and the Japanese destroyer Nagatsuki was run aground. USS Radford (DD-446) and USS Nicholas (DD-449) helped to rescue Helena's survivors. (...)
Jul 06, 1943 US forces bomb Bougainville in the Solomon Islands. (...)
Jul 09, 1943 An invasion of Sicily begins by British paratroopers and American airborne troops. (...)
Jul 09, 1943 The 82nd Airborne Div assaults Sicily in parachute and glider attacks. (...)
Jul 13, 1943 Allied fighter aircraft began operating out of Pachino airfield on Sicily, further establishing Allied control of the air. (...)
Jul 13, 1943 British Commandos and paratroopers landed on the Sicilian east coast to capture key bridges on the highway between Syracuse and Catania. (...)
Jul 13, 1943 Hitler ordered a halt to German offensive operations around Kursk and began pulling troops out for redeployment to Italy because of the invasion of Sicily. (...)
Jul 13, 1943 TBF (VC 13) based on board USS Core (ACV 13) sank German submarine U 487, 720 miles south-southwest of Fayal, Azores, 27º 15’N, 34º 18’W. During her service U 487 served on two war patrols but did not sink any Allied vessels. (...)
Jul 18, 1943 The airship K-74, while on a night patrol off the Florida coast, attacked a surfaced U-boat. In the gun duel that followed, she was hit and brought down -- the only airship lost to enemy action in World War II. The German submarine, U 134, was damaged enough to force her return to base, and after surviving two other attacks on the way, was finally sunk by British Wellington aircraft on 24 August, near Vigo, Spain. (...)
Jul 21, 1943 PBY (VP 94) sank German submarine U 662 off the mouth of Amazon River, Brazil, 03º 36’N, 48º 46’W. During her service, U 662 sank 3 and damaged 1 British vessels. (...)
Jul 22, 1943 The US 7th Army forces led by Gen. Patton captured Palermo, Sicily. Gen Patton moved his troops across Sicily through August. (...)
Jul 22, 1943 US naval forces (2 battleships and 4 cruisers as well as lighter units) bombard Japanese held Kiska Island. (...)
Jul 24, 1943 Britain launched Operation Gomorrah. The operation was consisted of repeated bombing raids against Hamburg's industrial and munition plants. (...)
Jul 25, 1943 The Italian dictator, Benito Mussolini, steps down as head of the armed forces and the government following a coup. (...)
Jul 25, 1943 USS Harmon (DE-678) was launched at Bethlehem Steel's Fore River shipyard, Quincy, MA. She was the first U.S. Navy ship to be named for an African-American. The ship's namesake, Mess Attendant First Class Leonard Roy Harmon, also posthumously received the Navy Cross for heroism during the Battle of Guadalcanal. (...)
Jul 28, 1943 How we doin'? FDR's Fireside Chat on War's progress. (...)
Aug 17, 1943 8th AF bombers attack German Messerschmitt works, Regensburg & ball-bearing plants, Schweinfurt, at loss of 60 planes (...)
Aug 17, 1943 British bombers took off to bomb German rocket research site at Peenemünde at 2100 hours London time. At 2230 hours London time, air raid sirens went off at Peenemünde, but many ignored it, thinking it was yet another false warning. At 2317 hours London time, the first of the British bombers struck Peenemünde. (...)
Aug 17, 1943 General Patton Enters Messina, Allies complete conquering of Sicily. (...)
Aug 21, 1943 Japan evacuated the Aleutian island of Kiaska. Kiaska had been the last North American foothold held by the Japanese. (...)
Aug 25, 1943 U.S. forces overran New Georgia in the Solomon Islands during World War II. (...)
Aug 26, 1943 A campaign to drive the Germans out of eastern Ukraine was launched by the Russians. (...)
Aug 26, 1943 Allied nations recognized the French Committee of National Liberation. (...)
Aug 27, 1943 Japanese evacuate New Georgia Island in the Pacific. (...)
Aug 28, 1943 Simmering all month, Danish resistance grows against German occupiers. (...)
Aug 29, 1943 Nazis crack down in Denmark intensifies. Danish navy scuttled. (...)
Aug 31, 1943 The USS Harmon, first U.S. Navy ship to be named for an African American, commissioned. (...)
Sep 03, 1943 Allied forces invade Italy. (...)
Sep 03, 1943 Italy was invaded by the Allied forces during World War II. (...)
Sep 09, 1943 Although the Allies have announced the unconditional surrender of Italy, German forces in Italy continue to oppose Allied troops. When the U.S. Fifth Army lands at Salerno, they sustain heavy losses. (...)
Sep 09, 1943 During World War II Allied forces landed at Taranto and Salerno. (...)
Sep 10, 1943 German forces began their occupation of Rome during World War II. (...)
Sep 13, 1943 The 82nd Airborne Div assaults Salerno, Italy (Parachutes & Gliders). (...)
Sep 20, 1943 Operation Source began when British submarines attempted to sink the German battleship Tirpitz as it sat in Norwegian waters. The six submarines involved did enough damage to cripple the battleship for 6 months. (...)
Sep 21, 1943 House of Representatives adopts Fulbright Resolution calling for U.S. participation in international organization after war. (...)
Sep 22, 1943 Australian forces made an amphibious landing six miles north of Finschhafen in New Guinea. (...)
Sep 22, 1943 Poltava fell to the Russians. Red Army forces established bridgeheads on the west bank of the Dnieper River. (...)
Sep 22, 1943 Two British X-craft midget submarines (out of the six which started the mission) penetrated Altenfjord in Norway and attached eight tons of explosives under the German battleship Tirpitz, causing crippling damage. Structural repairs would have to be completed in Germany if Tirpitz could ever operate in open sea again, and Hitler and Donitz decided to keep it in Norway as a floating battery. (...)
Sep 22, 1943 Vichy announced the execution of 70 hostages in Bordeaux in reprisal for acts of sabotage, bringing the number to 186 for the week. (...)
Sep 23, 1943 In northern Italy, Benito Mussolini re-established a new fascist republic. (...)
Sep 28, 1943 The evacuation of Kolombangara in the Solomons was begun by the Japanese. (It continued through Oct 3 with Allied forces attempting to block their removal. In the end 9,400 Japanese were removed.) (...)
Oct 04, 1943 Operation Leader - aircraft from USS Ranger (CV-4) attacked two German convoys in the harbor of Bodø, Norway and caused "appreciable losses" to the vessels. This mission was the only Navy carrier operation in northern European waters during World War II. USS Corry (DD-463) provided escort support. (...)
Oct 05, 1943 - Oct 06, 1943 Task Force 14 (TF-14) began a two-day raid on Wake Island. Rear Admiral Sakaibara Shigematsu, the Japanese island commander, then ordered the execution of the 98 remaining civilian prisoners captured on 23 December 1941, due to his fear they would escape and communicate about the weak garrison. (...)
Oct 06, 1943 In the night Battle of Vella Lavella, USS O’Bannon (DD 450), USS Chevalier (DD 451), and USS Selfridge (DD 357) intercepted 9 Japanese destroyers en route to Rabaul after evacuating the garrison on Vella Lavella Island. During the battle, the Japanese destroyer Yugumo was sunk. All the U.S. destroyers were damaged, with Chevalier being scuttled by USS LaVallette (DD-488) due to damage. (...)
Oct 07, 1943 Japanese Rear Adm. Shigematsu Sakaibara ordered the execution of 96 American POWs on Wake Island. The claim was the that POWs were trying to make radio contact with U.S. forces. (...)
Oct 08, 1943 USS Guardfish (SS 217) sank the Japanese army cargo ship Kashu Maru north-northwest of the Admiralties while USS Gurnard (SS 254) sank the Japanese army cargo ship Taian Maru and transport Dainichi Maru off the northern tip of Luzon. (...)
Oct 18, 1943 Bougainville in the Solomons came under heavy air attack as a prelude to an Allied landing. (...)
Oct 18, 1943 Montgomery's Eighth Army launched a fresh offensive and pushed toward the Trigno River. (...)
Oct 18, 1943 The first trainloads of Jews left Rome for Auschwitz concentration camp. (...)
Oct 19, 1943 Allied aircraft began a 5 day series of attacks on transportation targets in Italy to impede German logistics. (...)
Oct 19, 1943 The Moscow Conference of Foreign Ministers began in Russia during World War II. Delegates from the U.S.S.R., Great Britain, the U.S., and China met to discuss war aims and cooperation between the nations. 3rd London protocol signed pledging 5.1M tons of supplies to USSR through June 1944. (...)
Oct 22, 1943 The British 78th Division began crossing the Trigno River as part of the planned assault on Rome. (...)
Oct 28, 1943 Lieutenant Franklin M. Murray, in a TBF "Avenger," and Ensign Gerald L. Handshuh, in an FM "Wildcat," from Composite Squadron One (VC-1), then based on USS Block Island (CVE 21), sank German submarine U-220, east of Newfoundland. (...)
Nov 01, 1943 Operation Goodtime launched when the U.S. Marines invaded Bougainville, the largest of the Solomon Islands. (...)
Nov 01, 1943 USS Borie (DD-215) rammed and sank the German submarine U-405 in the Atlantic. Borie lost 27 men in the battle and was so badly damaged that she had to be scuttled the following day by aircraft from USS Card (CVE-11). (...)
Nov 02, 1943 USS Halibut (SS 232), USS Seahorse (SS 304), and USS Trigger (SS 237), all operating independently of each other, attacked a Japanese convoy south of Honshu. Halibut sank army cargo ship Ehime Maru, Seahorse sank transport Chihaya Maru, and Trigger sank transport Delagoa Maru. (...)
Nov 03, 1943 USS Oklahoma (BB-37), which was sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, was refloated after months of laborious effort. Too old and badly damaged, she was formally decommissioned in Sept. 1944. Sold for scrapping in Dec. 1946, Oklahoma sank while under tow from Hawaii to California in May 1947. (...)
Nov 06, 1943 Soviet troops retake Kiev. (...)
Nov 08, 1943 USS Bluefish (SS 222) sank the Japanese army tanker Kyokeui Maru off the northwest coast of Luzon, escort vessel Tsushima unsuccessfully counterattacked. (...)
Nov 08, 1943 USS Rasher (SS 269) sank the Japanese merchant tanker Tango Maru in Makassar Strait and survived counterattacks by auxiliary submarine chaser Cha 41. (...)
Nov 15, 1943 The AAF Pilot School (Basic-Advanced) at Tuskegee Army Air Field was assigned to the 28th Flying Training Wing, headquartered in Selma, Alabama. (...)
Nov 15, 1943 USS Crevalle (SS 291) sank Japanese army cargo and passenger ship Kyokko Maru off San Antonio, Zambales province in the Philippines. (...)
Nov 16, 1943 American bombers attacked a hydro-electric power station and heavy-water factory in Vermork, Norway, that were controlled by the German government. 160 bombers were used in the attack. (...)
Nov 16, 1943 The USS Corvina (SS-226) was sunk by the Japanese submarine I-176 near Truk atoll. Corvina is the only American submarine known to be sunk by a Japanese submarine in WWII. She and her brave crew of eighty-two were reported as "overdo, presumed lost" on 23 December 1943. (...)
Nov 17, 1943 Australia's 9th Division launched a powerful offensive to take Sattelberg on New Guinea. (...)
Nov 20, 1943 Balao class Submarine USS Parche (SS-384) commissioned November 20, 1943. Originally launched July 24, 1943 from Portsmouth Naval Shipyard. (...)
Nov 20, 1943 Operation Galvanic, under command of Vice Admiral Raymond Spruance, lands Navy, Marine, and Army forces on Tarawa and Makin. (...)
Nov 21, 1943 "Casualties many; Percentage of dead not known; Combat efficiency; we are winning." -Colonel David M. Shoup, USMC, Tarawa (...)
Nov 22, 1943 U.S. President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek met in Cairo to discuss the measures for defeating Japan. (...)
Nov 23, 1943 USAAF fighter pilot Chuck Yeager departed for Britain. (...)
Nov 26, 1943 The day after Thanksgiving, German bombers attacked a convoy of Allied ships traveling through the Mediterranean Sea on its way to the Far Eastern theater of World War II. At first, the assault appeared to be failing. But as the sun set, a remote-controlled glider bomb slammed into the HMT Rohna, a British transport with mostly Americans onboard, and blew gaping holes in both the port and starboard sides. Despite the presence of nearby rescue boats, 1,149 men went down with the Rohna, an incident the U.S. government largely kept secret for decades. (...)
Nov 30, 1943 Teheran Conference - an agreement was reached on Operation Overlord by Roosevelt, Churchill & Stalin. (...)
Dec 13, 1943 USS Osmond Ingram (DD 255) was damaged by gunfire of German submarine U-172, 660 miles west-southwest of the Canary Islands but still took part in the sinking of the submarine with USS George E. Badger (DD 196), USS Clemson (DD 186) and FMs (VC-19) from USS Bogue (CVE 9). (...)
Dec 17, 1943 President Roosevelt repeals the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Acts of 1882 and 1902, thus allowing Chinese residents of the United States to be eligible for citizenship. The new Chinese Act also allows for the immigration of up to 105 Chinese annually. (...)
Dec 20, 1943 RAF made the heaviest raid of the war on Frankfurt, dropping over 2,000 tons of explosive. Less than an hour later, RAF Mosquitoes followed up in order to hamper firefighting efforts. (...)
Dec 21, 1943 Rommel visits Raversijde, Belgium. (...)
Dec 21, 1943 The Canadian 1st Division launched an attack on Ortona, Italy. (...)
Dec 24, 1943 Eisenhower was named the Supreme Allied Commander in Europe. (...)
Jan 03, 1944 Marine Aviator Major Gregory Boyington was shot down by the Japanese near Rabaul and taken as Prisoner of War. Upon his release after the war, he was awarded the Medal of Honor for his prior downing of 26 enemy aircraft and was promoted to Colonel in 1947. Boyington died on 15 Jan 1988 and is buried at Arlington National Cemetery. (...)
Jan 04, 1944 German school children were mobilized for war-related duty. (...)
Jan 04, 1944 In a conference attended by German leaders Heinrich Himmler, Wilhelm Keitel, Albert Speer, and Fritz Sauckel, it was decided that four million people were to be conscripted from occupied territories as forced laborers for war production. One million were to be drafted from France between 1... 02.and 31 Dec 1944. (...)
Jan 04, 1944 SS Garrison Doctor Eduard Wirths notified SS Medical Officers in the sub camps belonging to Auschwitz III-Monowitz camp that as of January 4, following identification and a number check, the corpses of prisoners should be sent every day before noon directly to crematorium, bypassing the morgues in Auschwitz I and Auschwitz II-Birkenau. The death reports of the prisoners and the protocols of the corpse examination were to be sent, as before, to the orderly room of prisoners' hospital in Auschwitz I camp by noon on the day the corpses were delivered to the crematorium. (...)
Jan 04, 1944 The 1st Ukrainian Front of the Red Army enters Poland. (...)
Jan 04, 1944 The Battle of Monte Cassino begins. (...)
Jan 04, 1944 US Aircraft began transporting supplies to partisan units in western Europe in preparation for eventual disruptive action behind enemy lines. (...)
Jan 04, 1944 USS Omaha and USS Jouett intercepted and sank German blockade runner Rio Grande. (...)
Jan 05, 1944 Patrol planes reported a ship identified as Floridian, though intellligence identified her as German blockade runner Burgenlund. USS Omaha and USS Jouett picked her up on radar and closed in. Scuttling charges and the cruiser's gunfire sank her. (...)
Jan 08, 1944 in Castel Vecchio, the trial began for Count Ciano and 18 other Fascists whom Mussolini held responsible for his downfall. (...)
Jan 09, 1944 British forces take Maungdaw, Burma, a critical port for Allied supplies. (...)
Jan 10, 1944 USS Seawolf (SS 197) attacked a Japanese convoy about 70 miles north of Naha, Okinawa and sank the army cargo ship Asuka Maru and the freighter Getsuyo Maru. (...)
Jan 10, 1944 USS Steelhead (SS 280), in the middle of a typhoon, attacked a Japanese convoy and sank the repair ship Yamabiko Maru south of Honshu. (...)
Jan 11, 1944 Galeazzo Ciano was executed on Benito Mussolini's orders. Ciano was the son-in-law of Mussolini. (...)
Jan 11, 1944 TBF-1C Avengers off the escort carrier Block Island (CVE 21) executed the first U.S. Navy attack against a German U-boat using forward-firing rockets. (...)
Jan 11, 1944 US Naval aircraft based in Gilbert & Ellice Islands attack Japanese installations on Kwajalein Atoll prior to invasion. (...)
Jan 12, 1944 PB4Ys bombed Japanese shipping in Kwajalein lagoon and sank the gunboat Ikuta Maru. (...)
Jan 12, 1944 PBY-5s, flying from Tarawa, mined Tokowa and Torappu Channels and the south entrance to Maleolap. (...)
Jan 18, 1944 Soviet forces began to arrive at Leningrad, starting to relieve the siege. (...)
Jan 19, 1944 The three-day ANZAC Conference began. The resulting agreement attempted to limit US influence in the Pacific after the war, but it ultimately failed to do so due to opposition by US, UK, and other world powers. (...)
Jan 20, 1944 - Jan 21, 1944 During the night of 20 Jan 1944 (and into the early hours of 21 Jan), the heaviest RAF raid on Berlin to date was launched. 700 aircraft dropped over 2,300 tons of explosives on the German capital. Damage was assumed to be extensive, but could not be confirmed due to bad weather on the next day. (...)
Jan 20, 1944 Russian troops recapture Novgorod, and will retake Leningrad a week later. By early May, they will have recaptured Odessa and Sevastopol as well. Meanwhile the British Royal Air Force bombs Berlin with more than 2,300 tons of bombs. (...)
Jan 21, 1944 648 RAF aircraft attacked Magdeburg, Germany; 55 British aircraft and 4 German fighters were destroyed during the engagement. It was the first time Magdeburg was raided by the Allies. (...)
Jan 22, 1944 The Allied landing at Anzio and Nettuno, Italy began. Task Force 81 landed Allied troops behind German lines in an attempt to weaken the enemy’s defense and communication for a southern invasion. Met with little opposition, the Germans counter-attacked and the beachhead was pinned down by the enemy for next four months. (...)
Jan 25, 1944 Japanese Navy Captain Nobuei Morishita (former commanding officer of battleship Haruna) relieved Rear Admiral Takeji Ono as the commanding officer of battleship Yamato. (...)
Jan 27, 1944 515 Lancaster and 15 Mosquito aircraft of the RAF attacked Berlin; 33 Lancaster bombers were lost. (...)
Jan 29, 1944 USS Tambor (SS 198) attacked Japanese convoy in the Nansei Shoto, then torpedoed and sank the Japanese freighter Shuntai Maru, north of Okinawa. (...)
Jan 30, 1944 PB2Ys (VP 13 and VP 102) from Midway Island carryout nocturnal bombing raid on Wake Island to neutralize Japanese airfield installations. Motor torpedo boats Gyoraitei No.5 and Gyoraitei No.6 are sunk during the raid. The strike marked the first time Coronados are used a bombers. (...)
Jan 31, 1944 31 January 1944, the Marshall Island Invasion began with US Marine and Army troops landing at Kwajalein and Majuro atolls and then on Roi and Namur the following day. Within two weeks, the island chain would be under Allied control and “mopping-up” operations soon began. The landing force was commanded by Major General Holland M. Smith, USMC. Vice Admiral Raymond A. Spruance, Task Force 50, commanded the overall operation. (...)
Feb 02, 1944 Germans defeated American troops in the Battle of Cisterna in Italy. (...)
Feb 02, 1944 USS Walker (DD 517) sank Japanese submarine RO 39, 10 miles east of Wotje, Marshall Islands. (...)
Feb 03, 1944 USS Indiana under repair at Majuro. (...)
Feb 04, 1944 PV-1 "Ventura" aircraft sank Japanese water tanker Goryu Maru off Emidj Island, Jaluit. (...)
Feb 06, 1944 A transport from Drancy Concentration Camp in Paris, France arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp; most of the more than 1,000 Jews were sent to the gas chambers upon arrival. (...)
Feb 08, 1944 USS TROUT (SS-202) left Pearl Harbor on her 11th war patrol to the East China Sea and was never heard from again. An examination of Japanese records undertaken after the war's end indicates that she was probably lost at the end of February after being depthcharged 19 times by an enemy destroyer. (...)
Feb 10, 1944 USS Pogy (SS 266) attacked a Japanese convoy and sank Japanese destroyer Minekaze and Japanese freighter Malta Maru 85 miles north-northeast of Formosa. (...)
Feb 11, 1944 USS Gudgeon (SS 211) sank Japanese freighter Satsuma Maru, which was previously damaged by Chinese B-25s, off Wenchow, China. (...)
Feb 13, 1944 Americans stopped the German counterattack at Anzio. (...)
Feb 15, 1944 891 RAF aircraft (561 Lancaster, 314 Halifax, and 16 Mosquito) attacked Berlin, dropping over 2,500 tons of bombs in what was the heaviest raid to date. The industrial Siemensstadt area was damaged. 26 Lancaster and 17 Halifax bombers were lost. (...)
Feb 17, 1944 American carrier aircraft conducted a two-day major strike on Truk in the Caroline Islands. (...)
Feb 19, 1944 US forces land on Engebi Island, Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands. (...)
Feb 21, 1944 Hideki Tojo, prime minister of Japan, took over as army chief of staff giving himself direct control of the Japanese military. His government collapsed when Saipan fell to the U.S. Marines and Army on June 22, 1944. (...)
Feb 22, 1944 Japanese aircraft attacked US Naval Task Force 58 approaching the Marianas but suffered heavy losses. Allied ships operating around Rabaul and Kavieng encountered no Japanese aircraft, showing how thin the Japanese resources really were. (...)
Feb 22, 1944 TG 39.4 (commanded by Captain Arleigh Burke) bombarded Japanese airstrips, pier area, and anchorages at Kavieng. USS Charles Ausburne (DD 570), USS Dyson (DD 572), USS Stanly (DD 478) sank Japanese minelayer Natsushima off New Ireland. Joined by USS Converse (DD 509) and USS Spence (DD 512), the destroyers sank Japanese tug Nagaura about 160 miles northwest of Kavieng. (...)
Feb 22, 1944 the total number of prisoners in Auschwitz camps was 73,669. Auschwitz I - 17,177 male prisoners; Auschwitz II - 18,387 male and 24,637 female prisoners; Auschwitz III and subcamps - 13,477 male prisoners. (...)
Feb 23, 1944 USS PLUNGER (SS-179) was underway during her tenth war patrol. Having sighted a puff of smoke on the horizon, PLUNGER gave chase. She tracked the smoke for two hours before her diligence paid off. PLUNGER sighted a convoy consisting of three large merchant ships and two escorts. PLUNGER selected the two largest ships as her intended victims. The first ship, dubbed "PAPA," was engaged using PLUNGER’s final forward torpedo. This shot struck PAPA amidships, setting her aflame. Before PLUNGER could engage her next target, named "MAMA," she was subjected to a vigorous depth charging. (...)
Feb 24, 1944 The US submarine, Rasher, sinks the Japanese troopship Tango Jaru in the Java sea. The vessel is carrying Allied prisiners of war and 3,500 Javanese slave labourers, more than 3,000 of whom perish. The Rasher then sinks the Ryusei Maru which is packed with 6,600 Japanese troops. Nearly 5,000 of them are killed. (...)
Feb 24, 1944 24 Feb 1944, PBY-5As (VP 63) employing Magnetic Anomaly Detection (MAD) gear, and a PV-1 (VB 127), together with an RAF Catalina (No. 202 Squadron) and British destroyers HMS Anthony and Wishart, bombed German submarine U 761 as she attempted to transit the Straits of Gibraltar. U 761 was the first U-boat destroyed through the use of MAD equipment. The destroyers rescued the U-boat survivors. (...)
Feb 24, 1944 USAAF (day) and RAF (night) bombings were conducted on the ball bearing plant at Schweinfurt, Germany. (...)
Feb 27, 1944 USS Cod (SS 244) sank Japanese army cargo ship Taisoku Maru west of Halmahera while USS Trout (SS 202) sank Japanese cargo ship Aki Maru. (...)
Feb 27, 1944 USS Grayback (SS 208) sank Japanese cargo ship Ceylon Maru in the East China Sea. (...)
Mar 01, 1944 USS Bronstein (DE 189) sank German submarine, U 603, by depth charges in the North Atlantic. The destroyer escort then teamed with USS Thomas (DE 102) and USS Bostwick (DE 103) to sink German submarine, U 709 by depth charges. Before being sunk by Bronstein, U 603 sank four Norwegian merchant ships. (...)
Mar 03, 1944 Under heavy Allied pressure, Spain ordered all Spanish volunteers in German service to return, though not all would obey. (...)
Mar 07, 1944 Commission of Japanese carrier Taiho. (...)
Mar 08, 1944 3,791 Czech Jews of the Theresienstadt camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau were gassed. The men were killed in Crematorium III and the women and children in Crematorium II. (...)
Mar 09, 1944 USS Lapon (SS 260), while pursuing a Japanese convoy in the South China Sea, torpedoed and sank the freighters Hokoku Maru and Nicherei Maru, then survived a counterattack by the Japanese gunboat Peking Maru. (...)
Mar 12, 1944 1st B-29 Superfortresses land on Iwo Jima following the island's capture from the Japanese. (...)
Mar 12, 1944 USS Sand Lance sank Japanese cruiser Tatsuta. (...)
Mar 17, 1944 During World War II, the U.S. bombed Vienna. (...)
Mar 17, 1944 TBF aircraft from Composite Squadron (VC 6) based on board USS Block Island (CVE 21), along with USS Corry (DD 363) and USS Bronstein (DE 189), sank German submarine U 801 west of Cape Verdes. (...)
Mar 21, 1944 More than 140 B-24s, B-25s, A-20s, P-38s and P-40s attack Japanese targets in the Wewak-Tadji-Hansa Bay, Schouten Island areas, New Guinea. Allied air power continues to tighten the noose on the Japanese outpost islands. (...)
Mar 23, 1944 USS Tunny (SS-282) sank the Japanese submarine I-42 off the Palau Islands. (...)
Mar 24, 1944 335 Italians, at least 255 of whom are civilians, are shot by German troops in the Fosse Ardeantine caves outside of Rome. The massacre is ordered by S.S. Colonel Herbert Kappler, in response to the killing of 35 German soldiers. (...)
Mar 27, 1944 1,000 Jews left Drancy, France, for Auschwitz concentration camp. (...)
Mar 27, 1944 Thousands of Jews were murdered in Kaunas, Lithuania. (...)
Mar 29, 1944 USS Haddo (SS 255) torpedoed and sank Japanese army cargo ship Nichian Maru in South China Sea. (...)
Mar 29, 1944 USS Tunny (SS 282) torpedoed the Japanese battleship Musashi off Palau, which necessitated repairs in Japan, during which her anti-aircraft firepower was enhanced. Note, Musashi would be later sunk by U.S. Navy carrier aircraft during the Battle of the Sibuyan Sea on 24 October 1944. (...)
Mar 30, 1944 TF 58 began bombing of Japanese airfields, shipping, fleet servicing facilities, and other installations at Palau, Yap, Ulithi, and Woleai in the Caroline Islands. TBFs and TBMs from USS Lexington (CV 16), USS Bunker Hill (CV 19), and USS Hornet (CV 12) extensively bombed the minefields in and around the channels and approaches to the Palaus in the first tactical use of mines laid by carrier aircraft. (...)
Mar 30, 1944 The U.S. fleet attacked Palau, near the Philippines. (...)
Mar 31, 1944 US F6F Hellcat fighters finish sweeping Japanese out of the sky over Palau Islands. (...)
Apr 02, 1944 The Soviet Union announced that its troops had crossed the Prut River and entered Romania. (...)
Apr 03, 1944 In the case of Smith v. Allwright, the U.S. Supreme Court rules that an American cannot be denied the right to vote because of color. (...)
Apr 07, 1944 Counterattacking German forces make some advances in the Crimea but suffer heavy casualties. (...)
Apr 07, 1944 Kohima's water supply is cut off by the Japanese. (...)
Apr 07, 1944 Two Jewish inmates escaped from Auschwitz-Birkenau Concentration Camp and made it safely to Slovakia. One of them, Rudolf Vrba, submitted a report to the Papal Nuncio in Slovakia, which was forwarded to the Vatican. (...)
Apr 07, 1944 USS Champlin (DD 601) was damaged when she intentionally rammed the German submarine U-856, 380 miles SE of Cape Sable, Nova Scotia, Canada. Champlin and destroyer escort USS Huse (DE 145) then teamed to sink U-856. (...)
Apr 07, 1944 USS Saufley (DD 465) sank the Japanese submarine I 2, west-northwest of New Hanover. (...)
Apr 10, 1944 TBMs and FM-2s from Composite Squadron Fifty Eight (VC 58) based on board USS Guadalcanal (CVE 60) sank German submarine U 68 off Madeira Island. Before being sunk by the US Navy, U 68 sank 33 Allied vessels including four U.S. merchant ships. (...)
Apr 16, 1944 The 71st transport of 1,500 Jews - men, women and children - from Drancy camp in France arrived at Auschwitz. After the selection 165 men and 223 women were registered in the camp. Remaining 1,112 people were killed in the gas chambers. (...)
Apr 20, 1944 Turkey stopped exporting chrome to Germany. On August 2, Turkey ended all relations with the Nazis. (...)
Apr 20, 1944 USS Seahorse (SS 304) torpedoed and sank the Japanese submarine RO 45 off the Mariana Islands. (...)
Apr 22, 1944 Fighting ended on New Britain. (...)
Apr 22, 1944 Russia concluded peace talks with Finland. (...)
Apr 22, 1944 US Army amphibious forces landed near Hollandia, New Guinea. (...)
Apr 22, 1944 Yugoslav Partisans occupied the German-held island of Korcula in the Adriatic. (...)
Apr 23, 1944 U.S. forces take Hollandia without a fight. (...)
Apr 25, 1944 Stockpiles in England continued to grow as the Allies prepared for the cross-Channel invasion. (...)
Apr 25, 1944 USS Crevalle (SS 291) sank the Japanese army cargo ship Kashiwa Maru north of Borneo. (...)
Apr 25, 1944 USS Guvania (SS 362) sank the Japanese army cargo ship Tetsuyo Maru northwest of Chichi Jima. (...)
Apr 26, 1944 Destroyer escorts USS Frost (DE 144), USS Huse (DE 145), USS Barber (DE 161) and USS Snowden (DE 246) sank the German submarine U 488 west of by north of the Canary Islands. (...)
Apr 27, 1944 - Apr 28, 1944 In a practice landing in Southern England, Exercise Tiger, disaster struck as German E-Boats attacked the practice invasion fleet. Nearly 1000 soldiers and sailers died when 2 LSTs were sunk and 2 heavily damaged. This disaster was mostly hushed up and kept secret as part of the D-Day security. (...)
Apr 27, 1944 USS Bluegill (SS-242) torpedoed the Japanese light cruiser Yubari west of Sonsorol Island. Japanese destroyer attempted to tow her, but the following day, the crew was taken on board the destroyer Yuzuki. Yubari later sank off Sonsorol Island (...)
Apr 27, 1944 USS Halibut (SS 232) sank the Japanese minelayer Kamome off Okinawa. (...)
Apr 29, 1944 Taking advantage of their range, US bombers began hitting Marienburg and Posen, in eastern Germany. (...)
Apr 29, 1944 Task Force 58 began launching attacks against the Japanese base at Truk Atoll, sinking three small ships, inflicting severe damage on shore installations, and destroying 145 enemy aircraft. (...)
May 03, 1944 In the U.S., meat rationing ends, except for certain select cuts. (...)
May 03, 1944 Meat Rationing ends for all meats, except for beef steaks and beef roasts in the US. Rationing as a whole would not end until 1946. England's rationing would not end until 1954 when cheese and meat came off ration. (...)
May 03, 1944 USS Flasher (SS 249) sank the Japanese freighter Teisen Maru in the South China Sea about 300 miles east of Cape Varella, French Indochina. (...)
May 03, 1944 USS Sand Lance (SS 381) sank Japanese transport Kenan Maru about 15 miles northwest of Saipan. (...)
May 03, 1944 USS Tautog (SS 199) sank Japanese army cargo ship Fushimi Maru off the south coast of Uruppu Island, Kuril Islands. (...)
May 03, 1944 USS Tinosa (SS 283) sank the Japanese freighter Toyohi Maru west of Bashi Channel between Formosa and Luzon. (...)
May 03, 1944 Yamato was designated the flagship of Battleship Division 1 under Vice Admiral Matome Ugaki. (...)
May 05, 1944 USS Comfort (AH-6) was commissioned at San Pedro, California. She was the first ship to be manned jointly by US Army and US Navy personnel. Serving in the Pacific during WWII, she was hit by a kamikaze on 29 April, which killed 28 (including six nurses), wounded 48, and caused considerable damage. Following repairs and return visits to the Pacific, Comfort was decommissioned in 1946 and transferred to the U.S. Army. After service in the Maritime Commission and Administration, Comfort was sold for scrap in October 1967. (...)
May 07, 1944 USS Buckley (DE 51) was damaged when she intentionally rammed German submarine U 66, which had been harassed by TBMs (VC 55) from USS Block Island (CVE 21) about 390 miles west of Cape Verdes. Echoing the close-quarter battles of sail, Buckley’s crew employed small arms, hand grenades, fists, and even a coffee mug. U 66 sank as a result of the multifaceted pounding. Before being sunk, U 66 sank 37 Allied merchant ships, which included 8 American vessels. (...)
May 11, 1944 About 30 minutes before sunset USS CREVALLE (SS-291) surfaced off Negros Island in the Philippines to bring supplies to guerillas fighting the Japanese and pick up refugees. CREVALLE’s commanding officer, Frank Walker remembers, "My orders stated that we would bring out twenty five passengers and no baggage." The second canoe, carrying sixteen more refugees, was a total surprise. As many of the second group were women, children, and also included four American and Filipino soldiers who had survived the Bataan Death March, had made their escape and desperately needed medical treatment. Walker could not turn them away—CREVALLE took everyone aboard. Among the refugees was American missionary Paul Lindholm and his wife and four children. Lindholm made sure his family was safe aboard the boat and then, in Walker’s words, "returned ashore at the last minute to continue his ministry among the guerillas—much to the astonishment of his wife who expected him to accompany them to safety." The entire family would survive to be reunited at war’s end. (...)
May 13, 1944 Adolf Hitler gave permission for a full Germany withdrawal from the U.S.S.R. (...)
May 13, 1944 USS Francis M. Robinson (DE 220) made a sound contact and mounted a deliberate attack with depth charges and hedgehogs which sank Japanese submarine RO 501 (ex German U 1124) en route to Japan, 400 miles south-southwest of the Azores. (...)
May 17, 1944 Burma - Merrill's Marauders capture Myitkyina Airfield. (...)
May 18, 1944 Following gunfire support from US Army gunners (who landed on Insoemanai island the previous day), USS Wilkes (DD 441) and USS Roe (DD 418), the 1st Battalion, 163rd Infantry landed on Wakde, off Dutch New Guinea. Rear Admiral William M. Fechteler commanded the naval attack force. On 21 May, the island was declared secure, and Army engineers immediately began to make the airstrip operational. Wakde became a key airfield in the Southwest Pacific offensive, as it supported two heavy bomber groups, two fighter groups, a B-25 reconnaissance squadron and part of a Navy PB4Y squadron. (...)
May 19, 1944 USS Niblack (DD 424), USS Ludlow (DD 438), and British aircraft sank German submarine U 960 off Oran, Algeria. Before being sunk, U 960 sank 3 Allied merchant vessels, including the United States steam merchant Sumner I. Kimball on 16 January 1944. (...)
May 21, 1944 During preparations for the invasion of Saipan, an accidental ordnance blast on LST 353 set off cataclysmic ammunition explosions at West Loch, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, killing 163 and injuring 396. Six tank landing ships (LST-39, LST-43, LST-69, LST-179, LST-353, LST-480), three tank landing craft (LCT-961, LCT-963, LCT-983), and 17 track landing vehicles (LVTs) are destroyed in explosions and fires. We remember and salute the lives of the service members killed and wounded. (...)
May 22, 1944 USS England (DE 635) sank Japanese submarine RO 106, 250 miles north of Kavieng. (...)
May 23, 1944 The tempo of the Allied air blitz is up with a record 1045 heavy bombers striking targets across Western Europe. Escort is provided by 96 P-38s, 142 P-47 Thunderbolts and 324 P-51 Mustangs. (...)
May 23, 1944 - May 26, 1944 USS Brooklyn (CL 40), USS Ericsson (DD 440) and USS Kearny (DD 432) shelled enemy positions in vicinity of Ardea, Italy, with good results. The three ships repeated bombardment of troop concentrations and supply dumps on 24 and 26 May with equal success. (...)
May 23, 1944 While continuing to work down the "NA" cordon, USS England (DE 635) sank RO 104, 250 miles north-northwest of Kavieng, New Ireland. (...)
May 24, 1944 USS England (DE 635) sank Japanese submarine RO 116, 225 miles north-northwest of Kavieng. (...)
May 29, 1944 USS Block Island (CVE-21) was torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-549. During this attack, USS Barr (DE 576) was also damaged. Block Island was the only US Navy aircraft carrier lost in the Atlantic during the Second World War. U-549 was later sunk that night by USS Eugene E. Elmore (DE-686) and USS Ahrens (DE 575). (...)
May 31, 1944 USS Barb (SS 220) and USS Herring (SS 233) planned an attack Japanese shipping in the Sea of Okhotsk about 150 miles west of Matsuwa Island, Kuril Islands. Next, Herring attacked convoy NE and sank escort vessel Ishigaki and army cargo ship Hokuyo Maru west of Matsuwa Island. Barb came across the convoy NE and sank army cargo ship Madras Maru and transport Koto Maru, southest of Paramushir. (...)
Jun 01, 1944 Blimp Squadron Fourteen (ZP-14) Airships, K-123 and K-130, completed the first crossing of the Atlantic by non-rigid-lighter-than-air aircraft. The blimps left Naval Air Station, South Weymouth, Massachusetts, and arrived at Gibraltar. The journey took 50 hours. (...)
Jun 01, 1944 The French resistance was warned by a coded message from the British that the D-Day invasion was imminent. (...)
Jun 05, 1944 The U.S. B-29 Superfortress made its bomging-run debut. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 "D-Day": The Allied invasion of Europe commences just after midnight, as more than 175,000 troops land at Normandy. The largest invasion force in history, it includes 4,000 invasion ships, 600 warships, and 10,000 planes. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 00:15 - D-Day: 17,000 British and American glider and paratroopers drop behind enemy lines into Normandy. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 00:35 - D-Day: Orne Canal and River bridges secured by British Airborne troops. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 01:00 - D-Day: Man battle stations order given to first Navy hands. The process of lowering the landing craft into the water begins; Airborne troops on shore disrupt communications by knocking down telephone poles and severing phone lines. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 02:00 - D-Day: In England, the first wave of bombers are launched to attack targets in the vicinity of the beachheads. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 03:00 - D-Day: Airborne troops are reinforced by additional glider troops. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 03:09 - D-Day: Allied invasion fleet detected by German radar. German shore batteries ordered to prepare for invasion by Admiral Krancke. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 03:30 - D-Day: Assault troops begin boarding the landing craft. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 04:30 - D-Day: Merville battery captured by the British, clearing the path for the landing on Sword Beach. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 05:30 - D-Day: Allies begin bombardment of the beaches; American troops land at St. Marcouf, an island off Utah Beach held by the Germans. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 06:00 - D-Day: German 7th Army HQ learns of heavy bombardment by the Allied forces. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 06:30 - D-Day: H-Hour on Omaha and Utah Beaches. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 07:00 - D-Day: The first landing wave on Omaha Beach becomes pinned down; U.S. Rangers begin to scale Pointe-du-Hoc. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 07:30 - D-Day: H-Hour on and Sword and Gold Beaches. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 07:45 - D-Day: On Utah Beach, American forces begin advancing inland from the beachhead. H-Hour on Juno Beach. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 08:00 - D-Day: On Omaha Beach, American troops begin ascending the bluffs. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 09:00 - D-Day: German 84th Corps learn of Allied amphibious landings. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 09:30 - D-Day: The press is informed of the D-Day landing. On Gold Beach, British troops advance one mile inland. Hermanville captured by the British. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 10:00 - D-Day: American troops successfully scale the bluffs overlooking Omaha Beach. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 10:15 - D-Day: Rommel is informed of the Allied invasion, and quickly departs from Germany to return to France. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 10:30 - D-Day: German 21st Panzer division receives orders to attack between Bayeux and Caen. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 11:00 - D-Day: Vierville secured by American soldiers. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 11:15 - D-Day: Canadians capture St. Aubin. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 12:03 - D-Day: Link up achieved by Airborne troops and British Commandos at Orne bridges. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 12:15 - D-Day: Reports received of German armor north of Caen. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 12:30 - D-Day: On Sword Beach, the British 185th Brigade moves inland. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 13:00 - D-Day: Link up achieved by 101st Airborne and U.S. 4th Infantry Division at Pouppeville. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 13:30 - D-Day: On Omaha Beach, American troops advance inland. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 13:35 - D-Day: On Omaha Beach, the German 352nd Division reported to have pushed the Allied landing back into the sea. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 14:00 - D-Day: Fighting on Periers Ridge, Sword Beach. Hilter conducts his first meeting regarding the invasion. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 16:00 - D-Day: The Germans and British see combat between the areas of Bazenville and Villers-le-Sec. American armor begins advancing inland from Omaha beach. The 12th SS Panzer Lehr divisions are released from reserve status. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 16:30 - D-Day: The German 21st Panzer Division assaults the Allies at the Sword beachhead. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 18:00 - D-Day: The advance towards Caen by the British is halted. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 19:00 - D-Day: On Omaha Beach General Huebner, 1st Division commander, sets up his command post. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 20:00 - D-Day: The Allies secure Colleville-sur-Med. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 20:10 - D-Day: The Canadians capture Taillerville. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 21:00 - D-Day: On Utah Beach and east of the Orne River, Allied gliders bearing reinforcements begin to land. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 23:59 - D-Day: Many Allied objectives for D-Day remain unachieved, but all five Allied beachheads have been secured, with a total of nine Allied divisions ashore. (...)
Jun 07, 1944 ‎9th AF flew over 1,100 sorties on D-Day+1, in close air support for the ground troops at Normandy, strafing and bombing enemy positions. They also escorted medium bombers on tactical strikes and C-47s delivering troops, supplies and gliders. (...)
Jun 07, 1944 Artificial harbors and protected anchorages (codenamed MULBERRY's) had been constructed from sunken ships and concrete caissons, greatly facilitating the transport of additional men and material to the front. (...)
Jun 07, 1944 Early in the morning while cruising through a swept channel off Normandy, Susan B. Anthony struck a mine which exploded under her number 4 hold. Immediately, she lost all power, and her rudder went hard left and stuck. The commanding officer, Commander T. L. Gray, USNR, with Pinto and two destroyers alongside, efficiently effected the evacuation of troops expeditiously and without resorting to fireboats and rafts. Anthony's crew followed closely behind the soldiers. No one was killed, and few of the 45 wounded were seriously hurt. The sinking of the Susan B. Anthony listed was the largest rescue of people without loss of life; all 2,689 people aboard were saved. (...)
Jun 07, 1944 Eisenhower went to the front at Normandy to take direct command. (...)
Jun 07, 1944 Halting progress was made in Normandy. Bayeux was attacked and main units hooked up with paratroopers who had landed inland. (...)
Jun 07, 1944 King Leopold III of Belgium was taken to Germany. (...)
Jun 07, 1944 US forces reached points 40 miles north of Rome. Civitavecchia was taken, permitting Allied use of the important transport facilities there once repaired. (...)
Jun 09, 1944 The Russian Army invaded Karelian Isthmus in Finland. Russia was fighting to gain back territory that had been ceded to it under the terms of the Treaty of Moscow of 1940. (...)
Jun 09, 1944 Fifth Air Force B-24's bomb Peleliu airfield. A-20's bomb shipping in Manokwari harbor. B-24's, A-20's, B-25's, and P-39's, along with RAAF planes, drop about 140 tons of bombs on various targets in Wewak area. B-24's of Thirteenth Air TF bomb Alet air field and T/Os in Truk. (...)
Jun 10, 1944 More than 600 people are massacred by German troops in the French town of Oradour-sur-Glane. While the men are shot immediately, the women and children are locked in a church the alter of which is set on fire; those who try to escape the flames are shot. (...)
Jun 10, 1944 USS Bangust (DE 739) sank the Japanese submarine RO 42, 70 miles northeast of Kwajalein, 10º 05’ N, 168º 22’E. (...)
Jun 10, 1944 USS Taylor (DD 468) sank Japanese submarine RO 111, 210 Miles north-northwest of Kavieng, New Ireland, 00º 26’N, 149º 16’E. (...)
Jun 11, 1944 US carrier aircraft begin strikes on the Marianas to 'blanket' Japanese air bases there and take complete control of the skies. (...)
Jun 12, 1944 German V1 remote-controlled rockets begin to hit London. By September, the "improved" V2 rockets will target London as well as Antwerp, killing and maiming thousands. (...)
Jun 15, 1944 - Jul 09, 1944 Operation Forager: Invasion of Saipan - Following intensive naval gunfire, carrier-based aircraft bombing, and UDT reconnaissance, Task Force 52, commanded by Vice Admiral Richmond K. Turner, landed the 2nd and 4th Marine Divisions, commanded by Lieutenant General Holland M. Smith on Saipan. This invasion was the first relatively large and heavily defended land mass in the Central Pacific to be assaulted by US amphibious might. The beach was secured two days later, and the island was secured on 9 July. (...)
Jun 15, 1944 TBFs and FM-2s (VC 9) from USS Solomons (CVE 67) sank German submarine U 860 in the South Atlantic, 25° 27’S, 05° 30 W. During her service, U 860 did not sink any Allied vessels. (...)
Jun 15, 1944 - Jun 16, 1944 US carrier aircraft bomb the Bonin Islands, including Iwo Jima. (...)
Jun 16, 1944 Gunnery Sergeant Robert H. McCard was serving as a Platoon Sergeant with Company A, Fourth Tank Battalion, Fourth Marine Division as they fought against the Japanese at the Battle of Saipan, Marianas Islands. With his tank destroyed by enemy 77-mm. gun fire, he persisted with the attack until he was forced to abandon the tank, exposing himself while covering his evacuating men. Wounded and with the grenade supply diminished, he dismantled a tank machine gun and attacked the enemy positions, destroying 16 enemy soldiers before sacrificing his life to save his men. For his "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity" on this occasion, McCard was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor. (...)
Jun 17, 1944 TBF aircraft from Composite Squadron Ninety Five (VC 95) from USS Croatan (CVE 25) damaged German submarine U 853 in the North Atlantic. On 6 May 1945, USS Atherton (DE 169) and USS Moberly (PF 63) sank U 853 off Block Island, 41º 13’N, 71º 27’W. During her service, U 853 sank two US vessels: USS Eagle (PE 56), 23 Apri 1945 and merchant Black Point on 5 May 1945. (...)
Jun 22, 1944 In the U.S., President Roosevelt signs the Servicemen's Readjustment Act that will provide funds for housing and education after the war. It is better known as the GI Bill of Rights. (...)
Jun 22, 1944 Operation Bagration began on 22 June 1944, the same day on which the Germans had invaded the Soviet Union back in 1941, with probing attacks throughout the German lines. Main offensive begins early 23 June. (...)
Jun 22, 1944 The island of Saipan falls to U.S. forces, leading to the collapse of Hideki Tojo's government. (...)
Jun 23, 1944 - Jul 14, 1944 A major deportation began at the Jewish ghetto at Lodz, Poland. Through 14 Jul 1944, 7,196 would be sent to Chelmno Concentration Camp where they would be killed. (...)
Jun 24, 1944 USS Grouper (SS 214) attacked a Japanese convoy off the coast of central Japan and sank cargo ship Kumanoyama Maru and merchant tanker No.6 Nanmei Maru south of Yokosuka. Also on this date, USS Redfin (SS 272) attacked a convoy and sank Aso Maru southwest of Surigao Strait while USS Tang (SS 306) attacked a convoy and sank army cargo ships Tamahoko Maru and Kennichi Maru, merchant tanker Nasuzan Maru, and cargo ship Tainan Maru outside Nagasaki Harbor, Kyushu. (...)
Jul 02, 1944 PB4Ys (FAW 1) sank Japanese sailing vessel Nishima Maru off Mokp’o, Korea, 35 º 50’N, 126 º 30’E and cargo ship No.12 Shima Maru at 35º 43’N, 126 º 32’E. (...)
Jul 03, 1944 The Russian city of Minsk is retaken by Russian troops, and 100,000 Germans are captured. (...)
Jul 05, 1944 USS Thomas (DE 102) and USS Baker (DE 190) from TG 22.5, sank German mine layer submarine U 233 by ramming, depth charges, and gunfire off Halifax, Nova Scotia, 42º 16’N, 59º 49’W. During her service, U 233 did not sink any Allied merchant vessels. (...)
Jul 06, 1944 The Navy ordered the XBT2D-1 from the Douglas Aircraft Company, the airplane evolving into the famous AD/A-1 Skyraider. (...)
Jul 06, 1944 USS Paddle (SS 263) sank Hokaze in the Celebes Sea, 03º 30’N, 125º 25’E. (...)
Jul 08, 1944 As a U.S. taking of Saipan becomes certain, hundreds of Japanese civilians commit suicide rather than surrender. Allied B-29 bombers can reach Tokyo from Saipan, thus the capture of the island will be a turning point in the Pacific war. The Tokyo government collapses within 2 weeks. (...)
Jul 08, 1944 The British Second Army assaulted Caen. US forces occupied La Haye-du-Puits. (...)
Jul 08, 1944 - Jul 20, 1944 The thirteen day bombardment of Guam begins today. (...)
Jul 08, 1944 With the commander of the Japanese Southern Army, Field Marshal Count Hisaichi Terauchi, having sanctioned the abandonment of the Imphal operation, the Japanese Fifteenth Army was ordered to retreat cross the Chindwin. It was the final acceptance of defeat by Mutaguchi in the Battle of Imphal-Kohima in which the Japanese lost 53,000 men out of the 85,000 committed. (...)
Jul 13, 1944 Liberation of Vilnius by Soviet forces. (...)
Jul 15, 1944 Bretton Woods Conference ambles on in NH resort Allies building post-war world economy. (...)
Jul 18, 1944 U.S. troops reach St. Lô, France. Young German soldiers, waving white handkerchiefs, surrender to the Americans at St. Lô. (...)
Jul 20, 1944 An assassination attempt on Adolph Hitler, planned by some of Hitler's generals, is unsuccessful. (...)
Jul 24, 1944 B-29-BA 42-63504 named "FLAG SHIP" became the first Superfortress to land on the Marianas island of Tinian. Tinian would soon become the largest airfield in the world. (...)
Jul 24, 1944 Russian troops discover the Majdanek concentration camp, the first major one to be found. (...)
Jul 25, 1944 Allied forces begin the breakthrough of German lines in Normandy. (...)
Jul 27, 1944 U.S. troops completed the liberation of Guam. (...)
Jul 29, 1944 US bombers pound Germany. (...)
Jul 30, 1944 Edi Weinstein, his father and his friend Berl Goldberg, all of whom who had escaped from Treblinka were discovered by German soldiers. They killed Goldberg. Weinstein and his father survived and Edi Weinstein actually joined the Polish Army in 1945 helping to fight the Nazis in the waning days of the WW II. (...)
Jul 30, 1944 More than 100 Jews are deported from Toulouse, France, to Auschwitz. (...)
Jul 30, 1944 Three tankers, carrying some 1750 Jews from the Italian-held islands of Kos and Rhodes, arrive at Piraeus, Greece, where the Jews are bullied onto trucks and driven to the Haidar detention camp near Athens (...)
Aug 01, 1944 - Oct 02, 1944 In Warsaw, Poland, an uprising against Nazi occupation began. The revolt continued until October 2 when Polish forces surrendered. (...)
Aug 02, 1944 Turkey ended all relations with the Nazis. (...)
Aug 04, 1944 An informers anonymous tip leads the Gestapo to discover Anne Frank & her family hiding in Amsterdam. (...)
Aug 04, 1944 In Amsterdam, Otto Frank and his family (including his daughter Anne, then 15) are captured by the Gestapo. Jewish, they have been in hiding for more than two years, kept by Miep and Jan Gies, but have been betrayed by someone familiar with their hiding place and are put on the last convoy of trucks to Auschwitz. (...)
Aug 05, 1944 Polish insugents liberated a German labor camp in Warsaw. 348 Jewish prisoners were freed. (...)
Aug 13, 1944 The US 15th Corps (part of US 3rd Army) captures Argentan. US 12th & 20th Corps advance on Orleans and Chartres from Le Mans. (...)
Aug 15, 1944 American, British and French forces land on the southern coast of France, between Toulon and Cannes, in Operation Dragoon. (...)
Aug 15, 1944 Canadians are an essential Allied force in "Operation Dragoon" - invasion of Southern France. (...)
Aug 18, 1944 New Zealander Joe Stellin's Typhoon aircraft was damaged by German fire, and was going down. He spent his final moments maneuvering his doomed aircraft to avoid crashing into the center of a French village....http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/timeline/19/8 He was given a funeral by the French civilians. It was attended by 1,200 people. (...)
Aug 19, 1944 Kiwi pilot's sacrifice saves French village (...)
Aug 23, 1944 Marseilles was captured by Allied troops. (...)
Aug 23, 1944 Romanian prime minister Ion Antonescue was dismissed. Soon after the country would abandon the Axis and join the Allies. (...)
Aug 25, 1944 Paris is liberated by Allied French troops, after four years of German occupation. (...)
Aug 25, 1944 Paris, France, was liberated by Allied forces ending four years of German occupation. (...)
Aug 25, 1944 Romania declared war on Germany. (...)
Aug 26, 1944 Charles de Gaulle returns to a celebrating Paris (...)
Aug 31, 1944 The British 8th Army broke through the German's "Gothic Line." The defensive line was drawn across northern Italy. (...)
Sep 01, 1944 Bernard Montgomery is promoted to Field Marshall. (...)
Sep 02, 1944 A U.S. Navy squadron was given the assignment to take out a radio tower on the island Chichi Jima. Ensign George H.W. Bush scored four direct hits on the tower and then headed out to sea where he ejected. He was rescued by the crew of the USS Finback. (...)
Sep 08, 1944 Allies capture Antwerp and Leige. (...)
Sep 11, 1944 The U.S. 1st Army crossed the border into German territory. (...)
Sep 11, 1944 U.S. President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King met in Cananda at the Quebec Conference. (...)
Sep 13, 1944 USS Warrington (DD-383) sank off the Bahamas in a hurricane. After a prolonged search, numerous U.S. Navy vessels rescued only 5 officers and 68 men of the destroyer's 20 officers and 301 men. (...)
Sep 14, 1944 The U.S. 1st Marine Division landed on the island of Peleliu under Operation Stalemate. The goal was to provide support for Gen. Douglas MacArthur as he prepared to invade the Philippines. (...)
Sep 15, 1944 The Battle of Peleliu (codenamed Operation Stalemate II) began with Marines landing on the island. It did not come to an end until November 27. When considering the number of men involved this battle had the highest casualty rate of any battle in the Pacific War. (...)
Sep 17, 1944 Allied Commandos and Tito Partisans occupied the Dalmation Islands off the Yugoslav coast. (...)
Sep 17, 1944 Canadian troops of the 3rd Division launched the decisive attack on Boulogne, defended by about 10,000 Germans. (...)
Sep 17, 1944 Kweilin in China was abandoned as a base for the US Fourteenth Air Force. (...)
Sep 17, 1944 Twenty thousand Allied airborne forces landed behind German lines between Eindhoven and Arnhem in the Netherlands. Their task was to take three bridges over the Maas (Meuse), Waal, and Lower Rhine rivers respectively. Ground forces, meanwhile, drove northward from the Meuse-Escaut (Scheldt) Canal. The purpose of Operation Market Garden was to outflank the Siegfried line and drive to the Ruhr basin. (...)
Sep 21, 1944 USS Haddo (SS-255) torpedoed and sank the Japanese surveying ship (ex-minelayer), Katsuriki, 80 miles southwest of Manila, Philippines. (...)
Sep 22, 1944 Market Garden: German tanks cut off road between Veghel and Grave, preventing an Allied attack on the bridge near Arnhem. (...)
Sep 22, 1944 USS Yukon (AF-9) was hit on her starboard side by a torpedo fired by German submarine U-979, about 43 miles west of Reykjavik, Iceland. Surviving the attack, she steamed for two hours at three knots until her SOS was responded to by tugs from Reykjavik. In 1946, Yukon was decommissioned. (...)
Sep 23, 1944 USS West Virginia (BB-48) reached Pearl Harbor and rejoined the Pacific Fleet, marking the end of the salvage and reconstruction of 18 ships damaged at Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941. (...)
Sep 25, 1944 Private First Class John D. New posthumously received the Medal of Honor for his actions on 25 September 1944 during the invasion of Peleliu Islands. (...)
Sep 28, 1944 Canadian 3rd ivision troops fought their way into Calais. (...)
Sep 28, 1944 German troops launched a strong counterattack at Arnhem to retake the Nijmegen bridge. (...)
Oct 02, 1944 The Nazis crushed the Warsaw Uprising. (...)
Oct 06, 1944 Former French premier and Vichy collaborator Pierre Laval tried to kill himself on the day he was to be executed for treason. A physician saved Laval from the cyanide he had taken. Laval was executed a little less than two weeks later. (...)
Oct 09, 1944 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin begin a nine-day conference in Moscow. The war with Germany and the future of Europe were the topics of discussion. (...)
Oct 14, 1944 US Philippine invasion force sails from Hollandia on New Guinea and Manus in the Admiralty Islands to land in Leyte Gulf. (...)
Oct 18, 1944 Fourteen B-29s based on the Mariana Islands attack the Japanese base at Truk (...)
Oct 19, 1944 A Japanese Admiral suggests the establishment of a suicide force of fliers to attack U.S. carriers, the Kamikaze. (...)
Oct 19, 1944 President Franklin D. Roosevelt approved Secretary of Navy James V. Forrestal’s order for African American women to be accepted into the Naval Reserve. (...)
Oct 20, 1944 Allied forces invade the Philippines. (...)
Oct 20, 1944 Belgrade is captured by Soviet Russian and Yugoslav partisan troops. (...)
Oct 22, 1944 Battle of Aachen, the first German city falls to the Allies. (...)
Oct 22, 1944 Russian troops reached positions all along the Norwegian border. The Red Army drive in East Prussia was halted, and the front there was to remain static until January. Other forces reached the Danube at Baja in Hungary. (...)
Oct 22, 1944 US troops made minor gains on Leyte, encountering strong Japanese resistance and difficult terrain. (...)
Oct 22, 1944 Yugoslav Partisans entered Belgrade. (...)
Oct 23, 1944 The Battle of Leyte Gulf, the greatest naval battle of World War II, began with the U.S. submarines attacking two elements of the Japanese armada moving towards Leyte. In the Palawan Passage, USS Darter and USS Dace sank heavy cruisers Maya and Atago. Takao is also hit, but survived. Off Manila Bay, USS Bream's torpedoes damaged the heavy cruiser Aoba. (...)
Oct 25, 1944 During the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the Japanese deployed kamikaze suicide bombers against American warships for the first time. More than 1,321 Japanese aircraft would be crash-dived into Allied warships during the war. (...)
Oct 26, 1944 The Battle of Leyte Gulf comes to an end with a decisive American victory as U.S. carrier aircraft and B-24s pound the retiring Japanese squadrons. (...)
Oct 28, 1944 Russia and Bulgaria signed an armistice agreement. (...)
Oct 31, 1944 Aarhus, Denmark - Eight Mosquito aircraft from No. 464 Squadron RAAF were in a force which made low level attacks on the German Gestapo headquarters. In addition to damaging buildings the attacks destroyed records held by the Germans of the Danish resistance movement. (...)
Nov 06, 1944 The 332d Fighter Group escorted B-17s of the 5th Bombardment Wing to and from Mossbierbaum oil refinery in the Vienna area of Austria (Germany). Captain William J. Faulkner, Jr. of the 301st Fighter Squadron was reported missing over Austria on that mission, possibly because of mechanical failure of his P-51C. (...)
Nov 07, 1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected to a fourth term as U.S. President, and Harry S. Truman becomes the Vice-President. (...)
Nov 07, 1944 The 332d Fighter Group provided target cover for B-24s of the 55th Bombardment Wing raiding the Trento and Bolzano areas of northern Italy. (...)
Nov 07, 1944 USS Albacore (SS 218) was sunk by a mine off the northern tip of Honshu. All hands were lost. Prior to her loss, Albacore had been successful engaging Japanese combat vessels. She sank a total of 13 ships, totaling 74,100 tons, and damaged five, for 29,400 tons, during her first ten patrols. We remember and salute her crew. (...)
Nov 07, 1944 USS Greenling (SS 213) sank the Japanese transport No. 8 Kiri Maru and the Japanese merchant tanker Kotai Maru off the approaches to Tokyo, Japan. (...)
Nov 09, 1944 USS Barbero (SS 317) attacked a Japanese convoy and sank the merchant ship Shimotsu Maru about 250 miles west of Manila while USS Queensfish (SS 393) attacked a Japanese convoy west of Kyushu and sank the gunboat Chojusan Maru. (...)
Nov 09, 1944 USS Haddo (SS 255) sank the Japanese tanker No.2 Hishi Maru in Mindoro Strait. (...)
Nov 12, 1944 The German battleship "Tirpitz" was sunk off the coast of Norway. (...)
Nov 16, 1944 The 332d Fighter Group escorted B-24 bombers of the 304th Bombardment Wing to and from Munich West marshaling yards. During the mission, the group encountered several Me-109 enemy fighters that attempted to shoot down the bombers. Captain Luke J. Weathers of the 302d Fighter Squadron shot down 2 of the 43 enemy fighters. The 52d Fighter Group also escorted the 304th Bombardment Wing that day. Lt. Roger Romine died in an aircraft accident after the aircraft of another escort pilot crashed into his. Capt. Luke J. Weathers of the 302nd Fighter Squadron earned the Distinguished Flying Cross for his heroic actions on this day. (...)
Nov 17, 1944 The 332d Fighter Group escorted B-17s of the 5th Bombardment Wing back to Brux synthetic oil refinery. (332d Fighter Group mission report number 120) (...)
Nov 18, 1944 The 332d Fighter Group escorted heavy bombers raiding the Vicenza-Villafranca area of northern Italy. Lt. Peoples was reported missing. (...)
Nov 19, 1944 The 332d Fighter Group conducted a strafing mission against enemy railway, highway, and river traffic targets in the Gyor-Vienna-Esztergom area of Austria. 1st Lieutenant Roger B. Gaiter of the 99th Fighter Squadron was seen to bail out of his P-51 after it was hit by enemy antiaircraft fire (flak). 1st Lieutenant Quitman Walker, also of the 99th Fighter Squadron, was also reported missing after also being hit by flak. Both were lost near Lake Balaton, Hungary. For this mission, Fifteenth Air Force commander Major General Nathan F. Twining commended the 332d Fighter Group. For their heroic actions on this day, the following four members of the 332d Fighter Group each earned the Distinguished Flying Cross: Capt. Albert H. Manning (99th Fighter Squadron); Capt. John Daniels (99th Fighter Squadron); 1st Lt. William N. Alsbrook (99th Fighter Squadron); and 1st Lt. Norman W. Scales (100th Fighter Squadron). (...)
Nov 20, 1944 Eugene G. Theodore of Trinidad became the last foreign cadet to graduate from pilot training at Tuskegee Army Air Field. (...)
Nov 20, 1944 The 332nd Fighter Group escorted B-17 bombers of the 5th Bombardment Wing to and from Blechhammer South oil refinery. The group also escorted B-24s of the 55th Bombardment Wing to the same target. 1st Lieutenant Maceo A. Harris, Jr. of the 100th Fighter Squadron was reported missing after his P-51C lost coolant over Germany. (...)
Nov 25, 1944 The deadliest strike by a V-2 rocket killed 164 people when it hit a Woolworth store in south London. (...)
Nov 29, 1944 In passing the Federal Highway Act, the U.S. Congress establishes the U.S. National System of Interstate Highways that is planned to reach 182 of the 199 U.S. cities with populations above 50,000. (...)
Nov 29, 1944 USS Archerfish (SS-311) sank Japanese carrier Shinano, on her maiden voyage, 160 nautical miles southwest of Tokyo Bay. Shinano, converted from a Yamato-class battleship, was the largest warship sunk by any combatant submarines during World War II. (...)
Nov 29, 1944 USS Scabbardfish (SS 411) sank Japanese submarine I-365 east of Honshu. (...)
Dec 02, 1944 Edward R. Stettinius Jr. became secretary of state of the United States after the retirement of Cordell Hull. (...)
Dec 02, 1944 In order to stop the reinforcement of Japanese troops on Leyte, the destroyers Allen M. Sumner, Moale, and Cooper left to attack a convoy escorted by enemy destroyers Take and Kuwa. After midnight, at Ormoc Bay, the destroyers sank Kuwa. Take, then already under fire by destroyer Moale, torpedoed and sank Cooper before action ceased. (...)
Dec 15, 1944 A single-engine plane carrying U.S. Army Major Glenn Miller disappeared in thick fog over the English Channel while en route to Paris. (...)
Dec 15, 1944 During a night attack, USS Hawkbill (SS 366) sank the Japanese destroyer Momo with six well-placed torpedoes west of Luzon. (...)
Dec 16, 1944 The Battle of the Bulge begins. It the last major German counteroffensive, as allied troops are pushed back in Belgium's Ardennes Forest. As Allied lines fall back, a "bulge" is created in the center of the line, giving the battle its familiar name (see MAP). Two weeks of intense fighting in brutal winter weather follow before the German offensive is stopped. (...)
Dec 16, 1944 The Battle of the Bulge begins. It the last major German counteroffensive, as allied troops are pushed back in Belgium's Ardennes Forest. As Allied lines fall back, a "bulge" is created in the center of the line, giving the battle its familiar name (see MAP). Two weeks of intense fighting in brutal winter weather follow before the German offensive is stopped. (...)
Dec 22, 1944 After completing Naval Reserve Midshipmen's School (WR) at Northampton, Massachusetts, the first two African-American WAVES officers, Harriet Ida Pickens and Frances F. Wills, were commissioned. (...)
Dec 22, 1944 U.S. Brigadier General Anthony McAuliffe sent the famous response of "Nuts" to Germany in response to the demand that he surrender the city of Bastogne. (...)
Dec 22, 1944 USS Swordfish departs Pearl harbor to conduct her thirteenth war patrol. Along with regular patrol, she is to conduct photographic reconnaissance of Okinawa in preparation for the Okinawa campaign. (...)
Dec 23, 1944 German submarine U-806 torpedoes Royal Canadian Navy minesweeper HMCS Clayoquot just outside (...)
Dec 24, 1944 A German submarine torpedoed the Belgian transport ship S.S. Leopoldville with 2,235 soldiers aboard. About 800 American soldiers died. The soldiers were crossing the English Channel to be reinforcements at the battle that become known as the Battle of the Bulge. (...)
Dec 27, 1944 TG 94.9(Rear Admiral Allan E. Smith) followed up USAAF strikes with the bombardment of Japanese installations on Iwo Jima. USS Cummings (DD 365), USS Dunlap (DD 384), and USS Fanning (DD 385) sank fast transport T.7 and landing ship T.132. During the engagement, Dunlap was damaged by shore battery fire. (...)
Dec 28, 1944 USS Dace (SS 247) attacked a Japanese convoy off Cape Varella, French Indochina and sank Japanese supply ship Nozaki while also damaging the Japanese ship Chefoo Maru. (...)
Dec 29, 1944 USS Fixity (AM-235) was commissioned. Decommissioned after the war, she was later sold for commercial service in Kentucky and Ohio, with fate unknown. Also on this date, USS Murrelet (AM-372) was launched. In Jun 1965, she was transferred to the Philippine Republic under the Military Assistance Program, later serving as Rizal (PCE 69), with fate unknown. (...)
Dec 30, 1944 USS Block Island (CVE 106) commissioned. (...)
Dec 30, 1944 USS Razorback (SS 394) attacked a Japanese convoy a Manila to Takao convoy about 60 miles southeast of Formosa and sank the destroyer Kuretake in the Bashi Channel. The Japanese cargo ships Brazil Maru and Oi Maru were also damaged during this attack. (...)
Dec 31, 1944 Hungary, now led by a Soviet-controlled government, declares war on Germany. (...)
Jan 01, 1945 The Germans begin a surprise offensive Operation Nordwind along the Saar and aimed at retaking Strasbourg. (...)
Jan 03, 1945 TF 38 attacked airfield and shipping at Formosa. (...)
Jan 03, 1945 The Allies take the offensive east of the Bulge but they fail to close the pincers with Patton's tanks. (...)
Jan 03, 1945 USS Kingfish (SS 234) attacked a Japanese convoy in the Bonin Islands and sank Japanese army cargo ship Shoto Maru and freighters Yaei Maru and Shibazono Maru 200 miles north of Chichi Jima. (...)
Jan 04, 1945 During attacks against the Lingayen Gulf bound U.S. Navy force, a kamikaze crashed into escort carrier Ommaney Bay (CVE 79) in the Sulu Sea and damaged her beyond repair. As a result of the damage, USS Burns (DD 588) scuttled the escort carrier. (...)
Jan 04, 1945 US navy air attacks on Formosa (Taiwan). (...)
Jan 05, 1945 Japanese kamikaze attacks continued against the Lingayen Gulf bound U.S. Navy force. Some of the ships damaged were: USS Louisville (CA 28), USS Helm (DD 388), USS Manila Bay (CVE 61), USS Savo Island (CVE 78), and USS Stafford (DE 411). (...)
Jan 05, 1945 The last session of the Police summary court of the Kattowitz Gestapo took place in block 11 in Auschwitz I camp. Around 100 Polish prisoners, men and women, were condemned to death. They were shot to death the following day in crematorium V in Auschwitz II-Birkenau. The court meeting was chaired by Johannes Thuemmler. (...)
Jan 06, 1945 Four female Jewish prisoners were hanged in the female camp of Auschwitz: Ella Gartner, R?za Robota, Regina Safir and Estera Wajsblum (in the pre-war picture). They were condemned to death because theyassisted in the uprising that broke out on October 7, 1944 in the Sonderkommando in Auschwitz II-Birkenau. They provided the Sonderkommando with explosives and munition from the depots of the Weichsel-Union-Metallwerke, where three of the women worked. The execution had two stages. Two of the women were hanged during the evening roll call in the presence of the male and female prisoners who worked the night shift at Weichsel-Union. Two others were hanged after the return of the squad that worked the dayshift. The reason for the sentence was read by the Auschwitz camp commander SS-Hauptsturmf?hrer Franz H?ssler. He screamed that all traitors will be destroyed in this manner. It was the last execution in Auschwitz. ( (...)
Jan 06, 1945 Japanese kamikaze attacks intensified on the Lingayen Gulf inbound US Navy force. USS Walke's (DD 723), CO, Cdr. G.F. Davis, posthumously received the Medal of Honor for remaining at the conn and leading his men though gravely wounded. Radm T.E. Chandler is seriously wounded on board USS Louisville (CA 28) and dies the next day. (...)
Jan 06, 1945 Only weeks after returning home from the Pacific, George H. W. Bush marries Barbara Pierce. (...)
Jan 07, 1945 Japanese aircraft strength on Luzon has been reduced to 35 planes, which are flown off. (...)
Jan 07, 1945 USS Spot (SS 413) sank the Japanese gunboat No.2 Nichiei Maru and two small trawlers in the Inland Sea. (...)
Jan 09, 1945 U.S. troops land on Luzon, Philippines. (...)
Jan 14, 1945 1st Belorussian Front launched its winter offensive towards Pillkallen, East Prussia, meeting heavy resistance from the German 3rd Panzer Army. (...)
Jan 14, 1945 The 357th Fighter Group flew bomber escort duty to the German town of Derben in what was to become known as 'Big Day.' The 'Yoxford Boys' downed 56.5 enemy aircraft. It was the highest single day total of any US fighter group in the ETO. The 357th lost only three Mustangs and the three pilots were made POWs. (...)
Jan 17, 1945 67,012 male and female prisoners of Auschwitz camps complex were present at the last evening roll-call. Evacuation of the camp was about to start. Camp doctor Josef Mengele liquidated his experimental station at sector BIIf in Birkenau camp taking all the documentation of his experiments on twins, dwarfs and disabled people with him. Burning of documents continued, including Auschwitz I camp hospital archive. On this day prisoners of two sub-camps started the evacuation: Sosnowitz and Neu-Dachs. The commandant of Auschwitz camp Richard Baer gave an order to the leaders of the evacuation columns chosen from among the members of the guard companies to liquidate ruthlessly all prisoners who attempt to escape during the evacuation or drag their feet. It is estimated that at least 9 thousand, and more probably 15 thousand Auschwitz prisoners paid with their lives for the evacuation operation. (...)
Jan 19, 1945 Hitler ordered that any attacks or retreats by divisions or larger units must be approved by him beforehand. (...)
Jan 20, 1945 Curtis LeMay takes command of the US strategic bomber forces in the Pacific, and agress with Arnold that incendiary bombing is the way forward. (...)
Jan 22, 1945 Soviet troops captured Allenstein and Insterburg in East Prussia. (...)
Jan 25, 1945 USS McLanahan (DD 615) shelled the German command post on the Italian Rivera and then silenced the shore battery. (...)
Jan 27, 1945 Russian troops find fewer than 3,000 survivors when they liberate Auschwitz, the Nazi death camp in Poland. The German S.S. has moved many of the remaining prisoners to camps inside Germany. From 1939 to 1945, one third of the Jews living in the world will have died in German concentration and extermination camps. (...)
Jan 27, 1945 the Ledo and Burma Roads were linked resulting in the reopening of India-China communications. (...)
Jan 27, 1945 USS Higbee (DD-806) was commissioned. She was the first U.S. Navy combat ship to bear the name of a female member of the Naval service. In Mar 1949, she was reclassified as (DDR-806), reverting back to (DD-806) in Jul 1963. Higbee was decommissioned in Jul 1979 and sunk as a target in 1986. (...)
Jan 29, 1945 Allied troops took Oberhausen in the Rhineland. (...)
Jan 29, 1945 US troops land on the east coast of Luzon to prevent the Japanese from retreating to the Bataan Peninsula. (...)
Jan 31, 1945 NFL & WWII - NY Giant tackle Lt. Al Blozis of the 28th Div. was KIA in the Vosges Mountains of France while searching for 2 lost comrades. (...)
Jan 31, 1945 The third son of Queen Mary & George V is appointed Gov General of Australia. The surprise appointment of Prince Henry Duke of Gloucester was made out of fears that Australia would become a dependency of the United States. The post was first offered to his younger brother the Duke of Kent who unfortunately died in a plane crash in Scotland. (...)
Feb 02, 1945 US Army First Lieutenant Jack Knight led his men in attacking several Japanese positions, and was struck down when he attacked the sixth machine gun nest. He was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor. (...)
Feb 03, 1945 US troops reach outskirts of Manila, which is held by 25,000 Japanese troops. (...)
Feb 04, 1945 U.S. troops invading the Philippines have received reenforcements, and a force led by General McArthur enters Manila. The city will be completely retaken in less than three weeks. (...)
Feb 07, 1945 German demolition of Ruhr floodgates flooded the area west of Köln (Cologne), slowing Allied advances. (...)
Feb 07, 1945 USS Thomason (DE 203) sank Japanese submarine RO 55. (...)
Feb 08, 1945 A group of Soviet POWs under by Mikhail Devyataev escape from a concentration camp near Peenemünde R&D center on Usedom Island. (...)
Feb 12, 1945 USS Hawkbill (SS 366) torpedoed and sank the small Japanese cargo vessel Kisaragi Maru and the two large boats that she was towing, Lombok Strait, N.E.I. (...)
Feb 13, 1945 British planes attack the German city of Dresden, bombing with phosphorus and high explosives; the firestorm created by the bombing kills an estimated 135,000. (...)
Feb 17, 1945 should had been the 2nd of a 3-day naval bombardment on Iwo Jima, but bad weather meant that there was no bombardment at all on this day. (...)
Feb 17, 1945 While shelling enemy positions in support of Underwater Demolition Team swimmers at Iwo Jima, LCI(G)-449 was heavily hit by Japanese counter-fire and went out of control. Despite very serious wounds that left him gravely weakened, LTJG Rufus G. Herring took the helm, rallied his men, and kept the ship in action. For his "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty," he was awarded the Medal of Honor. (...)
Feb 19, 1945 Himmler makes his first peace overtures to Swedish Count Folke Bernadotte of the Red Cross. (...)
Feb 19, 1945 Japanese artillery detonated an American ammunition dump at Iwo Jima. (...)
Feb 19, 1945 Operation Detachment - US Marines invaded Iwo Jima. The island was known as the "unsinkable airfield," 775 miles from the main Japanese home island of Honshu. It was used by the Japanese fighters to intercept US bombers attacking the home islands. The 30,000-man invasion force was not sure what to expect because Iwo had been pounded by ships and planes for 72 days before the amphibious assault. Despite the merciless preinvasion raids, the Japanese were stubborn defenders, and the next month of fighting was to exact one of the highest casualty tolls of the Pacific war. (...)
Feb 19, 1945 The first of 30,000 US Marines land on Iwo Jima. (...)
Feb 19, 1945 Units of the US 8th Div begin encircling German troops trapped within the Siegfried Line. (...)
Feb 19, 1945 US troops land on Samar and Capul Islands in the Philippines. (...)
Feb 21, 1945 Japanese kamikazes sank escort carrier USS Bismarck Sea (CVE 95) while off Iwo Jima. She sank in 90 minutes with loss of 318 men. USS Saratoga (CV-3) was struck by 5 kamikazes but survived with loss of 123. Bismarck Sea was the last carrier lost in combat during World War II. (...)
Feb 22, 1945 Despite the presence of two escort vessels, USS Becuna (SS 319) sank Japanese merchant tanker Nichiyoku Maru off Cape Padaran Bay. (...)
Feb 23, 1945 U.S. Marines raised an American flag on Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima. Photographer Joe Rosenthal took a picture which became the model for the Marine Corps War Memorial near Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia. (...)
Feb 24, 1945 USS Lagarto (SS 371) sank Japanese submarine I 371 and freighter Tatsumomo Maru off Bungo Strait, Kyushu. (...)
Feb 24, 1945 USS Trepang (SS 412) sank Japanese freighter Uzuki Maru north-northeast of Mikizaki, Japan. (...)
Feb 25, 1945 B-29 Superfortresses of XXI Bomber Cmd. carry out heavy raid on Tokyo-destroy 15 sq. miles of the city. (...)
Feb 26, 1945 Corregidor is captured after 10-day assault from air & sea. (...)
Feb 26, 1945 TBM aircraft (VC 82) from USS Anzio (CVE 57), along with her screen providing anti-submarine protection for the forces arrayed against Iwo Jima, sank the Japanese submarines I 368, 35 miles west of Iwo Jima, and RO 43, 50 miles west-northwest of Iwo Jima. (...)
Feb 26, 1945 USS Finnegan (DE 307) made a surface contact by radar and sank Japanese submarine, I-370, in a 4-hour attack, 120 miles south of Iwo Jima. (...)
Feb 27, 1945 PB4Y-1 aircraft from (VPB 112) and British vessels HMS Labaun, HMS Loch Fada and HMS Wild Goose sank German submarine U 327 in the English Channel. (...)
Feb 27, 1945 USS Blenny (SS 324) attacked a Japanese convoy off French Indochina and sank merchant tanker Amato Maru off Cape Padaran. (...)
Feb 27, 1945 USS Scabbardfish (SS 397) sank Japanese guardboat No.6 Kikau Maru, 100 miles northeast of Keelung, Formosa. (...)
Feb 28, 1945 The second of three airfields on Iwo Jima is secured by American forces. (...)
Mar 02, 1945 USS Bowfin (SS 287) sank Japanese transport Chokai Maru northeast of Miyake Jima. (...)
Mar 05, 1945 USS Bashaw (SS 241) sank Japanese oiler Ryoei Maru and army tanker Seishin Maru off Tourane, French Indochina. (...)
Mar 05, 1945 USS Sea Robin (SS 407) attacked a Japanese convoy in the Java Sea and sank gunboat Man-Yo Maru, auxiliary netlayer Nagara Maru, and freighter Shoyo Maru. (...)
Mar 07, 1945 The commanding officer at Coast Guard Air Station (CGAS) Floyd Bennett Field, New York, reported successful testing of a dunking sonar unit on board an XHOS-1 helicopter. The XHOS-1, a follow-on design to the HNS-1 Hoverfly, entered naval service in September 1944, with a total of 3 experimental versions and 36 production models acquired for service in the Navy and Coast Guard. (...)
Mar 07, 1945 The Ludendorff Bridge at Remagen—the last standing on the Rhine—was captured by soldiers of the U.S. 9th Armored Division during Operation Lumberjack. The 27th Armored Infantry Battalion, led by Lieutenant Karl H. Timmermann, from West Point, Nebraska, approached the bridge, and found it standing. The first American soldier across the bridge was Sergeant Alex Drabik; Lt. Timmermann was the first officer across. (...)
Mar 07, 1945 With Frank Piasecki and George N. Towson at the controls, the XHRP-X (Flying Banana) helicopter made its maiden flight at Sharon Hill, Pennsylvania. Eventually, the Navy ordered 20 HRP-1 production models. (...)
Mar 09, 1945 U.S. B-29 bombers attack Tokyo, starting fires that will kill more than 120,000. 279 B-29s are dispatched from the 73rd, 313th and 314th, and 31 from the 500th Bomb Groups. (...)
Mar 10, 1945 The U.S. Navy Nurses interned at Los Banos, Philippines, as Prisoners of War, were flown back to U.S. The Navy Nurses were taken as Prisoners of War in early January 1942. Each Navy Nurse was later awarded the Bronze Star for her time in captivity. (...)
Mar 10, 1945 US forces take Japanese positions 'Amphitheater' and 'Turkey Knob' on Iwo Jima, which togther are called 'The Meat Grinder.' (...)
Mar 11, 1945 The first unexploded V-2 rocket landed in England, but it was not retrieved and studied until 7 Apr, by that time other unexploded rockets had been found and many secrets of the rocket had already been uncovered. (...)
Mar 14, 1945 USS Cotten (DD 669) and USS Dortch (DD 670) sank the Japanese guardboats Futa Maru and No.17 Kaiko Maru off the Bonin Islands. (...)
Mar 15, 1945 Two German V-2 rocket fell in the River Thames near the Ford factory in Dagenham, London, causing no injuries. (...)
Mar 16, 1945 On Iwo Jima, a month-long struggle comes to an end, as U.S. forces capture the 8-square-mile island. Possessing Japan's last line of radar defense to warn against American air attacks, Iwo Jima is a strategically significant prelude to the invasion of Okinawa. (...)
Mar 19, 1945 As Task Force 58 planes bombed airfields at Kyushu and Kure and Kobe Harbors, Japanese aircraft singled out the US Navy carriers for attack. USS Wasp (CV 18) and USS Franklin (CV 13) were hit by enemy bombs. After being hit by two bombs, Franklin suffered subsequent explosions on the flight and hangar decks. Heroic work by her crew, assisted by nearby ships, brought the fires and flooding under control. For their action during this occasion, both CDR Joseph T. O’ Callahan, ChC, and LTJG Donald A. Gary received the Medal of Honor. (...)
Mar 22, 1945 Japanese Army officer Baron Takeichi Nishi, one time Olympian, died at Iwo Jima. (...)
Mar 24, 1945 US begins main naval bombardment of Okinawa. The Japanese garrison is 77,000 men plus 20,000 Okinawa militia under General Ushijima. (...)
Mar 26, 1945 Two German V-2 rockets hit Romford, Essex, England. The first struck Forest Road, destroying 16 buildings and killing 2. The second rocket destroyed one building named "Victory Hut" at Nook Hill. (...)
Mar 26, 1945 Two German V-2 rockets hit Romford, Essex, England; 1st struck Forest Road (killed 2), 2nd hit Nook Hill. (...)
Mar 28, 1945 Germany launched the last of the V-2 rockets against England. (...)
Mar 30, 1945 Allies get 1st close-up look at Germany's Me 262A-1 Schwalbe (Swallow) jet fighter when defecting pilot delivers 1 to Americans. (...)
Mar 30, 1945 Soviet troops marched into Danzig, taking 10,000 prisoners of war and capturing 45 submarines. (...)
Mar 30, 1945 The U.S.S.R. invaded Austria. (...)
Apr 01, 1945 Radio Werwolf began broadcasting. The radio station was created by Goebbels to rally Germans to suicidal resistance. Its repeated theme was besser tot als rot ("better dead than red"). (...)
Apr 01, 1945 French II Corps units establish contact with the US Seventh Army south of Heidelberg after crossing the Rhine near Germersheim. (...)
Apr 01, 1945 Soviet forces advanced to within 13 miles of Bratislava. (...)
Apr 01, 1945 Stalin tells Eisenhower that Berlin is on no importance, then orders Zhukov & Konev to take Berlin before the Allies. (...)
Apr 01, 1945 The last - and bloodiest - major amphibious operation of the Pacific war begins as 60,000 men of the US Tenth Army invade Okinawa. (...)
Apr 04, 1945 Hungary is liberated from Nazi occupation. (...)
Apr 04, 1945 U.S. forces liberate the Nazi death camp Ohrdruf in Germany. (...)
Apr 05, 1945 Okinawa battle develops as Americans reach entrenched Japanese defense. (...)
Apr 05, 1945 Soviet foreign minister Molotov informed the Japanese ambassador that the Soviet Union would not renew the Soviet-Japanese Neutrality Pact when it would expire on 1946. (...)
Apr 05, 1945 Yugoslav partisan leader Josip "Tito" Broz signed an agreement permitting "temporary entry of Soviet troops into Yugoslav territory." (...)
Apr 06, 1945 - Apr 07, 1945 Kamikaze attacks on US Okinawa invasion fleet hit 28 ships and sink 3. (...)
Apr 07, 1945 British 14th Army forces isolated a large Japanese force between Mandalay and Meiktila. (...)
Apr 07, 1945 For the first time in World War II land based fighters escorted Boeing B-29's over Tokyo. Two hundred B-29's based in the Marianas, and a hundred North American P-51's pulled a one two over industrial Tokyo that brought twenty-one Japanese planes tumbling down. (...)
Apr 07, 1945 Gottingen was taken by US troops. (...)
Apr 07, 1945 Iwo Jima based aircraft make their first attacks on Japan. Fighters begin arriving on Okinawa. (...)
Apr 07, 1945 Japanese air and naval units suffer a disastrous defeat in the battle of the East China Sea. Task Force 58 planes intercepted the Japanese Second Fleet heading for Okinawa. The 72,200-ton battleship Yamato was subjected to 3 hrs of bombing and torpedo attacks and finally capsized with only 269 survivors from the 3,292 man crew. It was the largest single loss involving a warship in history. Other casualties of the battle were the cruiser Yahagi, 4 destroyers and 54 aircraft. The US only lost 10 planes out of the 900 sortied. (...)
Apr 07, 1945 Soviet units cross the Danube River and smash into Vienna. Street fighting commenced. (...)
Apr 07, 1945 USS Gustafson (DE 182) sank the German submarine U 857 off Cape Cod, Massachusetts, with repeated hedgehog attacks. (...)
Apr 09, 1945 B-17G Flying Fortress 'Wee-Willie' of 322nd Bomber Squadron of USAAF 91st Bomber Group loses one of its wings to flak and crashes over Europe. (...)
Apr 11, 1945 The kamikaze attacks continued during the Okinawa Campaign and damaged the following US Navy ships: USS Missouri (BB 63), USS Bullard (DD 660), USS Kidd (DD 661), USS Enterprise (CV 6) – near miss of two kamikazes, USS Samuel S. Miles (DE 183), and LCS(L) 36. USS Essex (CV 9) and USS Hale (DD 642) were damaged by bombs and bomb strafing accounted for damage to USS Black (DD 666) and USS Hank (DD 642). (...)
Apr 11, 1945 US troops reach the Elbe River (in Germany). They halt there and meet advancing Russian troops on April 25. (...)
Apr 12, 1945 After suffering a massive cerebral hemorrhage, President Roosevelt dies. He is 63. Vice-President Harry S. Truman (1884-1972) is sworn in as President. Providence Journal cover. (...)
Apr 12, 1945 Sgt. Henry "Red" Erwin saves his B-29 crew by heaving out a malfunctioning, white-hot burning flare, suffering grievous burns & earning a Medal of Honor. (...)
Apr 16, 1945 The Destroyer USS Pringle (DD-477) was sunk off Okinawa by a Kamikaze attack. One single plane with a 1,000lb bomb struck breaking the ship in half and she sank in 5 min. 285 were rescued,62 crew members did not survive. (...)
Apr 16, 1945 US 7th Army units reach outskirts of Nuremberg. The special POW camp at Colditz is freed by other Allied units. (...)
Apr 16, 1945 - Apr 21, 1945 US troops invade and clear Ie Shima island in the Battle of Okinawa. (...)
Apr 18, 1945 A Japanese balloon bomb exploded above Omaha, NE. A bronze plaque on the shared exterior brick wall of ice cream shop and sandwich shops at 50th Street and Underwood Avenue commemorates the Omaha incident. "The incendiary device flared brightly in the night, but caused no damage," the plaque reads. (...)
Apr 18, 1945 American war correspondent Ernie Pyle was killed by Japanese gunfire on the Pacific island of Ie Shima, off Okinawa. He was 44 years old. (...)
Apr 18, 1945 USS Heerman (DD 532), USS McCord (DD 534), USS Mertz (DD 691), and USS Collett (DD 730), assisted by destroyer USS Uhlmann (DD 687) and TBM (VT 47) from USS Bataan (CVL 29) sank the Japanese submarine I 56, 150 miles east of Okinawa. (...)
Apr 20, 1945 Allied forces took control of the German cities of Nuremberg and Stuttgart. (...)
Apr 20, 1945 Fuehrerbunker: Adolf Hitler makes his last trip to the surface to award Iron Crosses to boy soldiers of the Hitler Youth. (...)
Apr 20, 1945 Soviet troops began their attack on Berlin. (...)
Apr 20, 1945 US troops clear north of Okinawa. (...)
Apr 21, 1945 U.S forces capture Nuremberg, and Russian forces reach the suburbs of Berlin. (...)
Apr 22, 1945 Hitler refused to leave Berlin although its encirclement was imminent. Units of the First White Russian Front continued to advance in the eastern suburbs. (...)
Apr 22, 1945 Indian troops of the Fourteenth Army recaptured the Yenangyaung oil fields, the largest in Burma. Most Japanese forces were ordered to withdraw from Rangoon and move back to Pegu and Moulmein. (...)
Apr 22, 1945 Mindanao's Japanese force was split in two as the US X Corps landed as a blocking force. (...)
Apr 22, 1945 Palawan is declared secure. (...)
Apr 22, 1945 The French First Army reached Lake Constance. US Seventh Army forces swept to the Danube. Field Marshal Alexander said German units in Northern Italy had "no hope of escaping." Allied planes hammered at the Alpine escape passes. (...)
Apr 22, 1945 USS Carter (DE 112) and USS Neal A. Scott (DE 769) sank German submarine U 518 west by south of the Azores. Before being sunk by the destroyer escorts, U 518 sank 9 Allied vessels (including 2 US merchant vessels) and damaged 3 Allied vessels (including 1 US merchant vessel). (...)
Apr 22, 1945 USS Cero (SS 225) torpedoed and sank the Japanese guard boat Aji Maru west of Tori Jima and damaged the guard boat No.9 Takamiya Maru. (...)
Apr 22, 1945 USS Hardhead (SS 365) torpedoed and sank Japanese cargo vessel Mankei Maru off Chimpon. (...)
Apr 23, 1945 Japanese troops evacuate Rangoon, Burma. (...)
Apr 23, 1945 PB4Y-2 "Privateers" (VPB 109) employed "BAT" missiles against Japanese shipping off Balikpapan, Borneo in the first US Navy combat use of the only automatic homing missile to be used in World War II. (...)
Apr 23, 1945 USS Besugo (SS 321) sank the German submarine U 183 in the Java Sea. Before being sunk by Besugo, U 183 sank 5 Allied merchant vessels. (...)
Apr 24, 1945 USS Frederick C. Davis (DE 136) was sunk by German submarine U 546, 570 miles east of Cape Race, Newfoundland. USS Pillsbury (DE 133), USS Flaherty (DE 135), USS Chatelain (DE 19), USS Neunzer (DE 150), USS Hubbard (DE 211), USS Keith (DE 241), USS Jannsen (DE 396) and USS Varian (DE 798) then sank U 546. (...)
Apr 25, 1945 Soviet troops carefully enter the Frankfurter Allee station in Berlin. (...)
Apr 27, 1945 US and Filipino troops take Baguio, Philippines. (...)
Apr 28, 1945 As the war into the ETO grinds to Berlin and the end of the war, B-17s and Lancasters switch from dropping bombs to dropping food over the Netherlands due to lack of food reaching the population there. (...)
Apr 28, 1945 At Lake Como, in Italy, Benito Mussolini and 12 of his former Cabinet officers are executed. German forces in Italy will surrender unconditionally on the 29th. (...)
Apr 28, 1945 German U-boats sink 8 Allied ships, 3 destroyers and 2 corvettes in the English channel. (...)
Apr 29, 1945 In a bunker in Berlin, Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun were married. Hitler designated Admiral Karl Doenitz his successor. (...)
Apr 29, 1945 The German Army in Italy surrendered unconditionally to the Allies. (...)
Apr 29, 1945 The Nazi death camp, Dachau, was liberated. (...)
Apr 29, 1945 US troops executed 165 German prisoners of war (former SS guards) at Dachau Concentration Camp. (...)
Apr 29, 1945 USS Bream (SS 243) torpedoed and sank the German minesweeper depot ship Quito off Tanjong Putting, Borneo, N.E.I. (...)
Apr 30, 1945 With Russian shells falling on Berlin, Hitler marries his mistress Eva Braun in his bombproof Berlin bunker. He then poisons her and kills himself. His remains are never recovered. (...)
May 02, 1945 Soviet marshal Georgi Zhukov accepted the surrender of Berlin, the German capital. (...)
May 02, 1945 The 8th Infantry and 82nd Airborne encounter and free the Wöbbelin concentration camp. Inside the camp are almost 5,000 prisoners, many who were taken out of other camps to prevent their liberation. (...)
May 02, 1945 USS Springer (SS-414) torpedoed and sank the Japanese frigate Ojika in the Yellow Sea. (...)
May 03, 1945 Rangoon is secured by Allied forces. (...)
May 03, 1945 USS Springer (SS-414) sank Japanese Coast Defense Vessel No. 25. (...)
May 04, 1945 While acting as Leader of a Rifle Platoon serving with Company I, Third Battalion, First Marines, First Marine Division during the Okinawa Campaign, Sergeant Elbert L. Kinser was closely engaged with the enemy when a Japanese grenade landed in close proximity. Immediately, he threw himself upon the grenade and absorbed the explosion within his body, saving his fellow Marines from death or serious injury. For his "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity" on this occasion, Sergeant Kinser was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor. (...)
May 05, 1945 A woman & 5 children are killed in Oregon by a bomb falling from a Japanese balloon bomb. (...)
May 05, 1945 German forces in Denmark and the Netherlands surrendered to the Allied forces. Additionally, all German submarines were ordered to return to their home ports by the order of Admiral Friedeburg. (...)
May 06, 1945 USS Farquhar (DE 139) sank the German submarine U 881 in the North Atlantic. Note, U 881 was the last U-boat sunk by U.S. forces during World War II. (...)
May 07, 1945 Germany surrenders unconditionally to General Eisenhower at Rheims, France, and to the Soviets in Berlin. President Truman pronounces the following day, May 8, V-E Day. The U.S., Russia, England, and France agree to split occupied Germany into eastern and western halves. (...)
May 07, 1945 The unconditional surrender of the German Third Reich was signed in the early morning hours at Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) at Reims in northeastern France. The surrender was signed by Colonel General Afred Jodl, Chief of the German General Staff, who had alone been authorized to sign the surrender document by German President Karl Doenitz. (...)
May 07, 1945 While serving as a flame thrower operator with Headquarters Company, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, Fifth Marine Division during the Okinawa Campaign, Private First Class Albert E. Schwab’s company was pinned down in a valley and suffering heavy casualties. He scaled the cliff, alone and under fire, to the enemy position and skillfully used his flame thrower to destroy the hostile emplacement. After his company occupied the ridge, a second enemy machine gun killed and wounded several Marines. Though low on flame thrower fuel, he quickly determined to advance alone against the enemy fire. Schwab destroyed the second gun emplacement but was mortally wounded at the end of his assault. For his "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity" on this occasion, he was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor. (...)
May 11, 1945 The aircraft carrier Bunker Hill (CV 17) burns after being hit by two kamikaze aircraft. Casualties on board included 346 killed, 43 missing, and 264 wounded. (...)
May 18, 1945 US forces breach the Shuri Line on Okinawa, forcing General Ushijima back to the last line of defense on the Oroku Peninsula. (...)
May 20, 1945 'Sentimental Journey' with Doris Day and Les Brown reached number one today in 1945. It stayed at the top of the music charts for nine weeks. (...)
May 24, 1945 PBM aircraft sank Japanese Special Coast Defense Ship No.21 off the coast of China, 20º 58’N, 110º 30’E. (...)
May 27, 1945 USS Tench (SS 417) sank Japanese freighter Kinei Maru off Kushiro Light. (...)
May 27, 1945 USS Tigrone (SS 419) sank Japanese guardboat No.3 Yawata Maru off Tori Jima. (...)
Jun 07, 1945 During the Okinawa Campaign, while serving with the Third Marine Battalion, Twenty-Ninth Marines, Sixth Marine Division, Private Robert M. McTureous’s company suffered casualties after capturing a hill on Oroku Peninsula, and the wounded could not be evacuated due to heavy Japanese fire. Waging a one-man assault to redirect enemy fire away from the wounded, McTureous attacked numerous times and suffered severe wounds in the process. He crawled 200 yards back to safety before asking for aid. His actions disorganized the enemy and enabled his company to complete its mission. Evacuated to USS Relief, he succumbed to his wounds on 11 June. For his "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity" on this occasion, McTureous was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor. (...)
Jun 09, 1945 In coordination with Navy surface and air forces attacking in the Kurils, 6 B-24's and 8 B-25's of the Eleventh AF fly extensive armed weather recon and anti-shipping sweeps over Kurabu and Otomari Capes, Ichinowatashi, and Asahigawa. The B-24's score no results, half of them jettisoning their bombs. The B-25's then fly a diversionary bombing mission over Araido where they are attacked by 8 fighters. To evade them, the B-25's fly over Kamchatka where Soviet AA fire shoots down one, killing its crew. Another damaged B-25 crashlands in Petropavlovsk. This is the first time Soviet AA hits a US aircraft. (...)
Jun 10, 1945 USS Skate (SS 305) torpedoed and sank Japanese submarine I -122 in the Sea of Japan, 37º29’N, 137º 25’E. (...)
Jun 14, 1945 USS Sea Devil (SS 400) sank the Japanese transport Wakamiyasan Maru in the Yellow Sea. (...)
Jun 18, 1945 Okinawa - General Buckner, commander of US Tenth Army, is killed. General Buckner was the highest ranking officer in the US Army to die during the Pacific War. (...)
Jun 21, 1945 The Pacific island of Okinawa is captured by the Allies. Japan has lost 160,000 men in fighting on the island; more than 12,500 Americans have died on Okinawa as well. (...)
Jun 22, 1945 The Battle of Okinawa ends after nearly three months of fighting. (...)
Jun 26, 1945 USS Bearss (DD 654), USS John Hood (DD 655), USS Jarvis (DD 799), and USS Porter (DD 800) sank Japanese auxiliary submarine chasers Cha 73, Cha 206, and Cha 209 and guardboat No.2 Kusunoki Maru and damaged auxiliary submarine chaser Cha 198, south of Okekotan, Kurils, 49º, 40’N, 155º, 30’E. (...)
Jul 02, 1945 USS Barb (SS-220) bombarded Japanese installations on Kaihyo Island, Japan in the first successful use of rockets against shore positions. (...)
Jul 05, 1945 The liberation of the Philippines declared. (...)
Jul 13, 1945 Berlin's municipal council confiscated all property held by members of the Nazi party. (...)
Jul 13, 1945 Italy declared war on Japan. (...)
Jul 14, 1945 American battleships and cruisers bombarded the Japanese home islands for the first time. (...)
Jul 14, 1945 USS South Dakota (BB-57), fired the initial salvo of the first naval gunfire bombardment of the Japanese Home Islands followed a second later by fire from USS Indiana (BB-58). The target was the Japan Iron Company at Kamaishi, 250 miles north of Tokyo. (...)
Jul 16, 1945 The first atomic bomb test, Trinity, was detonated 100 feet over a southern part of New Mexico known as Jornada del Muerto. (...)
Jul 17, 1945 U.S. air attacks on Tokyo continue, after planes have dropped leaflets threatening destruction from the air if the Japanese do not agree to unconditional surrender. (...)
Jul 22, 1945 US bombing raids on Japanese-held Shanghai. Spielberg recreated here: (...)
Jul 28, 1945 B-25 crashes into Empire State Building (...)
Jul 29, 1945 - Jul 30, 1945 The USS Indianapolis was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine. The ship had just delivered key components of the Hiroshima atomic bomb to the Pacific island of Tinian. Of the 1,196 onboard, 883 men were killed in the attack. (...)
Jul 30, 1945 The administration of Germany is assumed by the Allied Control Council. (...)
Jul 30, 1945 00:14 - USS Indianapolis (CA-35) midway between Guam and Leyte Gulf, was hit by two torpedoes out of six fired by the I-58, a Japanese submarine. The first blew away the bow, the second struck near midship on the starboard side adjacent to a fuel tank and a powder magazine. The resulting explosion split the ship to the keel, knocking out all electric power. Within minutes she went down rapidly by the bow, rolling to starboard. (...)
Jul 31, 1945 Pierre Laval of France surrendered to Americans in Austria. (...)
Aug 02, 1945 The Potsdam conference ends after more than two weeks of deliberations. Allied leaders have been discussing what should become of Germany. (...)
Aug 06, 1945 The American B-29 bomber, known as the Enola Gay, dropped the first atomic bomb on an inhabited area. The bomb named "Little Boy" was dropped over the center of Hiroshima, Japan. An estimated 140,000 people were killed. http://link.history.com/services/player/bcpid18808667001?bctid=1209892717 "Atomic bomb is dropped on Hiroshima," History.com, http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?action=Article&id=6542 (accessed Aug 6, 2009). (...)
Aug 06, 1945 The U.S B-29 Superfortress, Enola Gay, drops an atomic bomb on the Japanese industrial city of Hiroshima. The city is leveled, and an estimated 100,000 people are killed immediately (another 100,000 will die later from radiation sickness and burns). On August 9, a second bomb will be dropped on the Japanese city of Nagasaki. (...)
Aug 07, 1945 Britain makes its WWII secret of "radar" public. (...)
Aug 10, 1945 The Japanese sue for peace after the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and U.S. President Truman declares that August 14th will be V-J (Victory over Japan) Day. To date, nearly 55 million people have died in the Second World War, including 25 million in the Soviet Union, nearly 8 million in China, and more than 6 million in Poland. (...)
Aug 15, 1945 Japan publicly announces its surrender on the afternoon of the 15th (14th for the US). This date becomes the official V-J Day in the UK. (...)
Aug 16, 1945 Lt. Gen. Jonathan Wainwright was freed by Russian forces from a POW camp in Manchuria, China. He had been captured by the Japanese on the island of Corregidor, in the Philippines. (...)
Aug 17, 1945 In the USA, the Government drafts plans for the swift conversion of factories from war to commercial production following predictions that five million will be unemployed in six months and nine million within a year. (...)
Aug 17, 1945 Koreas divided on 38th parallel with U.S. occupying the southern area (...)
Aug 17, 1945 U-977 arrived at Mar del Plata, Argentina and surrendered to the Argentine Navy. (...)
Aug 19, 1945 In the U.S., rationing of gasoline and fuel oil comes to an end. (...)
Aug 20, 1945 Manchuria - Russian troops secure Mukden. (...)
Aug 21, 1945 U.S. President Truman ended the Lend-Lease program that had shipped about $50 billion in aid to America's Allies during World War II. (...)
Aug 27, 1945 American troops landed in Japan after the surrender of the Japanese government at the end of World War II. (...)
Aug 27, 1945 B-29s made first supply dropping mission to WWII POWs in China. (...)
Aug 30, 1945 British forces liberate Hong Kong. (...)
Sep 01, 1945 The U.S. received official word of Japan's formal surrender that ended World War II. In Japan, it was actually September 2nd. (...)
Sep 02, 1945 General MacArthur accepts the formal, unconditional surrender of Japan in a ceremony aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay. (...)
Sep 02, 1945 In Japan, Japanese officials surrendered to the U.S. aboard the USS Missouri, ending World War II. The war ended six years and one day after it began. (...)
Sep 02, 1945 Japanese surrender officially ending WWII (...)
Sep 07, 1945 Japanese forces surrender in the Ryukyu Islands. (...)
Sep 08, 1945 General MacArthur arrives in Japan. (...)
Sep 10, 1945 Vidkun Quisling was sentenced to death in Norway for his collaboration with Nazi Germany after the 1940 invasion. He was the founder of Norway's National Party in 1934, which was an imitation of Hitler's National Socialist Party. (...)
Sep 16, 1945 Japan surrendered Hong Kong. (...)
Sep 22, 1945 General George S. Patton told reporters that he did not see the need for "this denazification thing." He compared the controversy over Nazism to a "Democrat and Republican election fight." The comments led Supreme Commander Eisenhower removing him as U.S. commander in Bavaria. (...)
Oct 05, 1945 Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, USN, was given a parade in his honor through downtown Washington D.C. at the end of World War II. (...)
Oct 15, 1945 Pierre Laval, the former premier of Vichy France, was executed for treason. (...)
Oct 30, 1945 the last Liberty Ship built, SS Albert M. Boe, was delivered. (...)
Nov 23, 1945 Butter rationing comes to an end, and sugar is the only item that continues to be rationed in the U.S. (...)
Dec 15, 1945 A new election law is passed in Japan, at the urgence of the occupying Allied forces, which gives Japanese women voting rights. (...)
Dec 21, 1945 U.S. General George S. Patton died from injuries he suffered in a car accident two weeks before. (...)
Dec 27, 1945 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development is created. Of the more than 7 billion dollars contributed by 21 countries, the U.S. has subscribed more than 3 billion dollars to the World Bank. (...)
Jan 19, 1946 General Douglas MacArthur established the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo to try Japanese war criminals. (...)
Feb 05, 1946 US Army JAGD attorney Colonel Clarke wrote to the Secretary of War Patterson to request clemency for General Yamashita. (...)
Feb 23, 1946 General Tomoyuki Yamashita was executed in Manila. (...)
Mar 30, 1946 1946 - The Allies seized 1,000 Nazis attempting to revive the Nazi party in Frankfurt. (...)
Apr 29, 1946 Twenty-eight former Japanese leaders were indicted in Tokyo as war criminals. (...)
Oct 15, 1946 Hermann Goering, a Nazi war criminal and founder of the Gestapo, poisoned himself just hours before his scheduled execution. (...)
Oct 16, 1946 10 Nazi war criminals were hanged after being condemned by the Nuremberg trials. (...)
Sep 24, 1948 Mildred Gillars, known as "Axis Sally," pled innocent to charges of treason. She ended up serving 12 years for being a Nazi wartime radio propagandist. (...)
Dec 22, 1948 After being convicted of war crimes by an international tribunal, Hideki Tojo was hanged. (...)
Oct 06, 1949 Iva Toguri D'Aquino was sentenced to 10 years in prison and fined $10,000 for war crimes. The conviction was for being Japanese wartime broadcaster "Tokyo Rose." (...)
Jun 30, 1951 A group of stranded Japanese soldiers who had refused to believe that World War II had ended, finally surrendered to Lieutenant Commander James B. Johnson, USS Cocopa (ATF 101), on Anatahan Island in the northern Marianas. (...)
Jan 19, 1977 Iva Toguri D'Aquino, better known as "Tokyo Rose" was pardoned by President Gerald Ford on his last full day in office. (...)
Feb 27, 2011 Frank Woodruff Buckles, the last known living American veteran of World War I, died three weeks after celebrating his 110th birthday. He was also a civilian POW in the Philippines during WWII. (...)