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World War II Timeline

Current Events in the Timeline: 2054

Filters: Full List, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945


WWII Events for 1941

Jan 01, 1941 RAF bombs aircraft factories in Bremen, Germany. (...)
Jan 02, 1941 German bombers, perhaps off course, bomb Ireland the second night in a row. (...)
Jan 06, 1941 Contrary to widespread isolationist sentiment, President Roosevelt recommends a "Lend-Lease" program that will provide U.S. aid to the Allies. (...)
Jan 08, 1941 President Roosevelt's budget message to Congress requested a defense appropriation of $10,811,000,000 for fiscal 1942. (...)
Jan 10, 1941 German?Soviet Border and Commercial Agreement is signed. (...)
Jan 11, 1941 US Army Air Corps announces successful tests w/unmanned robot planes. (...)
Jan 20, 1941 Japan expanded annual intelligence budget to $500,000 to gather more intelligence on the United States. (...)
Jan 20, 1941 Japan orders cultural attaches in US to establish intelligence gathering networks. (...)
Jan 27, 1941 Launch of submarine USS Tautog (...)
Feb 06, 1941 Hitler made his final appeal to Franco to bring Spain into the war on the Axis side. (...)
Feb 07, 1941 British capture Italian army in North Africa: 35,000 killed, captured 130,000. (...)
Feb 08, 1941 The newly formed German Afrika Korps began departing Naples, Italy for North Africa. (...)
Feb 10, 1941 The Stirling bomber made its operational debut bombing Rotterdam's oil storage facilities. (...)
Feb 17, 1941 Rommel activates Africa Corp. (...)
Feb 19, 1941 The 8th Australian Division lands in Singapore. (...)
Feb 21, 1941 19:50 - Luftwaffe bombs Swansea for 5 hours starting at 7:50 PM. In 3 nights, 70 German bombers have dropped 35,000 incendiary canisters and 800 high explosive bombs, destroying much of the city center and killing 230 (409 wounded). The docks are almost unscathed, despite being the main target. (...)
Feb 24, 1941 the RAF Manchester bomber made its operational debut bombing Brest, France. (...)
Feb 25, 1941 German battleship Tiripitz commissions, the largest European battleship, till Japanese superbattleship Yamato later in the year, 12.16 (...)
Mar 01, 1941 Germans to Romania. Bulgarians join Axis (...)
Mar 01, 1941 The first US force for the protection of convoys in the North Atlantic was est. It consisted of destroyers and patrol aircraft. (...)
Mar 02, 1941 German 12th Army crossed the Danube and marched into Bulgaria. (...)
Mar 04, 1941 British Commandos raided the Lofoten Islands off the extreme northern coast of Norway. (...)
Mar 04, 1941 Prince Paul, Regent of Yugoslavia, arrived in Berchtesgaden in Germany where Hitler applied further pressure for Yugoslavia to join Tripartite Pact. Hitler offered to cede Salonika and part of Macedonia to Yugoslavia in return for allowing German troops to transit into Greece. (...)
Mar 05, 1941 British enter Greece. (...)
Mar 07, 1941 German submarine skipper Günther Prien of Scapa Flow fame was killed. (...)
Mar 09, 1941 The Italian offensive in Albania was held up by Greek First Army. (...)
Mar 11, 1941 U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt authorized the Lend-Lease Act, which authorized the act of providing war supplies to the Allies. (...)
Mar 12, 1941 Clydebank, Scotland suffered heavy damage from Luftwaffe bombing, leaving 75% of the city's residents homeless. (...)
Mar 13, 1941 USS Ericsson (DD 440) was commissioned. She was the third US Navy warship named for Swedish inventor John Ericsson. For the majority of World War II, Ericsson operated in the Atlantic and in the Mediterranean. Following Germany’s surrender, she relocated to the Pacific and was decommissioned after WWII. After time spent in the Reserve Fleet, Ericsson was struck from the Navy list and sunk as a target in 1970. (...)
Mar 17, 1941 The US Senate begins debating the Lend-Lease bill. (...)
Mar 20, 1941 HMS Maylaya (BB,8-15") convoy escort torpedoed of Cape Verde Islands and repaired New York Naval Yard. (...)
Mar 24, 1941 The RAF conducted its first bombing raid on Berlin for the year. (...)
Mar 27, 1941 Tokeo Yoshikawa arrived in Oahu, HI, and began spying for Japan on the U.S. Fleet at Pearl Harbor. (...)
Mar 28, 1941 Gen Simovitch coup switches Yugoslavia from Hitler to Allies, delays Nazi war timetable. (...)
Mar 28, 1941 Spy Yoshikawa arrives to map Pearl Harbor and report naval movements. (...)
Mar 29, 1941 A series of British attacks sank all 3 Italian Zara-class heavy cruisers. (...)
Mar 29, 1941 A series of British attacks sank all 3 Italian Zara-class heavy cruisers. The attacks are a part of the Battle of Matapan off Cape Matapan in Greece. 2 Italian destroyers were also sunk. (...)
Mar 30, 1941 Finland surrenders land to Russia (...)
Mar 30, 1941 The German Afrika Korps under General Erwin Rommel began its first offensive against British forces in Libya. (...)
Mar 30, 1941 The United States seized 2 German, 26 Italian, and 35 Danish ships in US ports; 850 Italian and 63 German officers and men were imprisoned. (...)
Mar 31, 1941 Battleship Prince of Wales was commissioned into Royal Navy service. (...)
Apr 04, 1941 In North Africa, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel captured the British held town of Benghazi. (...)
Apr 05, 1941 German commandos secure docks along the Danube River in preparation for Germany’s invasion of the Balkans. (...)
Apr 06, 1941 German forces invaded Greece and Yugoslavia. (...)
Apr 06, 1941 Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece (...)
Apr 06, 1941 Greece and Yugoslavia are invaded by German troops. (...)
Apr 07, 1941 Quarter of Pacific Fleet ordered to Atlantic : 3BB, 1CV, 4CL, 18DD, 3AO. (...)
Apr 09, 1941 North Carolina (BB-55) commissioned. (...)
Apr 14, 1941 German troops reached the Aliakmon River in Greece. (...)
Apr 14, 1941 King Farouk of Egypt invited Adolf Hitler for a discussion on Egyptian independence from the United Kingdom. (...)
Apr 14, 1941 Tobruk's defenders beat back a determined assault by the German 5th Light Div on the encircled city. (...)
Apr 14, 1941 Yugoslavia sues for peace, seeking to negotiate a surrender with Germany. (...)
Apr 16, 1941 Britain receives its first American "Lend-Lease" aid shipments of food. By December, millions of tons of food will have arrived from the U.S. (...)
Apr 16, 1941 Luftwaffe General Theodor Osterkamp celebrates his birthday with his fellow officers. (...)
Apr 18, 1941 The Anglo-Iraqi War began. (...)
Apr 20, 1941 - May 30, 1941 US President Roosevelt approved the transfer of 10 Lake-class Coast Guard Cutters to the British Royal Navy; the transfers were completed between 30 Apr and 30 May 1941. (...)
Apr 22, 1941 Emmanuel Tsouderos was named premier of Greece. (...)
Apr 22, 1941 Two thousand US Army reinforcements were sent to the Philippines. (...)
Apr 23, 1941 Greek battleships Kilkis (formerly US Navy's BB-23 USS Mississippi) and Lemnos (formerly BB-24 USS Idaho) were sunk by German dive bombers at Salamis. (...)
Apr 24, 1941 British withdraw from Greece to Crete (...)
Apr 25, 1941 Hitler announced Führer Directive 28 for the attack on Crete, Greece. (...)
Apr 28, 1941 Charles Sweeney joined the United States Army Air Corps; he would later become the pilot of B-29 Superfortress bomber Bockscar that delivered the atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan. (...)
May 06, 1941 First flight of XP-47B Republic Thunderbolt prototype. (...)
May 07, 1941 SS Ixion is sunk by U-94. (...)
May 09, 1941 Japanese spies report establishment of network in San Diego to watch shipment of war materials. (...)
May 10, 1941 Rudolf Hess flies to Scotland (...)
May 15, 1941 Washington (BB-56) commissions. (...)
May 16, 1941 Italian army of East Africa surrender with 289,000 casualties vs. 1,000 for Brits (...)
May 18, 1941 The Bismarck, still wearing her Baltic camouflage, sails for Norway in the wake of a mine destructor ship. (...)
May 20, 1941 German paratroops invade Crete. (...)
May 24, 1941 HMS Hood sunk by Bismarck. (...)
May 26, 1941 An obsolete torpedo bomber, a Swordfish from the British carrier Ark Royal disabled German battleship Bismarck. The torpedo struck aft, jamming the rudder and damaging the propellers. (...)
May 26, 1941 HMS Formidable (CV) bombed taking aircraft to Malta; repaired U.S. Norfolk Naval Shipyard ; re-equipped with Corsair and Hellcat fighters. (...)
May 27, 1941 "Sink the Bismarck". U.S. declares unlimited national emergency. (...)
May 31, 1941 British troops arrive in Iraq and will prevent Axis sympathizers from taking over the government there. In early June, British and Free French troops will invade Syria and Lebanon to prevent those countries from being taken over by the Germany. (...)
Jun 02, 1941 Long Island (AVG-1) commissioned. Prototype escort carrier conversion in 39 days. (...)
Jun 06, 1941 Lidice, Hungary, massacre. (...)
Jun 13, 1941 Operation Exporter, Lebanon. Australian 7th Division is held up by Vichy French defenders at the steep pass at Jezzine, halfway from the Palestinian border to Beirut. (...)
Jun 15, 1941 Japanese spies, LCDRs Itaru Tachibana and Toraichi Kono, arrested. (...)
Jun 18, 1941 British press reported details of development of radiolocation technology (later more popularly known by its American acronym RADAR) and its use in Battle of Britain. (...)
Jun 22, 1941 German troops invade Soviet Russia, breaking the "nonaggression" pact signed in 1939. Two days later, President Roosevelt promises US aid to Russia. (...)
Jun 22, 1941 Hitler invades USSR. (...)
Jun 24, 1941 Japan pressure Vichy for Indochina, needed to stop supplies to China (...)
Jun 25, 1941 President Roosevelt creates a U.S. Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC), after a march by 50,000 black Americans is threatened by A. Philip Randolph to protest unfair labor practices in the government and the war industry. (...)
Jun 25, 1941 War between Finland and Russia resumes, thus, Finland is considered Axis. (...)
Jun 28, 1941 Vannevar Bush is named director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD), which has just been created by President Roosevelt. (...)
Jun 29, 1941 Germany has advanced 200 miles into Russia in a week. (...)
Jun 29, 1941 Germany invaded and occupied Lvov, in eastern Galicia, in Ukraine. Thousands of people were slaughtered. (...)
Jun 29, 1941 The Soviet Union formed an overall defense committee consisting of Stalin, Georgi Malenkov, Marshal Kliment Voroshilov, and Lavvrenti Beria. Rumormongering, spreading panic, and cowardice were decreed to be crimes punishable by death. (...)
Jul 01, 1941 WWII watchmaker Bulova airs the first TV commercial. 10 secs on NBC's Brooklyn Dodgers telecast. (...)
Jul 05, 1941 German troops reached the Dnieper River in the Soviet Union. (...)
Jul 08, 1941 A Soviet military mission arrived in London. (...)
Jul 08, 1941 All Jews in the Baltic states were ordered to wear the Star of David. (...)
Jul 08, 1941 First British B-17 mission, Willhelmshaven, 3 planes. (...)
Jul 08, 1941 German General Franz Halder recorded in his diary Adolf Hitler's plans for Moscow and Leningrad. He wrote, "To dispose fully of their population, which otherwise we shall have to feed during the winter." (...)
Jul 08, 1941 Japan informed the US that it hoped to maintain good relations with the Soviet Union. (...)
Jul 08, 1941 Sergeant J.A. Ward was awarded the Victoria Cross for gallantry when he tried to extinguish a fire on his Wellington's right wing. (...)
Jul 08, 1941 Yugoslavia was carved up between Germany and Italy. (...)
Jul 11, 1941 11 Jul 1941: Hitler issued Führer Directive 32 to prepare for the occupation of Soviet Union (...)
Jul 14, 1941 A force of German Ju-88 bombers attacked Suez, Egypt, from bases in Crete. (...)
Jul 14, 1941 The British vessel Georgic was destroyed by Luftwaffe bombers from Crete at Suez, Egypt. (...)
Jul 14, 1941 Vichy French Foreign Legionaries signed an armistice in Damascus, which allowed them to join the Free French Foreign Legion. (...)
Jul 18, 1941 British ASV radar installed in one PBY Catalina and two PBM Mariners. Also IFF gear. (...)
Jul 18, 1941 German Me-262 jet warplane first flies. (...)
Jul 21, 1941 Moscow bombed again. US extends draft period as fears rise for US involvement. (...)
Jul 23, 1941 Under Secretary of State Welles told Ambassador Nomura the US felt there wa no reason to continue talks with Japan since the Indochinese actions showed the "Japanese Government intended to pursue the policy of force and of conquest." (...)
Jul 24, 1941 Japanese forces occupy southern Indochina with French permission. (...)
Jul 24, 1941 London. Churchill, War ministers in top secret meeting with FDR's wingmen. (...)
Jul 24, 1941 Vichy France grants Japan bases in its Indochina colonies. Japan invaded China by moving through Southeast Asia, an area that France had long occupied. France had "agreed" to the occupation under Petain's puppet government. (...)
Jul 25, 1941 US and UK freeze Japanese assets. (...)
Jul 27, 1941 Soviets encircled by Germans at Smolensk. (...)
Jul 28, 1941 Japan freezes U.S. assets. (...)
Jul 28, 1941 Japanese begin occupying military bases in French Indochina. (...)
Jul 29, 1941 Japanese start build-up of invasion troops from IndoChina. (...)
Jul 30, 1941 At Ponar, outside of Vilna, approximately, 150 Jews are shot. Most of the victims are elderly. (...)
Jul 30, 1941 War drumbeat. Japan apologizes for damaging US gunboat Tutiula anchored at Chungking, China. (...)
Aug 03, 1941 Finnish schooner "Pamir" seized as war prize at Wellington. (...)
Aug 06, 1941 USN Patrol Squadrons initiated routine air patrols from Reykjavik, Iceland, over North Atlantic convoy routes (...)
Aug 07, 1941 Just like Doolittle over Tokyo, a small force of Russian bombers hits Nazi Berlin. Point made. (...)
Aug 08, 1941 IJN carrier Shokaku commissions - Pearl, Rabaul, Ceylon, Coral Sea, E.Solomons, Santa Cruz, - Philippine Sea (...)
Aug 09, 1941 Secret meetings between President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill begin off the coast of Newfoundland. They will result in the Atlantic Charter, which contains eight points of agreement on the aims of the war. (...)
Aug 15, 1941 Churchill, FDR release joint letter of assistance to "Uncle Joe" Stalin: (...)
Aug 16, 1941 German units of Army Group North reached Novgorod and advanced beyond the Volkhov River. (...)
Aug 16, 1941 Stalin accepted the proposal of the US and Britain for an urgent conference. (...)
Aug 23, 1941 Adolf Hitler suspended Aktion T4 (the Nazi euthanasia program). The program accounted for nearly 100,000 deaths by this time. The program continued quietly using drugs and starvation instead of widespread gassings. (...)
Aug 25, 1941 Allied forces invaded Iran. Within four days the Soviet Union and England controlled Iran. (...)
Aug 25, 1941 USSR and Britain invade Iran. (...)
Aug 26, 1941 The Great Dam on the Dnieper River was blown up by the retreating Russians. (...)
Aug 27, 1941 Japanese prime minister requests a summit meeting with FDR. (...)
Aug 28, 1941 Hitler and Mussolini end 5-day meeting. (...)
Aug 28, 1941 In occupied Ukraine, more than 23,000 Hungarian Jews were murdered by the Gestapo. (...)
Aug 31, 1941 Finnish army regains their border. (...)
Sep 04, 1941 Recommissioned destroyer Greer (DD-145), tracked U-652 for several hours. Each attacked the other without injury. (...)
Sep 05, 1941 SS Steel Seafare bombed/sunk in Red Sea. (...)
Sep 09, 1941 The Siege of Leningrad, now known as St. Petersburg, began. Hitler’s plans for the Soviet Union were as simple as the orders he issued: erase it from the face of the Earth. (...)
Sep 10, 1941 First B-24 Liberator bomber to England. (...)
Sep 11, 1941 Charles A. Lindbergh brought on charges of anti-Semitism with a speech in which he blamed "the British, the Jewish and the Roosevelt administration" for trying to draw the United States into World War II. (...)
Sep 11, 1941 President Roosevelt issues an order that German or Italian ships sighted in U.S. waters will be attacked immediately. (...)
Sep 11, 1941 U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave orders to attack any German or Italian vessels found in U.S. defensive waters. The U.S. had not officially entered World War II at this time. (...)
Sep 15, 1941 Army Group North surrounds Leningrad. (...)
Sep 16, 1941 Radar issued to five PMBs and one PBY for neutrality patrol. (...)
Sep 16, 1941 The ruling shah of Iran, Reza Shah, abdicated in favor of his 23-year-old son, Mohammad Reza. Iran had been invaded by England and the Soviet Union on August 25, 1941. (...)
Sep 18, 1941 FDR asks Congress for $1.5Billion for the lend-lease program. (...)
Sep 19, 1941 New Japanese offensive in Hunan. (...)
Sep 22, 1941 Britain told Finland to conclude a peace treaty with Russia or risk being regarded as a belligerent. (...)
Sep 22, 1941 German troops cut off Leningrad from the rest of the Soviet Union by reaching the southern shore of Lake Ladoga. (...)
Sep 24, 1941 The Japanese consul in Hawaii was instructed to divide Pearl Harbor into five zones and calculate the number of battleships in each zone. (...)
Sep 25, 1941 IJN carrier Zuikaku commissioned. - Sees action in Pearl, Rabaul, Lae, Indian Ocean, Coral Sea, Eastern Solomons, Santa Cruz, Marshalls, Philippine Sea, - Cape Engaño. (...)
Sep 25, 1941 IJN escort carrier Taiyo commissioned. Training and aircraft transport. (...)
Sep 28, 1941 Citing "irresponsible elements" with acts antagonistic to the Reich, Germany declared a state of emergency in Bohemia and Moravia. (...)
Sep 28, 1941 - Sep 29, 1941 SS troops massacred nearly 34,000 Jews from the Kiev area in the nearby Babi Yar ravine. In its official report, Einsatzgruppe C related: "The Jewish population was invited by poster to present themselves for resettlement. Although initially we had only counted on 5,000-6,000 Jews reporting, more than 30,000 Jews appeared; by a remarkably efficient piece of organization they were led to believe in the resettlement story until shortly before their execution." It had been suggested the Jews were killed in reprisal for the bombing of a Kiev hotel used as a German headquarters, but the SS had been systematically killing Jews in Russia in the wake of the advancing Wehrmacht. Babi Yar stands as perhaps the most horrible single example of vengeful genocide. (...)
Sep 28, 1941 Syria was declared independent by Vichy France. (...)
Sep 28, 1941 The first British convoy for Russia left Iceland. (...)
Sep 29, 1941 German troops invading the Ukraine machine-gun to death between 50,000 and 96,000 Ukranians (of which at least 60 percent are Jews), in Babi Yar, a ravine about 30 miles outside of Kiev. (...)
Sep 30, 1941 B-17s withdrawn from RAF service. (...)
Oct 01, 1941 Second Battle of Changsha, Chinese counter attack. (...)
Oct 02, 1941 Operation Typhoon was launched by Nazi Germany. The plan was an all-out offensive against Moscow. (...)
Oct 08, 1941 Heavy rains made most of the Russian front a quagmire. The Germans captured Orel. (...)
Oct 13, 1941 Emperor expresses, "Nothing ventured, nothing gained." (...)
Oct 16, 1941 First fleet caution sent : "Intelligence suggests Japan might attack Russia or British and Dutch Colonies in the East Indies." (...)
Oct 16, 1941 Japanese cabinet resigns, new appointed by Tojo. (...)
Oct 16, 1941 The Nazis advanced to within 60 miles of Moscow. Romanians entered Odessa, USSR, and began exterminating 150,000 Jews. (...)
Oct 17, 1941 Kearney (DD-432) escorting a convoy was torpedoed U-boat off the coast of Iceland with 11 killed. (...)
Oct 17, 1941 The Kearny, a U.S. destroyer, is torpedoed off the coast of Iceland by a German U-boat. On the 31st, the American destroyer Reuben James is sunk by a German U-boat, killing 100. (...)
Oct 18, 1941 Rumania incorporated Odessa and a large area east of the Dniester River. The conquered Russian territory became Transdniestria. (...)
Oct 20, 1941 Hornet (CV-8) commissions. (...)
Oct 22, 1941 In order to recover a ceded portion of Transylvania, Rumainia renounced the 1940 Vienna agreement with Hungary. Italy and Germany had pushed for the territorial transfer to lure Hungary into the Axis. (...)
Oct 23, 1941 Aviator Charles Lindbergh advises US Congress to sign a neutrality pact with Nazi Germany. (...)
Oct 26, 1941 The Australians were relieved at Tobruk by the British 70th Division, the Polish Carpathian Brigade and British tank elements. (...)
Oct 27, 1941 German Army Group South enters Crimea.. (...)
Nov 01, 1941 The President directed that the Coast Guard operate as a part of the Navy until further notice. (...)
Nov 05, 1941 Secret instructions (Combined Fleet Ultasecret Operation Order I) were issued to the Japanese navy for the attack on Pearl Harbor. An imperial conference resulted in agreement to continue negotiations with the U.S. but to go to war if they failed to produce a settlement. The military was thus ordered to prepare for the worst. (...)
Nov 06, 1941 While on Neutrality Patrol, USS Omaha and USS Somers intercepted the German blockade runner Odenwald disguised as U.S. freighter and boarded her. While approaching, the crew attempted to scuttle the ship, but the damaged was stopped by the boarding party. Odenwald was then brought to San Juan, Puerto Rico by the Navy ships. (...)
Nov 07, 1941 Japanese carrier fleet exercises (...)
Nov 09, 1941 German troops captured Yalta, Ukraine. (...)
Nov 10, 1941 First US-escorted troop convoy, transporting 20,000 British troops, sails from Halifax for Far East. See rest of story. (...)
Nov 10, 1941 German General Erich von Manstein launched a major assault against Sevastopol with 50th Infantry Division, followed by the 132nd Infantry Division on the next day. (...)
Nov 11, 1941 Ten submarines , including I-69, I-74, I-75 and others left Yokosuka Naval Base for rendezvous at Kwajalein, then to proceed to Hawaii. (...)
Nov 15, 1941 A Canadian army contingent of about 1,000 men arrived in Hong Kong to beef up the defense garrison in the British colony. (...)
Nov 15, 1941 US troops to Dutch Guiana Surinam to protect bauxite mines. (...)
Nov 16, 1941 Japanese strike fleet to Kiriles to continue training. (...)
Nov 16, 1941 Larger Canadian force lands at Hong Kong. (...)
Nov 17, 1941 Archer (BAVG-1) is the first of 38 escort carriers transferred to the United Kingdom during the war under the Lend-Lease program. (...)
Nov 18, 1941 Five Japanese mother subs, each with midget sub, depart Kure for Pearl Harbor. (...)
Nov 18, 1941 The British 8th Army launches it's first counteroffensive in North Africa (Operation Crusader). 7 British divisions go up against 3 German and 7 Italian divisions. Axis tank strength was roughly half that of the Allies but the German tanks were superior quality. (...)
Nov 19, 1941 British Commandos failed to kill Rommel in a raid on his headquarters at Beda Littoria, in Lybia. (...)
Nov 19, 1941 German troops launched "The Autumn Offensive" which was directed at Moscow. (...)
Nov 19, 1941 The Australian cruiser HMAS Sydney was apparently sunk by the German raider Kormoran off the west coast of Australia. The Sydney had pulled to within a mile of the raider, which was disguised as a Dutch merchantman, when the German ship fired torpedoes and all her guns at the cruiser. Fully aflame, the Sydney steamed away but was never seen again and no crewmen were ever rescued. Before breaking contact, the cruiser had fired at the Kormoran, which was badly damaged and finally scuttled. (...)
Nov 19, 1941 The Germans advanced to Rostov. (...)
Nov 24, 1941 CNO to Fleet Commanders : attack on Philippines or Guam is a possibility." (...)
Nov 26, 1941 Japanese strike force leaves Hitokappu Bay in the Kurile Islands, beginning the 3,400 mile voyage to Hawaii. (...)
Nov 26, 1941 Strike fleet sorties towards Pearl Harbor (...)
Nov 26, 1941 Under great secrecy, the Japanese armada, commanded by Vadm Chuichi Nagumo, left Japan to attack the U.S. Navy at Pearl Harbor on 7 Dec 1941. The armada included all six of Japan’s first-line aircraft carriers. (...)
Nov 27, 1941 "War Warning" : an amphibious expedition against either the Philippines, Tai or Kra Peninsula or possibly Borneo." (...)
Nov 27, 1941 All US military forces were placed on a "final alert" with Pacific units receiving a "war warning." Washington said "an aggressive move by Japan is expected within the next few days." (...)
Nov 28, 1941 For the second time Hull warned the US military of a possible imminent attack by Japan. (...)
Nov 28, 1941 The Japanese foreign ministry advised its embassies throughout the world that relations with the U.S. and Britain had reached an extremely critical stage. (...)
Nov 28, 1941 USS Enterprise (CV-6) sailed from Pearl Harbor for Wake Island to ferry Marine aircraft to the island due to “War Warning” issued the previous day. Vice Admiral William Halsey approved “Battle Order No.1” that declared Enterprise was operating “under war conditions.” Following the land ing of the aircraft on 4 December, Enterprise made her way back to Pearl Harbor but was caught in storm that delayed her return. On 5 December, USS Lexington (CV-2) would subsequently leave with Task Force 12 to ferry Marine Aircraft to Midway, leaving no carriers at Pearl Harbor. This departure was also due to the “War Warning” of 27 November. (...)
Nov 28, 1941 Waffen SS units were within 20 miles of the Kremlin as the temperature dropped to minus 32 degrees centigrade. (...)
Nov 29, 1941 The U.S. warned Britain of an impending Japanese attack in the Asia-Pacific area. (...)
Nov 29, 1941 Tojo restated Japans leadership role in east Asia: "Nothing can be permitted to interfere with this sphere because this sphere was decreed by Providence." (...)
Nov 30, 1941 Emperor orders Tojo to proceed. (...)
Nov 30, 1941 Fleet of 33 Japanese warships steam towards Hawaii incl. fearsome aircraft carriers (...)
Nov 30, 1941 Japanese Foreign Minister Shigenori Togo informed the ambassador in Berlin that "war may suddenly break out between the Anglo-Saxon nations and Japan . . . quicker than anyone dreams." The Germans were not informed. (...)
Nov 30, 1941 Panzers at the gates of Moscow. (...)
Nov 30, 1941 Seaplane from Japanese submarine I-10 reconnoiters Suva Bay, Fiji. (...)
Dec 01, 1941 Japan made its irrevocable decision to go to war. A council meeting in the imperial presence ended with a unanimous vote to begin hostilities. The minutes of the meeting read: "Our negotiations with the United States regarding the execution of our national policy, adopted November 5, have finally failed. Japan will open hostilities against the United States, Great Britain and the Netherlands." Tojo led the meeting. Emperor Hirohito did not speak at all. (...)
Dec 02, 1941 Japan's cabinet was reshuffled because of "the deteriorating international situation." The new cabinet affirmed the final decision to attack Pearl Harbor, and the code message to proceed, "Climb Mount Niitaka," was flashed to the naval attack force the next day. (...)
Dec 02, 1941 London announced the formation of a new and expanded Eastern FLeet. Britain in the past had maintained a cruiser squadron, but its naval presence in Asia would now be led by more powerful men-of-war. The battleship Prince of Wales and the battle cruiser Repulse arrived in Singapore on this date. This announced action indicated the concern of Britain as it viewed Japan's southward penetration. (...)
Dec 02, 1941 Roosevelt - in a personal note to the Japanese envoys in Washington - asked Tokyo for an explanation of the Japanese troop build-up in Indochina. The President said, "The stationing of thee increased Japanese forces in Indochina would seem to imply the utilization of these forces by Japan for purposes of further aggression, since no such number of forces could possibly be required for the policing of that region..." (...)
Dec 02, 1941 Soviet troops evacuated the last areas of Finland occupied since the 1939-40 war. (...)
Dec 02, 1941 The Japanese embassy in Washington was ordered to destroy all but its most secret coding facilities. Similar orders went to Japanese missions in British, Dutch, and Canadian cities, Cuba, the Philippines, and the South Pacific. (...)
Dec 02, 1941 Tojo rejects peace feelers from US officials (...)
Dec 02, 1941 US Navy gunners reported aboard the American merchantman SS Dunboyne, the first such ship to be under armed guard. (...)
Dec 03, 1941 German units - some suffering 40% frostbite casualties - began pulling back from the suburbs of Moscow. High winds from the Arctic couples with -38C temps reduced some batallions to less than 100 men. (...)
Dec 03, 1941 Japanese invasion fleet departs Hainan for Thailand. (...)
Dec 03, 1941 The Japanese fleet, making its way toward Pearl Harbor, makes rendezvous with supply ships and refuels. (...)
Dec 04, 1941 Japan declared the Netherlands an enemy power and said it would treat the Dutch as if a state of war existed between them. (...)
Dec 04, 1941 Schedule of Pearl Harbor attack was transmitted to the submarine fleet. (...)
Dec 04, 1941 The Japanese ambassador in Berlin asked what the German government's position would be if Japan initiated war against the Allies. Such a possibility was not covered under the Tripartite Pact. Hitler had never been advised of the planned attacks in the Pacific. (...)
Dec 04, 1941 The Japanese Twenty-Fifth Army began leaving Hainan Island for the invasion of Malaya and Thailand. (...)
Dec 04, 1941 US river gunboat Mindanao departed Hong Kong for Manila. Only two more US vessels remained in China to maintain communications with consulates; all others were withdrawn to Philippine Islands as the US Navy expected war to begin very soon. (...)
Dec 05, 1941 Army Group Center stops outside Moscow. (...)
Dec 05, 1941 Hitler ordered a halt to German offensive operations aimed at Moscow. Of the 3.5M men committed to Russia by the Axis, 750k were killed, wounded, or missing by this date. (...)
Dec 05, 1941 Japan told Roosevelt it was reinforcing its army units in Indochina because "Chinese troops have recently shown frequent signs of movement along the northern frontier of French Indochina bordering on China." (...)
Dec 05, 1941 - Dec 06, 1941 Thailand sought assurances from Britain that if the Thais were attacked by the Japanese London would declare war on Japan immediately. Churchill replied the next day suggesting the Thais defend themselves if attacked and that British aid would be forthcoming. Roosevelt was advised of Churchill's offer and agreed to supply US assistance as well, but neither agreed on an automatic declaration of war. (...)
Dec 05, 1941 US naval offices and facilities in Tokyo, Bangkok, Peking, Tientsin, Shanghai, Guam, and Wake were ordered to destroy all but absolutely essential communication codes and secret documents. (...)
Dec 06, 1941 Britain declared war on Finland, Hungary, and Rumania. (...)
Dec 06, 1941 Formosa : 27 invasion transports depart for Philippines. 400 pilots briefed. (...)
Dec 06, 1941 Roosevelt approved research funds for an atomic bomb and a promise of "enormous" resources if the project showed promise. This action would prove prophetic considering the events of the next day. (...)
Dec 06, 1941 Roosevelt sent a message to Emperor Hirohito calling on Japan to withdraw its troops from Indochina. He said the large military force there created "a reasonable doubt on the part of other nations that this continuing concentration in Indochina is not defensive in its character... the people of the Philippines, of the hundreds of islands of the East Indies, of Malaya, and of Thailand itself are asking themselves whether these forces of Japan are preparing or intending to make attack in one or more of these many directions." (...)
Dec 06, 1941 Russian counterattack until mid-Feb. (...)
Dec 06, 1941 Russian forces under Gen Zhukov began their counteroffensive from Moscow. Three fresh Soviet armies of over 1 million men were thrown against the now exhausted and overextended German forces, who were caught by surprise. Zhukov's counteraction was the salvation of Moscow. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 03:42 Minesweeper CONDOR sights periscope off Honolulu Harbour, notifies patrol destroyer WARD to investigate. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 04:58 Minesweeper CROSSBILL and CONDOR enter Pearl Harbor, defective submarine net remains open. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 06:00 200 miles south of Oahu carrier ENTERPRISE launches 18 aircraft to scout ahead. then to land at Ford Island, Pearl Harbor. ETA 0800. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 06:10 220 miles north of Oahu Admiral Nagumo orders launching of 1st wave of 183 aircraft off three carriers. 2 are lost during takeoff. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 06:30 Destroyer WARD again notified of submarine sighting this time by supply ship ANTARES off Pearl Harbor entrance. Navy patrol plane (PBY) dispatched to the scene. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 06:45 WARD opens fire on target hitting conning tower. as she closes in drops depth charges..air attack by PBY follows. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 06:53 WARD'S commander Captain Outerbridge sends message to Commandant 14th Naval District: "We have attacked, fired upon and dropped depth charges upon submarine operating in defensive sea area". (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:00 Commander Fuchida flying towards Oahu directs his pilots to home in on local radio station. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:02 Private's Lockhard and Elliott of Opana Radar Station pick up what appears to be a flight of unidentified aircraft bearing in 132 miles north of Oahu. discussion follows. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:06 Private Elliott phones switchboard operator Joseph McDonald at Information Center, Ft. Shafter, telling of a large formation of aircraft approaching the Island. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:15 Capt. Outerbridge's attack message, delayed in decoding is delivered to duty officer, 14th Naval District, and to Admiral Kimmel's duty officer. Japanese launch 2nd wave of 168 assault aircraft. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:20 Joseph McDonald finding Lt. Tyler in Information Center, calls Opana and patches Lt. Tyler thru to Private Lockard who describes the large flight picked up on radar and is told, "Well don't worry about it." (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:33 Important message from Gen Marshall from Washington to Short received via RCA in Honolulu. cablegram has no indication of priority. messenger Tadao Fuchikami proceeds on normal route. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:35 Reconnaissance plane from cruiser CHIKUMA reports main fleet in Pearl Harbor. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:39 Opana Station loses aircraft on radar 20 miles off coast of Oahu due to "dead zone" caused by surrounding hills. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:40 1st wave sights North Shore of Oahu. deployment for attack begins. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:49 Commander Fuchida orders attack. all pilots to begin assault on military bases on Oahu. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:53 Fuchida radios code to entire Japanese Navy "TORA TORA TORA" indicating success, maximum strategic surprise. Pearl Harbor caught unaware. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:55 Along Battleship Row, battlewagons feel the sting of the newly perfected torpedoes specifically designed for the shallow waters of Pearl Harbor (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:55 At 1010 dock violent explosions rock light cruiser HELENA on her starboard side crippling both her and minelayer OGLALA moored beside her. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:55 Island wide attack begins. Japanese dive bombers to strike airfields Kaneohe, Ford Island, Hickam, Bellows, Wheeler, Ewa. Aerial torpedo planes begin their run on ships in Pearl Harbor. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 07:55 On the other side of Battleship row, Ford Island, target ship UTAH also feels the sting of the torpedoes. and like the battleship OKLAHOMA begins to capsize. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:00 B-17's from the mainland reach Oahu after 14 hour flight. Aircraft from carrier ENTERPRISE arrive Ford Island. both caught between enemy and friendly fire. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:00 Light cruiser RALEIGH moored ahead of the UTAH takes measures to prevent capsizing. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:01 Commander Logan Ramsey of Ford Island Command Center sends out message for all radiomen on duty to send out in plain English "AIR RAID PEARL HARBOR THIS IS NO DRILL". (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:01 Simultaneously the call for General Quarters echos throughout Pearl Harbor. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:02 Machine guns on battleship NEVADA open fire on torpedo planes approaching her port beam. two planes hit. however one missile tears huge hole in ship's port bow. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:05 Admiral Kimmel arrives CINCPAC headquarters. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:05 Battleship CALIFORNIA receives second torpedo "portside at frame 110". Prompt action directed by Ensign Edgar M. Fain prevents ship from capsizing. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:05 High level bombers begin their run "on both bows" of battleship row. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:05 Repair ship VESTAL moored outboard of battleship ARIZONA opens fire. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:08 High level bombers unleash armour piercing, delayed action bombs from altitude of 10,000 feet scoring hits on battleships. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:08 KGMB radio interrupts music calling for: "All Army, Navy, and Marine personnel to report to duty". (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:10 Forward magazines on battleship ARIZONA suddenly ignite resulting in a tremendous explosion and huge fireball sinking the battleship within nine minutes. Concussion of explosion blows men off repair ship VESTAL. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:12 General Short advises entire Pacific Fleet and Washington, "Hostilities with Japan commenced with air raid on Pearl Harbor" (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:15 2nd dispatch orders all patrol planes to seek out enemy. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:15 KGMB interrupts music with 2nd call ordering all military personnel to report for duty. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:17 USS HELM first of several destroyers to clear Pearl Harbor spots a midget submarine struggling to enter harbor. shots fired misses target. sub frees itself from reef and submerges. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:25 Using a Browning Automatic Rifle Lt. Stephen Saltzman and Sgt. Lowell Klatt shot down enemy plane making strafing run on Schofield Barracks. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:26 Honolulu Fire Department responds to call for assistance from Hickam Field. 3 firemen killed. 6 wounded. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:30 3rd call out for military via local radio stations. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:35 Tanker NEOSHO half loaded with high octane aviation fuel moves clear of Battleship Row and oil tanks on Ford Island. Damage reported in city. Police warn civilians to leave streets and return to their homes. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:39 Seaplane tender CURTISS sights midget sub in harbor and commences to fire..Destroyer MONAGHAN heads for intruder at ramming speed. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:40 Submarine surfaces after sustaining damage. MONAGHAN hits sub and drops depth charges as she passes. 1st explanation over local radio stations. "A sporadic air attack. rising sun sighted on wing tips". (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:50 Lt. Commander Shimazaki orders deployment of 2nd wave over military bases on Oahu. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 08:54 Attack run begins. 54 high-level bombers hit Naval air stations, 78 dive bombers hit ships in Pearl, 36 fighters circle over harbor to maintain air control. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 09:00 Crew of the Dutch liner JAGERSFONTEIN opens up with her guns, the first Allies to join the fight. Radios throughout the island crack out urgent messages "Get off roads and stay off.. Don't block traffic. Stay at home. This is the real McCoy". (...)
Dec 07, 1941 09:15 - In a note delivered to Secretary Hull at 2:15 PM (EST) in Washington, the Japanese said, "Obviously it is the intention of the American Government to conspire with Great Britain and other countries to obstruct Japan's efforts toward the establishment of peace through the creation of a new order in East Asia, and especially to preserve Anglo-American rights and interests by keeping Japan and China at war." This declaration of war notice was delivered over an hour after the attack had begun. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 09:30 Tremendous explosions rocks destroyer SHAW sending debris everywhere. bomb falls near Governor's home. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 10:00 First wave arrives back on carriers, 190 miles north of Oahu. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 10:05 Governor Poindexter calls local papers announcing state of emergency for entire territory of Hawaii (...)
Dec 07, 1941 10:30 Mayor's Major Disaster Council meets at city hall. Reports from local hospitals pour in listing civilian casualties. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 11:00 Commander Fuchida circles over Pearl Harbor. assesses damage then returns to carrier task force. All schools on Oahu ordered to close. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 11:15 State of emergency announced over radio by Governor Poindexter. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 11:42 As per orders by Army local stations go off the air. General short confers with Governor regarding martial law. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 11:46 First report of many false sightings of enemy troops landing on Oahu. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 12:10 American planes fly north in search for enemy with negative results. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 12:30 Honolulu police raid Japanese embassy. find them burning documents. Blackout to begin at night ordered by Army. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 12:40 Governor confers with President Roosevelt regarding martial law. both agree it necessary that the military take over the civilian government. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 13:00 Commander Fuchida lands on board carrier AKAGI. discussion follows with Admiral Nagumo and staff concerning feasibility of launching 3rd wave. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 13:30 Signal flags on carrier AKAGI orders Japanese task force to withdraw. Territorial director of civil defense orders blackout every night until further notice. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 14:58 Tadao Fuchikami delivers message from Washington. message decoded and given to General Short regarding ultimatum from Japan to be given at 1300 Washington time. "Just what significance the hour set may have we do not know, but be on the alert accordingly". (...)
Dec 07, 1941 16:25 Governor signs Proclamation. martial law put into effect. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 Air raids on Singapore, Guam, Wake, Philippines (...)
Dec 07, 1941 Costa Rica declared war on Japan. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 Hitler issues an order known as the "Night and Fog Decree" directing German authorities in western European occupation areas to eliminate those individuals "endangering German security." They were to be disposed of in a discreet manner, to "disappear" into the night and fog so that even their relatives would never know what happened to them. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 Japanese attack Pearl Harbor (...)
Dec 07, 1941 Japanese invasion of Malaya. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 Just before 8 a.m., Honolulu time, 360 Japanese planes attack Pearl Harbor, the U.S. military base on the Hawiian island of Oahu. The attack cripples the U.S. Pacific fleet, and kills more than 2,300 American soldiers, sailors, and civilians. The attack precedes Japan's formal declaration of war, which is delivered by the Japanese foreign minister to the U.S. embassy in Tokyo more than seven hours later. (...)
Dec 07, 1941 Two Japanese destroyers shell Midway. (...)
Dec 08, 1941 Imperial Rescript declares a state of war between the Japanese Empire and the United States and U.K. (...)
Dec 08, 1941 President Roosevelt addresses the U.S. Congress, saying that December 7 is "a date that will live in infamy." After a vote of 82-0 in the U.S. Senate, and 388-1 in the House, in favor of declaring war on Japan, Roosevelt signs the declaration of war. (See Roosevelt's famous address to Congress requesting that war be declared.) (...)
Dec 08, 1941 U.S. declares a state of war to exist with the Empire of Japan. (...)
Dec 09, 1941 Japanese bomb and destroy Cavite Navy Yard in Manila Bay. (...)
Dec 09, 1941 Japanese planes sink Repulse and Prince of Wales off Malaya. (...)
Dec 09, 1941 The Navy buys 25 airborne search radar sets for service test in dive bombers and torpedo planes. (...)
Dec 09, 1941 USS Swordfish (SS-193) made the initial U.S. submarine attack on Japanese ship, torpedoing a ship 150 miles west of Manila. Her claim of sinking, though, is not confirmed in enemy records. (...)
Dec 10, 1941 A PBY from (VP 101), piloted by Lieutenant Harmon T. Utter, was attacked by three Japanese Mitsubishi A6M2 Type 0 carrier fighters (ZERO). Chief Boatswain Earl D. Payne, Utter’s bow gunner, shot down one, scoring the U.S. Navy’s first verifiable air-to-air "kill" of a Japanese plane in the Pacific War. (...)
Dec 11, 1941 Germany and Italy declare war on the U.S. President Roosevelt calls an end to official U.S. neutrality in the war in Europe, declaring war on Germany and Italy. (...)
Dec 11, 1941 US, others respond with war on Germany and Italy. (...)
Dec 14, 1941 US Congress authorized the US Navy to keep enlisted men in service past their enlistment expirations. (...)
Dec 15, 1941 The American Federation of Labor established a no-strike policy in war industries. (...)
Dec 16, 1941 IJN superbattleship Yamato commissioned - Midway, Samar - to Okinawa. (...)
Dec 16, 1941 Navy approves an expansion of the pilot training program from 800 students per month to 2,500 per month. (...)
Dec 16, 1941 The largest battleship, Yamato, was commissioned. (...)
Dec 17, 1941 17 SB2U-3 Vindicators, led by a PBY, arrived at Midway Island from Oahu, longest mass flight by single-engine aircraft, 9:45 (...)
Dec 20, 1941 Admiral Ernest J. King was announced as the designated Commander-in-Chief, United States Fleet in charge of all operating naval fleets and coastal frontier forces, reporting directly to the President. Note, in December 1944, King was promoted to Fleet Admiral. (...)
Dec 22, 1941 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrived in Washington for a the Arcadia Conference, with U.S. President Roosevelt. (...)
Dec 22, 1941 carrier aircraft from Soryu and Hiryu attacked Wake Island; during the aerial battle, one of the last two operational US Marine F4F Wildcat fighters was shot down while the other was badly damaged. (...)
Dec 23, 1941 Churchill and Roosevelt met at the White House, Washington DC during the First Washington Conference (Arcadia). (...)
Dec 23, 1941 Wake Island falls. American forces on Wake Island surrendered to the Japanese. (...)
Dec 28, 1941 The Chief of Bureau of Yards and Docks, Rear Admiral Ben Moreell, requested that construction battalions be recruited. On 5 Jan 1942, he gained authority from the Bureau of Navigation to recruit men from the construction trades for assignment to a Naval Construction Regiment composed of three Naval Construction Battalions. (...)
Dec 29, 1941 The German Navy decided to send battleship Tirpitz to Norway on 10 Jan 1942 to tie down Allied naval resources in the North Atlantic. (...)
Dec 30, 1941 The first "Liberty Ship,” the SS Patrick Henry is launched. (...)
Dec 31, 1941 Admiral Chester W. Nimitz assumed command of U.S. Pacific Fleet and led the U.S. Navy during the long advance across the Pacific to full victory in August 1945. (...)