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World War II Timeline

Current Events in the Timeline: 2054

Filters: Full List, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945


WWII Events for 1942

Jan 01, 1942 Allied nations sign Declaration of the United Nations. (...)
Jan 01, 1942 TF-17 (RAdm Fletcher) formed on Yorktown (CV-5) newly returned from the Atlantic. (...)
Jan 02, 1942 Japanese troops capture Manila. (...)
Jan 04, 1942 Indian leaders promised to support the Allied war effort if Britain granted India dominion status. (...)
Jan 04, 1942 Japanese forces bombed Rabaul for the first time. The air offensive signaled Tokyo's intention of seizing the strategic air and naval base in the Bismarck Archipelago. (...)
Jan 04, 1942 The Russians recaptured Borovsk. (...)
Jan 05, 1942 The beginning of a major Red Army offensive under General Zhukov. (...)
Jan 05, 1942 the Russian attempt to land at Eupatoria (Yevpatoria) was blocked by the Germans. (...)
Jan 05, 1942 Tire rationing begins in the U.S. Kids collect old ones for the war effort: (...)
Jan 05, 1942 US and Filipino troops established the Layac line, a holding operation to permit evacuations through Layac junction through which all roads to Bataan passed. (...)
Jan 05, 1942 Withdrawal of US forces to Bataan is completed. (...)
Jan 06, 1942 FDR authorizes the largest armaments production in US history: 45,000 aircraft, 45,000 tanks, 20,000 antiaircraft guns and 8 million tons in new ships in the first year of production. This would be possible due to the large number of women who had entered factories to replace men who had gone to war. (...)
Jan 06, 1942 Planes from Truk attack Rabaul in the Bismarcks. (...)
Jan 06, 1942 Yorktown (CV-5) sails from San Diego to escort the Second Marine Brigade to American Samoa. (...)
Jan 08, 1942 A "Joint Basic Army and Navy Plan for the Occupation and Defense of Borabora" was issued. "BOBCAT", is the code name chosen for the new base. (...)
Jan 08, 1942 Kuala Lumpur's outer defense lines were penetrated by the Japanese in Malaya. (...)
Jan 10, 1942 Japanese troops invade the Dutch East Indies. (...)
Jan 10, 1942 Japs invade Dutch East Indies; US DD's attack troopships sunk at Macassar Strait. (...)
Jan 10, 1942 Nazis bomb Liverpool, destroy 102 Upper Stanhope St., home of Alois Hitler Jr., Adolf Hitler's half brother. (...)
Jan 10, 1942 Royal Navy Lt Cmdr Bramwell made the 1st ever landing of a Spitfire aboard a carrier. (...)
Jan 11, 1942 Enterprise (CV-6, TF 8, VAdm Halsey) departs Pearl to join escort of Marines to Samoa. (...)
Jan 11, 1942 Japan declares war on the Netherlands and invades the Netherlands East Indies. (...)
Jan 11, 1942 Japanese troops landed on Tarakan island off Borneo. (...)
Jan 12, 1942 Captives shipped from Wake Island to Japan; 5 beheaded to assure good behavior. (...)
Jan 12, 1942 Japanese light cruiser Oi hosted Rear Admiral Matome Ugaki. During the trip Matome expressed disapproval for the use of cruisers as torpedo vessels. (...)
Jan 12, 1942 Saratoga (CV-3, TF 11, VAdm Fitch) torpedoed 500 miles SE Hawaii. She is able to return to Pearl and is sent to West Coast for repairs until June 1. (...)
Jan 14, 1942 An order from President Roosevelt requires all aliens to register with the government. This is the beginning of a plan to move Japanese-Americans into internment camps in the belief that these people might aid the enemy. (...)
Jan 15, 1942 ABDA (American, British, Dutch and Australian) force formed in Western Pacific. (...)
Jan 15, 1942 Play ball! Roosevelt wrote to baseball commissioner saying the sport must continue to keep the population entertained during war time. (...)
Jan 18, 1942 Burma?s Premier U Saw was ?detained? by the British for allegedly being in communication with the Japanese. (...)
Jan 18, 1942 Germany, Italy, and Japan sign a military convention in Berlin, laying down ?guidelines for common operations against the common enemies.? (...)
Jan 18, 1942 Japanese battleship Mutsu towed the old Italian-built armored cruiser Nisshin as a target ship during battleship Yamato's gunnery trials off Kurahashi Island, Japan. (...)
Jan 18, 1942 Russian forces under General Timoshenko launched a fresh offensive against the Germans on the central front. The southern front was marked by strong gains by the Red Army in the Ukraine. (...)
Jan 19, 1942 The Japanese secure North Borneo. (...)
Jan 20, 1942 at the Wannsee Conference, Heydrich presented a plan to deal with the "Jewish question". (...)
Jan 20, 1942 Marines arrive Pago Pago covered by Enterprise and Yorktown. (...)
Jan 21, 1942 Enterprise and Yorktown task forces set course for the Japanese-held Marshalls and Gilberts. (...)
Jan 21, 1942 German General Erwin Rommel began his counterattack from El Agheila. (...)
Jan 21, 1942 German General Erwin Rommel began his counterattack from El Agheila. (...)
Jan 21, 1942 I-22, a Japanese mine-laying submarine, was sunk by the USS Edsall and Australian minesweepers at Darwin, Australia. (...)
Jan 22, 1942 Lexington departs to raid Wake Island. (...)
Jan 22, 1942 US forces began another withdrawl on Bataan. Japan sent reinforcements ashore at Subic Bay. (...)
Jan 23, 1942 Japanese take Rabaul, good harbor, becomes major Japanese base. (...)
Jan 23, 1942 Neches (AO-5), fleet oiler, torpedoed and sunk. Lexington has to cancel raid on Wake Island. (...)
Jan 24, 1942 Battle of Makassar Strait off Balikpapan sinks four Japanese transports (...)
Jan 25, 1942 A Japanese submarine shelled Midway Island. (...)
Jan 25, 1942 British forces attempted a counterattack on Msus in Libya which had just been overrun by Rommel's forces. The British 1st Armored Division was routed as the Germans captured 96 tanks, 12 aircraft, 38 guns, and 190 trucks. (...)
Jan 25, 1942 Japanese forces landed at Lae in New Guinea. (...)
Jan 25, 1942 South Africa and New Zealand declared war on Thailand. (...)
Jan 25, 1942 Thailand declared war on the US and Britain. Its forces immediately joined in the invasion of Burma. (...)
Jan 25, 1942 Uruguay severed diplomatic relations with German, Italy, and Japan. (...)
Jan 26, 1942 German leader Himmler announced his plan to send 100,000 Jewish men and 50,000 Jewish women to concentration camps for use as forced laborers within the following four weeks. (...)
Jan 26, 1942 Rabaul falls to the Japanese, gving them a major strategically located air and naval base. (...)
Jan 26, 1942 The first contigent of American forces to reach Europe arrived in North Ireland. Headquarters for the US armed forces in Britain was established in London. (...)
Jan 27, 1942 Australians warn New Caledonia could be captured before US troop ships, then underway, arrive. (...)
Jan 27, 1942 Submarine Gudgeon sinks Japanese submarine I-73. (...)
Jan 28, 1942 Georgi Zhukov was promoted, with responsibility growing to include the Bryanksk, Kalinin, and West Fronts. (...)
Jan 28, 1942 Japanese Type 95 Ha-Go light tank was knocked out by Australian troops in Malaya. (...)
Jan 29, 1942 Inter-island army transport, General Royal T. Frank sunk with all hands by I-71. She explodes and sinks in 30 seconds in the Alenuihaha Channel about two miles W of Maui. The 622-ton Army transport General Royal T. Frank carrying army recruits and the small freighter Kalae with a barge in tow were being escorted by an old flush-deck destroyer. (...)
Jan 30, 1942 Lexington sent to south to cover return of Enterprise and Yorktown from the attack on the Gilberts and Marshalls. (...)
Feb 01, 1942 Enterprise (CV-6, TF 8, VAdm Halsey) and Yorktown (CV-5, TF 17. RAdm Fletcher) raid the Marshall and Gilbert Islands; Lexington (CV-2,TF 11, VAdm Brown) supports the operations from the vicinity of Christmas Island. (...)
Feb 01, 1942 PT boats and P-40's repulse Japanese landing attempt on southwest Bataan. (...)
Feb 01, 1942 SOC aircraft flying over Wotje Atoll, Marshall Islands to spot for naval bombardment by cruisers Salt Lake City and Northampton. (...)
Feb 01, 1942 the United States launched its first air offensive of the Pacific War: aircraft from USS Yorktown and USS Enterprise attacked Japanese bases in the Marshall and Gilbert Islands; USS Lexington supported the operations from the vicinity of Christmas Island. (...)
Feb 01, 1942 USN raids Marshall and Gilbert Islands (...)
Feb 02, 1942 Congress appropriates 26.5 billion dollars for the U.S. Navy, bringing total U.S. war costs since June of 1940 to more than 115 billion dollars. (...)
Feb 02, 1942 Japanese warships began to patrol in waters near Java, paving way for the invasion fleet. (...)
Feb 03, 1942 - Feb 04, 1942 Anticipating an imminent attack on the Philippine Islands by the Imperial Japanese Navy, USS TROUT (SS-202) rendezvoused with a torpedo boat in Manila Bay and moored at South Dock. TROUT supplied over 3,500 rounds of ammunition to the marine defenders and loaded fuel and two torpedoes. Requiring ballast and with the intent of evacuating the wealth of the Philippine government, TROUT also loaded over 20 tons of gold bars, silver pesos and State Department dispatches. With sunset fast approaching, TROUT submerged to the bottom of Manila Bay. After nightfall TROUT loaded more mail and was escorted through the defensive minefields to sea. (...)
Feb 03, 1942 Chiang Kai-shek and the British agreed on the deployment of Chinese troops in the defense of Burma (...)
Feb 03, 1942 Japanese naval land attack planes bomb ABDA operating base at Surabaya; (...)
Feb 04, 1942 British forces seize the Egyptian royal palace in Cairo to force the abdication of the 22-year old King Farouk who was sympathetic to the Axis. (...)
Feb 04, 1942 Japanese naval land attack planes bomb ABDA ships, damaging Houston (CA-30) and light cruiser Marblehead (CL-12). (...)
Feb 05, 1942 120 P-40 fighters arrived at Brisbane, Australia from the United States. (...)
Feb 05, 1942 Enterprise returns Pearl. (...)
Feb 05, 1942 Hammondsport delivered 120 P-40 fighters to Brisbane. (...)
Feb 05, 1942 Japanese planes bomb Allied shipping off Soembawa Island, N.E.I. (...)
Feb 05, 1942 Japanese troops attacked the Pulau Ubin island to the east of Singapore, drawing British troops to move to that region; the actual attack would come from the northwest three days later. (...)
Feb 06, 1942 German troops captured Benghazi, Libya, but the westward offensive had been halted at the Gazala Line. (...)
Feb 06, 1942 Japanese artillery on Cavite coast shell Corregidor. (...)
Feb 06, 1942 US Army allocated resources for the construction of the Alaska-Canadian Highway, pending approval of the US President and the US Congress. (...)
Feb 06, 1942 Yorktown returns Pearl. (...)
Feb 08, 1942 Japanese infiltration force at Quinauan Point, Bataan, is destroyed. (...)
Feb 08, 1942 Japanese submarine I-69 shells Midway. (...)
Feb 08, 1942 Japanese troops land on New Britain. (...)
Feb 08, 1942 Soviet 1st and 11th Shock Armies linked up and encircled 90,000 German troops and 10,000 auxiliaries around Demyansk, Russia. (...)
Feb 08, 1942 21:00 - USS S-37 (SS-142)became the oldest commissioned submarine to sink an enemy warship when her torpedo's took down the Japanese destroyer NATSUSHIO near Makassar in Indonesia. (...)
Feb 09, 1942 Japanese troops land on Singapore Island. (...)
Feb 09, 1942 Lafayette (AP-53) (ex-French liner Normandie) burns at New York and capsizes. (...)
Feb 09, 1942 Lexington heads to South Pacific. (...)
Feb 09, 1942 USS Roe (DD 418) rescued 14 survivors from British freighter Ocean Venture, which was sunk by German submarine, U-108, the previous day near Cape Hatteras. Until being scuttled in 1945, U-108 sank a total of 26 Allied vessels, which included 4 American merchant ships. (...)
Feb 09, 1942 year-round Daylight saving time was re-instated in the United States as a wartime measure to help conserve energy resources. (...)
Feb 10, 1942 General Instructions for Refueling, tech bulletin 2-42 (...)
Feb 10, 1942 IJN Yamato's 1.5-month fitting out period completed. Deficiencies found were corrected at Kure. Her initial AA suite was twelve 127-mm guns (6x2), twenty-four 25-mm guns (8x3 enclosed mounts), and four 13.2-mm machine guns (2x2). (...)
Feb 11, 1942 First large troop convoy to garrison S. Pacific Islands. (...)
Feb 13, 1942 Passenger ship President Taylor, transporting 900 troops to occupy Canton Island, runs aground. (...)
Feb 14, 1942 ABDAFloat orders task force (4 cruisers, 11 destroyers) to attack Japanese Palembang expeditionary force. Van Ghent lost ; troops land. (...)
Feb 14, 1942 Alcan Highway authorized, Dawson to Fairbanks. (...)
Feb 14, 1942 Enterprise (Halsey) leaves Pearl Harbor for Wake Island. (...)
Feb 14, 1942 Japanese army paratroopers assault Sumatra. (...)
Feb 14, 1942 Japanese paratroopers attacked Palembang in Sumatra, Dutch East Indies. (...)
Feb 14, 1942 The British submarine, Thrasher, survives an attack off Crete with two unexploded bombs lodged in its deck casing. Lt. Peter Roberts and Petty Officer Thomas Gould take 40 minutes to remove the explosives, squeezed in the narrow confines knowing the submarine might by forced to dive at any moment, leaving them trapped to drown. They both received the Victoria Cross. (...)
Feb 15, 1942 Allies defeated in Battle of Java Sea; Singapore falls. (...)
Feb 15, 1942 Japanese army paratroops secure vital oil refineries at Palembang, Sumatra, N.E.I. (...)
Feb 15, 1942 Japanese carrier Akagi departed Palau with carrier Kaga for an attack on Davao, Philippines and Darwin, Australia. (...)
Feb 15, 1942 Japanese land and naval aircraft attack ABDA forces (...)
Feb 15, 1942 Japanese troops capture Singapore. (...)
Feb 15, 1942 Singapore surrenders to the Japanese. (...)
Feb 15, 1942 Yorktown (Fletcher) left Pearl Harbor to patrol South Pacific. (...)
Feb 16, 1942 Japanese planes bomb U.S. Timor-bound convoy ; convoy recalled. (...)
Feb 16, 1942 Lexington TF 11 (VAdm Brown) heads for an attack on Rabaul, New Britain. (...)
Feb 16, 1942 Operation NEULAND begins; simultaneous U-boat attacks on Dutch and Venezuelan oil ports. (...)
Feb 17, 1942 Seabees (First Naval Construction Battalion) arrive at Bora Bora, Society Islands. (...)
Feb 19, 1942 Battle of Badoeng Strait begins; ABDA force attacks retiring Japanese Bali occupation force with 1 Dutch DD sunk, 2 CL and 1 DD damaged. (...)
Feb 19, 1942 Canada's Parliament vote to begin military conscription. (...)
Feb 19, 1942 Executive Order 9066 is signed by President Roosevelt, authorizing the transfer of more than 100,000 Japanese-Americans living in coastal Pacific areas to concentration camps in various inland states (and including inland areas of California). The interned Japanese-Americans lose an estimated 400 million dollars in property, as their homes and possessions are taken from them. (...)
Feb 19, 1942 Japanese carrier striking force, pursuing ex-Timor convoy, attacks Darwin, Australia. (...)
Feb 19, 1942 Japanese forces land on Bali, N.E.I. (...)
Feb 19, 1942 Japanese troops landed on the Portuguese island of Timor in the East Indies. Tokyo says the action is taken in self-defense and that its forces would withdraw when the area was secure. The neutral Portuguese accept the occupation. (...)
Feb 19, 1942 Mandalay came under aerial attack for the first time. Defending forces are ordered back from the Bilin River. (...)
Feb 19, 1942 The Supreme Court of Vichy France begin trials in Riom to establish responsibility for the defeat in 1940. (...)
Feb 20, 1942 Japanese invade Timor Island, N.E.I. (...)
Feb 20, 1942 Lexington attacked while attempting to raid Rabaul. Lt O'Hare shoots down five bombers in six minutes. (...)
Feb 20, 1942 Philippine government evacuated by submarine Swordfish (SS-193) (...)
Feb 20, 1942 While defending Lexington in a F4F "Wildcat" fighter, Lt Edward H . "Butch" O'Hare encountered an advancing formation of nine Japanese bombers east of the enemy base at Rabaul, New Britain. Alone and unaided, he repeatedly attacked the enemy aircraft and was credited with shooting down five of them, and damaging a sixth, before they reached their intended target. For his "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity" on this occasion, O'Hare was meritoriously promoted to Lieutenant Commander in April 1942 and was awarded the Medal of Honor. (...)
Feb 21, 1942 Adm King presents plan for SoPac campaign followed for next 18 months. (...)
Feb 21, 1942 USS Triton (SS 201) torpedoed and sank Japanese merchant cargo vessel Shokyu Maru in the East China Sea, 60 miles south of Quelpart Island. (...)
Feb 23, 1942 Japanese submarine I-17 shells oil refinery at Ellwood, California. (...)
Feb 24, 1942 Enterprise raids Wake Island. (...)
Feb 24, 1942 Seaplane from Japanese submarine I-9 reconnoiters Pearl Harbor. (...)
Feb 24, 1942 Yorktown heads to New Hebrides to meet Lexington for another Rabaul raid. (...)
Feb 25, 1942 Air raid sirens ring as unidentified object flies over LA (Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor just over 2 months earlier) (...)
Feb 25, 1942 Jap carriers depart Kendari for sweeps between Java and Australia. (...)
Feb 25, 1942 Japanese force lands north of Surabaya, Java. (...)
Feb 27, 1942 Battle of Java Sea (...)
Feb 27, 1942 Seaplane tender Langley (AV-3), carrying 32 P-40's for the defense of Java, is sunk by Japanese naval land attack planes. (...)
Feb 27, 1942 The Battle of the Java Sea began when the ABDA allied naval force attempted to stop the Japanese invasion of Java. Led by Dutch Rear Admiral K.W.F.M Doorman, the allied naval force was decimated in a seven hour battle. Lost in battle were Dutch cruisers Java and De Ruyter (Doorman’s flagship), the British destroyers Electra and Jupiter and the Netherlands destroyer Kortenauer. Communication difficulties played a large part in the defeat and the Japanese invasion continued. (...)
Feb 27, 1942 U-578 sank the American steam tanker R. P. Resor off the Delaware capes. (...)
Feb 28, 1942 Battle of Java Sea concludes. (...)
Feb 28, 1942 Battle of Sunda Strait (...)
Feb 28, 1942 USS Jacob Jones (DE 130) was sunk by German submarine U 578 off the Delaware capes. In Aug 1942, U 578 went missing in the Bay of Biscay. Of note, on 6 Dec 1917, during WWI, the previous USS Jacob Jones (Destroyer # 61) was sunk by German submarine, U 53, while the destroyer was en route from Brest, France to Queenstown. (...)
Mar 01, 1942 03.05.1942 Evertsen, Pillsbury, Asheville, Yarra sunk. (...)
Mar 01, 1942 2nd Japanese landing on Java. (...)
Mar 01, 1942 A PBO-1 Hudson aircraft of Patrol Squadron (VP) 82 flying over the waters off Newfoundland attacked U-656, dropping two depth charges as the German submarine began to crash dive. An oil slick rose to the surface, with other VP-82 aircraft making additional drops of depth charges later in the day. U-656 was the first German U-boat sunk by U.S. forces during World War II. (...)
Mar 01, 1942 ABDA naval command disbanded. (...)
Mar 01, 1942 Exeter, Encounter and Pope sunk S. of Borneo. (...)
Mar 01, 1942 Pecos and Edsall sunk in Indian Ocean N. of Australia. Edsall attacked 2 BB, 1CA. (...)
Mar 01, 1942 Perth and Houston sunk during raid on Banter Bay (...)
Mar 01, 1942 USS Houston and Australian cruiser HMAS Perth are sunk in Sunda Straight. (...)
Mar 02, 1942 Australia declared war on Thailand. (...)
Mar 02, 1942 Batavia was ordered to be evacuated. The Dutch government moved to Bandung. (...)
Mar 02, 1942 Japanese forces landed on Mindanao in the Philippines. (...)
Mar 03, 1942 2 Japanese "Emily" bombers from the Marshalls (refueled by submarines) attacked Hawaii. The nighttime attack was unsuccessful, hampered in part by cloud conditions. Pearl Harbor was again the target, but one plane missed the naval base by 6 miles and dropped four bombs on Mt Tantalus. The other plane's four bombs fell in the Pacific. Operation K. (...)
Mar 03, 1942 RAF bombers struck the Renault works in the suburbs of Paris. Many of the bombs landed on workers' homes killing 623 French and injuring 1500. (...)
Mar 03, 1942 The Dutch continued their withdrawals on Java in the face of continuing numerically superior Japanese troops. (...)
Mar 04, 1942 Enterprise (CV-6,TF 8, Halsey) raids Marcus Island. (...)
Mar 05, 1942 USN Adm. King to Pres. Roosevelt: "We cannot in honor let Australia and New Zealand down". (...)
Mar 06, 1942 USS Lexington (Fitch) and USS Yorktown (Fletcher) join up intending to raid Rabaul. (...)
Mar 07, 1942 British troops evacuated Rangoon, Burma. (...)
Mar 07, 1942 The first class of Tuskegee Airmen graduate from U.S. Army Air Force Tuskegee Army Air Field, Ala. (...)
Mar 07, 1942 USS Grenadier (SS 210) torpedoed and damaged the Japanese transport Asahisan Maru south of Shioya Saki. (...)
Mar 08, 1942 Japanese invade New Guinea at Lae and Salamaua. (...)
Mar 08, 1942 Japanese troops invaded Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea. (...)
Mar 09, 1942 Admiral Yamamoto issued orders to the fleet to prepare for Operation "C", a raid into the Indian Ocean. (...)
Mar 09, 1942 Java surrendered. (...)
Mar 10, 1942 MacArthur ordered to Australia and out of the Phillipines by Roosevelt (...)
Mar 10, 1942 USS Lexington and USS Yorktown attack Japanese invasion force at New Guinea. (...)
Mar 11, 1942 Enterprise (Halsey) returns to Pearl after Marcus Island raid. (...)
Mar 11, 1942 MacArthur, family, staff depart Corregidor in 4 PT boats at night. (...)
Mar 12, 1942 Fall of the East Indies (Netherlands) to the Japanese. (...)
Mar 12, 1942 US Army lands on New Caledonia (French) to establish base at Noumea. (...)
Mar 13, 1942 Japanese land in Solomon Islands from Rabaul (...)
Mar 13, 1942 MacArthur's PT boats arrive Cagayan, PI. (...)
Mar 15, 1942 MacArthur's party depart in B-17 for Darwin. (...)
Mar 16, 1942 Submarine Permit (SS-178) delivers ammunition to Corregidor, evacuates code breakers. (...)
Mar 17, 1942 MacArthur arrives Australia by B-17 during Japanese attack and became the Supreme Commander of the United Nations forces in the Southwestern Pacific. (...)
Mar 17, 1942 United States assumes strategic defense of the Pacific Ocean. (...)
Mar 18, 1942 Admiral Lord Mountbatten is appointed the British chief of combined operations. (...)
Mar 18, 1942 FDR signs Executive Order "Establishing the War Relocation Authority". (...)
Mar 20, 1942 Hornet (CV-8), new carrier, arrives at San Francisco. Yorktown patrols Coral Sea, Lexington enroute to Pearl from New Guinea raid. (...)
Mar 20, 1942 South Dakota (BB-57) commissions, enters Pacific in Aug. (...)
Mar 21, 1942 MacArthur & family arrive Kooringa by train; discovers no Army waiting. (...)
Mar 22, 1942 MacArthur arrives Melbourne, greeted by 360 American troops. (...)
Mar 23, 1942 Japanese bomb Port Moresby. (...)
Mar 23, 1942 Japanese occupy Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal. (...)
Mar 23, 1942 Submarine Gato (SS-212) bombed by blimp off San Francisco Bay. (...)
Mar 24, 1942 Admiral Chester Nimitz was appointed the Commander in Chief of the US Pacific Theater. (...)
Mar 24, 1942 British Far East Fleet assembles at Ceylon : 5 BB,3 CV,2 CA,6 CL,15 DD,5 SS. (...)
Mar 24, 1942 Japanese naval planes begin daily bombings of Corregidor. (...)
Mar 25, 1942 Adm King diverts forces to establish base at Efate, New Hebrides, leaving Noumea, N.Caledonia, for Army. (...)
Mar 25, 1942 In one of the greatest "trading with the enemy" scandals of the war, U.S. Assistant Attorney General Thurman Arnold announces that William Stamps Farish Sr. has pled "no contest" to charges of criminal conspiracy with the Nazis. Arnold discloses that Standard Oil of New Jersey (later Exxon) of which Farish is president and CEO has agreed to stop hiding patents from the U.S. for synthetic rubber, which the company has in its possession. Missouri Sen. Harry Truman later roasts Farish in front of his committee investigating home front wrongdoing, an event that raises Truman's profile and makes him a plausible running mate for FDR in 1944. The exposure of the scandal is widely believed to have contributed to Farish's sudden death from a heart attack in November of 1942. (...)
Mar 25, 1942 Messerschmitt Me-262 twin-jet fighter first flown. (...)
Mar 25, 1942 Messerschmitt Me-262 twin-jet fighter first flown. (...)
Mar 25, 1942 The 82nd Infantry Div was reactivated at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana under the command of Major General Omar N. Bradley. (...)
Mar 26, 1942 Japanese fleet departs Celebes for Ceylon: 4 BB,5 CV,2 CA,1 CL,8 DD,5 SS (...)
Mar 26, 1942 Lexington arrives Pearl from Coral Sea for dry dock overhaul. (...)
Mar 26, 1942 Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt is stoic as she hears that US Army demolishes White House green houses for the War effort. (...)
Mar 26, 1942 USS Washington (BB-56), USS Wasp (CV-7), USS Wichita (CA-45), USS Tuscaloosa (CA-37), and 8 destroyers sail from Portland, Maine, to reinforce the British Home Fleet. (...)
Mar 26, 1942 USS Washington (BB-56), USS Wasp (CV-7), USS Wichita (CA-45), USS Tuscaloosa (CA-37), and 8 destroyers, sail from Portland, Maine, to reinforce the British Home Fleet. (...)
Mar 26, 1942 Washington (BB-56), Wasp (CV-7), Wichita (CA-45), Tuscaloosa (CA-37), and 8 DD, sail from Portland, Maine, to reinforce the British Home Fleet. (...)
Mar 27, 1942 - Mar 28, 1942 British raiding force attacks port facilities in German-held St. Nazaire, France. (...)
Mar 27, 1942 The British raided the Nazi submarine base at St. Nazaire, France. (...)
Mar 28, 1942 Another Japanese fleet departs for Bay of Bengal: 4 CA, 1 CVL, 8 DD (...)
Mar 29, 1942 - May 27, 1942 The forward echelon of Marine Fighter Squadron 212 arrived at Efate to construct an air strip; initiated operations New Hebrides 27 May 1942. (...)
Mar 29, 1942 The forward echelon of Marine Fighter Squadron 212 arrived at Efate to construct an air strip; initiated operations New Hebrides 27 May 1942. (...)
Mar 30, 1942 Japanese forces occupy Christmas Island, Indian Ocean (...)
Mar 30, 1942 Joint Chiefs divide Pacific Ocean (Nimitz) and SW Pacific (MacArthur). (...)
Mar 31, 1942 Colorado (BB-45) sails from W.Coast, in overhaul since Jun'41. (...)
Apr 01, 1942 Japanese land on Buka and Santa Isabel, Solomons. (...)
Apr 01, 1942 Japanese land on Buka and Santa Isabel, Solomons. (...)
Apr 04, 1942 Hornet leaves San Francisco with Doolittle and 16 B-25's. (...)
Apr 04, 1942 USS Hornet departed San Francisco with James Doolittle and his 16 US Army B-25 bombers. (...)
Apr 05, 1942 Imperial Japanese Navy battle plan for Midway accepted. (...)
Apr 05, 1942 Japanese carrier fleet attacked the British naval base at Ceylon, sinking two heavy cruisers. (...)
Apr 05, 1942 Japanese fleet with 5 carriers attack Ceylon base; 2 British heavy cruisers sunk. (...)
Apr 06, 1942 Advance elements of the U.S. Army 41st Division reach Melbourne, Australia. (...)
Apr 06, 1942 Advance elements of the U.S. Army 41st Division reach Melbourne, Australia. (...)
Apr 06, 1942 Japanese Malaya fleet sinks 23 merchantmen off Eastern India (...)
Apr 06, 1942 Rommel breaks through Commonwealth defense lines in Cyrenaica (...)
Apr 07, 1942 Colorado only western state to agree to accept voluntary relocation of enemy aliens. (...)
Apr 07, 1942 Japanese subs off western India sink 5 merchantmen this week. (...)
Apr 07, 1942 Relocation begins of Japanese from coastal defense zones. (...)
Apr 08, 1942 Enterprise departs Pearl to rendezvous with Hornet. (...)
Apr 08, 1942 Force from Rabaul lands in Western New Britain. (...)
Apr 08, 1942 Submarine Seadragon (SS-194) delivers food to Corregidor; evacuates naval radio intelligence people. (...)
Apr 09, 1942 Bataan falls. (...)
Apr 09, 1942 British warships sunk off Ceylon : CV, 2 CA, DD, 2 others. (...)
Apr 09, 1942 Headquarters echelon is located at Bolling Field to prepare Eighth Air Force for move overseas. (...)
Apr 09, 1942 The Philippines fall to Japanese troops. (...)
Apr 09, 1942 US troops surrender on Bataan peninsula. Over 10% die in Death March (...)
Apr 09, 1942 Wainwright withdraws to Corregidor as Bataan falls to the Japanese. Bataan Death March begins. (...)
Apr 10, 1942 Japanese start to take southern Philippines, Cebu (...)
Apr 10, 1942 USS Thresher (SS 200) sank the Japanese (ex-Portuguese) freighter Sado Maru six miles north of Oshima, near the entrance to Tokyo Bay, Honshu, Japan. (...)
Apr 12, 1942 Victorious Japanese fleet starts its return to home waters having lost no surface warships in war to date. (...)
Apr 13, 1942 Lexington (TF 11, RAdm Fitch) leaves Pearl to join Yorktown (TF 17, Fletcher) for raid on Rabaul. (...)
Apr 14, 1942 Adm Nimitz assigned to South Pacific. Sends Yorktown (CV-5, RAdm Fletcher) to Tongatabu, south of Samoa, to replenish for anticipated defense of New Guinea and Solomon Islands at the end of the month. (...)
Apr 14, 1942 British forces began destroying the Yenangyaung oil fields in Burma as the Japanese pressed their drive northward. (...)
Apr 14, 1942 Destroyer USS Roper sinks U-85, the 1st submarine kill by a US ship. (...)
Apr 14, 1942 Marshal Petain became Vichy French chief of state, and Pierre Laval became chief of government. Laval thus assumed actual direction of the Vichy administration, and the aging Petain remained to perform an essentially ceremonial function. (...)
Apr 15, 1942 King George VI awards the island of Malta the George Cross for "heroism and devotion". (...)
Apr 15, 1942 Rommel advance is overextended, stops at Egyptian boarder. (...)
Apr 16, 1942 Japanese land on Panay and Negros, Philippine Islands. (...)
Apr 17, 1942 Japanese army takes central Burma. (...)
Apr 17, 1942 Submarine Searaven (SS-196) begins rescue of stranded Australian servicemen from occupied Timor. (...)
Apr 18, 1942 Doolittle Raid on Tokyo with 16 Army B-25 bombers from Hornet, escorted by Enterprise. (...)
Apr 18, 1942 Lexington (CV-2, TF 11, RAdm Fitch), ferries USMC F2A Buffalos to Palmyra Island. (...)
Apr 18, 1942 The Vichy government capitulated to Adolf Hitler and invited Pierre Laval to form a new government in France. (...)
Apr 19, 1942 Japanese land in Dutch New Guinea (...)
Apr 20, 1942 Lexington arrives S Pacific. (...)
Apr 20, 1942 Pierre Laval, the premier of Vichy France, in a radio broadcast, establishes a policy of "true reconciliation with Germany." (...)
Apr 20, 1942 Wasp (CV-7) ferries 47 RAF Spitfires to embattled British island of Malta in Mediterranean. (...)
Apr 21, 1942 Doolittle Raid on Tokyo (...)
Apr 21, 1942 Entire Japanese fleet searches for the Doolittle carriers. (...)
Apr 22, 1942 - Apr 23, 1942 14 German U-boats were refueled and resupplied 500 miles from Bermuda, giving the Germans a total of 18 submarines to operate almost unmolested from Nova Scotia to Florida. (...)
Apr 22, 1942 15 French hostages were executed by the Germans in Paris. (...)
Apr 22, 1942 A Joint US-New Zealand Naval Command was established. (...)
Apr 22, 1942 Lexington joins Yorktown at Tongutabu to prepare for expected battle. (...)
Apr 22, 1942 Washington announced that US forces had arrived in India. (...)
Apr 22, 1942 Yenangyaung in Burma was evacuated by British forces. (...)
Apr 23, 1942 Code breakers harvest intel from massive Japanese pursuit of Doolittle carriers. (...)
Apr 23, 1942 Luftwaffe bombers began a series of retaliatory air strikes on British cathedral cities. The initial raid on this date was against Exeter. (...)
Apr 24, 1942 Japanese fleet elements start to return to refuel. (...)
Apr 24, 1942 Luftwaffe aircraft conducted a raid on Exeter, England. (...)
Apr 25, 1942 Allied army forces begin retreat from Burma. (...)
Apr 25, 1942 Enterprise and Hornet arrive Pearl from Doolittle's Tokyo raid. (...)
Apr 26, 1942 Nimitz flies San Francisco. to brief Adm King on South Pacific plan. (...)
Apr 27, 1942 Seven battleships remain based on West Coast to conserve fuel. (...)
Apr 27, 1942 Yorktown departs for Coral Sea. (...)
Apr 28, 1942 22 Japanese planes reported downed by "Flying Tiger" pilots. (...)
Apr 28, 1942 Coast watchers report Japanese flying-boat base established in upper Solomons. (...)
Apr 28, 1942 Coastal "dimouts" go into effect along a fifteen-mile strip on the Eastern Seaboard, in response to German U-boat activity of the U.S. Atlantic coast. (...)
Apr 28, 1942 The German Reichstag passed the legislation marking Hitler as the "Supreme Judge of the German People," formalizing his status above the law. (...)
Apr 28, 1942 The US Navy’s Task Force 99, which consisted of USS Washington (BB 56), USS Tuscaloosa (CA 37) and USS Wichita (CA 45), with four destroyers sailed from the Royal Navy base at Scapa Flow, Orkney Islands, as part of the mixed U.S.-British focre (Force “Distaff”). The British fleet units included battleship HMS King George V, carrier HMS Victorious, light cruiser HMS Kenya, and five destroyers. The force steamed to the waters northeast of Iceland to provide cover for Russian convoy PQ-15, sailing to Murmansk, Russia. (...)
Apr 28, 1942 VAdm Ghormley arrives from Europe to take South Pacific. (...)
Apr 29, 1942 Japanese land on Mindanao, southern Philippine Islands (...)
Apr 29, 1942 Japanese naval landing force occupies former RAAF seaplane base at Tulagi, Solomons (...)
Apr 29, 1942 Japanese troops take Lashio, cutting communications along the Burma Road between Mandalay and China. (...)
Apr 30, 1942 Enterprise and Hornet speed towards Coral Sea; too far to reach in time. (...)
Apr 30, 1942 Japanese cut China Road by capture of Lasio, Burma (...)
Apr 30, 1942 PBYs evacuate military and civilian personnel from Corregidor. (...)
Apr 30, 1942 Zuikaku and Shokaku sortie Truk to support Port Moresby invasion leading to the Battle of Coral Sea. (...)
May 01, 1942 11 Japanese transports set sail from Rabaul for Port Moresby invasion escorted by 7 cruisers and an escort carrier, Shoho . (...)
May 01, 1942 Japanese code book change, rescheduled from Apr 1, further delayed. (...)
May 01, 1942 Japanese take Mandalay, Burma (...)
May 02, 1942 Australian seaplane base at Tulagi evacuated. (...)
May 03, 1942 Japanese take Tulagi, Florida Island, Solomons. (...)
May 03, 1942 USS Spearfish (SS 190) evacuated naval and military officers (including nurses) from Corregidor. These evacuees were the last to leave the island by this method as the Corregidor and the Manila Bay forts surrendered to the Japanese on 6 May. (...)
May 04, 1942 Japanese land 2000 troops on Corregidor, P.I. (...)
May 04, 1942 - May 08, 1942 The Battle of the Coral Sea began when TF 17, commanded by Radm Frank J. Fletchter, attacked the Japanese Tulagi Invasion Force at Tulagi, Solomons, where elements of the Japanese landing force had gone ashore to establish defenses. SBD and TBD aircraft, supported by F4Fs from USS Yorktown (CV 5), sank the Japanese destroyer Kikuzuki, minesweeper Tama Maru, auxiliary minesweepers Wa1 and Wa2. After refueling, TF 17 headed to Port Moresby to intercept the Japanese Invasion Group, which occurred on 7 May. (...)
May 04, 1942 Yorktown (TF 17, Fletcher) attacks Tulagi, forcing temporary Japanese withdrawal. (...)
May 05, 1942 Battle of Coral Sea, Jap invasion force withdraws. (...)
May 05, 1942 British land on Vichy Madagascar. (...)
May 05, 1942 Corregidor surrenders - last of the Philippine defenses. (...)
May 05, 1942 IJN Junyo commissioned - Dutch Harbor, Kiska, Santa Cruz, Guadalcanal, Philippine Sea. (...)
May 05, 1942 Japanese force covering Port Morseby landing enters the Coral Sea. (...)
May 05, 1942 Yorktown and Lexington join up south of Tulagi. (...)
May 06, 1942 US carriers meet-up with Australian cruisers, set up ambush for Jomard Passage. (...)
May 07, 1942 Australian cruiser force sent ahead to block Japanese invasion fleet. (...)
May 07, 1942 Both sides decide against a night battle and prepare for dawn air attacks. (...)
May 07, 1942 Japanese carriers attack US oiler Neosho and destroyer Sims thinking they are a carrier and cruiser. (...)
May 07, 1942 US carriers attack escort carrier Shoho thinking it was the main force. (...)
May 08, 1942 Aussie cruiser force fight off land based air attack. Invasion fleet, without air cover, withdraws. (...)
May 08, 1942 Battle of Coral Sea is fought with Japanese in squalls and USN in sunlight. Shokaku damaged and retires. Both US carriers hit. Later, gas explodes in Lexington and abandoned. Carrier groups of both sides retire. (...)
May 08, 1942 Corregidor falls. (...)
May 08, 1942 The Battle of Coral Sea is the first time the Japanese Navy is stopped from an objective. Japs fare better in the battle, but lost the opportunity to take Port Moresby on south coast of New Guinea and to raid Australia. US convoy route to Australia remains open. Both Japanese carriers will miss Battle of Midway next month, whereas Yorktown will participate in that victory. (...)
May 09, 1942 Zuikaku ordered to pursue any remaining of American fleet. (...)
May 10, 1942 Invasion force departs Rabaul for Ocean & Nauru Islands. (...)
May 10, 1942 RAF attacks Germany. (...)
May 11, 1942 Enterprise and Hornet arrive near New Hebrides. (...)
May 11, 1942 Invasion flagship Okinoshima sunk by S-42. Jap force retires. (...)
May 11, 1942 Rochefort determines Japanese buildup is to attack Midway. (...)
May 11, 1942 Yorktown heads for Tongatabu and temporary repair. (...)
May 11, 1942 Zuikaku task force withdrawn. (...)
May 12, 1942 Washington disagrees. (...)
May 14, 1942 Tangier (AV-8) sets up at Noumea with flying boats, release carriers from scouting duty. (...)
May 14, 1942 The U.S. Congress establishes The Women's Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC), under the direction of Oveta Culp Hobby, editor of the Houston Post. (...)
May 15, 1942 Enterprise & Hornet (Halsey) scare off invasion force for Ocean & Nauru, Phosphate Islands. (...)
May 15, 1942 Gasoline rationing goes into effect in the Eastern United States. Nationwide rationing will begin in September. (...)
May 16, 1942 Allied 900 mile retreat from Burma to India completed with over 50% losses. (...)
May 16, 1942 Enterprise & Hornet ordered back to Pearl. (...)
May 17, 1942 French colonies of New Caledonia declare for Allies, but many spies. (...)
May 17, 1942 Japanese plans to invade Midway include 200 ships -- 11 BB, 8 CV, 23 CA, 65 DD, 20 SS (...)
May 17, 1942 USS Skipjack (SS 184) sank the Japanese army transport Taizan Maru near the mouth of the Gulf of Siam. (...)
May 17, 1942 USS Taugtog (SS 199) sank Japanese submarine I-28 north of Rabaul. (...)
May 17, 1942 USS Triton (SS 201) sank the Japanese submarine I-64 southeast of Kyushu, Japan. (...)
May 18, 1942 British refuse to send 1 of 3 carriers from Madagascar to SWPac. (...)
May 18, 1942 Halsey ordered expedite return as Japanese troops mass at Saipan for invasion of Midway (...)
May 18, 1942 Japanese Phase 3 plans to occupy Fiji, Samoa, & New Caledonia. (...)
May 19, 1942 Japanese sub-based seaplanes scout Fiji and Zanzibar. (...)
May 19, 1942 Midway Island told to claim water shortage by insecure code. (...)
May 20, 1942 Japanese complete conquest of Burma. (...)
May 20, 1942 Japanese report "AF" short on water; confirms Midway is site of attack. (...)
May 20, 1942 RAdm J. S. McCain, Commander Aircraft, (Senator's grandfather) to direct the operations of tender and shore-based aviation in the South Pacific area. (...)
May 21, 1942 North Pacific force established: 2 CA, 3 CL, 4 DD plus 9 DD, 5 SS & 107 aircraft. (...)
May 21, 1942 U-boat attacks on tankers in Atlantic coast & Caribbean at height. (...)
May 22, 1942 5 I-class submarines with 4 minisubs and 1 airplane enroute to Sydney. (...)
May 23, 1942 Plan of attack on Midway and Aleutians known, extent of forces not known. (...)
May 24, 1942 All warships from Coral Sea recalled to Pearl Harbor. (...)
May 25, 1942 Carlson's Raiders arrive Midway on St. Louis. (...)
May 25, 1942 USS Blakeley (DD 150) is sunk by U-156. (...)
May 26, 1942 Enterprise & Hornet arrive Pearl Harbor. VAdm Halsey ill, replaced by RAdm Spruance. (...)
May 26, 1942 Kittyhawk (APV-1) delivers 23 Marine aircraft, 5 light tanks to Midway. (...)
May 26, 1942 Last pro-Axis leader overthrown in French islands. Sympathizers report ship movements. (...)
May 27, 1942 Doris Miller was the first African American to receive the Navy Cross. Dorie was awarded the Navy Cross by Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, on board USS Enterprise (CV-6) at Pearl Harbor, 27 May 1942, for heroism on board USS West Virginia (BB-48) during the Pearl Harbor Attack, 7 December 1941. (...)
May 27, 1942 Marine Fighter Squadron 212 initiated operations from Efate New Hebrides. (...)
May 27, 1942 Yorktown arrives Pearl drydock. 1,400 dockworkers perform 3 months of repair in 2 days. (...)
May 28, 1942 Enterprise & Hornet sail for Midway. (...)
May 28, 1942 Japanese carriers sail. Japanese code books finally changed. (...)
May 29, 1942 15 transports depart Saipan for invasion of Midway. (...)
May 30, 1942 8 transports depart Honshu for Aleutians. (...)
May 30, 1942 Japan's main body fleet, including largest battleship in the world, depart Hiroshima for Midway. (...)
May 30, 1942 Operation Millennium: British raid by RAF Bomber Command aircraft against Cologne (Köln) 30 May 1942. This was the first '1,000-bomber raid' and caused considerable devastation in the German city. (...)
May 30, 1942 The first 1,000-bomber attack on German industrial targets is carried out by Britain's Royal Air Force, as the German city of Cologne is raided. (...)
May 30, 1942 Yorktown, hull watertight and replenished, sails for waters north of Midway. (...)
May 31, 1942 A ferry is sunk at Sydney. (...)
May 31, 1942 Battleships Maryland and Colorado patrol 650 miles west of San Francisco. (...)
May 31, 1942 Japanese carrier Unyo was commissioned into service. (...)
May 31, 1942 Japanese Midget sub attack in Madagascar (...)
Jun 01, 1942 News of death camp killings became public for first time. The report came from the Polish Socialist newspaper known as Liberty Brigade. The paper stated that tens of thousands of Jews had been gassed at the death camp Chelmno. (...)
Jun 01, 1942 Saratoga (CV-3) sorties San Diego for Pearl Harbor. (...)
Jun 02, 1942 U.S. deploys 25 fleet submarines west of Midway. (...)
Jun 02, 1942 Yorktown (CV-5, TF 17, RAdm Fletcher) and Enterprise (CV-6 TF 16, RAdm Spruance) with Hornet (CV-8) rendezvous 350 miles NE of Midway; RAdm Fletcher is officer in tactical command; force consists of three carriers, seven heavy cruisers, one light cruiser, 16 destroyers. (...)
Jun 03, 1942 Attempting to divert forces from Midway, a 2nd carrier force, Ryujo and Junyo, bomb Dutch Harbor, Alaska. (...)
Jun 03, 1942 In an event whose importance only becomes clear later, a Mitsubishi A6M2 Type 0 carrier fighter, damaged over Dutch Harbor, makes an emergency landing on Akutan Island. The Zero flips over, killing the pilot (...)
Jun 03, 1942 Japanese forces bearing down on Midway with five fleets and 200 ships: Strike Force is lead by 4 carriers, 2 battleships. (...)
Jun 03, 1942 Japanese submarine cordon arrives Hawaii, but the two US task forces have already passed. (...)
Jun 03, 1942 Midway-based B-17's attack Japanese transports 600 miles west of Midway Island; inflict no damage. Four PBYs set out to attack the approaching Occupation Force. (...)
Jun 03, 1942 Task force of 5 cruisers and 4 destroyers leave Pearl for Alaska. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - 4:1 win in favor of US (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - A second Japanese counter attack 2 hours later, damages Yorktown with bombs and torpedoes so severely that she was abandoned. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - Concentrating on the destruction of Midway air forces, the Japanese carriers were caught unprepared for the U.S. carrier air attack. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - Hiryu escapes destruction that morning, launches dive bombers that temporarily disable Yorktown. Fletcher transfers flag to Astoria (CA-34) . (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - In the late afternoon, SBD's from Enterprise, including Yorktown planes, hit the Japanese Force again, striking Hiryu, the fourth and last of the Japanese carriers. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - Japanese carrier fighters and antiaircraft fire annihilates the USMC SBD's and SB2U's, Navy's new TBF's, and USAAF torpedo-carrying B-26's sent from Midway Island to attack the Japanese carriers. USAAF B-17's likewise bomb the Japanese carrier force without success. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - Japanese carrier fleet - Akagi, Kaga, Soryu, and Hiryu - sends its aircraft against defensive installations on Midway. Although defending USMC F2A's and F4F's suffer disastrous losses, damage to facilities on Midway is comparatively slight. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 - Jun 05, 1942 Battle of Midway - Overnight - Finding nothing, the Japanese battle fleets also withdraws. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 - Jun 05, 1942 Battle of Midway - Overnight - The U.S. fleet withdraws till midnight, then returns to the protective air cover of Midway. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 - Jun 05, 1942 Battle of Midway - Overnight - Three Japanese fleets, with ten battleships, including Yamato, the world's largest battleship, two escort carriers, cruisers, and destroyers race to engage the U.S. carriers. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - PBYs attack Occupation Force northwest of Midway; one PBY torpedoes fleet tanker Akebono Maru. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - SBD's from Enterprise sink carrier Kaga and bomb Akagi (flagship) SBD's; SBD's from Yorktown bomb and sink carrier Soryu. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - Submarine Nautilus (SS-168) torpedoes carrier Kaga but her "fish" do not explode. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - TF-16 (Spruance) released at dusk. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - Torpedo bombers (TBD's) from American carrier striking force Hornet (CV-8), Enterprise (CV-6), and Yorktown (CV-5) attack the enemy carriers. Although mauled by the defending combat air patrol and antiaircraft fire, they draw off the former and leave the skies open for dive bombers (SBD's) from Enterprise and Yorktown. (...)
Jun 04, 1942 Battle of Midway - With control of the air irretrievably lost, the Japanese are compelled to abandon Midway invasion plans and the invasion force retires westward. (...)
Jun 05, 1942 Battle of Midway - Japanese carriers Akagi and Hiryu are scuttled. Heavy cruisers Mogami and Mikuma are damaged in collision while avoiding submarine Tambor (SS-198). (...)
Jun 05, 1942 Battle of Midway - Salvage underway on crippled carrier Yorktown (...)
Jun 05, 1942 Battle of Midway continues as U.S. seeks retiring Japanese fleets. (...)
Jun 05, 1942 FDR promises in-kind retrobution if Japan continues to use poison gas in China. (...)
Jun 05, 1942 Japanese troops occupy Attu, Aleutians, without opposition. (...)
Jun 05, 1942 Long Island (AVG-1) arrives San Francisco, joints TF 1 of battleships as scout. (...)
Jun 05, 1942 Planes from Japanese carriers Ryujo and Junyo again attack Dutch Harbor, Alaska. (...)
Jun 05, 1942 U.S. Task Force 1 of 6 battleships link up west of San Francisco. (...)
Jun 06, 1942 Battle of Midway concludes as carrier planes sink damaged heavy cruiser Mikuma. (...)
Jun 06, 1942 Carrier TF 16 changes course to eastward to refuel and breaks contact with the enemy. (...)
Jun 06, 1942 In reprisal for the May 29 assassination of German Deputy Gestapo chief and "Protector" of Czechoslovakia, Reinhard Heydrich, German troops attempt to execute every male in the Czech village of Lidice (Bohemia), and they then set fire to the village. (...)
Jun 06, 1942 Japanese submarine I-168 finds Yorktown (CV-5) under tow, torpedoes Yorktown and destroyer Hammann (DD-412) alongside. (...)
Jun 06, 1942 The Battle of Midway, one of the most decisive battles in naval history, marks the turning point of the Pacific War. The decisive defeat administered to the Japanese put an end to their successful offensive and effectively turned the tide of the Pacific War. Japanese losses totaled four fleet carriers, one heavy cruiser, 258 aircraft, and a large percentage of their experienced carrier pilots. United States losses were 40 shore-based and 92 carrier aircraft, and the destroyer Hammann and the carrier Yorktown, the result of a single submarine attack. The significance of the victory was not completely recognized at the time. (...)
Jun 07, 1942 Carrier Yorktown (CV-5) sinks as the result of heavy damage incurred on 4 and 6 June. (...)
Jun 07, 1942 In the wake of the battle, efforts to locate downed aviators persist over the ensuing days. (...)
Jun 07, 1942 Japanese troops occupy Kiska, Aleutians, without opposition. (...)
Jun 07, 1942 Saratoga replenishes Enterprise and Hornet with aircraft to go intercept Japanese Alaska task force. (...)
Jun 08, 1942 Part of Japanese Midway force is sent to reinforce Alaska force : 2 BB, 1 CVE, 2 CA. (...)
Jun 08, 1942 Sydney, Australia: A Japanese Submarine surfaced off of Sydney and began lobbing shells into the port. A P-39 of the 41st FS, 35th FG, the ONLY fighter available took off from Bankstown Airfield, while climbing out, the engine failed, the Airacobra crashed killing the pilot. (...)
Jun 09, 1942 USAAF claims victory at Midway ; in fact, no land-based aircraft hit any warships. (...)
Jun 10, 1942 Patrol planes discovered the presence of the enemy on Kiska and Attu -- the first news of Japanese landings that had taken place on the 7th. (...)
Jun 10, 1942 Wasp (CV-7), North Carolina (BB-55), Quincy (CA-39), San Juan (CL-54 ) and 6 destroyers transit the Panama Canal became TF 18 (RAdm Noyes). (...)
Jun 11, 1942 - Jun 13, 1942 PBY Catalinas, operating from the seaplane tender Gillis in Nazan Bay, Atka Island, hit ships and enemy positions on Kiska in an intense 48-hour attack which exhausted the gasoline and bomb supply aboard the Gillis but was not successful in driving the Japanese from the Island. (...)
Jun 11, 1942 The 15th AF begins "Shuttle Raids" against Rumania by flying from Italy, across Rumania & landing in Russia. (...)
Jun 11, 1942 The U.S. and the Soviet Union signed a lend lease agreement to aid the Soviets in their effort in World War II. (...)
Jun 12, 1942 B-17's and B-24's raid Kiska, damaging Japanese destroyer Hibiki. (...)
Jun 12, 1942 Japanese Alaska force further reinforced with fleet carrier Zuikaku, and 2 heavy cruisers in a last attempt to trap the U.S. carriers which has withdrawn. (...)
Jun 13, 1942 President Roosevelt authorizes the creation of the U.S. Office on War Information (OWI). The first director is Elmer Holmes Davis, a CBS commentator and novelist. (...)
Jun 13, 1942 Saratoga, Enterprise, Hornet return to Pearl. (...)
Jun 14, 1942 First echelon of 1st Marine Division (MGen Vandegrift), 5th Reg arrives at Wellington, New Zealand. (...)
Jun 15, 1942 Copahee ACV-12 was commissioned at Puget Sound Navy Yard, first of 10 escort carriers of the Bogue Class converted from merchant hulls. (...)
Jun 15, 1942 Seven US ships torpedoed or mined by U-boats in Caribbean this day. (...)
Jun 16, 1942 Congress authorized an increase in the airship strength of the Navy to 200 blimps. (...)
Jun 16, 1942 The Aleuts from St. Paul Island were evacuated to Funter Bay, Alaska as part of the internment process during World War II. @World War II History http://ww2.wwarii.com/v/wwii-places/north_america/alaska/370_PR_402.JPG.html (...)
Jun 17, 1942 Four German agents put ashore from U-202 at Jacksonville, Fla. (...)
Jun 17, 1942 Pelican antisubmarine guided missile undertaken - glide bomb homes on a radar beam. (...)
Jun 18, 1942 B-17's, B-24's, and an LB-30 (Navy B-24) bomb Japanese shipping in Kiska harbor, sinking fleet tanker Nissan Maru (...)
Jun 18, 1942 The U.S. Navy commissions its first African American officer, Harvard University medical student Bernard Whitfield Robinson. (...)
Jun 19, 1942 Ballard (AVD-10) rescues 35 survivors (found by PBY) from Japanese carrier Hiryu scuttled 5 June. They had been left below for dead. (...)
Jun 19, 1942 VAdm Ghormley assumes command of South Pacific Area at Auckland, New Zealand. (...)
Jun 20, 1942 Japanese submarine I-26 shells Estevan Point, Vancouver Island, British Columbia. (...)
Jun 21, 1942 German field marshal Erwin Rommel and his troops capture Tobruk, in Libya. (...)
Jun 21, 1942 Japanese submarine I-25 shells Fort Stevens, Oregon. (...)
Jun 21, 1942 PBY recovers two-man crew from TBD; these are the last survivors recovered from the Battle of Midway. (...)
Jun 21, 1942 Tobruk falls - 25,000 troops captured (...)
Jun 22, 1942 Carrier Saratoga (CV-3) departs Pearl to ferry planes to Midway. (...)
Jun 22, 1942 In France, Pierre Laval declared "I wish for a German vitory". (...)
Jun 23, 1942 - Jun 24, 1942 While on a routine search, a PBY spotted the crew of S 27 (SS 132) at Constatine Harbor, Amchitka, Aleutian Islands. Approx 12 men were transported out. The following day, three PBYs brought out the remainder of her crew. On 19 June, S 27 ran aground off St. Makarius Point, Amchitka, and all hands reached ashore. The crew, provisions, clothing, guns, and medical supplies were ferried ashore by rubber boat. (...)
Jun 25, 1942 PBYs bomb Japanese base at Tulagi, Solomon Islands (...)
Jun 25, 1942 Pres Roosevelt and PM Churchill reach decision in Washington to combine R&D of atomic bomb. (...)
Jun 25, 1942 Saratoga delivers 25 P-40's and 18 SBD's to Midway to replace heavy losses of 4 June. (...)
Jun 25, 1942 U.S. Army establishes European Theater of Operations under MGen Dwight D. Eisenhower. (...)
Jun 26, 1942 First US troops arrive in North Ireland. (...)
Jun 26, 1942 Rommel advances half-way across Egypt. (...)
Jun 28, 1942 Eleven U.S. ships sunk off Atlantic coast by U-boats this week. (...)
Jun 28, 1942 The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) captures eight German agents that have landed by U-boat on Long Island. (...)
Jun 29, 1942 Saratoga returns to Pearl from ferrying planes to Midway. (...)
Jun 30, 1942 Japanese convoy escorted by 4 carriers to Kiska, Aleutians, Alaska. (...)
Jun 30, 1942 USS Plunger (SS 179) sank Japanese freighter No.5 Unkai Maru off the China coast near approaches to Shanghai, 30º 04’N, 122º, 54’E. (...)
Jun 30, 1942 XPBS Excalibur with Adm Nimitz and his staff to San Francisco crashes upon landing off Alameda, CA; pilot killed. (...)
Jul 01, 1942 German troops captured Sevestpol, Crimea, in the Soviet Union. (...)
Jul 01, 1942 - Jul 28, 1942 The First Battle of El Alamein begins. It would end as a decisive allied victory 27 days later. (...)
Jul 02, 1942 Rommel's advance stopped at El Alamein. (...)
Jul 04, 1942 American Volunteer Group was disbanded on and the China Air Task Force of the United States Army Air Forces, commanded by General Chennault, officially took over air operations in China. (...)
Jul 05, 1942 USS Growler (SS-215) torpedoed and sank the Japanese destroyer Arare in the Salmon Lagoon, off Kiska. In the attack, Growler also damaged destroyers Kasumi and Shiranui, 52º 00’N, 177º 40’E. Growler was damaged in the attack but remained on patrol. (...)
Jul 06, 1942 Diarist Anne Frank and her family took refuge from the Nazis in Amsterdam. (...)
Jul 06, 1942 Japanese forces landed on Guadalcanal Island and began constructing an airfield which would later become Henderson Field. On February 1, 1943 the Japanese forces began to withdraw. (...)
Jul 07, 1942 Heinrich Himmler decided to begin experimenting on women and extending experimentation on males in the Auschwitz concentration camps. Adolf Hitler agreed to the plan for medical experiments on the condition that it remain top secret. (...)
Jul 08, 1942 Orders were issued by Admiral Nimitz for the invasion of Guadalcanal. (...)
Jul 08, 1942 The Soviet Union abandoned Stary Oskol southwest of Voronezh. (...)
Jul 10, 1942 While returning from a routine patrol, PBY from (VP 41) sights Mitsubishi A6M2 type 0 carrier fighter (Zero) upside down in a bog on Akutan Island, Aleutians, where it had been since its forced landing on 3 June during the attack on Dutch Harbor. On the 12th, a salvage party from VP 41, began salvage of the Zero which last until mid month. The find was vital as the Allies gained a lot of knowledge to fight the aircraft in future battles. (...)
Jul 15, 1942 USS Terror (CM 5), the first minelayer built as such, was commissioned. During World War II, she participated in Operation Torch, the Battle for Iwo Jima, and the Okinawa Invasion, where she was struck by a kamikaze on 1 May 1945. During the Korean War, she was placed in the reserve fleet and was redesignated (MM 5) then to (MMF 5) in 1955. Decommissioned in 1956, Terror was sold for scrapping in 1971. (...)
Jul 16, 1942 French police round up 30,000 Parisian Jews, and German troops bus them out of the city to concentration camps. Approximately 30 will survive. (...)
Jul 16, 1942 From 'Wolf's Lair' to 'Werewolf.' Today, in 1942, Hitler's HQ moves from E. Prussia to Vinnytsa, Ukraine (...)
Jul 20, 1942 A pouting Mussolini returns home. Allied victories quash his plans for a Cairo 'victory' parade. (...)
Jul 21, 1942 Rommel giving up on victory in North Africa, advises Berlin superiors of shortages. (...)
Jul 22, 1942 Deportations from Warsaw ghetto to Treblinka begin (...)
Jul 22, 1942 FDR nixes invasion of France for "Operation Torch," the invasion of North Africa. (...)
Jul 23, 1942 The main approaches to the Mississippi River are mined by a German submarine. (...)
Jul 30, 1942 German industrialist Eduard Schulte, whose company has mines near Auschwitz, reveals to a Swiss colleague that Hitler and the German Reich have decided to round up the millions of Jews of Occupied Europe, concentrate them in the East, and murder them using prussic acid starting in the fall of 1942. The information is soon communicated to Swiss World Jewish Congress representative Gerhart Riegner. (...)
Jul 30, 1942 German SS kills 25,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia (...)
Jul 30, 1942 The WAVES were created by legislation signed by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The members of the Women's Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service were a part of the U.S. Navy. The U.S. government established the Navy WAVES, or Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service, program. Though Navy women would not be allowed to serve outside the continental U.S., or even to go to sea, the military hoped that the recruitment of 10,000 women, who would work in onshore bases, would free sufficient numbers of men to fight overseas. Although women had served as nurses in the navy as early as the Spanish-American War, and officially in the Navy Nurse Corps since 1908, the WAVES program was by far the largest-scale effort to recruit women to active duty in the Navy. In the WAVES program, thousands of women performed nearly every possible job at over 500 naval stations through the Second World War. As military leaders had hoped, they enabled male officers and enlisted men to staff the ships that were responsible for the Allied victory in the Pacific theatre. Among the earliest group of women to enlist in the WAVES was Miriam Miller. Although her parents felt that military nursing "wasn't the life for a nice Jewish girl," Miller enlisted soon after her graduation from the Wilkes-Barre General Hospital School of Nursing, in Pennsylvania. She was assigned first to the Great Lakes Naval Station and then to the San Diego Naval Hospital. Later, when the Navy relaxed its prohibition on women serving outside the continental U.S., she worked in Guam, where she cared for soldiers injured in the battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa. Active in veterans' affairs after the war, Miller was elected President of the Jewish War Veterans National Ladies Auxiliary in 1961. (...)
Jul 30, 1942 The Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Services (WAVES) is authorized by the U.S. Congress. (...)
Aug 05, 1942 IJN superbattleship Musashi commissioned. (...)
Aug 07, 1942 - Aug 09, 1942 The Solomons Campaign: Guadalcanal 7-9 August, 1942; Assault and Lodgment. (...)
Aug 07, 1942 U.S. forces landed at Guadalcanal, marking the start of the first major allied offensive in the Pacific during World War II. (...)
Aug 07, 1942 US Marines land at Guadalcanal and Tulagi. (...)
Aug 15, 1942 The 82nd Infantry Division became the Army's first airborne division, and was redesignated the 82nd Airborne Division. (...)
Aug 15, 1942 The 82nd Infantry Division became the first airborne division in the U.S. Army. On that date, the All-American Division was redesignated the 82nd Airborne Division. (...)
Aug 15, 1942 The Japanese submarine I-25 departs Japan with a floatplane in its hold which will be assembled upon arriving off the West Coast of the United States, and used to bomb U.S. forests. (...)
Aug 16, 1942 US Army Air Corps planes went into action in North Africa for the first time, attacking German positions on the Egyptian front. (...)
Aug 17, 1942 Carlson's Raiders land on Makin Island. (...)
Aug 17, 1942 First US heavy bomber mission in W Europe by B-17s (97th Bombardment Group) against Rouen-Sotteville railyards, France. (...)
Aug 17, 1942 US Marine Raiders, led by Lt Col Evans E. Carlson, were landed on Makin Islands in the Gilbert Islands by two Navy submarines. The 221-man force destroyed all installations, including the newly completed seaplane base, on the Japanese-held island and killed the entire Japanese garrison of about 90 men. The Japanese commander's last radio message was "All men are dying serenely in battle." "Carlson's Raiders" lost 30 men and 14 were wounded. (...)
Aug 19, 1942 Canadian commando troops attack the coastal French city of Dieppe, but German defenders abort the raid and 3,500 Canadians are lost. (...)
Aug 19, 1942 Dieppe Raid - practice landing on fortified coast; disaster. (...)
Aug 20, 1942 On Guadalcanal, 31 Marine (MAG-23) fighters from the escort carrier USS Long Island are flown into Henderson Field Air Strip. (...)
Aug 21, 1942 A Nazi flag is installed atop, Mount Elbrus, the tallest mountain in Europe. (...)
Aug 22, 1942 The Battle of Stalingrad begins. The battle will claim the lives of 750,000 Russian soldiers, 400,000 German soldiers, nearly 200,000 Romanian soldiers, 130,000 Italian soldiers, and 120,000 Hungarian soldiers. (...)
Aug 24, 1942 - Aug 25, 1942 The Solomons Campaign: The Battle of the Eastern Solomons (...)
Aug 24, 1942 U.S. forces sank the Japanese aircraft carrier Ryujo in the Battle of the East Solomon Islands. During this battle the "coastwatchers," volunteers that reported on Japanese ship and aircraft movement, were a key to American success. http://@ww2db.com/ship_spec.php?ship_id=A25 (...)
Aug 26, 1942 A training center for Chinese troops was opened at Ramgarh, India. (...)
Aug 26, 1942 The Battle of Stalingrad intensified with an estimated million German troops attacking the Russian defenders. The Red Army attempted to east the pressures on Stalingrad by launching diversionary attacks in the areas of Rzhev and Vyazma. (...)
Aug 26, 1942 The Japanese beachhead at Milne Bay was pounded by Allied aircraft. Most of their supplies were destroyed, but the Japanese nonetheless forced the Australians to withdraw. (...)
Sep 01, 1942 A federal judge in Sacramento, CA, upheld the wartime detention of Japanese-Americans as well as Japanese nationals. (...)
Sep 06, 1942 Start of Battle of Stalingrad - lasts 5 months, 1,100,000 soldiers to die (...)
Sep 07, 1942 First flight of consolidated XB-32 prototype. (...)
Sep 07, 1942 The Russian army counter attacks the German troops outside Stalingrad. (...)
Sep 09, 1942 9.9.42-The only air attack on continental U.S. territory during the war occurred near Brookings, OR., carried out by Nobuo Figita (...)
Sep 09, 1942 Japan dropped incendiaries over Oregon in an attempt to set fire to the forests in Oregon and Washington. The forest did not ignite. (...)
Sep 10, 1942 U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt mandated gasoline rationing as part of the U.S. wartime effort. (...)
Sep 16, 1942 The Women's Airforce Service Pilots (WASPS) are established in the U.S.. The armed forces will be supplied with more than 1000 auxiliary pilots through this organization. (...)
Sep 21, 1942 The inter-Allies information committee estimated that the Germans had thus far executed 207,373 people in occupied Europe. (...)
Sep 21, 1942 The U.S. B-29 Superfortress made its debut flight in Seattle, WA. It was the largest bomber used during World War II. The plane made its bomging-run debut on June 5, 1944. (...)
Sep 22, 1942 Plans were approved for shipping US war supplies to the Russians through Iran. (...)
Sep 24, 1942 Failure at Milne Bay and over-extended lines of communication constantly under aerial attack lead the Japanese to pull back on the Kokoda Trail. (...)
Sep 24, 1942 Glenn Miller ends his broadcasts for Chesterfield Cigarettes so he could go into the war. (...)
Sep 28, 1942 The main force of the US 32nd Infantry Division reached Port Moresby and was ordered to join the drive on Wairopi. (...)
Sep 29, 1942 Government of De Gaulle cancels agreement of Munich (...)
Oct 03, 1942 Fort Robinson (Nebraska) War Dog Reception and Training Center established. Closed in 1946. (...)
Oct 04, 1942 German XIV Panzer Korps attacked the Tractor Factory in Stalingrad, Russia. (...)
Oct 12, 1942 During World War II, Attorney General Francis Biddle announced that Italian nationals in the United States would no longer be considered enemy aliens. (...)
Oct 18, 1942 Hitler ordered the execution of all British Commandos taken prisoner. (...)
Oct 19, 1942 Pierre Laval told French laborers that they might be called upon to work in Germany. (...)
Oct 19, 1942 Washington agreed to train and equip another 30 Chineese divisions. (...)
Oct 19, 1942 Washington agreed to train and equip another 30 Chinese divisions (...)
Oct 22, 1942 Australian forced landed on Goodenough Island off New Guinea to secure the northeast coast. A Japanese force of 353 men had been stranded on Goodenough since August 25th. (...)
Oct 22, 1942 Britain lowered its draft age to 18. (...)
Oct 22, 1942 President Juan Antonio Rios of Chile announded a policy aligning the country in the pro-Allied hemispheric alliance. (...)
Oct 22, 1942 The Allies met to discuss Operation Torch. Operation Torch was to be the first Allied amphibious landing of World War II (North Africa), mainly as an induction of US ground forces against the Germans. Operation Torch takes place 8 Nov 1942. (...)
Oct 22, 1942 US General Mark Clark arrived in Algiers by submarine for a secret meeting with pro-Allied French officers to discuss Operation Torch. Operation Torch was to be the first Allied amphibious landing of World War II (North Africa), mainly as an induction of US ground forces against the Germans. Operation Torch takes place 8 Nov 1942. At the end of this meeting, being chased by Vichy French police, Clark lost his trousers while jumping into a rowboat waiting to take him to the submarine. The first of the cargo ships left British ports. (...)
Oct 23, 1942 El Alamein offensive begins (...)
Oct 26, 1942 The US carrier USS Hornet and destroyer USS Porter were sunk in the Battle of Santa Cruz. It was the last time carrier based aircraft were used by the Japanese in the Guadalcanal campaign. (...)
Oct 26, 1942 USS Enterprise was hit twice during the Battle of Santa Cruz. She suffered 44 killed and 75 wounded, but also planted several bombs on Shokaku, taking her out of the war for 9 months for repairs. (...)
Oct 29, 1942 500 Japanese troops returned to Attu island to re-establish a base at Holtz Bay (...)
Oct 29, 1942 PBY-5 Catalinas from Patrol Squadron Eleven (VP-11) sank Japanese submarine I-172. (...)
Nov 04, 1942 British push Rommel out of Egypt. (...)
Nov 07, 1942 A joint U.S.-British force of 400,000 troops, under the direction of General Eisenhower, begins landing at Casablanca, Oran and Algiers. They will successfully overtake the French garrisons there. (...)
Nov 07, 1942 Allies invade North Africa (...)
Nov 08, 1942 Operation Torch, American and British forces landed in Morocco and Algeria. The U.S. Navy saw most of its action around Casablanca and elsewhere on Morocco's Atlantic coast. Local French resistance was fierce, but short, and an armistice on 11 November ended the fighting. This ambitious trans-oceanic amphibious operation gave the Allies bases for future operations. In six more months, all of North Africa was cleared of Axis forces, opening the way for an invasion of Italy. (...)
Nov 10, 1942 In response to Mahatma Gandhi's demand that India be granted independence from Britain immediately, Prime Minister Churchill, in a speech at Mansion House, says "I have not become the King's First Minister in order to preside over the liquidation of the British Empire." (...)
Nov 11, 1942 Germany occupies the rest of France. (...)
Nov 12, 1942 Navy battles Tokyo Express off Guadalcanal (...)
Nov 15, 1942 British troops reached Tunisia at Takarka, 80 miles west of Tunis. (...)
Nov 15, 1942 Five Sullivan brothers were killed when the cruiser Juneau was sunk off Guadalcanal. They had enlisted together in Waterloo, Iowa, only eleven months before. 'The Sullivans', a destroyer, was named in their honor in April, 1943. (...)
Nov 24, 1942 Reichsmarshal Goering promises the Luftwaffe can save the embattled 6th Army at Stalingrad. (...)
Nov 27, 1942 French scuttle fleet at Toulon (...)
Nov 30, 1942 Battle of Tassafaronga: Japanese convoy ambushed by American cruisers near Guadalcanal but emerged victorious. (...)
Dec 01, 1942 Gasoline rationing begins in the US. (...)
Dec 01, 1942 Gasoline rationing begins in the US. (...)
Dec 01, 1942 In the U.S., coffee joins the list of rationed items. (...)
Dec 02, 1942 At the University of Chicago's Staff Field, the first controlled, self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction is realized by a team of scientists working under the name of the "Manhattan Engineering District." (...)
Dec 02, 1942 Enrico Fermi sets off the first nuclear chain reaction below U. of Chicago stadium bleachers. (...)
Dec 03, 1942 US intelligence analysts discovered, from aerial photos, that the Japanese were building an airfield at New Georgia. (...)
Dec 04, 1942 Allied B-24's attack Naples harbor, the first American air attack on Italy. (...)
Dec 14, 1942 Pharmacist's Mate First Class Harry B. Roby, USNR, performed an appendectomy on Torpedoman First Class W. R. Jones on board USS Grayback (SS-208). It was the second appendectomy performed on board a submarine. (...)
Dec 20, 1942 An 8,000-ton Japanese cargo ship hit a US planted mine and sank off Cape Inubo, due east of Tokyo. It was the first Japanese ship lost in home waters after American submarines began mining the coast. (...)
Dec 20, 1942 Spain and POrtugal announced the creation of a neutral Ibearian bloc. (...)
Dec 21, 1942 British Eighth Army troops reached Sirte in Libya before halting. (...)
Dec 22, 1942 Adolf Hitler signed the order to develop the V-2 rocket. (...)
Dec 23, 1942 Bob Hope agreed to entertain U.S. airmen in Alaska. It was the first of the traditional Christmas shows. (...)
Dec 24, 1942 In Germany, the first surface-to-surface guided missile is launched in Peenemunde. The rocket has been designed by 30 year-old rocket engineer Wernher von Braun. (...)
Dec 24, 1942 Jean Francois Darlan, French admiral and collaborator in the Vichy government, was assassinated in Algeria. (...)
Dec 27, 1942 The minelayers, USS Keokuk (CM 8), USS Salem (CM 11), and USS Weehawken (CM 12) began mining approaches to Casablanca, French Morocco, which lasted for two days. (...)
Dec 29, 1942 A mine laid by USS Tambor (SS 198) on 2 November sank the Japanese freighter Fukken Maru off northwest coast of Hainan. (...)
Dec 29, 1942 USS Wasmuth (DMS 15) eventually sank after two of her depth charges exploded two days after Christmas during a gale, 35 miles off Scotch Cape, the southwest point of Unimak Island, Aleutians. After the explosion, USS Ramapo (AO 12) came alongside in the heavy seas and heroically rescued Wasmuth’s crew and two passengers. (...)
Dec 30, 1942 German Heavy Cruiser Admiral Hipper Sorties against convoy JW.51B in the Arctic in company with Lutzow and 6 DD's. (...)
Dec 30, 1942 USS Greenling attacked a Japanese convoy 180 miles northeast of Manus, Admiralty Islands and sank Army cargo ship Hiteru Maru and damaged cargo ship Ryufuku Maru while USS Thresher (SS 196) sank the Japanese freighter Hachian Maru west of Mata Siri Island, off the southern tip of Borneo. (...)
Dec 31, 1942 The squadron finds the convoy and attacks it on 31 Dec. German Heavy Cruiser Admiral Hipper makes visual contact at 0720. At 0939 she engages Achates and obtains one non-vital hit with five salvos before turning to engage Onslow and Orwell. These destroyers manage to keep Hipper occupied until 1020 when Hipper scores four hits from 48 main battery shells fired at a range of 8,500 meters, seriously damaging Onslow and forcing the destroyers to turn away. Hipper next encounters the MMS Bramble and fatally damages her with her third salvo from 5,500 meters. She closed the convoy and takes Achates under fire once again, hitting her with her first salvo, leaving her on fire and listing seriously. Obedient, Obdurate and Orwell counterattack, forcing Hipper to turn away from the anticipated torpedo attack. The time is now 1130 and the cruisers Sheffield and Jamaica finally arrive surprising Hipper with their first salvos from 10,500 meters. Hipper is hit shortly thereafter and suffers a flooded boiler room. She takes the cruisers under fire at 1134, but is hit twice more a minute latter, with more flooding and a fire in her aircraft hanger resulting. Hipper turns away in consideration of her orders to avoid action with enemy forces nearly equal to her in strength and because of the damage sustained. The British destroyers chase the Germans and more shots are exchanged until 1400 when contact is definitively broken off. Achates and Bramble sink, but the British rightly claim victory in this action, saving their convoy from a vastly superior force and sinking a German destroyer in the bargain. Hipper is seriously damaged, suffering more flooding and a series of engine failures before she manages to limp back to Kaafjord at 0542 on 1 Jan 43. (...)
Dec 31, 1942 USS Essex (CV 9) commissioned. (...)