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World War II Timeline

Current Events in the Timeline: 2054

Filters: Full List, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945


WWII Events for 1943

Jan 03, 1943 USS Humboldt (AVP 21) rescued 10 survivors from the Philippines motor-ship Dona Aurora, which was sunk by Italian submarine Enrico Tazzoli on 25 December 1942. (...)
Jan 04, 1943 USS Shad (SS 235) sank the German auxiliary minesweeper, M 4242, (ex-French trawler Odett II) in the Bay of Biscay, north-west of Biarritz, France. (...)
Jan 08, 1943 Soviet General Rokossovsky issued a surrender ultimatum to the German 6th Army in Stalingrad, guaranteeing their lives and safety until their return to Germany after the war. German commanding officer Paulus refused. (...)
Jan 09, 1943 Himmler visited Warsaw and ordered 8,000 Jewish inhabitants deported from the ghetto. (...)
Jan 10, 1943 Soviets begin offensive against Germans in Stalingrad. (...)
Jan 11, 1943 President Roosevelt submits his budget to the U.S. Congress. 100 billion of the 109-billion-dollar budget is identified with the war effort. (...)
Jan 12, 1943 Operation Spark: Soviets launched an offensive to restore communication and over-land supply route to Leningrad. (...)
Jan 12, 1943 US forces land on Amchitka, in the Aleutian Islands, and build an airfield to attack Kiska. (...)
Jan 13, 1943 Franklin Roosevelt wrote a letter to Mrs. Alleta Sullivan about her five sons who became missing aboard the sunken USS Juneau. (...)
Jan 13, 1943 PBY-5As (VP-83) sank German submarine U-507 by depth charges off Brazil. (...)
Jan 13, 1943 the British government lowered the call-up age of unmarried women to 19. (...)
Jan 13, 1943 Three Jewish transports arrived at Auschwitz. From 1,210 people from Berlin 127 men were registered. 1083 people were sent to gas chambers. From 750 Dutch Jews 88 men and 101 women were registered. 561 people were gassed. About 2,000 people were deported from ghetto in Zambr?w. After the selection 148 m...en and 50 women were registered and about 1802 people were killed in the gas chambers. Auschwitz Memorial (...)
Jan 13, 1943 US infantry captures Galloping Horse Ridge, Guadalcanal. (...)
Jan 14, 1943 Allied leaders met at Casablanca. (...)
Jan 14, 1943 USS Independence (CVL 22), lead ship of a class of light carriers in which two Presidents of the United States served, was commissioned. (...)
Jan 15, 1943 The British start an offensive aimed at taking far-off Tripoli. (...)
Jan 17, 1943 USS Cowpens (CV-25) was launched. Redesignated (CVL 25) that July, she served in the Pacific during WW II. Decommissioned in Jan 1947, she spent the rest of her Navy service in the Reserve Fleet. In May 1959, Cowpens was reclassified as an aircraft support (AVT-1) but was sold for scrapping a year later. (...)
Jan 18, 1943 Admiral Yamamoto came aboard battleship Musashi at Truk. (...)
Jan 18, 1943 Jews in Warsaw Ghetto begin uprising. (...)
Jan 18, 1943 U.S. commercial bakers stopped selling sliced bread. Only whole loaves were sold during the ban until the end of March when it was recinded. (...)
Jan 21, 1943 USS Gato (SS 212) encountered Section B of the Japanese Solomons reinforcement convoy east of Kieta, Bougainville. Gato torpedoed and damaged the army transport Kenkon Maru. Due to the damage, the transport was scuttled by her escort ships. (...)
Jan 21, 1943 USS Pollack (SS 180) sank the Japanese freighter Asama Maru off Kushiro, Japan. (...)
Jan 22, 1943 Forces representing Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the U.S. capture the southeastern tip of New Guinea from Japanese troops, in an attempt to protect Australia from a Japanese invasion. (...)
Jan 23, 1943 British forces capture Tripoli. (...)
Jan 23, 1943 USS Guardfish (SS 217) torpedoed and sank the Japanese destroyer Hakaze, south of Steffen Strait, between New Ireland and New Hanover, Bismarck Archipelago. (...)
Jan 27, 1943 The 8th Air Force bombers, dispatched from their bases in England, fly the first American bombing raid against the Germans, targeting the Wilhelmshaven port. Of 64 planes participating in the raid, 53 reached their target and managed to shoot down 22 German planes—and lost only three planes in return. (...)
Jan 28, 1943 Red Army units captured Kasternoe on the Kursk-Voronezh rail line. This is the beginning of a drive to take back Russian towns along the rail lines, which are held by German Army Group A. (...)
Jan 29, 1943 The Battle of Rennell Island began when Japanese shore-based aircraft attacked TF 18 covering transports heading towards Guadalcanal. USS Chicago was damaged and sank the next day. Aircraft from USS Enterprise turned away the attackers on the 30th. TF 18 bore the brunt of this attack, and the transports reached Guadalcanal without any damage. (...)
Feb 02, 1943 The Japanese destroyer Makigumo was damaged by one of the mines laid by light minelayers USS Tracy (DM 19), USS Montgomery (DM 17), and USS Preble (DM 20) off Cape Esperance the previous night. Makigumo was later scuttled by Japanese destroyer Yugumo. (...)
Feb 03, 1943 1943: The first production North American P-51A Mustang flew. (...)
Feb 06, 1943 USS S-28 departed Dutch Harbor, Alaska, United States for her fifth war patrol. (...)
Feb 07, 1943 In the U.S., shoe rationing begins, limiting civilians to three pairs of leather shoes per year. The ration in Britain is one pair per year. (...)
Feb 07, 1943 Take her down! CDR Howard Gilmore, desperately wounded & unable to climb back into his sub USS Growler SS-215 (...)
Feb 08, 1943 Allied forces capture Guadalcanal, in the Solomon Islands, in heavy fighting. (...)
Feb 09, 1943 Allied authorities declared Guadalcanal secure after Japan evacuated its remaining forces from the island. (...)
Feb 09, 1943 On Ambon Island in Eastern Indonesia, the Japanese behead 85 Australian and Dutch prisoners. On February 24, a further 132 are decapitatated. No reason is ever given for this atrocity. (...)
Feb 09, 1943 The first of seven Axis convoys leaves Italy with reinforcements bound for Tunisia but British aircraft (operating from Malta), submarines and minefields take a heavy toll. (...)
Feb 11, 1943 IJN Battleship Musashi officially becomes Admiral Yamamoto's flagship. (...)
Feb 15, 1943 USS Gato (SS 212) torpedoed and sank Japanese stores ship Suruga Maru in Bougainville Strait. (...)
Feb 15, 1943 USS Pickerel (SS 177) attacked a Japanese convoy and sank cargo vessel Tateyama Maru off the east coast of Honshu. (...)
Feb 16, 1943 Dr. Mildred Harnack-Fish, a German resistance fighter born in the U.S., and sentenced to death by the German government for her work in the Resistance, and is beheaded at Berlin's Plotzensee Prison. (...)
Feb 18, 1943 The Gestapo arrested Hans Scholl and his sister Sophie for opposing the Nazi regime. The two were the leaders of the German youth group Weisse Rose (White Rose). They were tried for treason by Judge Roland Freisler, found guilty and executed as "political traitors" in Munich's Stadelheim Prison on February 22, 1943. (...)
Feb 19, 1943 Allied defenses in Tunisia are restructured in the face of a deteriorating position. The Axis forces begin frontal assaults on American positions in the Kasserine Pass. (...)
Feb 19, 1943 German Army Group South opens a counteroffensive toward Kharkov and Belgorod. (...)
Feb 22, 1943 USS Iowa (BB-61), the lead ship of the last class of American fast battleships, was commissioned. After serving in WWII, she was decomissioned but reactivated in 1951 for the Korean War. Decommissioned in 1958, she was again recommissioned in 1984, serving until Oct 1990. Iowa is currently in the reserve fleet awaiting to become a museum ship. (...)
Feb 28, 1943 A group of wives of Jewish men gather in Berlin to stop the deportation of their husbands to concentrations camp. The group of women will grow to 1,000 by March 8 and will succeed in forcing Joseph Goebbels to order the release of 1,500 men. (...)
Mar 02, 1943 - Mar 04, 1943 Fifth Air Force Air Apaches and other aircraft smashed a 16-ship Japanese troop convoy in the Battle of the Bismarck Sea. This ended the enemy’s effort to reinforce Lae. The aircraft sank over 40,000 tons of Japanese shipping, including eight troop-laden transports and four of eight escorting warships, and between 50-60 planes. Modified B-25s used low-level skip bombing and .50 cal guns. (...)
Mar 04, 1943 The Bulgarian government, in an attempt to protect Bulgarian Jews, fulfilled German pressure by deporting about 4,000 Greek Jews from the occupied territory of Thrace. These Greek Jews were eventually sent to concentration camps in Poland. (...)
Mar 05, 1943 The first British Gloster Meteor (DG206) aircraft made its maiden flight. The Meteor would go on to become the only turbojet powered Allied aircraft operational during the war. (...)
Mar 05, 1943 USS Bogue (ACV 9) began the first anti-submarine carrier operations in the Atlantic. In July of that year, she was reclassified as an escort carrier, (CVE 9). While in the reserves in 1955, Bogue was reclassified as a Escort Helicopter Aircraft Carrier (CVHE 9) and was sold for scrapping in 1960. (...)
Mar 08, 1943 A PBY-5 aircraft piloted by Lieutenant J.E. Dryden from Patrol Squadron Fifty Three (VP 53) sank German submarine, U 156, east-northeast of Trinidad. Before being sunk, U 156 sank 24 allied and merchant vessels, including USS Blakeley (DD 150) on 25 May 1942. (...)
Mar 09, 1943 Operation Boarding Party: SOE deployed the Calcutta Light Horse regiment to attack the German ship Ehrenfels in the neutral Portuguese port of Goa. This convert operation was not revealed to the public until 1978. http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=209 (...)
Mar 09, 1943 Two Jewish prisoners escaped from the Sonderkommando which burnt corpses in the pits in Auschwitz II-Birkenau. They were captured in a wood near the Vistula. One was shot, the other, Bela Foeldisch (b. 10.05.1909 in Budapest, no. 106099) was captured and sent to the bunker of Block 11. He died on March 16 from the bullet wound and torture endured during the interrogation. (...)
Mar 10, 1943 - Mar 14, 1943 Air Force activated under command of Maj. Gen. Claire Chennault. (...)
Mar 10, 1943 General Claire Chennault formed the USAAF 14th Air Force in China. (...)
Mar 10, 1943 USS Savannah (CL 42) and USS Eberle (DD 430) intercepted German blockade runner Karin in the South Atlantic, 400 miles northwest of Ascension Island. While gathering intelligence documents on board, Eberle’s boarding party suffered seven killed and two wounded when the scuttling charges on board the vessel exploded. Savannah took on board the German survivors as POWs. (...)
Mar 15, 1943 Fort Robinson (Nebraska) German prisoner-of-war camp established. Closed in 1946. (...)
Mar 17, 1943 British forces capture Medenine in Tunisia, but US and British forces in other North African fronts begin falling back in the face of heavy German armor attacks. The Mark IV tanks prove effective for the Germans since their introduction. (...)
Mar 21, 1943 USS Herring (SS 233) sank the German submarine U 163 off the Bay of Biscay. (...)
Mar 23, 1943 British Gen. Montgomery breaks Rommel's Mareth Line in Tunisia. (...)
Mar 26, 1943 Battle of Komandorski Islands: American and Japanese naval units engaged in the last pure surface gunnery engagement in naval history. (...)
Mar 26, 1943 Battle of Komandorski Islands: The last pure surface gunnery engagement in naval history. (...)
Mar 28, 1943 Meat rationing begins in the U.S., but the ration is 28 ounces per week, and meat production rises by approximately 50 per cent. (...)
Mar 31, 1943 British troops occupied Cap Serrat on the Tunisian coast. (...)
Apr 01, 1943 In the U.S., meat, fats, canned goods, and cheese are now all rationed. Attempting to stem inflation, President Roosevelt freezes wages, salaries, and prices. (...)
Apr 03, 1943 3 Apr 1943: Admiral Yamamoto and his staff departed Truk for Rabaul on two Kawanishi H8K flying boats to supervise Operation I-GO from 7 to 14 Apr 1943. (...)
Apr 05, 1943 Allies launched Operation Flax, a concentrated effort to destroy Axis capability to supply Tunisia by air. (...)
Apr 05, 1943 USS O'Bannon (DD 450) sank the Japanese submarine RO 34 near Russell Island, Solomon Islands. (...)
Apr 07, 1943 British and American armies linked up between Wadi Akarit and El Guettar in North Africa to form a solid line against the German army. (...)
Apr 07, 1943 Marine 1st Lt. James Swett, on his 1st combat mission, shot down 7 Japanese VAL's over Guadalcanal-the 1st American to achieve this score in a single mission. (...)
Apr 18, 1943 Traveling in a bomber, Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, was shot down by American P-38 fighters. (...)
Apr 19, 1943 The Warsaw Ghetto uprising against Nazi rule began. (...)
Apr 20, 1943 7th Air Force B-24s made first attack on Tarawa. (...)
Apr 22, 1943 Allied forces in Tunisia began the final phase of the North African campaign. The main thrust was directed at the capture of Tunis and Bizerte. (...)
Apr 23, 1943 USS Seawolf (SS 197) sank Japanese Patrol Boat No.39 off east central coast of Formosa while the enemy warship was screening the towing of the wrecked No.2 Nisshin Maru. (...)
May 14, 1943 U.S. and Great Britain chiefs of staff, meeting in Washington, D.C., approve and plot out Operation Pointblank, a joint bombing offensive to be mounted from British airbases in support of the run up to Operation Overlord. (...)
May 16, 1943 USS MacKenzie (DD 614) sank the German submarine U 182 west of Madeira. Before being sunk, U 182 sank 5 Allied merchant vessels, including the American steam merchant Richard D. Spaight on 10 March 1943. (...)
May 19, 1943 German propaganda chief Joseph Goebbels declared Berlin Judenfrei ("Free of Jews"). In truth, about 2,000 to 3,000 Jews were in hiding in Berlin, while another 18,000 Germans of mixed Jewish heritage were living in Berlin legally. (...)
May 20, 1943 The Tenth Fleet was established in Washington D.C., under the command of Admiral Ernest J. King, USN, to coordinate U.S. anti-submarine operations in the Atlantic. Disbanded after WWII, the Tenth Fleet was reactivated in January 2010 as U.S. Fleet Cyber Command. (...)
May 22, 1943 During the battle to protect ON 184 in the North Atlantic, TBFs from (VC 9) based on board USS Bogue (ACV 9) sank German submarine U 569 and damaged U 305. Before being sunk, U 569 sank two British merchant vessels. (...)
May 23, 1943 USS New Jersey (BB 62) was commissioned. During WWII, she participated in the Battle of the Philippine Sea, Battle of the Leyte Gulf and supported the Iwo Jima and the Okinawa Campaigns in the Pacific theatre. Decommissioned in 1948, she was recommissioned for the Korean War and served until 1957. Recommissioned for the Vietnam War in April 1968, she provided gunfire support until decommissioned the following year. New Jersey was then recommissioned in 1982 and served until Sep 1991. New Jersey currently serves as a museum ship at Camden, New Jersey. (...)
May 24, 1943 After suffering many submarine sinkings during May 1943, German Admiral Karl Dönitz ordered a temporary halt to submarine operations in the North Atlantic to regroup and re-evaluate tactics. (...)
May 25, 1943 PBY (VP 84) sank German submarine U 467 south-southeast of Iceland. Before being sunk, U 467 departed on two war patrols. No Allied vessels were sunk by the u-boat. (...)
May 27, 1943 In the U.S., President Roosevelt issues an executive order forbidding racial discrimination by government contractors. (...)
May 28, 1943 USS Peto (SS 265) sank Japanese hydrographic-meterological research ship Tenkai No.2 northeast of Mussau Island. (...)
May 28, 1943 USS Tunny (SS 282) sank Japanese gunboat Shotoku Maru off the west coast of Rota, Mariana Islands. (...)
May 29, 1943 In the U.S., an issue of The Saturday Evening Post is published with a cover illustration by Norman Rockwell that introduces an American icon known as "Rosie the Riveter." (...)
Jun 08, 1943 USS Finback (SS 230) attacked a Japanese convoy and sank auxiliary minelayer Kahoku Maru about 100 miles north of Palau, 08º 14’N, 134º, 18’E. (...)
Jun 10, 1943 The Allies began bombing Germany around the clock. (...)
Jun 11, 1943 The Italian island of Pantelleria surrenders after a heavy air bombardment. (...)
Jun 13, 1943 USS Frazier (DD 607) sank Japanese submarine I 9, east of Sirius Point, Kiska, Aleutian Islands, 52º 08’N, 177º, 38’E. (...)
Jun 14, 1943 The U.S. Supreme Court rules, in West Virginia Board of Education v. Bernette, that a West Virginia state law that requires school children to salute the flag, on penalty of expulsion, is unconstitutional. (...)
Jun 22, 1943 Anti-black race riots in Detroit, involving thousands, leave thirty-four people dead. A race riot in Harlem, New York City, will erupt on August 1. (...)
Jun 28, 1943 USS Peto (SS 265) sank Japanese hydrographic-meterological research ship Tenkai No.2 northeast of Mussau Island. (...)
Jun 28, 1943 USS Tunny (SS 282) sank Japanese gunboat Shotoku Maru off the west coast of Rota, Mariana Islands. (...)
Jun 30, 1943 General Douglas MacArthur launches Operation Cartwheel, an island hopping assault on Rabaul and several other islands in the Solomon Sea in the South Pacific. (...)
Jul 01, 1943 USS Thresher (SS 200) attacked a Japanese convoy off the northwest coast of Celebes, in Makassar Strait, damaging destroyer Hokaze, 00 º 43’N, 119º 34’E, and sank army cargo ship Yoneyama Maru, 00º 20’N, 119 º 32’E, 38 miles from Balikapan. Hokaze was grounded in Sibaya Harbor, Celebes, to facilitate salvage. (...)
Jul 04, 1943 Polish General Wladyslaw Sikorski died when his plane crashed less than a mile from where it took off. Controversy arose over whether it was an accident or an assination. (...)
Jul 05, 1943 The Battle of Kursk begins. Soviet troops will eventually defeat the Germans, after a week of heavy fighting and tens of thousands of casualties on both sides. (...)
Jul 06, 1943 Following the Allied landing on New Georgia, the Japanese made an attempt to land reinforcements, which resulted in the Battle of Kula Gulf. In the battle, USS Helena (CL-50) was hit by three torpedoes. Broken into three parts, she sank, resulting in the loss of nearly 170 of her crewmen. During the battle, Japanese destroyer Niizuki was sunk and the Japanese destroyer Nagatsuki was run aground. USS Radford (DD-446) and USS Nicholas (DD-449) helped to rescue Helena's survivors. (...)
Jul 06, 1943 US forces bomb Bougainville in the Solomon Islands. (...)
Jul 09, 1943 An invasion of Sicily begins by British paratroopers and American airborne troops. (...)
Jul 09, 1943 The 82nd Airborne Div assaults Sicily in parachute and glider attacks. (...)
Jul 13, 1943 Allied fighter aircraft began operating out of Pachino airfield on Sicily, further establishing Allied control of the air. (...)
Jul 13, 1943 British Commandos and paratroopers landed on the Sicilian east coast to capture key bridges on the highway between Syracuse and Catania. (...)
Jul 13, 1943 Hitler ordered a halt to German offensive operations around Kursk and began pulling troops out for redeployment to Italy because of the invasion of Sicily. (...)
Jul 13, 1943 TBF (VC 13) based on board USS Core (ACV 13) sank German submarine U 487, 720 miles south-southwest of Fayal, Azores, 27º 15’N, 34º 18’W. During her service U 487 served on two war patrols but did not sink any Allied vessels. (...)
Jul 18, 1943 The airship K-74, while on a night patrol off the Florida coast, attacked a surfaced U-boat. In the gun duel that followed, she was hit and brought down -- the only airship lost to enemy action in World War II. The German submarine, U 134, was damaged enough to force her return to base, and after surviving two other attacks on the way, was finally sunk by British Wellington aircraft on 24 August, near Vigo, Spain. (...)
Jul 21, 1943 PBY (VP 94) sank German submarine U 662 off the mouth of Amazon River, Brazil, 03º 36’N, 48º 46’W. During her service, U 662 sank 3 and damaged 1 British vessels. (...)
Jul 22, 1943 The US 7th Army forces led by Gen. Patton captured Palermo, Sicily. Gen Patton moved his troops across Sicily through August. (...)
Jul 22, 1943 US naval forces (2 battleships and 4 cruisers as well as lighter units) bombard Japanese held Kiska Island. (...)
Jul 24, 1943 Britain launched Operation Gomorrah. The operation was consisted of repeated bombing raids against Hamburg's industrial and munition plants. (...)
Jul 25, 1943 The Italian dictator, Benito Mussolini, steps down as head of the armed forces and the government following a coup. (...)
Jul 25, 1943 USS Harmon (DE-678) was launched at Bethlehem Steel's Fore River shipyard, Quincy, MA. She was the first U.S. Navy ship to be named for an African-American. The ship's namesake, Mess Attendant First Class Leonard Roy Harmon, also posthumously received the Navy Cross for heroism during the Battle of Guadalcanal. (...)
Jul 28, 1943 How we doin'? FDR's Fireside Chat on War's progress. (...)
Aug 17, 1943 8th AF bombers attack German Messerschmitt works, Regensburg & ball-bearing plants, Schweinfurt, at loss of 60 planes (...)
Aug 17, 1943 British bombers took off to bomb German rocket research site at Peenemünde at 2100 hours London time. At 2230 hours London time, air raid sirens went off at Peenemünde, but many ignored it, thinking it was yet another false warning. At 2317 hours London time, the first of the British bombers struck Peenemünde. (...)
Aug 17, 1943 General Patton Enters Messina, Allies complete conquering of Sicily. (...)
Aug 21, 1943 Japan evacuated the Aleutian island of Kiaska. Kiaska had been the last North American foothold held by the Japanese. (...)
Aug 25, 1943 U.S. forces overran New Georgia in the Solomon Islands during World War II. (...)
Aug 26, 1943 A campaign to drive the Germans out of eastern Ukraine was launched by the Russians. (...)
Aug 26, 1943 Allied nations recognized the French Committee of National Liberation. (...)
Aug 27, 1943 Japanese evacuate New Georgia Island in the Pacific. (...)
Aug 28, 1943 Simmering all month, Danish resistance grows against German occupiers. (...)
Aug 29, 1943 Nazis crack down in Denmark intensifies. Danish navy scuttled. (...)
Aug 31, 1943 The USS Harmon, first U.S. Navy ship to be named for an African American, commissioned. (...)
Sep 03, 1943 Allied forces invade Italy. (...)
Sep 03, 1943 Italy was invaded by the Allied forces during World War II. (...)
Sep 09, 1943 Although the Allies have announced the unconditional surrender of Italy, German forces in Italy continue to oppose Allied troops. When the U.S. Fifth Army lands at Salerno, they sustain heavy losses. (...)
Sep 09, 1943 During World War II Allied forces landed at Taranto and Salerno. (...)
Sep 10, 1943 German forces began their occupation of Rome during World War II. (...)
Sep 13, 1943 The 82nd Airborne Div assaults Salerno, Italy (Parachutes & Gliders). (...)
Sep 20, 1943 Operation Source began when British submarines attempted to sink the German battleship Tirpitz as it sat in Norwegian waters. The six submarines involved did enough damage to cripple the battleship for 6 months. (...)
Sep 21, 1943 House of Representatives adopts Fulbright Resolution calling for U.S. participation in international organization after war. (...)
Sep 22, 1943 Australian forces made an amphibious landing six miles north of Finschhafen in New Guinea. (...)
Sep 22, 1943 Poltava fell to the Russians. Red Army forces established bridgeheads on the west bank of the Dnieper River. (...)
Sep 22, 1943 Two British X-craft midget submarines (out of the six which started the mission) penetrated Altenfjord in Norway and attached eight tons of explosives under the German battleship Tirpitz, causing crippling damage. Structural repairs would have to be completed in Germany if Tirpitz could ever operate in open sea again, and Hitler and Donitz decided to keep it in Norway as a floating battery. (...)
Sep 22, 1943 Vichy announced the execution of 70 hostages in Bordeaux in reprisal for acts of sabotage, bringing the number to 186 for the week. (...)
Sep 23, 1943 In northern Italy, Benito Mussolini re-established a new fascist republic. (...)
Sep 28, 1943 The evacuation of Kolombangara in the Solomons was begun by the Japanese. (It continued through Oct 3 with Allied forces attempting to block their removal. In the end 9,400 Japanese were removed.) (...)
Oct 04, 1943 Operation Leader - aircraft from USS Ranger (CV-4) attacked two German convoys in the harbor of Bodø, Norway and caused "appreciable losses" to the vessels. This mission was the only Navy carrier operation in northern European waters during World War II. USS Corry (DD-463) provided escort support. (...)
Oct 05, 1943 - Oct 06, 1943 Task Force 14 (TF-14) began a two-day raid on Wake Island. Rear Admiral Sakaibara Shigematsu, the Japanese island commander, then ordered the execution of the 98 remaining civilian prisoners captured on 23 December 1941, due to his fear they would escape and communicate about the weak garrison. (...)
Oct 06, 1943 In the night Battle of Vella Lavella, USS O’Bannon (DD 450), USS Chevalier (DD 451), and USS Selfridge (DD 357) intercepted 9 Japanese destroyers en route to Rabaul after evacuating the garrison on Vella Lavella Island. During the battle, the Japanese destroyer Yugumo was sunk. All the U.S. destroyers were damaged, with Chevalier being scuttled by USS LaVallette (DD-488) due to damage. (...)
Oct 07, 1943 Japanese Rear Adm. Shigematsu Sakaibara ordered the execution of 96 American POWs on Wake Island. The claim was the that POWs were trying to make radio contact with U.S. forces. (...)
Oct 08, 1943 USS Guardfish (SS 217) sank the Japanese army cargo ship Kashu Maru north-northwest of the Admiralties while USS Gurnard (SS 254) sank the Japanese army cargo ship Taian Maru and transport Dainichi Maru off the northern tip of Luzon. (...)
Oct 18, 1943 Bougainville in the Solomons came under heavy air attack as a prelude to an Allied landing. (...)
Oct 18, 1943 Montgomery's Eighth Army launched a fresh offensive and pushed toward the Trigno River. (...)
Oct 18, 1943 The first trainloads of Jews left Rome for Auschwitz concentration camp. (...)
Oct 19, 1943 Allied aircraft began a 5 day series of attacks on transportation targets in Italy to impede German logistics. (...)
Oct 19, 1943 The Moscow Conference of Foreign Ministers began in Russia during World War II. Delegates from the U.S.S.R., Great Britain, the U.S., and China met to discuss war aims and cooperation between the nations. 3rd London protocol signed pledging 5.1M tons of supplies to USSR through June 1944. (...)
Oct 22, 1943 The British 78th Division began crossing the Trigno River as part of the planned assault on Rome. (...)
Oct 28, 1943 Lieutenant Franklin M. Murray, in a TBF "Avenger," and Ensign Gerald L. Handshuh, in an FM "Wildcat," from Composite Squadron One (VC-1), then based on USS Block Island (CVE 21), sank German submarine U-220, east of Newfoundland. (...)
Nov 01, 1943 Operation Goodtime launched when the U.S. Marines invaded Bougainville, the largest of the Solomon Islands. (...)
Nov 01, 1943 USS Borie (DD-215) rammed and sank the German submarine U-405 in the Atlantic. Borie lost 27 men in the battle and was so badly damaged that she had to be scuttled the following day by aircraft from USS Card (CVE-11). (...)
Nov 02, 1943 USS Halibut (SS 232), USS Seahorse (SS 304), and USS Trigger (SS 237), all operating independently of each other, attacked a Japanese convoy south of Honshu. Halibut sank army cargo ship Ehime Maru, Seahorse sank transport Chihaya Maru, and Trigger sank transport Delagoa Maru. (...)
Nov 03, 1943 USS Oklahoma (BB-37), which was sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, was refloated after months of laborious effort. Too old and badly damaged, she was formally decommissioned in Sept. 1944. Sold for scrapping in Dec. 1946, Oklahoma sank while under tow from Hawaii to California in May 1947. (...)
Nov 06, 1943 Soviet troops retake Kiev. (...)
Nov 08, 1943 USS Bluefish (SS 222) sank the Japanese army tanker Kyokeui Maru off the northwest coast of Luzon, escort vessel Tsushima unsuccessfully counterattacked. (...)
Nov 08, 1943 USS Rasher (SS 269) sank the Japanese merchant tanker Tango Maru in Makassar Strait and survived counterattacks by auxiliary submarine chaser Cha 41. (...)
Nov 15, 1943 The AAF Pilot School (Basic-Advanced) at Tuskegee Army Air Field was assigned to the 28th Flying Training Wing, headquartered in Selma, Alabama. (...)
Nov 15, 1943 USS Crevalle (SS 291) sank Japanese army cargo and passenger ship Kyokko Maru off San Antonio, Zambales province in the Philippines. (...)
Nov 16, 1943 American bombers attacked a hydro-electric power station and heavy-water factory in Vermork, Norway, that were controlled by the German government. 160 bombers were used in the attack. (...)
Nov 16, 1943 The USS Corvina (SS-226) was sunk by the Japanese submarine I-176 near Truk atoll. Corvina is the only American submarine known to be sunk by a Japanese submarine in WWII. She and her brave crew of eighty-two were reported as "overdo, presumed lost" on 23 December 1943. (...)
Nov 17, 1943 Australia's 9th Division launched a powerful offensive to take Sattelberg on New Guinea. (...)
Nov 20, 1943 Balao class Submarine USS Parche (SS-384) commissioned November 20, 1943. Originally launched July 24, 1943 from Portsmouth Naval Shipyard. (...)
Nov 20, 1943 Operation Galvanic, under command of Vice Admiral Raymond Spruance, lands Navy, Marine, and Army forces on Tarawa and Makin. (...)
Nov 21, 1943 "Casualties many; Percentage of dead not known; Combat efficiency; we are winning." -Colonel David M. Shoup, USMC, Tarawa (...)
Nov 22, 1943 U.S. President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek met in Cairo to discuss the measures for defeating Japan. (...)
Nov 23, 1943 USAAF fighter pilot Chuck Yeager departed for Britain. (...)
Nov 26, 1943 The day after Thanksgiving, German bombers attacked a convoy of Allied ships traveling through the Mediterranean Sea on its way to the Far Eastern theater of World War II. At first, the assault appeared to be failing. But as the sun set, a remote-controlled glider bomb slammed into the HMT Rohna, a British transport with mostly Americans onboard, and blew gaping holes in both the port and starboard sides. Despite the presence of nearby rescue boats, 1,149 men went down with the Rohna, an incident the U.S. government largely kept secret for decades. (...)
Nov 30, 1943 Teheran Conference - an agreement was reached on Operation Overlord by Roosevelt, Churchill & Stalin. (...)
Dec 13, 1943 USS Osmond Ingram (DD 255) was damaged by gunfire of German submarine U-172, 660 miles west-southwest of the Canary Islands but still took part in the sinking of the submarine with USS George E. Badger (DD 196), USS Clemson (DD 186) and FMs (VC-19) from USS Bogue (CVE 9). (...)
Dec 17, 1943 President Roosevelt repeals the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Acts of 1882 and 1902, thus allowing Chinese residents of the United States to be eligible for citizenship. The new Chinese Act also allows for the immigration of up to 105 Chinese annually. (...)
Dec 20, 1943 RAF made the heaviest raid of the war on Frankfurt, dropping over 2,000 tons of explosive. Less than an hour later, RAF Mosquitoes followed up in order to hamper firefighting efforts. (...)
Dec 21, 1943 Rommel visits Raversijde, Belgium. (...)
Dec 21, 1943 The Canadian 1st Division launched an attack on Ortona, Italy. (...)
Dec 24, 1943 Eisenhower was named the Supreme Allied Commander in Europe. (...)