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World War II Timeline

Current Events in the Timeline: 2054

Filters: Full List, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945

 

WWII Events for 1944

Jan 03, 1944 Marine Aviator Major Gregory Boyington was shot down by the Japanese near Rabaul and taken as Prisoner of War. Upon his release after the war, he was awarded the Medal of Honor for his prior downing of 26 enemy aircraft and was promoted to Colonel in 1947. Boyington died on 15 Jan 1988 and is buried at Arlington National Cemetery. (...)
Jan 04, 1944 German school children were mobilized for war-related duty. (...)
Jan 04, 1944 In a conference attended by German leaders Heinrich Himmler, Wilhelm Keitel, Albert Speer, and Fritz Sauckel, it was decided that four million people were to be conscripted from occupied territories as forced laborers for war production. One million were to be drafted from France between 1... 02.and 31 Dec 1944. (...)
Jan 04, 1944 SS Garrison Doctor Eduard Wirths notified SS Medical Officers in the sub camps belonging to Auschwitz III-Monowitz camp that as of January 4, following identification and a number check, the corpses of prisoners should be sent every day before noon directly to crematorium, bypassing the morgues in Auschwitz I and Auschwitz II-Birkenau. The death reports of the prisoners and the protocols of the corpse examination were to be sent, as before, to the orderly room of prisoners' hospital in Auschwitz I camp by noon on the day the corpses were delivered to the crematorium. (...)
Jan 04, 1944 The 1st Ukrainian Front of the Red Army enters Poland. (...)
Jan 04, 1944 The Battle of Monte Cassino begins. (...)
Jan 04, 1944 US Aircraft began transporting supplies to partisan units in western Europe in preparation for eventual disruptive action behind enemy lines. (...)
Jan 04, 1944 USS Omaha and USS Jouett intercepted and sank German blockade runner Rio Grande. (...)
Jan 05, 1944 Patrol planes reported a ship identified as Floridian, though intellligence identified her as German blockade runner Burgenlund. USS Omaha and USS Jouett picked her up on radar and closed in. Scuttling charges and the cruiser's gunfire sank her. (...)
Jan 08, 1944 in Castel Vecchio, the trial began for Count Ciano and 18 other Fascists whom Mussolini held responsible for his downfall. (...)
Jan 09, 1944 British forces take Maungdaw, Burma, a critical port for Allied supplies. (...)
Jan 10, 1944 USS Seawolf (SS 197) attacked a Japanese convoy about 70 miles north of Naha, Okinawa and sank the army cargo ship Asuka Maru and the freighter Getsuyo Maru. (...)
Jan 10, 1944 USS Steelhead (SS 280), in the middle of a typhoon, attacked a Japanese convoy and sank the repair ship Yamabiko Maru south of Honshu. (...)
Jan 11, 1944 Galeazzo Ciano was executed on Benito Mussolini's orders. Ciano was the son-in-law of Mussolini. (...)
Jan 11, 1944 TBF-1C Avengers off the escort carrier Block Island (CVE 21) executed the first U.S. Navy attack against a German U-boat using forward-firing rockets. (...)
Jan 11, 1944 US Naval aircraft based in Gilbert & Ellice Islands attack Japanese installations on Kwajalein Atoll prior to invasion. (...)
Jan 12, 1944 PB4Ys bombed Japanese shipping in Kwajalein lagoon and sank the gunboat Ikuta Maru. (...)
Jan 12, 1944 PBY-5s, flying from Tarawa, mined Tokowa and Torappu Channels and the south entrance to Maleolap. (...)
Jan 18, 1944 Soviet forces began to arrive at Leningrad, starting to relieve the siege. (...)
Jan 19, 1944 The three-day ANZAC Conference began. The resulting agreement attempted to limit US influence in the Pacific after the war, but it ultimately failed to do so due to opposition by US, UK, and other world powers. (...)
Jan 20, 1944 - Jan 21, 1944 During the night of 20 Jan 1944 (and into the early hours of 21 Jan), the heaviest RAF raid on Berlin to date was launched. 700 aircraft dropped over 2,300 tons of explosives on the German capital. Damage was assumed to be extensive, but could not be confirmed due to bad weather on the next day. (...)
Jan 20, 1944 Russian troops recapture Novgorod, and will retake Leningrad a week later. By early May, they will have recaptured Odessa and Sevastopol as well. Meanwhile the British Royal Air Force bombs Berlin with more than 2,300 tons of bombs. (...)
Jan 21, 1944 648 RAF aircraft attacked Magdeburg, Germany; 55 British aircraft and 4 German fighters were destroyed during the engagement. It was the first time Magdeburg was raided by the Allies. (...)
Jan 22, 1944 The Allied landing at Anzio and Nettuno, Italy began. Task Force 81 landed Allied troops behind German lines in an attempt to weaken the enemy’s defense and communication for a southern invasion. Met with little opposition, the Germans counter-attacked and the beachhead was pinned down by the enemy for next four months. (...)
Jan 25, 1944 Japanese Navy Captain Nobuei Morishita (former commanding officer of battleship Haruna) relieved Rear Admiral Takeji Ono as the commanding officer of battleship Yamato. (...)
Jan 27, 1944 515 Lancaster and 15 Mosquito aircraft of the RAF attacked Berlin; 33 Lancaster bombers were lost. (...)
Jan 29, 1944 USS Tambor (SS 198) attacked Japanese convoy in the Nansei Shoto, then torpedoed and sank the Japanese freighter Shuntai Maru, north of Okinawa. (...)
Jan 30, 1944 PB2Ys (VP 13 and VP 102) from Midway Island carryout nocturnal bombing raid on Wake Island to neutralize Japanese airfield installations. Motor torpedo boats Gyoraitei No.5 and Gyoraitei No.6 are sunk during the raid. The strike marked the first time Coronados are used a bombers. (...)
Jan 31, 1944 31 January 1944, the Marshall Island Invasion began with US Marine and Army troops landing at Kwajalein and Majuro atolls and then on Roi and Namur the following day. Within two weeks, the island chain would be under Allied control and “mopping-up” operations soon began. The landing force was commanded by Major General Holland M. Smith, USMC. Vice Admiral Raymond A. Spruance, Task Force 50, commanded the overall operation. (...)
Feb 02, 1944 Germans defeated American troops in the Battle of Cisterna in Italy. (...)
Feb 02, 1944 USS Walker (DD 517) sank Japanese submarine RO 39, 10 miles east of Wotje, Marshall Islands. (...)
Feb 03, 1944 USS Indiana under repair at Majuro. (...)
Feb 04, 1944 PV-1 "Ventura" aircraft sank Japanese water tanker Goryu Maru off Emidj Island, Jaluit. (...)
Feb 06, 1944 A transport from Drancy Concentration Camp in Paris, France arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp; most of the more than 1,000 Jews were sent to the gas chambers upon arrival. (...)
Feb 08, 1944 USS TROUT (SS-202) left Pearl Harbor on her 11th war patrol to the East China Sea and was never heard from again. An examination of Japanese records undertaken after the war's end indicates that she was probably lost at the end of February after being depthcharged 19 times by an enemy destroyer. (...)
Feb 10, 1944 USS Pogy (SS 266) attacked a Japanese convoy and sank Japanese destroyer Minekaze and Japanese freighter Malta Maru 85 miles north-northeast of Formosa. (...)
Feb 11, 1944 USS Gudgeon (SS 211) sank Japanese freighter Satsuma Maru, which was previously damaged by Chinese B-25s, off Wenchow, China. (...)
Feb 13, 1944 Americans stopped the German counterattack at Anzio. (...)
Feb 15, 1944 891 RAF aircraft (561 Lancaster, 314 Halifax, and 16 Mosquito) attacked Berlin, dropping over 2,500 tons of bombs in what was the heaviest raid to date. The industrial Siemensstadt area was damaged. 26 Lancaster and 17 Halifax bombers were lost. (...)
Feb 17, 1944 American carrier aircraft conducted a two-day major strike on Truk in the Caroline Islands. (...)
Feb 19, 1944 US forces land on Engebi Island, Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands. (...)
Feb 21, 1944 Hideki Tojo, prime minister of Japan, took over as army chief of staff giving himself direct control of the Japanese military. His government collapsed when Saipan fell to the U.S. Marines and Army on June 22, 1944. (...)
Feb 22, 1944 Japanese aircraft attacked US Naval Task Force 58 approaching the Marianas but suffered heavy losses. Allied ships operating around Rabaul and Kavieng encountered no Japanese aircraft, showing how thin the Japanese resources really were. (...)
Feb 22, 1944 TG 39.4 (commanded by Captain Arleigh Burke) bombarded Japanese airstrips, pier area, and anchorages at Kavieng. USS Charles Ausburne (DD 570), USS Dyson (DD 572), USS Stanly (DD 478) sank Japanese minelayer Natsushima off New Ireland. Joined by USS Converse (DD 509) and USS Spence (DD 512), the destroyers sank Japanese tug Nagaura about 160 miles northwest of Kavieng. (...)
Feb 22, 1944 the total number of prisoners in Auschwitz camps was 73,669. Auschwitz I - 17,177 male prisoners; Auschwitz II - 18,387 male and 24,637 female prisoners; Auschwitz III and subcamps - 13,477 male prisoners. (...)
Feb 23, 1944 USS PLUNGER (SS-179) was underway during her tenth war patrol. Having sighted a puff of smoke on the horizon, PLUNGER gave chase. She tracked the smoke for two hours before her diligence paid off. PLUNGER sighted a convoy consisting of three large merchant ships and two escorts. PLUNGER selected the two largest ships as her intended victims. The first ship, dubbed "PAPA," was engaged using PLUNGER’s final forward torpedo. This shot struck PAPA amidships, setting her aflame. Before PLUNGER could engage her next target, named "MAMA," she was subjected to a vigorous depth charging. (...)
Feb 24, 1944 The US submarine, Rasher, sinks the Japanese troopship Tango Jaru in the Java sea. The vessel is carrying Allied prisiners of war and 3,500 Javanese slave labourers, more than 3,000 of whom perish. The Rasher then sinks the Ryusei Maru which is packed with 6,600 Japanese troops. Nearly 5,000 of them are killed. (...)
Feb 24, 1944 24 Feb 1944, PBY-5As (VP 63) employing Magnetic Anomaly Detection (MAD) gear, and a PV-1 (VB 127), together with an RAF Catalina (No. 202 Squadron) and British destroyers HMS Anthony and Wishart, bombed German submarine U 761 as she attempted to transit the Straits of Gibraltar. U 761 was the first U-boat destroyed through the use of MAD equipment. The destroyers rescued the U-boat survivors. (...)
Feb 24, 1944 USAAF (day) and RAF (night) bombings were conducted on the ball bearing plant at Schweinfurt, Germany. (...)
Feb 27, 1944 USS Cod (SS 244) sank Japanese army cargo ship Taisoku Maru west of Halmahera while USS Trout (SS 202) sank Japanese cargo ship Aki Maru. (...)
Feb 27, 1944 USS Grayback (SS 208) sank Japanese cargo ship Ceylon Maru in the East China Sea. (...)
Mar 01, 1944 USS Bronstein (DE 189) sank German submarine, U 603, by depth charges in the North Atlantic. The destroyer escort then teamed with USS Thomas (DE 102) and USS Bostwick (DE 103) to sink German submarine, U 709 by depth charges. Before being sunk by Bronstein, U 603 sank four Norwegian merchant ships. (...)
Mar 03, 1944 Under heavy Allied pressure, Spain ordered all Spanish volunteers in German service to return, though not all would obey. (...)
Mar 07, 1944 Commission of Japanese carrier Taiho. (...)
Mar 08, 1944 3,791 Czech Jews of the Theresienstadt camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau were gassed. The men were killed in Crematorium III and the women and children in Crematorium II. (...)
Mar 09, 1944 USS Lapon (SS 260), while pursuing a Japanese convoy in the South China Sea, torpedoed and sank the freighters Hokoku Maru and Nicherei Maru, then survived a counterattack by the Japanese gunboat Peking Maru. (...)
Mar 12, 1944 1st B-29 Superfortresses land on Iwo Jima following the island's capture from the Japanese. (...)
Mar 12, 1944 USS Sand Lance sank Japanese cruiser Tatsuta. (...)
Mar 17, 1944 During World War II, the U.S. bombed Vienna. (...)
Mar 17, 1944 TBF aircraft from Composite Squadron (VC 6) based on board USS Block Island (CVE 21), along with USS Corry (DD 363) and USS Bronstein (DE 189), sank German submarine U 801 west of Cape Verdes. (...)
Mar 21, 1944 More than 140 B-24s, B-25s, A-20s, P-38s and P-40s attack Japanese targets in the Wewak-Tadji-Hansa Bay, Schouten Island areas, New Guinea. Allied air power continues to tighten the noose on the Japanese outpost islands. (...)
Mar 23, 1944 USS Tunny (SS-282) sank the Japanese submarine I-42 off the Palau Islands. (...)
Mar 24, 1944 335 Italians, at least 255 of whom are civilians, are shot by German troops in the Fosse Ardeantine caves outside of Rome. The massacre is ordered by S.S. Colonel Herbert Kappler, in response to the killing of 35 German soldiers. (...)
Mar 27, 1944 1,000 Jews left Drancy, France, for Auschwitz concentration camp. (...)
Mar 27, 1944 Thousands of Jews were murdered in Kaunas, Lithuania. (...)
Mar 29, 1944 USS Haddo (SS 255) torpedoed and sank Japanese army cargo ship Nichian Maru in South China Sea. (...)
Mar 29, 1944 USS Tunny (SS 282) torpedoed the Japanese battleship Musashi off Palau, which necessitated repairs in Japan, during which her anti-aircraft firepower was enhanced. Note, Musashi would be later sunk by U.S. Navy carrier aircraft during the Battle of the Sibuyan Sea on 24 October 1944. (...)
Mar 30, 1944 TF 58 began bombing of Japanese airfields, shipping, fleet servicing facilities, and other installations at Palau, Yap, Ulithi, and Woleai in the Caroline Islands. TBFs and TBMs from USS Lexington (CV 16), USS Bunker Hill (CV 19), and USS Hornet (CV 12) extensively bombed the minefields in and around the channels and approaches to the Palaus in the first tactical use of mines laid by carrier aircraft. (...)
Mar 30, 1944 The U.S. fleet attacked Palau, near the Philippines. (...)
Mar 31, 1944 US F6F Hellcat fighters finish sweeping Japanese out of the sky over Palau Islands. (...)
Apr 02, 1944 The Soviet Union announced that its troops had crossed the Prut River and entered Romania. (...)
Apr 03, 1944 In the case of Smith v. Allwright, the U.S. Supreme Court rules that an American cannot be denied the right to vote because of color. (...)
Apr 07, 1944 Counterattacking German forces make some advances in the Crimea but suffer heavy casualties. (...)
Apr 07, 1944 Kohima's water supply is cut off by the Japanese. (...)
Apr 07, 1944 Two Jewish inmates escaped from Auschwitz-Birkenau Concentration Camp and made it safely to Slovakia. One of them, Rudolf Vrba, submitted a report to the Papal Nuncio in Slovakia, which was forwarded to the Vatican. (...)
Apr 07, 1944 USS Champlin (DD 601) was damaged when she intentionally rammed the German submarine U-856, 380 miles SE of Cape Sable, Nova Scotia, Canada. Champlin and destroyer escort USS Huse (DE 145) then teamed to sink U-856. (...)
Apr 07, 1944 USS Saufley (DD 465) sank the Japanese submarine I 2, west-northwest of New Hanover. (...)
Apr 10, 1944 TBMs and FM-2s from Composite Squadron Fifty Eight (VC 58) based on board USS Guadalcanal (CVE 60) sank German submarine U 68 off Madeira Island. Before being sunk by the US Navy, U 68 sank 33 Allied vessels including four U.S. merchant ships. (...)
Apr 16, 1944 The 71st transport of 1,500 Jews - men, women and children - from Drancy camp in France arrived at Auschwitz. After the selection 165 men and 223 women were registered in the camp. Remaining 1,112 people were killed in the gas chambers. (...)
Apr 20, 1944 Turkey stopped exporting chrome to Germany. On August 2, Turkey ended all relations with the Nazis. (...)
Apr 20, 1944 USS Seahorse (SS 304) torpedoed and sank the Japanese submarine RO 45 off the Mariana Islands. (...)
Apr 22, 1944 Fighting ended on New Britain. (...)
Apr 22, 1944 Russia concluded peace talks with Finland. (...)
Apr 22, 1944 US Army amphibious forces landed near Hollandia, New Guinea. (...)
Apr 22, 1944 Yugoslav Partisans occupied the German-held island of Korcula in the Adriatic. (...)
Apr 23, 1944 U.S. forces take Hollandia without a fight. (...)
Apr 25, 1944 Stockpiles in England continued to grow as the Allies prepared for the cross-Channel invasion. (...)
Apr 25, 1944 USS Crevalle (SS 291) sank the Japanese army cargo ship Kashiwa Maru north of Borneo. (...)
Apr 25, 1944 USS Guvania (SS 362) sank the Japanese army cargo ship Tetsuyo Maru northwest of Chichi Jima. (...)
Apr 26, 1944 Destroyer escorts USS Frost (DE 144), USS Huse (DE 145), USS Barber (DE 161) and USS Snowden (DE 246) sank the German submarine U 488 west of by north of the Canary Islands. (...)
Apr 27, 1944 - Apr 28, 1944 In a practice landing in Southern England, Exercise Tiger, disaster struck as German E-Boats attacked the practice invasion fleet. Nearly 1000 soldiers and sailers died when 2 LSTs were sunk and 2 heavily damaged. This disaster was mostly hushed up and kept secret as part of the D-Day security. (...)
Apr 27, 1944 USS Bluegill (SS-242) torpedoed the Japanese light cruiser Yubari west of Sonsorol Island. Japanese destroyer attempted to tow her, but the following day, the crew was taken on board the destroyer Yuzuki. Yubari later sank off Sonsorol Island (...)
Apr 27, 1944 USS Halibut (SS 232) sank the Japanese minelayer Kamome off Okinawa. (...)
Apr 29, 1944 Taking advantage of their range, US bombers began hitting Marienburg and Posen, in eastern Germany. (...)
Apr 29, 1944 Task Force 58 began launching attacks against the Japanese base at Truk Atoll, sinking three small ships, inflicting severe damage on shore installations, and destroying 145 enemy aircraft. (...)
May 03, 1944 In the U.S., meat rationing ends, except for certain select cuts. (...)
May 03, 1944 Meat Rationing ends for all meats, except for beef steaks and beef roasts in the US. Rationing as a whole would not end until 1946. England's rationing would not end until 1954 when cheese and meat came off ration. (...)
May 03, 1944 USS Flasher (SS 249) sank the Japanese freighter Teisen Maru in the South China Sea about 300 miles east of Cape Varella, French Indochina. (...)
May 03, 1944 USS Sand Lance (SS 381) sank Japanese transport Kenan Maru about 15 miles northwest of Saipan. (...)
May 03, 1944 USS Tautog (SS 199) sank Japanese army cargo ship Fushimi Maru off the south coast of Uruppu Island, Kuril Islands. (...)
May 03, 1944 USS Tinosa (SS 283) sank the Japanese freighter Toyohi Maru west of Bashi Channel between Formosa and Luzon. (...)
May 03, 1944 Yamato was designated the flagship of Battleship Division 1 under Vice Admiral Matome Ugaki. (...)
May 05, 1944 USS Comfort (AH-6) was commissioned at San Pedro, California. She was the first ship to be manned jointly by US Army and US Navy personnel. Serving in the Pacific during WWII, she was hit by a kamikaze on 29 April, which killed 28 (including six nurses), wounded 48, and caused considerable damage. Following repairs and return visits to the Pacific, Comfort was decommissioned in 1946 and transferred to the U.S. Army. After service in the Maritime Commission and Administration, Comfort was sold for scrap in October 1967. (...)
May 07, 1944 USS Buckley (DE 51) was damaged when she intentionally rammed German submarine U 66, which had been harassed by TBMs (VC 55) from USS Block Island (CVE 21) about 390 miles west of Cape Verdes. Echoing the close-quarter battles of sail, Buckley’s crew employed small arms, hand grenades, fists, and even a coffee mug. U 66 sank as a result of the multifaceted pounding. Before being sunk, U 66 sank 37 Allied merchant ships, which included 8 American vessels. (...)
May 11, 1944 About 30 minutes before sunset USS CREVALLE (SS-291) surfaced off Negros Island in the Philippines to bring supplies to guerillas fighting the Japanese and pick up refugees. CREVALLE’s commanding officer, Frank Walker remembers, "My orders stated that we would bring out twenty five passengers and no baggage." The second canoe, carrying sixteen more refugees, was a total surprise. As many of the second group were women, children, and also included four American and Filipino soldiers who had survived the Bataan Death March, had made their escape and desperately needed medical treatment. Walker could not turn them away—CREVALLE took everyone aboard. Among the refugees was American missionary Paul Lindholm and his wife and four children. Lindholm made sure his family was safe aboard the boat and then, in Walker’s words, "returned ashore at the last minute to continue his ministry among the guerillas—much to the astonishment of his wife who expected him to accompany them to safety." The entire family would survive to be reunited at war’s end. (...)
May 13, 1944 Adolf Hitler gave permission for a full Germany withdrawal from the U.S.S.R. (...)
May 13, 1944 USS Francis M. Robinson (DE 220) made a sound contact and mounted a deliberate attack with depth charges and hedgehogs which sank Japanese submarine RO 501 (ex German U 1124) en route to Japan, 400 miles south-southwest of the Azores. (...)
May 17, 1944 Burma - Merrill's Marauders capture Myitkyina Airfield. (...)
May 18, 1944 Following gunfire support from US Army gunners (who landed on Insoemanai island the previous day), USS Wilkes (DD 441) and USS Roe (DD 418), the 1st Battalion, 163rd Infantry landed on Wakde, off Dutch New Guinea. Rear Admiral William M. Fechteler commanded the naval attack force. On 21 May, the island was declared secure, and Army engineers immediately began to make the airstrip operational. Wakde became a key airfield in the Southwest Pacific offensive, as it supported two heavy bomber groups, two fighter groups, a B-25 reconnaissance squadron and part of a Navy PB4Y squadron. (...)
May 19, 1944 USS Niblack (DD 424), USS Ludlow (DD 438), and British aircraft sank German submarine U 960 off Oran, Algeria. Before being sunk, U 960 sank 3 Allied merchant vessels, including the United States steam merchant Sumner I. Kimball on 16 January 1944. (...)
May 21, 1944 During preparations for the invasion of Saipan, an accidental ordnance blast on LST 353 set off cataclysmic ammunition explosions at West Loch, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, killing 163 and injuring 396. Six tank landing ships (LST-39, LST-43, LST-69, LST-179, LST-353, LST-480), three tank landing craft (LCT-961, LCT-963, LCT-983), and 17 track landing vehicles (LVTs) are destroyed in explosions and fires. We remember and salute the lives of the service members killed and wounded. (...)
May 22, 1944 USS England (DE 635) sank Japanese submarine RO 106, 250 miles north of Kavieng. (...)
May 23, 1944 The tempo of the Allied air blitz is up with a record 1045 heavy bombers striking targets across Western Europe. Escort is provided by 96 P-38s, 142 P-47 Thunderbolts and 324 P-51 Mustangs. (...)
May 23, 1944 - May 26, 1944 USS Brooklyn (CL 40), USS Ericsson (DD 440) and USS Kearny (DD 432) shelled enemy positions in vicinity of Ardea, Italy, with good results. The three ships repeated bombardment of troop concentrations and supply dumps on 24 and 26 May with equal success. (...)
May 23, 1944 While continuing to work down the "NA" cordon, USS England (DE 635) sank RO 104, 250 miles north-northwest of Kavieng, New Ireland. (...)
May 24, 1944 USS England (DE 635) sank Japanese submarine RO 116, 225 miles north-northwest of Kavieng. (...)
May 29, 1944 USS Block Island (CVE-21) was torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-549. During this attack, USS Barr (DE 576) was also damaged. Block Island was the only US Navy aircraft carrier lost in the Atlantic during the Second World War. U-549 was later sunk that night by USS Eugene E. Elmore (DE-686) and USS Ahrens (DE 575). (...)
May 31, 1944 USS Barb (SS 220) and USS Herring (SS 233) planned an attack Japanese shipping in the Sea of Okhotsk about 150 miles west of Matsuwa Island, Kuril Islands. Next, Herring attacked convoy NE and sank escort vessel Ishigaki and army cargo ship Hokuyo Maru west of Matsuwa Island. Barb came across the convoy NE and sank army cargo ship Madras Maru and transport Koto Maru, southest of Paramushir. (...)
Jun 01, 1944 Blimp Squadron Fourteen (ZP-14) Airships, K-123 and K-130, completed the first crossing of the Atlantic by non-rigid-lighter-than-air aircraft. The blimps left Naval Air Station, South Weymouth, Massachusetts, and arrived at Gibraltar. The journey took 50 hours. (...)
Jun 01, 1944 The French resistance was warned by a coded message from the British that the D-Day invasion was imminent. (...)
Jun 05, 1944 The U.S. B-29 Superfortress made its bomging-run debut. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 "D-Day": The Allied invasion of Europe commences just after midnight, as more than 175,000 troops land at Normandy. The largest invasion force in history, it includes 4,000 invasion ships, 600 warships, and 10,000 planes. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 00:15 - D-Day: 17,000 British and American glider and paratroopers drop behind enemy lines into Normandy. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 00:35 - D-Day: Orne Canal and River bridges secured by British Airborne troops. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 01:00 - D-Day: Man battle stations order given to first Navy hands. The process of lowering the landing craft into the water begins; Airborne troops on shore disrupt communications by knocking down telephone poles and severing phone lines. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 02:00 - D-Day: In England, the first wave of bombers are launched to attack targets in the vicinity of the beachheads. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 03:00 - D-Day: Airborne troops are reinforced by additional glider troops. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 03:09 - D-Day: Allied invasion fleet detected by German radar. German shore batteries ordered to prepare for invasion by Admiral Krancke. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 03:30 - D-Day: Assault troops begin boarding the landing craft. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 04:30 - D-Day: Merville battery captured by the British, clearing the path for the landing on Sword Beach. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 05:30 - D-Day: Allies begin bombardment of the beaches; American troops land at St. Marcouf, an island off Utah Beach held by the Germans. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 06:00 - D-Day: German 7th Army HQ learns of heavy bombardment by the Allied forces. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 06:30 - D-Day: H-Hour on Omaha and Utah Beaches. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 07:00 - D-Day: The first landing wave on Omaha Beach becomes pinned down; U.S. Rangers begin to scale Pointe-du-Hoc. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 07:30 - D-Day: H-Hour on and Sword and Gold Beaches. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 07:45 - D-Day: On Utah Beach, American forces begin advancing inland from the beachhead. H-Hour on Juno Beach. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 08:00 - D-Day: On Omaha Beach, American troops begin ascending the bluffs. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 09:00 - D-Day: German 84th Corps learn of Allied amphibious landings. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 09:30 - D-Day: The press is informed of the D-Day landing. On Gold Beach, British troops advance one mile inland. Hermanville captured by the British. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 10:00 - D-Day: American troops successfully scale the bluffs overlooking Omaha Beach. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 10:15 - D-Day: Rommel is informed of the Allied invasion, and quickly departs from Germany to return to France. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 10:30 - D-Day: German 21st Panzer division receives orders to attack between Bayeux and Caen. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 11:00 - D-Day: Vierville secured by American soldiers. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 11:15 - D-Day: Canadians capture St. Aubin. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 12:03 - D-Day: Link up achieved by Airborne troops and British Commandos at Orne bridges. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 12:15 - D-Day: Reports received of German armor north of Caen. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 12:30 - D-Day: On Sword Beach, the British 185th Brigade moves inland. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 13:00 - D-Day: Link up achieved by 101st Airborne and U.S. 4th Infantry Division at Pouppeville. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 13:30 - D-Day: On Omaha Beach, American troops advance inland. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 13:35 - D-Day: On Omaha Beach, the German 352nd Division reported to have pushed the Allied landing back into the sea. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 14:00 - D-Day: Fighting on Periers Ridge, Sword Beach. Hilter conducts his first meeting regarding the invasion. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 16:00 - D-Day: The Germans and British see combat between the areas of Bazenville and Villers-le-Sec. American armor begins advancing inland from Omaha beach. The 12th SS Panzer Lehr divisions are released from reserve status. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 16:30 - D-Day: The German 21st Panzer Division assaults the Allies at the Sword beachhead. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 18:00 - D-Day: The advance towards Caen by the British is halted. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 19:00 - D-Day: On Omaha Beach General Huebner, 1st Division commander, sets up his command post. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 20:00 - D-Day: The Allies secure Colleville-sur-Med. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 20:10 - D-Day: The Canadians capture Taillerville. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 21:00 - D-Day: On Utah Beach and east of the Orne River, Allied gliders bearing reinforcements begin to land. (...)
Jun 06, 1944 23:59 - D-Day: Many Allied objectives for D-Day remain unachieved, but all five Allied beachheads have been secured, with a total of nine Allied divisions ashore. (...)
Jun 07, 1944 ‎9th AF flew over 1,100 sorties on D-Day+1, in close air support for the ground troops at Normandy, strafing and bombing enemy positions. They also escorted medium bombers on tactical strikes and C-47s delivering troops, supplies and gliders. (...)
Jun 07, 1944 Artificial harbors and protected anchorages (codenamed MULBERRY's) had been constructed from sunken ships and concrete caissons, greatly facilitating the transport of additional men and material to the front. (...)
Jun 07, 1944 Early in the morning while cruising through a swept channel off Normandy, Susan B. Anthony struck a mine which exploded under her number 4 hold. Immediately, she lost all power, and her rudder went hard left and stuck. The commanding officer, Commander T. L. Gray, USNR, with Pinto and two destroyers alongside, efficiently effected the evacuation of troops expeditiously and without resorting to fireboats and rafts. Anthony's crew followed closely behind the soldiers. No one was killed, and few of the 45 wounded were seriously hurt. The sinking of the Susan B. Anthony listed was the largest rescue of people without loss of life; all 2,689 people aboard were saved. (...)
Jun 07, 1944 Eisenhower went to the front at Normandy to take direct command. (...)
Jun 07, 1944 Halting progress was made in Normandy. Bayeux was attacked and main units hooked up with paratroopers who had landed inland. (...)
Jun 07, 1944 King Leopold III of Belgium was taken to Germany. (...)
Jun 07, 1944 US forces reached points 40 miles north of Rome. Civitavecchia was taken, permitting Allied use of the important transport facilities there once repaired. (...)
Jun 09, 1944 The Russian Army invaded Karelian Isthmus in Finland. Russia was fighting to gain back territory that had been ceded to it under the terms of the Treaty of Moscow of 1940. (...)
Jun 09, 1944 Fifth Air Force B-24's bomb Peleliu airfield. A-20's bomb shipping in Manokwari harbor. B-24's, A-20's, B-25's, and P-39's, along with RAAF planes, drop about 140 tons of bombs on various targets in Wewak area. B-24's of Thirteenth Air TF bomb Alet air field and T/Os in Truk. (...)
Jun 10, 1944 More than 600 people are massacred by German troops in the French town of Oradour-sur-Glane. While the men are shot immediately, the women and children are locked in a church the alter of which is set on fire; those who try to escape the flames are shot. (...)
Jun 10, 1944 USS Bangust (DE 739) sank the Japanese submarine RO 42, 70 miles northeast of Kwajalein, 10º 05’ N, 168º 22’E. (...)
Jun 10, 1944 USS Taylor (DD 468) sank Japanese submarine RO 111, 210 Miles north-northwest of Kavieng, New Ireland, 00º 26’N, 149º 16’E. (...)
Jun 11, 1944 US carrier aircraft begin strikes on the Marianas to 'blanket' Japanese air bases there and take complete control of the skies. (...)
Jun 12, 1944 German V1 remote-controlled rockets begin to hit London. By September, the "improved" V2 rockets will target London as well as Antwerp, killing and maiming thousands. (...)
Jun 15, 1944 - Jul 09, 1944 Operation Forager: Invasion of Saipan - Following intensive naval gunfire, carrier-based aircraft bombing, and UDT reconnaissance, Task Force 52, commanded by Vice Admiral Richmond K. Turner, landed the 2nd and 4th Marine Divisions, commanded by Lieutenant General Holland M. Smith on Saipan. This invasion was the first relatively large and heavily defended land mass in the Central Pacific to be assaulted by US amphibious might. The beach was secured two days later, and the island was secured on 9 July. (...)
Jun 15, 1944 TBFs and FM-2s (VC 9) from USS Solomons (CVE 67) sank German submarine U 860 in the South Atlantic, 25° 27’S, 05° 30 W. During her service, U 860 did not sink any Allied vessels. (...)
Jun 15, 1944 - Jun 16, 1944 US carrier aircraft bomb the Bonin Islands, including Iwo Jima. (...)
Jun 16, 1944 Gunnery Sergeant Robert H. McCard was serving as a Platoon Sergeant with Company A, Fourth Tank Battalion, Fourth Marine Division as they fought against the Japanese at the Battle of Saipan, Marianas Islands. With his tank destroyed by enemy 77-mm. gun fire, he persisted with the attack until he was forced to abandon the tank, exposing himself while covering his evacuating men. Wounded and with the grenade supply diminished, he dismantled a tank machine gun and attacked the enemy positions, destroying 16 enemy soldiers before sacrificing his life to save his men. For his "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity" on this occasion, McCard was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor. (...)
Jun 17, 1944 TBF aircraft from Composite Squadron Ninety Five (VC 95) from USS Croatan (CVE 25) damaged German submarine U 853 in the North Atlantic. On 6 May 1945, USS Atherton (DE 169) and USS Moberly (PF 63) sank U 853 off Block Island, 41º 13’N, 71º 27’W. During her service, U 853 sank two US vessels: USS Eagle (PE 56), 23 Apri 1945 and merchant Black Point on 5 May 1945. (...)
Jun 22, 1944 In the U.S., President Roosevelt signs the Servicemen's Readjustment Act that will provide funds for housing and education after the war. It is better known as the GI Bill of Rights. (...)
Jun 22, 1944 Operation Bagration began on 22 June 1944, the same day on which the Germans had invaded the Soviet Union back in 1941, with probing attacks throughout the German lines. Main offensive begins early 23 June. (...)
Jun 22, 1944 The island of Saipan falls to U.S. forces, leading to the collapse of Hideki Tojo's government. (...)
Jun 23, 1944 - Jul 14, 1944 A major deportation began at the Jewish ghetto at Lodz, Poland. Through 14 Jul 1944, 7,196 would be sent to Chelmno Concentration Camp where they would be killed. (...)
Jun 24, 1944 USS Grouper (SS 214) attacked a Japanese convoy off the coast of central Japan and sank cargo ship Kumanoyama Maru and merchant tanker No.6 Nanmei Maru south of Yokosuka. Also on this date, USS Redfin (SS 272) attacked a convoy and sank Aso Maru southwest of Surigao Strait while USS Tang (SS 306) attacked a convoy and sank army cargo ships Tamahoko Maru and Kennichi Maru, merchant tanker Nasuzan Maru, and cargo ship Tainan Maru outside Nagasaki Harbor, Kyushu. (...)
Jul 02, 1944 PB4Ys (FAW 1) sank Japanese sailing vessel Nishima Maru off Mokp’o, Korea, 35 º 50’N, 126 º 30’E and cargo ship No.12 Shima Maru at 35º 43’N, 126 º 32’E. (...)
Jul 03, 1944 The Russian city of Minsk is retaken by Russian troops, and 100,000 Germans are captured. (...)
Jul 05, 1944 USS Thomas (DE 102) and USS Baker (DE 190) from TG 22.5, sank German mine layer submarine U 233 by ramming, depth charges, and gunfire off Halifax, Nova Scotia, 42º 16’N, 59º 49’W. During her service, U 233 did not sink any Allied merchant vessels. (...)
Jul 06, 1944 The Navy ordered the XBT2D-1 from the Douglas Aircraft Company, the airplane evolving into the famous AD/A-1 Skyraider. (...)
Jul 06, 1944 USS Paddle (SS 263) sank Hokaze in the Celebes Sea, 03º 30’N, 125º 25’E. (...)
Jul 08, 1944 As a U.S. taking of Saipan becomes certain, hundreds of Japanese civilians commit suicide rather than surrender. Allied B-29 bombers can reach Tokyo from Saipan, thus the capture of the island will be a turning point in the Pacific war. The Tokyo government collapses within 2 weeks. (...)
Jul 08, 1944 The British Second Army assaulted Caen. US forces occupied La Haye-du-Puits. (...)
Jul 08, 1944 - Jul 20, 1944 The thirteen day bombardment of Guam begins today. (...)
Jul 08, 1944 With the commander of the Japanese Southern Army, Field Marshal Count Hisaichi Terauchi, having sanctioned the abandonment of the Imphal operation, the Japanese Fifteenth Army was ordered to retreat cross the Chindwin. It was the final acceptance of defeat by Mutaguchi in the Battle of Imphal-Kohima in which the Japanese lost 53,000 men out of the 85,000 committed. (...)
Jul 13, 1944 Liberation of Vilnius by Soviet forces. (...)
Jul 15, 1944 Bretton Woods Conference ambles on in NH resort Allies building post-war world economy. (...)
Jul 18, 1944 U.S. troops reach St. Lô, France. Young German soldiers, waving white handkerchiefs, surrender to the Americans at St. Lô. (...)
Jul 20, 1944 An assassination attempt on Adolph Hitler, planned by some of Hitler's generals, is unsuccessful. (...)
Jul 24, 1944 B-29-BA 42-63504 named "FLAG SHIP" became the first Superfortress to land on the Marianas island of Tinian. Tinian would soon become the largest airfield in the world. (...)
Jul 24, 1944 Russian troops discover the Majdanek concentration camp, the first major one to be found. (...)
Jul 25, 1944 Allied forces begin the breakthrough of German lines in Normandy. (...)
Jul 27, 1944 U.S. troops completed the liberation of Guam. (...)
Jul 29, 1944 US bombers pound Germany. (...)
Jul 30, 1944 Edi Weinstein, his father and his friend Berl Goldberg, all of whom who had escaped from Treblinka were discovered by German soldiers. They killed Goldberg. Weinstein and his father survived and Edi Weinstein actually joined the Polish Army in 1945 helping to fight the Nazis in the waning days of the WW II. (...)
Jul 30, 1944 More than 100 Jews are deported from Toulouse, France, to Auschwitz. (...)
Jul 30, 1944 Three tankers, carrying some 1750 Jews from the Italian-held islands of Kos and Rhodes, arrive at Piraeus, Greece, where the Jews are bullied onto trucks and driven to the Haidar detention camp near Athens (...)
Aug 01, 1944 - Oct 02, 1944 In Warsaw, Poland, an uprising against Nazi occupation began. The revolt continued until October 2 when Polish forces surrendered. (...)
Aug 02, 1944 Turkey ended all relations with the Nazis. (...)
Aug 04, 1944 An informers anonymous tip leads the Gestapo to discover Anne Frank & her family hiding in Amsterdam. (...)
Aug 04, 1944 In Amsterdam, Otto Frank and his family (including his daughter Anne, then 15) are captured by the Gestapo. Jewish, they have been in hiding for more than two years, kept by Miep and Jan Gies, but have been betrayed by someone familiar with their hiding place and are put on the last convoy of trucks to Auschwitz. (...)
Aug 05, 1944 Polish insugents liberated a German labor camp in Warsaw. 348 Jewish prisoners were freed. (...)
Aug 13, 1944 The US 15th Corps (part of US 3rd Army) captures Argentan. US 12th & 20th Corps advance on Orleans and Chartres from Le Mans. (...)
Aug 15, 1944 American, British and French forces land on the southern coast of France, between Toulon and Cannes, in Operation Dragoon. (...)
Aug 15, 1944 Canadians are an essential Allied force in "Operation Dragoon" - invasion of Southern France. (...)
Aug 18, 1944 New Zealander Joe Stellin's Typhoon aircraft was damaged by German fire, and was going down. He spent his final moments maneuvering his doomed aircraft to avoid crashing into the center of a French village....http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/timeline/19/8 He was given a funeral by the French civilians. It was attended by 1,200 people. (...)
Aug 19, 1944 Kiwi pilot's sacrifice saves French village (...)
Aug 23, 1944 Marseilles was captured by Allied troops. (...)
Aug 23, 1944 Romanian prime minister Ion Antonescue was dismissed. Soon after the country would abandon the Axis and join the Allies. (...)
Aug 25, 1944 Paris is liberated by Allied French troops, after four years of German occupation. (...)
Aug 25, 1944 Paris, France, was liberated by Allied forces ending four years of German occupation. (...)
Aug 25, 1944 Romania declared war on Germany. (...)
Aug 26, 1944 Charles de Gaulle returns to a celebrating Paris (...)
Aug 31, 1944 The British 8th Army broke through the German's "Gothic Line." The defensive line was drawn across northern Italy. (...)
Sep 01, 1944 Bernard Montgomery is promoted to Field Marshall. (...)
Sep 02, 1944 A U.S. Navy squadron was given the assignment to take out a radio tower on the island Chichi Jima. Ensign George H.W. Bush scored four direct hits on the tower and then headed out to sea where he ejected. He was rescued by the crew of the USS Finback. (...)
Sep 08, 1944 Allies capture Antwerp and Leige. (...)
Sep 11, 1944 The U.S. 1st Army crossed the border into German territory. (...)
Sep 11, 1944 U.S. President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King met in Cananda at the Quebec Conference. (...)
Sep 13, 1944 USS Warrington (DD-383) sank off the Bahamas in a hurricane. After a prolonged search, numerous U.S. Navy vessels rescued only 5 officers and 68 men of the destroyer's 20 officers and 301 men. (...)
Sep 14, 1944 The U.S. 1st Marine Division landed on the island of Peleliu under Operation Stalemate. The goal was to provide support for Gen. Douglas MacArthur as he prepared to invade the Philippines. (...)
Sep 15, 1944 The Battle of Peleliu (codenamed Operation Stalemate II) began with Marines landing on the island. It did not come to an end until November 27. When considering the number of men involved this battle had the highest casualty rate of any battle in the Pacific War. (...)
Sep 17, 1944 Allied Commandos and Tito Partisans occupied the Dalmation Islands off the Yugoslav coast. (...)
Sep 17, 1944 Canadian troops of the 3rd Division launched the decisive attack on Boulogne, defended by about 10,000 Germans. (...)
Sep 17, 1944 Kweilin in China was abandoned as a base for the US Fourteenth Air Force. (...)
Sep 17, 1944 Twenty thousand Allied airborne forces landed behind German lines between Eindhoven and Arnhem in the Netherlands. Their task was to take three bridges over the Maas (Meuse), Waal, and Lower Rhine rivers respectively. Ground forces, meanwhile, drove northward from the Meuse-Escaut (Scheldt) Canal. The purpose of Operation Market Garden was to outflank the Siegfried line and drive to the Ruhr basin. (...)
Sep 21, 1944 USS Haddo (SS-255) torpedoed and sank the Japanese surveying ship (ex-minelayer), Katsuriki, 80 miles southwest of Manila, Philippines. (...)
Sep 22, 1944 Market Garden: German tanks cut off road between Veghel and Grave, preventing an Allied attack on the bridge near Arnhem. (...)
Sep 22, 1944 USS Yukon (AF-9) was hit on her starboard side by a torpedo fired by German submarine U-979, about 43 miles west of Reykjavik, Iceland. Surviving the attack, she steamed for two hours at three knots until her SOS was responded to by tugs from Reykjavik. In 1946, Yukon was decommissioned. (...)
Sep 23, 1944 USS West Virginia (BB-48) reached Pearl Harbor and rejoined the Pacific Fleet, marking the end of the salvage and reconstruction of 18 ships damaged at Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941. (...)
Sep 25, 1944 Private First Class John D. New posthumously received the Medal of Honor for his actions on 25 September 1944 during the invasion of Peleliu Islands. (...)
Sep 28, 1944 Canadian 3rd ivision troops fought their way into Calais. (...)
Sep 28, 1944 German troops launched a strong counterattack at Arnhem to retake the Nijmegen bridge. (...)
Oct 02, 1944 The Nazis crushed the Warsaw Uprising. (...)
Oct 06, 1944 Former French premier and Vichy collaborator Pierre Laval tried to kill himself on the day he was to be executed for treason. A physician saved Laval from the cyanide he had taken. Laval was executed a little less than two weeks later. (...)
Oct 09, 1944 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin begin a nine-day conference in Moscow. The war with Germany and the future of Europe were the topics of discussion. (...)
Oct 14, 1944 US Philippine invasion force sails from Hollandia on New Guinea and Manus in the Admiralty Islands to land in Leyte Gulf. (...)
Oct 18, 1944 Fourteen B-29s based on the Mariana Islands attack the Japanese base at Truk (...)
Oct 19, 1944 A Japanese Admiral suggests the establishment of a suicide force of fliers to attack U.S. carriers, the Kamikaze. (...)
Oct 19, 1944 President Franklin D. Roosevelt approved Secretary of Navy James V. Forrestal’s order for African American women to be accepted into the Naval Reserve. (...)
Oct 20, 1944 Allied forces invade the Philippines. (...)
Oct 20, 1944 Belgrade is captured by Soviet Russian and Yugoslav partisan troops. (...)
Oct 22, 1944 Battle of Aachen, the first German city falls to the Allies. (...)
Oct 22, 1944 Russian troops reached positions all along the Norwegian border. The Red Army drive in East Prussia was halted, and the front there was to remain static until January. Other forces reached the Danube at Baja in Hungary. (...)
Oct 22, 1944 US troops made minor gains on Leyte, encountering strong Japanese resistance and difficult terrain. (...)
Oct 22, 1944 Yugoslav Partisans entered Belgrade. (...)
Oct 23, 1944 The Battle of Leyte Gulf, the greatest naval battle of World War II, began with the U.S. submarines attacking two elements of the Japanese armada moving towards Leyte. In the Palawan Passage, USS Darter and USS Dace sank heavy cruisers Maya and Atago. Takao is also hit, but survived. Off Manila Bay, USS Bream's torpedoes damaged the heavy cruiser Aoba. (...)
Oct 25, 1944 During the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the Japanese deployed kamikaze suicide bombers against American warships for the first time. More than 1,321 Japanese aircraft would be crash-dived into Allied warships during the war. (...)
Oct 26, 1944 The Battle of Leyte Gulf comes to an end with a decisive American victory as U.S. carrier aircraft and B-24s pound the retiring Japanese squadrons. (...)
Oct 28, 1944 Russia and Bulgaria signed an armistice agreement. (...)
Oct 31, 1944 Aarhus, Denmark - Eight Mosquito aircraft from No. 464 Squadron RAAF were in a force which made low level attacks on the German Gestapo headquarters. In addition to damaging buildings the attacks destroyed records held by the Germans of the Danish resistance movement. (...)
Nov 06, 1944 The 332d Fighter Group escorted B-17s of the 5th Bombardment Wing to and from Mossbierbaum oil refinery in the Vienna area of Austria (Germany). Captain William J. Faulkner, Jr. of the 301st Fighter Squadron was reported missing over Austria on that mission, possibly because of mechanical failure of his P-51C. (...)
Nov 07, 1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected to a fourth term as U.S. President, and Harry S. Truman becomes the Vice-President. (...)
Nov 07, 1944 The 332d Fighter Group provided target cover for B-24s of the 55th Bombardment Wing raiding the Trento and Bolzano areas of northern Italy. (...)
Nov 07, 1944 USS Albacore (SS 218) was sunk by a mine off the northern tip of Honshu. All hands were lost. Prior to her loss, Albacore had been successful engaging Japanese combat vessels. She sank a total of 13 ships, totaling 74,100 tons, and damaged five, for 29,400 tons, during her first ten patrols. We remember and salute her crew. (...)
Nov 07, 1944 USS Greenling (SS 213) sank the Japanese transport No. 8 Kiri Maru and the Japanese merchant tanker Kotai Maru off the approaches to Tokyo, Japan. (...)
Nov 09, 1944 USS Barbero (SS 317) attacked a Japanese convoy and sank the merchant ship Shimotsu Maru about 250 miles west of Manila while USS Queensfish (SS 393) attacked a Japanese convoy west of Kyushu and sank the gunboat Chojusan Maru. (...)
Nov 09, 1944 USS Haddo (SS 255) sank the Japanese tanker No.2 Hishi Maru in Mindoro Strait. (...)
Nov 12, 1944 The German battleship "Tirpitz" was sunk off the coast of Norway. (...)
Nov 16, 1944 The 332d Fighter Group escorted B-24 bombers of the 304th Bombardment Wing to and from Munich West marshaling yards. During the mission, the group encountered several Me-109 enemy fighters that attempted to shoot down the bombers. Captain Luke J. Weathers of the 302d Fighter Squadron shot down 2 of the 43 enemy fighters. The 52d Fighter Group also escorted the 304th Bombardment Wing that day. Lt. Roger Romine died in an aircraft accident after the aircraft of another escort pilot crashed into his. Capt. Luke J. Weathers of the 302nd Fighter Squadron earned the Distinguished Flying Cross for his heroic actions on this day. (...)
Nov 17, 1944 The 332d Fighter Group escorted B-17s of the 5th Bombardment Wing back to Brux synthetic oil refinery. (332d Fighter Group mission report number 120) (...)
Nov 18, 1944 The 332d Fighter Group escorted heavy bombers raiding the Vicenza-Villafranca area of northern Italy. Lt. Peoples was reported missing. (...)
Nov 19, 1944 The 332d Fighter Group conducted a strafing mission against enemy railway, highway, and river traffic targets in the Gyor-Vienna-Esztergom area of Austria. 1st Lieutenant Roger B. Gaiter of the 99th Fighter Squadron was seen to bail out of his P-51 after it was hit by enemy antiaircraft fire (flak). 1st Lieutenant Quitman Walker, also of the 99th Fighter Squadron, was also reported missing after also being hit by flak. Both were lost near Lake Balaton, Hungary. For this mission, Fifteenth Air Force commander Major General Nathan F. Twining commended the 332d Fighter Group. For their heroic actions on this day, the following four members of the 332d Fighter Group each earned the Distinguished Flying Cross: Capt. Albert H. Manning (99th Fighter Squadron); Capt. John Daniels (99th Fighter Squadron); 1st Lt. William N. Alsbrook (99th Fighter Squadron); and 1st Lt. Norman W. Scales (100th Fighter Squadron). (...)
Nov 20, 1944 Eugene G. Theodore of Trinidad became the last foreign cadet to graduate from pilot training at Tuskegee Army Air Field. (...)
Nov 20, 1944 The 332nd Fighter Group escorted B-17 bombers of the 5th Bombardment Wing to and from Blechhammer South oil refinery. The group also escorted B-24s of the 55th Bombardment Wing to the same target. 1st Lieutenant Maceo A. Harris, Jr. of the 100th Fighter Squadron was reported missing after his P-51C lost coolant over Germany. (...)
Nov 25, 1944 The deadliest strike by a V-2 rocket killed 164 people when it hit a Woolworth store in south London. (...)
Nov 29, 1944 In passing the Federal Highway Act, the U.S. Congress establishes the U.S. National System of Interstate Highways that is planned to reach 182 of the 199 U.S. cities with populations above 50,000. (...)
Nov 29, 1944 USS Archerfish (SS-311) sank Japanese carrier Shinano, on her maiden voyage, 160 nautical miles southwest of Tokyo Bay. Shinano, converted from a Yamato-class battleship, was the largest warship sunk by any combatant submarines during World War II. (...)
Nov 29, 1944 USS Scabbardfish (SS 411) sank Japanese submarine I-365 east of Honshu. (...)
Dec 02, 1944 Edward R. Stettinius Jr. became secretary of state of the United States after the retirement of Cordell Hull. (...)
Dec 02, 1944 In order to stop the reinforcement of Japanese troops on Leyte, the destroyers Allen M. Sumner, Moale, and Cooper left to attack a convoy escorted by enemy destroyers Take and Kuwa. After midnight, at Ormoc Bay, the destroyers sank Kuwa. Take, then already under fire by destroyer Moale, torpedoed and sank Cooper before action ceased. (...)
Dec 15, 1944 A single-engine plane carrying U.S. Army Major Glenn Miller disappeared in thick fog over the English Channel while en route to Paris. (...)
Dec 15, 1944 During a night attack, USS Hawkbill (SS 366) sank the Japanese destroyer Momo with six well-placed torpedoes west of Luzon. (...)
Dec 16, 1944 The Battle of the Bulge begins. It the last major German counteroffensive, as allied troops are pushed back in Belgium's Ardennes Forest. As Allied lines fall back, a "bulge" is created in the center of the line, giving the battle its familiar name (see MAP). Two weeks of intense fighting in brutal winter weather follow before the German offensive is stopped. (...)
Dec 16, 1944 The Battle of the Bulge begins. It the last major German counteroffensive, as allied troops are pushed back in Belgium's Ardennes Forest. As Allied lines fall back, a "bulge" is created in the center of the line, giving the battle its familiar name (see MAP). Two weeks of intense fighting in brutal winter weather follow before the German offensive is stopped. (...)
Dec 22, 1944 After completing Naval Reserve Midshipmen's School (WR) at Northampton, Massachusetts, the first two African-American WAVES officers, Harriet Ida Pickens and Frances F. Wills, were commissioned. (...)
Dec 22, 1944 U.S. Brigadier General Anthony McAuliffe sent the famous response of "Nuts" to Germany in response to the demand that he surrender the city of Bastogne. (...)
Dec 22, 1944 USS Swordfish departs Pearl harbor to conduct her thirteenth war patrol. Along with regular patrol, she is to conduct photographic reconnaissance of Okinawa in preparation for the Okinawa campaign. (...)
Dec 23, 1944 German submarine U-806 torpedoes Royal Canadian Navy minesweeper HMCS Clayoquot just outside (...)
Dec 24, 1944 A German submarine torpedoed the Belgian transport ship S.S. Leopoldville with 2,235 soldiers aboard. About 800 American soldiers died. The soldiers were crossing the English Channel to be reinforcements at the battle that become known as the Battle of the Bulge. (...)
Dec 27, 1944 TG 94.9(Rear Admiral Allan E. Smith) followed up USAAF strikes with the bombardment of Japanese installations on Iwo Jima. USS Cummings (DD 365), USS Dunlap (DD 384), and USS Fanning (DD 385) sank fast transport T.7 and landing ship T.132. During the engagement, Dunlap was damaged by shore battery fire. (...)
Dec 28, 1944 USS Dace (SS 247) attacked a Japanese convoy off Cape Varella, French Indochina and sank Japanese supply ship Nozaki while also damaging the Japanese ship Chefoo Maru. (...)
Dec 29, 1944 USS Fixity (AM-235) was commissioned. Decommissioned after the war, she was later sold for commercial service in Kentucky and Ohio, with fate unknown. Also on this date, USS Murrelet (AM-372) was launched. In Jun 1965, she was transferred to the Philippine Republic under the Military Assistance Program, later serving as Rizal (PCE 69), with fate unknown. (...)
Dec 30, 1944 USS Block Island (CVE 106) commissioned. (...)
Dec 30, 1944 USS Razorback (SS 394) attacked a Japanese convoy a Manila to Takao convoy about 60 miles southeast of Formosa and sank the destroyer Kuretake in the Bashi Channel. The Japanese cargo ships Brazil Maru and Oi Maru were also damaged during this attack. (...)
Dec 31, 1944 Hungary, now led by a Soviet-controlled government, declares war on Germany. (...)