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World War II Timeline

Current Events in the Timeline: 2054

Filters: Full List, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945

 

WWII Events for 1945

Jan 01, 1945 The Germans begin a surprise offensive Operation Nordwind along the Saar and aimed at retaking Strasbourg. (...)
Jan 03, 1945 TF 38 attacked airfield and shipping at Formosa. (...)
Jan 03, 1945 The Allies take the offensive east of the Bulge but they fail to close the pincers with Patton's tanks. (...)
Jan 03, 1945 USS Kingfish (SS 234) attacked a Japanese convoy in the Bonin Islands and sank Japanese army cargo ship Shoto Maru and freighters Yaei Maru and Shibazono Maru 200 miles north of Chichi Jima. (...)
Jan 04, 1945 During attacks against the Lingayen Gulf bound U.S. Navy force, a kamikaze crashed into escort carrier Ommaney Bay (CVE 79) in the Sulu Sea and damaged her beyond repair. As a result of the damage, USS Burns (DD 588) scuttled the escort carrier. (...)
Jan 04, 1945 US navy air attacks on Formosa (Taiwan). (...)
Jan 05, 1945 Japanese kamikaze attacks continued against the Lingayen Gulf bound U.S. Navy force. Some of the ships damaged were: USS Louisville (CA 28), USS Helm (DD 388), USS Manila Bay (CVE 61), USS Savo Island (CVE 78), and USS Stafford (DE 411). (...)
Jan 05, 1945 The last session of the Police summary court of the Kattowitz Gestapo took place in block 11 in Auschwitz I camp. Around 100 Polish prisoners, men and women, were condemned to death. They were shot to death the following day in crematorium V in Auschwitz II-Birkenau. The court meeting was chaired by Johannes Thuemmler. (...)
Jan 06, 1945 Four female Jewish prisoners were hanged in the female camp of Auschwitz: Ella Gartner, R?za Robota, Regina Safir and Estera Wajsblum (in the pre-war picture). They were condemned to death because theyassisted in the uprising that broke out on October 7, 1944 in the Sonderkommando in Auschwitz II-Birkenau. They provided the Sonderkommando with explosives and munition from the depots of the Weichsel-Union-Metallwerke, where three of the women worked. The execution had two stages. Two of the women were hanged during the evening roll call in the presence of the male and female prisoners who worked the night shift at Weichsel-Union. Two others were hanged after the return of the squad that worked the dayshift. The reason for the sentence was read by the Auschwitz camp commander SS-Hauptsturmf?hrer Franz H?ssler. He screamed that all traitors will be destroyed in this manner. It was the last execution in Auschwitz. ( (...)
Jan 06, 1945 Japanese kamikaze attacks intensified on the Lingayen Gulf inbound US Navy force. USS Walke's (DD 723), CO, Cdr. G.F. Davis, posthumously received the Medal of Honor for remaining at the conn and leading his men though gravely wounded. Radm T.E. Chandler is seriously wounded on board USS Louisville (CA 28) and dies the next day. (...)
Jan 06, 1945 Only weeks after returning home from the Pacific, George H. W. Bush marries Barbara Pierce. (...)
Jan 07, 1945 Japanese aircraft strength on Luzon has been reduced to 35 planes, which are flown off. (...)
Jan 07, 1945 USS Spot (SS 413) sank the Japanese gunboat No.2 Nichiei Maru and two small trawlers in the Inland Sea. (...)
Jan 09, 1945 U.S. troops land on Luzon, Philippines. (...)
Jan 14, 1945 1st Belorussian Front launched its winter offensive towards Pillkallen, East Prussia, meeting heavy resistance from the German 3rd Panzer Army. (...)
Jan 14, 1945 The 357th Fighter Group flew bomber escort duty to the German town of Derben in what was to become known as 'Big Day.' The 'Yoxford Boys' downed 56.5 enemy aircraft. It was the highest single day total of any US fighter group in the ETO. The 357th lost only three Mustangs and the three pilots were made POWs. (...)
Jan 17, 1945 67,012 male and female prisoners of Auschwitz camps complex were present at the last evening roll-call. Evacuation of the camp was about to start. Camp doctor Josef Mengele liquidated his experimental station at sector BIIf in Birkenau camp taking all the documentation of his experiments on twins, dwarfs and disabled people with him. Burning of documents continued, including Auschwitz I camp hospital archive. On this day prisoners of two sub-camps started the evacuation: Sosnowitz and Neu-Dachs. The commandant of Auschwitz camp Richard Baer gave an order to the leaders of the evacuation columns chosen from among the members of the guard companies to liquidate ruthlessly all prisoners who attempt to escape during the evacuation or drag their feet. It is estimated that at least 9 thousand, and more probably 15 thousand Auschwitz prisoners paid with their lives for the evacuation operation. (...)
Jan 19, 1945 Hitler ordered that any attacks or retreats by divisions or larger units must be approved by him beforehand. (...)
Jan 20, 1945 Curtis LeMay takes command of the US strategic bomber forces in the Pacific, and agress with Arnold that incendiary bombing is the way forward. (...)
Jan 22, 1945 Soviet troops captured Allenstein and Insterburg in East Prussia. (...)
Jan 25, 1945 USS McLanahan (DD 615) shelled the German command post on the Italian Rivera and then silenced the shore battery. (...)
Jan 27, 1945 Russian troops find fewer than 3,000 survivors when they liberate Auschwitz, the Nazi death camp in Poland. The German S.S. has moved many of the remaining prisoners to camps inside Germany. From 1939 to 1945, one third of the Jews living in the world will have died in German concentration and extermination camps. (...)
Jan 27, 1945 the Ledo and Burma Roads were linked resulting in the reopening of India-China communications. (...)
Jan 27, 1945 USS Higbee (DD-806) was commissioned. She was the first U.S. Navy combat ship to bear the name of a female member of the Naval service. In Mar 1949, she was reclassified as (DDR-806), reverting back to (DD-806) in Jul 1963. Higbee was decommissioned in Jul 1979 and sunk as a target in 1986. (...)
Jan 29, 1945 Allied troops took Oberhausen in the Rhineland. (...)
Jan 29, 1945 US troops land on the east coast of Luzon to prevent the Japanese from retreating to the Bataan Peninsula. (...)
Jan 31, 1945 NFL & WWII - NY Giant tackle Lt. Al Blozis of the 28th Div. was KIA in the Vosges Mountains of France while searching for 2 lost comrades. (...)
Jan 31, 1945 The third son of Queen Mary & George V is appointed Gov General of Australia. The surprise appointment of Prince Henry Duke of Gloucester was made out of fears that Australia would become a dependency of the United States. The post was first offered to his younger brother the Duke of Kent who unfortunately died in a plane crash in Scotland. (...)
Feb 02, 1945 US Army First Lieutenant Jack Knight led his men in attacking several Japanese positions, and was struck down when he attacked the sixth machine gun nest. He was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor. (...)
Feb 03, 1945 US troops reach outskirts of Manila, which is held by 25,000 Japanese troops. (...)
Feb 04, 1945 U.S. troops invading the Philippines have received reenforcements, and a force led by General McArthur enters Manila. The city will be completely retaken in less than three weeks. (...)
Feb 07, 1945 German demolition of Ruhr floodgates flooded the area west of Köln (Cologne), slowing Allied advances. (...)
Feb 07, 1945 USS Thomason (DE 203) sank Japanese submarine RO 55. (...)
Feb 08, 1945 A group of Soviet POWs under by Mikhail Devyataev escape from a concentration camp near Peenemünde R&D center on Usedom Island. (...)
Feb 12, 1945 USS Hawkbill (SS 366) torpedoed and sank the small Japanese cargo vessel Kisaragi Maru and the two large boats that she was towing, Lombok Strait, N.E.I. (...)
Feb 13, 1945 British planes attack the German city of Dresden, bombing with phosphorus and high explosives; the firestorm created by the bombing kills an estimated 135,000. (...)
Feb 17, 1945 should had been the 2nd of a 3-day naval bombardment on Iwo Jima, but bad weather meant that there was no bombardment at all on this day. (...)
Feb 17, 1945 While shelling enemy positions in support of Underwater Demolition Team swimmers at Iwo Jima, LCI(G)-449 was heavily hit by Japanese counter-fire and went out of control. Despite very serious wounds that left him gravely weakened, LTJG Rufus G. Herring took the helm, rallied his men, and kept the ship in action. For his "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty," he was awarded the Medal of Honor. (...)
Feb 19, 1945 Himmler makes his first peace overtures to Swedish Count Folke Bernadotte of the Red Cross. (...)
Feb 19, 1945 Japanese artillery detonated an American ammunition dump at Iwo Jima. (...)
Feb 19, 1945 Operation Detachment - US Marines invaded Iwo Jima. The island was known as the "unsinkable airfield," 775 miles from the main Japanese home island of Honshu. It was used by the Japanese fighters to intercept US bombers attacking the home islands. The 30,000-man invasion force was not sure what to expect because Iwo had been pounded by ships and planes for 72 days before the amphibious assault. Despite the merciless preinvasion raids, the Japanese were stubborn defenders, and the next month of fighting was to exact one of the highest casualty tolls of the Pacific war. (...)
Feb 19, 1945 The first of 30,000 US Marines land on Iwo Jima. (...)
Feb 19, 1945 Units of the US 8th Div begin encircling German troops trapped within the Siegfried Line. (...)
Feb 19, 1945 US troops land on Samar and Capul Islands in the Philippines. (...)
Feb 21, 1945 Japanese kamikazes sank escort carrier USS Bismarck Sea (CVE 95) while off Iwo Jima. She sank in 90 minutes with loss of 318 men. USS Saratoga (CV-3) was struck by 5 kamikazes but survived with loss of 123. Bismarck Sea was the last carrier lost in combat during World War II. (...)
Feb 22, 1945 Despite the presence of two escort vessels, USS Becuna (SS 319) sank Japanese merchant tanker Nichiyoku Maru off Cape Padaran Bay. (...)
Feb 23, 1945 U.S. Marines raised an American flag on Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima. Photographer Joe Rosenthal took a picture which became the model for the Marine Corps War Memorial near Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia. (...)
Feb 24, 1945 USS Lagarto (SS 371) sank Japanese submarine I 371 and freighter Tatsumomo Maru off Bungo Strait, Kyushu. (...)
Feb 24, 1945 USS Trepang (SS 412) sank Japanese freighter Uzuki Maru north-northeast of Mikizaki, Japan. (...)
Feb 25, 1945 B-29 Superfortresses of XXI Bomber Cmd. carry out heavy raid on Tokyo-destroy 15 sq. miles of the city. (...)
Feb 26, 1945 Corregidor is captured after 10-day assault from air & sea. (...)
Feb 26, 1945 TBM aircraft (VC 82) from USS Anzio (CVE 57), along with her screen providing anti-submarine protection for the forces arrayed against Iwo Jima, sank the Japanese submarines I 368, 35 miles west of Iwo Jima, and RO 43, 50 miles west-northwest of Iwo Jima. (...)
Feb 26, 1945 USS Finnegan (DE 307) made a surface contact by radar and sank Japanese submarine, I-370, in a 4-hour attack, 120 miles south of Iwo Jima. (...)
Feb 27, 1945 PB4Y-1 aircraft from (VPB 112) and British vessels HMS Labaun, HMS Loch Fada and HMS Wild Goose sank German submarine U 327 in the English Channel. (...)
Feb 27, 1945 USS Blenny (SS 324) attacked a Japanese convoy off French Indochina and sank merchant tanker Amato Maru off Cape Padaran. (...)
Feb 27, 1945 USS Scabbardfish (SS 397) sank Japanese guardboat No.6 Kikau Maru, 100 miles northeast of Keelung, Formosa. (...)
Feb 28, 1945 The second of three airfields on Iwo Jima is secured by American forces. (...)
Mar 02, 1945 USS Bowfin (SS 287) sank Japanese transport Chokai Maru northeast of Miyake Jima. (...)
Mar 05, 1945 USS Bashaw (SS 241) sank Japanese oiler Ryoei Maru and army tanker Seishin Maru off Tourane, French Indochina. (...)
Mar 05, 1945 USS Sea Robin (SS 407) attacked a Japanese convoy in the Java Sea and sank gunboat Man-Yo Maru, auxiliary netlayer Nagara Maru, and freighter Shoyo Maru. (...)
Mar 07, 1945 The commanding officer at Coast Guard Air Station (CGAS) Floyd Bennett Field, New York, reported successful testing of a dunking sonar unit on board an XHOS-1 helicopter. The XHOS-1, a follow-on design to the HNS-1 Hoverfly, entered naval service in September 1944, with a total of 3 experimental versions and 36 production models acquired for service in the Navy and Coast Guard. (...)
Mar 07, 1945 The Ludendorff Bridge at Remagen—the last standing on the Rhine—was captured by soldiers of the U.S. 9th Armored Division during Operation Lumberjack. The 27th Armored Infantry Battalion, led by Lieutenant Karl H. Timmermann, from West Point, Nebraska, approached the bridge, and found it standing. The first American soldier across the bridge was Sergeant Alex Drabik; Lt. Timmermann was the first officer across. (...)
Mar 07, 1945 With Frank Piasecki and George N. Towson at the controls, the XHRP-X (Flying Banana) helicopter made its maiden flight at Sharon Hill, Pennsylvania. Eventually, the Navy ordered 20 HRP-1 production models. (...)
Mar 09, 1945 U.S. B-29 bombers attack Tokyo, starting fires that will kill more than 120,000. 279 B-29s are dispatched from the 73rd, 313th and 314th, and 31 from the 500th Bomb Groups. (...)
Mar 10, 1945 The U.S. Navy Nurses interned at Los Banos, Philippines, as Prisoners of War, were flown back to U.S. The Navy Nurses were taken as Prisoners of War in early January 1942. Each Navy Nurse was later awarded the Bronze Star for her time in captivity. (...)
Mar 10, 1945 US forces take Japanese positions 'Amphitheater' and 'Turkey Knob' on Iwo Jima, which togther are called 'The Meat Grinder.' (...)
Mar 11, 1945 The first unexploded V-2 rocket landed in England, but it was not retrieved and studied until 7 Apr, by that time other unexploded rockets had been found and many secrets of the rocket had already been uncovered. (...)
Mar 14, 1945 USS Cotten (DD 669) and USS Dortch (DD 670) sank the Japanese guardboats Futa Maru and No.17 Kaiko Maru off the Bonin Islands. (...)
Mar 15, 1945 Two German V-2 rocket fell in the River Thames near the Ford factory in Dagenham, London, causing no injuries. (...)
Mar 16, 1945 On Iwo Jima, a month-long struggle comes to an end, as U.S. forces capture the 8-square-mile island. Possessing Japan's last line of radar defense to warn against American air attacks, Iwo Jima is a strategically significant prelude to the invasion of Okinawa. (...)
Mar 19, 1945 As Task Force 58 planes bombed airfields at Kyushu and Kure and Kobe Harbors, Japanese aircraft singled out the US Navy carriers for attack. USS Wasp (CV 18) and USS Franklin (CV 13) were hit by enemy bombs. After being hit by two bombs, Franklin suffered subsequent explosions on the flight and hangar decks. Heroic work by her crew, assisted by nearby ships, brought the fires and flooding under control. For their action during this occasion, both CDR Joseph T. O’ Callahan, ChC, and LTJG Donald A. Gary received the Medal of Honor. (...)
Mar 22, 1945 Japanese Army officer Baron Takeichi Nishi, one time Olympian, died at Iwo Jima. (...)
Mar 24, 1945 US begins main naval bombardment of Okinawa. The Japanese garrison is 77,000 men plus 20,000 Okinawa militia under General Ushijima. (...)
Mar 26, 1945 Two German V-2 rockets hit Romford, Essex, England. The first struck Forest Road, destroying 16 buildings and killing 2. The second rocket destroyed one building named "Victory Hut" at Nook Hill. (...)
Mar 26, 1945 Two German V-2 rockets hit Romford, Essex, England; 1st struck Forest Road (killed 2), 2nd hit Nook Hill. (...)
Mar 28, 1945 Germany launched the last of the V-2 rockets against England. (...)
Mar 30, 1945 Allies get 1st close-up look at Germany's Me 262A-1 Schwalbe (Swallow) jet fighter when defecting pilot delivers 1 to Americans. (...)
Mar 30, 1945 Soviet troops marched into Danzig, taking 10,000 prisoners of war and capturing 45 submarines. (...)
Mar 30, 1945 The U.S.S.R. invaded Austria. (...)
Apr 01, 1945 Radio Werwolf began broadcasting. The radio station was created by Goebbels to rally Germans to suicidal resistance. Its repeated theme was besser tot als rot ("better dead than red"). (...)
Apr 01, 1945 French II Corps units establish contact with the US Seventh Army south of Heidelberg after crossing the Rhine near Germersheim. (...)
Apr 01, 1945 Soviet forces advanced to within 13 miles of Bratislava. (...)
Apr 01, 1945 Stalin tells Eisenhower that Berlin is on no importance, then orders Zhukov & Konev to take Berlin before the Allies. (...)
Apr 01, 1945 The last - and bloodiest - major amphibious operation of the Pacific war begins as 60,000 men of the US Tenth Army invade Okinawa. (...)
Apr 04, 1945 Hungary is liberated from Nazi occupation. (...)
Apr 04, 1945 U.S. forces liberate the Nazi death camp Ohrdruf in Germany. (...)
Apr 05, 1945 Okinawa battle develops as Americans reach entrenched Japanese defense. (...)
Apr 05, 1945 Soviet foreign minister Molotov informed the Japanese ambassador that the Soviet Union would not renew the Soviet-Japanese Neutrality Pact when it would expire on 1946. (...)
Apr 05, 1945 Yugoslav partisan leader Josip "Tito" Broz signed an agreement permitting "temporary entry of Soviet troops into Yugoslav territory." (...)
Apr 06, 1945 - Apr 07, 1945 Kamikaze attacks on US Okinawa invasion fleet hit 28 ships and sink 3. (...)
Apr 07, 1945 British 14th Army forces isolated a large Japanese force between Mandalay and Meiktila. (...)
Apr 07, 1945 For the first time in World War II land based fighters escorted Boeing B-29's over Tokyo. Two hundred B-29's based in the Marianas, and a hundred North American P-51's pulled a one two over industrial Tokyo that brought twenty-one Japanese planes tumbling down. (...)
Apr 07, 1945 Gottingen was taken by US troops. (...)
Apr 07, 1945 Iwo Jima based aircraft make their first attacks on Japan. Fighters begin arriving on Okinawa. (...)
Apr 07, 1945 Japanese air and naval units suffer a disastrous defeat in the battle of the East China Sea. Task Force 58 planes intercepted the Japanese Second Fleet heading for Okinawa. The 72,200-ton battleship Yamato was subjected to 3 hrs of bombing and torpedo attacks and finally capsized with only 269 survivors from the 3,292 man crew. It was the largest single loss involving a warship in history. Other casualties of the battle were the cruiser Yahagi, 4 destroyers and 54 aircraft. The US only lost 10 planes out of the 900 sortied. (...)
Apr 07, 1945 Soviet units cross the Danube River and smash into Vienna. Street fighting commenced. (...)
Apr 07, 1945 USS Gustafson (DE 182) sank the German submarine U 857 off Cape Cod, Massachusetts, with repeated hedgehog attacks. (...)
Apr 09, 1945 B-17G Flying Fortress 'Wee-Willie' of 322nd Bomber Squadron of USAAF 91st Bomber Group loses one of its wings to flak and crashes over Europe. (...)
Apr 11, 1945 The kamikaze attacks continued during the Okinawa Campaign and damaged the following US Navy ships: USS Missouri (BB 63), USS Bullard (DD 660), USS Kidd (DD 661), USS Enterprise (CV 6) – near miss of two kamikazes, USS Samuel S. Miles (DE 183), and LCS(L) 36. USS Essex (CV 9) and USS Hale (DD 642) were damaged by bombs and bomb strafing accounted for damage to USS Black (DD 666) and USS Hank (DD 642). (...)
Apr 11, 1945 US troops reach the Elbe River (in Germany). They halt there and meet advancing Russian troops on April 25. (...)
Apr 12, 1945 After suffering a massive cerebral hemorrhage, President Roosevelt dies. He is 63. Vice-President Harry S. Truman (1884-1972) is sworn in as President. Providence Journal cover. (...)
Apr 12, 1945 Sgt. Henry "Red" Erwin saves his B-29 crew by heaving out a malfunctioning, white-hot burning flare, suffering grievous burns & earning a Medal of Honor. (...)
Apr 16, 1945 The Destroyer USS Pringle (DD-477) was sunk off Okinawa by a Kamikaze attack. One single plane with a 1,000lb bomb struck breaking the ship in half and she sank in 5 min. 285 were rescued,62 crew members did not survive. (...)
Apr 16, 1945 US 7th Army units reach outskirts of Nuremberg. The special POW camp at Colditz is freed by other Allied units. (...)
Apr 16, 1945 - Apr 21, 1945 US troops invade and clear Ie Shima island in the Battle of Okinawa. (...)
Apr 18, 1945 A Japanese balloon bomb exploded above Omaha, NE. A bronze plaque on the shared exterior brick wall of ice cream shop and sandwich shops at 50th Street and Underwood Avenue commemorates the Omaha incident. "The incendiary device flared brightly in the night, but caused no damage," the plaque reads. (...)
Apr 18, 1945 American war correspondent Ernie Pyle was killed by Japanese gunfire on the Pacific island of Ie Shima, off Okinawa. He was 44 years old. (...)
Apr 18, 1945 USS Heerman (DD 532), USS McCord (DD 534), USS Mertz (DD 691), and USS Collett (DD 730), assisted by destroyer USS Uhlmann (DD 687) and TBM (VT 47) from USS Bataan (CVL 29) sank the Japanese submarine I 56, 150 miles east of Okinawa. (...)
Apr 20, 1945 Allied forces took control of the German cities of Nuremberg and Stuttgart. (...)
Apr 20, 1945 Fuehrerbunker: Adolf Hitler makes his last trip to the surface to award Iron Crosses to boy soldiers of the Hitler Youth. (...)
Apr 20, 1945 Soviet troops began their attack on Berlin. (...)
Apr 20, 1945 US troops clear north of Okinawa. (...)
Apr 21, 1945 U.S forces capture Nuremberg, and Russian forces reach the suburbs of Berlin. (...)
Apr 22, 1945 Hitler refused to leave Berlin although its encirclement was imminent. Units of the First White Russian Front continued to advance in the eastern suburbs. (...)
Apr 22, 1945 Indian troops of the Fourteenth Army recaptured the Yenangyaung oil fields, the largest in Burma. Most Japanese forces were ordered to withdraw from Rangoon and move back to Pegu and Moulmein. (...)
Apr 22, 1945 Mindanao's Japanese force was split in two as the US X Corps landed as a blocking force. (...)
Apr 22, 1945 Palawan is declared secure. (...)
Apr 22, 1945 The French First Army reached Lake Constance. US Seventh Army forces swept to the Danube. Field Marshal Alexander said German units in Northern Italy had "no hope of escaping." Allied planes hammered at the Alpine escape passes. (...)
Apr 22, 1945 USS Carter (DE 112) and USS Neal A. Scott (DE 769) sank German submarine U 518 west by south of the Azores. Before being sunk by the destroyer escorts, U 518 sank 9 Allied vessels (including 2 US merchant vessels) and damaged 3 Allied vessels (including 1 US merchant vessel). (...)
Apr 22, 1945 USS Cero (SS 225) torpedoed and sank the Japanese guard boat Aji Maru west of Tori Jima and damaged the guard boat No.9 Takamiya Maru. (...)
Apr 22, 1945 USS Hardhead (SS 365) torpedoed and sank Japanese cargo vessel Mankei Maru off Chimpon. (...)
Apr 23, 1945 Japanese troops evacuate Rangoon, Burma. (...)
Apr 23, 1945 PB4Y-2 "Privateers" (VPB 109) employed "BAT" missiles against Japanese shipping off Balikpapan, Borneo in the first US Navy combat use of the only automatic homing missile to be used in World War II. (...)
Apr 23, 1945 USS Besugo (SS 321) sank the German submarine U 183 in the Java Sea. Before being sunk by Besugo, U 183 sank 5 Allied merchant vessels. (...)
Apr 24, 1945 USS Frederick C. Davis (DE 136) was sunk by German submarine U 546, 570 miles east of Cape Race, Newfoundland. USS Pillsbury (DE 133), USS Flaherty (DE 135), USS Chatelain (DE 19), USS Neunzer (DE 150), USS Hubbard (DE 211), USS Keith (DE 241), USS Jannsen (DE 396) and USS Varian (DE 798) then sank U 546. (...)
Apr 25, 1945 Soviet troops carefully enter the Frankfurter Allee station in Berlin. (...)
Apr 27, 1945 US and Filipino troops take Baguio, Philippines. (...)
Apr 28, 1945 As the war into the ETO grinds to Berlin and the end of the war, B-17s and Lancasters switch from dropping bombs to dropping food over the Netherlands due to lack of food reaching the population there. (...)
Apr 28, 1945 At Lake Como, in Italy, Benito Mussolini and 12 of his former Cabinet officers are executed. German forces in Italy will surrender unconditionally on the 29th. (...)
Apr 28, 1945 German U-boats sink 8 Allied ships, 3 destroyers and 2 corvettes in the English channel. (...)
Apr 29, 1945 In a bunker in Berlin, Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun were married. Hitler designated Admiral Karl Doenitz his successor. (...)
Apr 29, 1945 The German Army in Italy surrendered unconditionally to the Allies. (...)
Apr 29, 1945 The Nazi death camp, Dachau, was liberated. (...)
Apr 29, 1945 US troops executed 165 German prisoners of war (former SS guards) at Dachau Concentration Camp. (...)
Apr 29, 1945 USS Bream (SS 243) torpedoed and sank the German minesweeper depot ship Quito off Tanjong Putting, Borneo, N.E.I. (...)
Apr 30, 1945 With Russian shells falling on Berlin, Hitler marries his mistress Eva Braun in his bombproof Berlin bunker. He then poisons her and kills himself. His remains are never recovered. (...)
May 02, 1945 Soviet marshal Georgi Zhukov accepted the surrender of Berlin, the German capital. (...)
May 02, 1945 The 8th Infantry and 82nd Airborne encounter and free the Wöbbelin concentration camp. Inside the camp are almost 5,000 prisoners, many who were taken out of other camps to prevent their liberation. (...)
May 02, 1945 USS Springer (SS-414) torpedoed and sank the Japanese frigate Ojika in the Yellow Sea. (...)
May 03, 1945 Rangoon is secured by Allied forces. (...)
May 03, 1945 USS Springer (SS-414) sank Japanese Coast Defense Vessel No. 25. (...)
May 04, 1945 While acting as Leader of a Rifle Platoon serving with Company I, Third Battalion, First Marines, First Marine Division during the Okinawa Campaign, Sergeant Elbert L. Kinser was closely engaged with the enemy when a Japanese grenade landed in close proximity. Immediately, he threw himself upon the grenade and absorbed the explosion within his body, saving his fellow Marines from death or serious injury. For his "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity" on this occasion, Sergeant Kinser was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor. (...)
May 05, 1945 A woman & 5 children are killed in Oregon by a bomb falling from a Japanese balloon bomb. (...)
May 05, 1945 German forces in Denmark and the Netherlands surrendered to the Allied forces. Additionally, all German submarines were ordered to return to their home ports by the order of Admiral Friedeburg. (...)
May 06, 1945 USS Farquhar (DE 139) sank the German submarine U 881 in the North Atlantic. Note, U 881 was the last U-boat sunk by U.S. forces during World War II. (...)
May 07, 1945 Germany surrenders unconditionally to General Eisenhower at Rheims, France, and to the Soviets in Berlin. President Truman pronounces the following day, May 8, V-E Day. The U.S., Russia, England, and France agree to split occupied Germany into eastern and western halves. (...)
May 07, 1945 The unconditional surrender of the German Third Reich was signed in the early morning hours at Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) at Reims in northeastern France. The surrender was signed by Colonel General Afred Jodl, Chief of the German General Staff, who had alone been authorized to sign the surrender document by German President Karl Doenitz. (...)
May 07, 1945 While serving as a flame thrower operator with Headquarters Company, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, Fifth Marine Division during the Okinawa Campaign, Private First Class Albert E. Schwab’s company was pinned down in a valley and suffering heavy casualties. He scaled the cliff, alone and under fire, to the enemy position and skillfully used his flame thrower to destroy the hostile emplacement. After his company occupied the ridge, a second enemy machine gun killed and wounded several Marines. Though low on flame thrower fuel, he quickly determined to advance alone against the enemy fire. Schwab destroyed the second gun emplacement but was mortally wounded at the end of his assault. For his "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity" on this occasion, he was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor. (...)
May 11, 1945 The aircraft carrier Bunker Hill (CV 17) burns after being hit by two kamikaze aircraft. Casualties on board included 346 killed, 43 missing, and 264 wounded. (...)
May 18, 1945 US forces breach the Shuri Line on Okinawa, forcing General Ushijima back to the last line of defense on the Oroku Peninsula. (...)
May 20, 1945 'Sentimental Journey' with Doris Day and Les Brown reached number one today in 1945. It stayed at the top of the music charts for nine weeks. (...)
May 24, 1945 PBM aircraft sank Japanese Special Coast Defense Ship No.21 off the coast of China, 20º 58’N, 110º 30’E. (...)
May 27, 1945 USS Tench (SS 417) sank Japanese freighter Kinei Maru off Kushiro Light. (...)
May 27, 1945 USS Tigrone (SS 419) sank Japanese guardboat No.3 Yawata Maru off Tori Jima. (...)
Jun 07, 1945 During the Okinawa Campaign, while serving with the Third Marine Battalion, Twenty-Ninth Marines, Sixth Marine Division, Private Robert M. McTureous’s company suffered casualties after capturing a hill on Oroku Peninsula, and the wounded could not be evacuated due to heavy Japanese fire. Waging a one-man assault to redirect enemy fire away from the wounded, McTureous attacked numerous times and suffered severe wounds in the process. He crawled 200 yards back to safety before asking for aid. His actions disorganized the enemy and enabled his company to complete its mission. Evacuated to USS Relief, he succumbed to his wounds on 11 June. For his "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity" on this occasion, McTureous was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor. (...)
Jun 09, 1945 In coordination with Navy surface and air forces attacking in the Kurils, 6 B-24's and 8 B-25's of the Eleventh AF fly extensive armed weather recon and anti-shipping sweeps over Kurabu and Otomari Capes, Ichinowatashi, and Asahigawa. The B-24's score no results, half of them jettisoning their bombs. The B-25's then fly a diversionary bombing mission over Araido where they are attacked by 8 fighters. To evade them, the B-25's fly over Kamchatka where Soviet AA fire shoots down one, killing its crew. Another damaged B-25 crashlands in Petropavlovsk. This is the first time Soviet AA hits a US aircraft. (...)
Jun 10, 1945 USS Skate (SS 305) torpedoed and sank Japanese submarine I -122 in the Sea of Japan, 37º29’N, 137º 25’E. (...)
Jun 14, 1945 USS Sea Devil (SS 400) sank the Japanese transport Wakamiyasan Maru in the Yellow Sea. (...)
Jun 18, 1945 Okinawa - General Buckner, commander of US Tenth Army, is killed. General Buckner was the highest ranking officer in the US Army to die during the Pacific War. (...)
Jun 21, 1945 The Pacific island of Okinawa is captured by the Allies. Japan has lost 160,000 men in fighting on the island; more than 12,500 Americans have died on Okinawa as well. (...)
Jun 22, 1945 The Battle of Okinawa ends after nearly three months of fighting. (...)
Jun 26, 1945 USS Bearss (DD 654), USS John Hood (DD 655), USS Jarvis (DD 799), and USS Porter (DD 800) sank Japanese auxiliary submarine chasers Cha 73, Cha 206, and Cha 209 and guardboat No.2 Kusunoki Maru and damaged auxiliary submarine chaser Cha 198, south of Okekotan, Kurils, 49º, 40’N, 155º, 30’E. (...)
Jul 02, 1945 USS Barb (SS-220) bombarded Japanese installations on Kaihyo Island, Japan in the first successful use of rockets against shore positions. (...)
Jul 05, 1945 The liberation of the Philippines declared. (...)
Jul 13, 1945 Berlin's municipal council confiscated all property held by members of the Nazi party. (...)
Jul 13, 1945 Italy declared war on Japan. (...)
Jul 14, 1945 American battleships and cruisers bombarded the Japanese home islands for the first time. (...)
Jul 14, 1945 USS South Dakota (BB-57), fired the initial salvo of the first naval gunfire bombardment of the Japanese Home Islands followed a second later by fire from USS Indiana (BB-58). The target was the Japan Iron Company at Kamaishi, 250 miles north of Tokyo. (...)
Jul 16, 1945 The first atomic bomb test, Trinity, was detonated 100 feet over a southern part of New Mexico known as Jornada del Muerto. (...)
Jul 17, 1945 U.S. air attacks on Tokyo continue, after planes have dropped leaflets threatening destruction from the air if the Japanese do not agree to unconditional surrender. (...)
Jul 22, 1945 US bombing raids on Japanese-held Shanghai. Spielberg recreated here: (...)
Jul 28, 1945 B-25 crashes into Empire State Building (...)
Jul 29, 1945 - Jul 30, 1945 The USS Indianapolis was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine. The ship had just delivered key components of the Hiroshima atomic bomb to the Pacific island of Tinian. Of the 1,196 onboard, 883 men were killed in the attack. (...)
Jul 30, 1945 The administration of Germany is assumed by the Allied Control Council. (...)
Jul 30, 1945 00:14 - USS Indianapolis (CA-35) midway between Guam and Leyte Gulf, was hit by two torpedoes out of six fired by the I-58, a Japanese submarine. The first blew away the bow, the second struck near midship on the starboard side adjacent to a fuel tank and a powder magazine. The resulting explosion split the ship to the keel, knocking out all electric power. Within minutes she went down rapidly by the bow, rolling to starboard. (...)
Jul 31, 1945 Pierre Laval of France surrendered to Americans in Austria. (...)
Aug 02, 1945 The Potsdam conference ends after more than two weeks of deliberations. Allied leaders have been discussing what should become of Germany. (...)
Aug 06, 1945 The American B-29 bomber, known as the Enola Gay, dropped the first atomic bomb on an inhabited area. The bomb named "Little Boy" was dropped over the center of Hiroshima, Japan. An estimated 140,000 people were killed. http://link.history.com/services/player/bcpid18808667001?bctid=1209892717 "Atomic bomb is dropped on Hiroshima," History.com, http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?action=Article&id=6542 (accessed Aug 6, 2009). (...)
Aug 06, 1945 The U.S B-29 Superfortress, Enola Gay, drops an atomic bomb on the Japanese industrial city of Hiroshima. The city is leveled, and an estimated 100,000 people are killed immediately (another 100,000 will die later from radiation sickness and burns). On August 9, a second bomb will be dropped on the Japanese city of Nagasaki. (...)
Aug 07, 1945 Britain makes its WWII secret of "radar" public. (...)
Aug 10, 1945 The Japanese sue for peace after the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and U.S. President Truman declares that August 14th will be V-J (Victory over Japan) Day. To date, nearly 55 million people have died in the Second World War, including 25 million in the Soviet Union, nearly 8 million in China, and more than 6 million in Poland. (...)
Aug 15, 1945 Japan publicly announces its surrender on the afternoon of the 15th (14th for the US). This date becomes the official V-J Day in the UK. (...)
Aug 16, 1945 Lt. Gen. Jonathan Wainwright was freed by Russian forces from a POW camp in Manchuria, China. He had been captured by the Japanese on the island of Corregidor, in the Philippines. (...)
Aug 17, 1945 In the USA, the Government drafts plans for the swift conversion of factories from war to commercial production following predictions that five million will be unemployed in six months and nine million within a year. (...)
Aug 17, 1945 Koreas divided on 38th parallel with U.S. occupying the southern area (...)
Aug 17, 1945 U-977 arrived at Mar del Plata, Argentina and surrendered to the Argentine Navy. (...)
Aug 19, 1945 In the U.S., rationing of gasoline and fuel oil comes to an end. (...)
Aug 20, 1945 Manchuria - Russian troops secure Mukden. (...)
Aug 21, 1945 U.S. President Truman ended the Lend-Lease program that had shipped about $50 billion in aid to America's Allies during World War II. (...)
Aug 27, 1945 American troops landed in Japan after the surrender of the Japanese government at the end of World War II. (...)
Aug 27, 1945 B-29s made first supply dropping mission to WWII POWs in China. (...)
Aug 30, 1945 British forces liberate Hong Kong. (...)
Sep 01, 1945 The U.S. received official word of Japan's formal surrender that ended World War II. In Japan, it was actually September 2nd. (...)
Sep 02, 1945 General MacArthur accepts the formal, unconditional surrender of Japan in a ceremony aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay. (...)
Sep 02, 1945 In Japan, Japanese officials surrendered to the U.S. aboard the USS Missouri, ending World War II. The war ended six years and one day after it began. (...)
Sep 02, 1945 Japanese surrender officially ending WWII (...)
Sep 07, 1945 Japanese forces surrender in the Ryukyu Islands. (...)
Sep 08, 1945 General MacArthur arrives in Japan. (...)
Sep 10, 1945 Vidkun Quisling was sentenced to death in Norway for his collaboration with Nazi Germany after the 1940 invasion. He was the founder of Norway's National Party in 1934, which was an imitation of Hitler's National Socialist Party. (...)
Sep 16, 1945 Japan surrendered Hong Kong. (...)
Sep 22, 1945 General George S. Patton told reporters that he did not see the need for "this denazification thing." He compared the controversy over Nazism to a "Democrat and Republican election fight." The comments led Supreme Commander Eisenhower removing him as U.S. commander in Bavaria. (...)
Oct 05, 1945 Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, USN, was given a parade in his honor through downtown Washington D.C. at the end of World War II. (...)
Oct 15, 1945 Pierre Laval, the former premier of Vichy France, was executed for treason. (...)
Oct 30, 1945 the last Liberty Ship built, SS Albert M. Boe, was delivered. (...)
Nov 23, 1945 Butter rationing comes to an end, and sugar is the only item that continues to be rationed in the U.S. (...)
Dec 15, 1945 A new election law is passed in Japan, at the urgence of the occupying Allied forces, which gives Japanese women voting rights. (...)
Dec 21, 1945 U.S. General George S. Patton died from injuries he suffered in a car accident two weeks before. (...)
Dec 27, 1945 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development is created. Of the more than 7 billion dollars contributed by 21 countries, the U.S. has subscribed more than 3 billion dollars to the World Bank. (...)

 



 

 

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